1794

Year 1794 (MDCCXCIV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1794

January - June


* February 4 - The French Republic abolishes slavery.
* February 11 - The first session of the United States Senate is open to the public.
* March 14 - Eli Whitney is granted a patent for the cotton gin.
* March 27 - The United States Government authorizes the building of the first 6 United States Navy vessels (in 1797 the first 3 frigates, USS "United States", USS "Constellation" and USS "Constitution" go into service), not to be confused with October 13, 1775 which is observed as the [http://www.history.navy.mil/birthday.htm Navy's Birthday] .
* April 5 - Georges Danton is executed.
* April 30 - Battle of Boulou: The French defeat the Spanish and Portuguese forces.
* May 8 - French chemist Antoine Lavoisier is executed by guillotine.
* May 18 - Battle of Tourcoing: French troops defeat British forces.
* May 28 - June 1 - The Glorious First of June (Battle of Ushant): British and French ships battle to a draw.
* June 4 - British troops capture Port-au-Prince in Haiti.
* June 26 - Battle of Fleurus: French forces defeat the Austrians.

July - December

* July 27 - (9 Thermidor) - Maximilien Robespierre is arrested.

Undated

* Horatio Nelson loses the sight in his right eye at Calvi in Corsica.
* Coffee is forbidden by royal decree in Sweden.
* France occupies Aachen.
* The Ayrshire (Earl of Carrick's Own) Yeomanry, a British Yeomanry Cavalry Regiment, is formed by the Earl of Cassillis at Culzean Castle, Ayrshire.
* The Reign of Terror ends.
* Colombian Antonio Nariño translates and publishes the French Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen.

Ongoing events

* French Revolution (1789-1799)
* French Revolutionary Wars (1792-1802)-First Coalition

Births


* February 20 - William Carleton, Irish novelist (d. 1869)
* February 21 - Antonio López de Santa Anna california, Mexican general and President of Mexico (d. 1876)
* April 10 - Matthew Calbraith Perry, American commodore (d. 1858)
* May 17 - Anna Brownell Jameson, British writer (d. 1860)
* May 24 - William Whewell, English scientist, philosopher, and historian of science (d. 1866)
* May 27 - Cornelius Vanderbilt, American entrepreneur (d. 1877)
* July 5 - Sylvester Graham, American nutritionist and inventor (d. 1851)
* November 3 - William Cullen Bryant, American poet (d. 1878)
* November 10 - Robert Towns, merchant and founder of Townsville, Queensland, Australia (d. 1873)
*"date unknown"
**Charles Thomas Longley, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1868)
**Mirza Shafi Vazeh, Azeri poet (d.1852)

: "See also ."

Deaths


* January 4 - Nicolas Luckner, Marshal of France (executed) (b. 1722)
* January 6 - Louis d'Elbée, French Revolutionary leader (executed) (b. 1752)
* January 8 - Justus Möser, German statesman (b. 1720)
* January 16 - Edward Gibbon, English historian (b. 1737)
* January 28 - Henri de la Rochejaquelein, French Revolutionary leader (b. 1772)
* January 31 - Mariot Arbuthnot, British admiral (b. 1711)
* February 12 - Srinath Madhavji Shinde alias Srinath Mahadji Shinde, The Great Maratha Emperor of India (1764-1794)
* March 24 - Jacques Hébert, French Revolutionary leader (executed) (b. 1757)
* March 28 - Marquis de Condorcet, French mathematician, philosopher, and political scientist (died in prison) (b. 1743)
* April 5
**Georges Danton, French Revolutionary leader (executed) (b. 1759)
**Camille Desmoulins, French Revolutionary leader (executed) (b. 1760)
**Marie Jean Hérault de Séchelles, French Revolutionary leader (executed) (b. 1759)
**Fabre d'Églantine, French dramatist and revolutionary (executed) (b. 1750)
**François Joseph Westermann, French Revolutionary leader and general (executed)
* April 13 - Pierre Gaspard Chaumette, French Revolutionary leader (executed) (b. 1763)
* April 13 - Lucile Duplessis, wife of Camille Desmoulins (executed) (b. 1770)
* April 18 - Charles Pratt, 1st Earl Camden, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain (b. 1714)
* April 23 - Guillaume-Chrétien de Lamoignon de Malesherbes, French statesman (executed) (b. 1721)
* April 27 - Sir William Jones, British philologist (b. 1746)
* May 8 - Antoine Lavoisier, French chemist (executed) (b. 1743)
* June 14 - Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford, Viceroy of Ireland (b. 1718)
* June 17 - Marguerite-Élie Guadet, French Revolutionary leader (executed) (b. 1753)
* June 18
**François Nicolas Leonard Buzot, French Revolutionary leader (suicide) (b. 1760)
**James Murray, British military officer and administrator
* June 27
**Wenzel Anton Graf Kaunitz, Austrian statesman (b. 1711)
**Philippe de Noailles, duc de Mouchy, French soldier (executed) (b. 1715)
**Charles-Louis-Victor, prince de Broglie, French soldier (executed) (b. 1756)
* July 13 - James Lind, pioneer of naval hygiene in the Royal Navy (b. 1716)
* July 17 - John Roebuck, English inventor (b. 1718)
* July 23 - Alexandre, Vicomte de Beauharnais, French politician and general (executed) (b. 1760)
* July 25, André Chénier, French writer (executed) (b. 1762)
* July 28
**Maximilien Robespierre, French Revolutionary leader (executed) (b. 1758)
**Augustin Robespierre, French Revolutionary leader (executed) (b. 1763)
**Louis de Saint-Just, French Revolutionary leader (executed) (b. 1767)
**François Hanriot, French Revolutionary leader (executed) (b. 1761)
* August 6 - Henry Bathurst, 2nd Earl Bathurst, British politician (b. 1714)
* September 4 - John Hely-Hutchinson, Irish statesman (b. 1724)
* September 15 - Abraham Clark, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1725)
* September 25 - Paul Rabaut, French Huguenot pastor (b. 1718)
* October 21 - Francis Light, founder of the British colony of Penang (b. 1740)
* November 3 - François-Joachim de Pierre de Bernis, French cardinal and statesman (b. 1715)
* November 15 - John Witherspoon, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1723)
* November 16 - Jean-Baptiste Carrier, French Revolutionary leader (executed) (b. 1756)
* November 22 - John Alsop, American Continental Congressman (b. 1724)
* November 28 - Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben, Prussian army officer (b. 1730)

: "See also ."


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  • 1794 — Années : 1791 1792 1793  1794  1795 1796 1797 Décennies : 1760 1770 1780  1790  1800 1810 1820 Siècles : XVIIe siècle  XVIIIe …   Wikipédia en Français

  • 1794 — Años: 1791 1792 1793 – 1794 – 1795 1796 1797 Décadas: Años 1760 Años 1770 Años 1780 – Años 1790 – Años 1800 Años 1810 Años 1820 Siglos: Siglo XVII – …   Wikipedia Español

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