University of Maine

University of Maine
University of Maine Logo.svg
Established 1865
Type Public
Endowment $123.0 million[1]
President Paul W. Ferguson
Academic staff 720
Students 11,867
Undergraduates 8,759
Location Orono, Maine, USA
Campus rural
Colors Blue and White          
Nickname Black Bears
Mascot Bananas the Bear

The University of Maine (UMaine)[2] is a public research university located in Orono, Maine, United States. The university was established in 1865 as a land grant college and is referred to as the flagship university of the University of Maine System.[2][3] Having an enrollment of approximately 12,000 students, UMaine is the largest university in the state and is the only institution in Maine classified as a research university (RU/H) by the Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education.[4] The University of Maine's athletic teams are nicknamed the Black Bears, and sport blue and white uniforms.



Brick Hall (1871), later renamed Oak Hall, burned in 1936

UMaine was founded in 1862 as a function of the Morrill Act, signed by President Lincoln. Established in 1865 and originally named the Maine College of Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts, the Maine College opened on September 21, 1868, changing its name to the University of Maine in 1897.[5]

By 1871, curricula had been organized in Agriculture, Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, and electives. The Maine Agricultural and Forest Experiment Station was founded as a division of the university in 1887. Gradually the university developed the Colleges of Life Sciences and Agriculture (later to include the School of Forest Resources and the School of Human Development), Engineering and Science, and Arts and Sciences. In 1912 the Maine Cooperative Extension, which offers field educational programs for both adults and youths, was initiated. The School of Education was established in 1930 and received college status in 1958. The School of Business Administration was formed in 1958 and was granted college status in 1965. Women have been admitted into all curricula since 1872. The first master's degree was conferred in 1881; the first doctor's degree in 1960. Since 1923 there has been a separate graduate school.[6]

Stevens Hall

Near the end of the 19th century, the curriculum was expanded to place greater emphasis on liberal arts. As a function of this shift in focus new faculty hired during the early 20th century included Caroline Colvin, chair of the history department, and the first woman in the nation to head a major university department.[7]

In 1906, The Senior Skull Honor Society was founded to "publicly recognize, formally reward, and continually promote outstanding leadership and scholarship, and exemplary citizenship within the University of Maine community."[8]

On April 16, 1925, 80 women met in Balentine Hall - faculty, alumnae, and undergraduate representatives - to plan a pledging of members to a new honorary organization. This organization was called "The All Maine Women" because only those women closely connected with the University of Maine were elected as members. On April 22, 1925, the new members were inducted into the honor society.[9]

In 1973, the Wilde Stein Alliance for Sexual Diversity was founded as one of the first gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender student organizations in the United States and the first in the state of Maine.[10]

When the University of Maine System was incorporated, the school was renamed by the legislature over the objections of the faculty to the University of Maine at Orono (or UMO). This was changed back to the University of Maine in 1986.

Organization and administration

UMaine is the flagship of the University of Maine System.[2][3][11][12][13] The senior administration of the university consists of President Paul W. Ferguson,[14] Provost Sue Hunter, Vice-President for Administration Janet Waldron, Vice-President for Research Michael Eckhardt, and Dean of Students Robert Dana.[15] The senior administration governs cooperatively with the Chancellor of the University of Maine system, Richard L. Pattenaude[16] and the sixteen members of the University of Maine Board of Trustees (of which fifteen are appointed by the Governor of Maine and one is the current Maine State Commissioner of Education). The Board of Trustees has full legal responsibility and authority for the university system. It appoints the Chancellor and each university President, approves the establishment and elimination of academic programs, confers tenure on faculty members, and sets tuition rates/operating budgets.[17]

UMaine is also one of a handful of colleges in the United States whose Student Government is incorporated.[18] Student Government was formed in 1978 and incorporated in 1987. They are classified as a 501(c)(3) not for profit corporation.[19] It consists of a legislative branch, which passes resolutions, and an executive branch, which helps organize on-campus entertainment and guest speakers, works with new and existing student organizations, and performs other duties. Other organizations fall under the umbrella of Student Government Inc., including representative boards, community associations, and many other student groups. The Maine Campus, the student newspaper, is also incorporated and does not operate under or receive money from student government.


Location and layout

A tree lined path through the Lyle E. Littlefield Ornamental Gardens

Situated on Marsh Island, between the Penobscot and Stillwater rivers, the University of Maine is the only Land Grant University in the nation located on an island.[20] Occupying the small town of Orono, population ~8,500,[21] the 660-acre (2.7 km2) campus[21] has a total enrollment (2009–2010) of 11,867 students.[22] The campus is equipped with thirty-seven academic buildings, thirty administrative buildings, eighteen residence halls, eighteen specific laboratory facilities, fourteen Greek life houses, ten sports facilities, five museums,[23] four dining facilities, two convenience stores, a student union, a cafe, a pub,[24] an 87,000-square-foot (8,100 m2) recreation and fitness center,[25] and a 200'x200' air supported athletic/recreational dome.[26]

The center of the campus is occupied by the University of Maine Mall, an open grassy area between the Raymond H. Fogler Library and the University Memorial Field House. The mall is further bordered by one residence and five academic halls. The campus is essentially divided into three sections (northern, southern, and hilltop),[27] all of which are within close proximity to (or border directly on) the mall. The northern section includes many of the athletic facilities, including the Alfond Arena(ice hockey), Morse Field at the Alfond Sports Stadium (field hockey, football, track and field), Larry Mahaney Diamond (baseball), Kessock Field (softball), and the Mahaney athletic/recreational dome. Other buildings that occupy the northern section of campus include the Cutler Health Center, two administrative halls, three residence halls, and multiple academic halls. The southern section of campus includes the Memorial Student Union, the Maynard F. Jordan Observatory, Lengyel Gymnasium and Athletic Field, the Buchanan Alumni House, as well as multiple administrative, residence, and academic halls. The recently renovated Collins Center for the Arts is also located on the southern part of campus, and not only provides the Hutchins Concert Hall, a 1,435 seat venue for performing artists from around the world,[28] but also houses the Hudson Museum, known for its contemporary Native American art, as well as displays that are culturally specific to the ancient indigenous people of Maine. The Hilltop section of campus is populated largely with residence halls but also includes the 7-acre (28,000 m2) Lyle E. Littlefield Ornamental Gardens,[29] as well as academic and recreational facilities.

Greek life

Greek life has existed at the University of Maine since 1874. The presence of Greeks still exists strongly today with more than 700 students participating in one of the 18 fraternities or 7 sororities. More than 9% of University of Maine undergraduates are members of Greek letter organizations.[30]




The University of Maine has a sustainability council composed of students, faculty, administrators, and staff, and employs a full-time sustainability coordinator. A green loan fund provides capital for energy efficiency and renewable energy investments.[31] The university has committed to achieving carbon neutrality by 2040, and two residential-scale solar thermal systems are in place on Nutting Hall and Sebec House. The University of Maine composts food scraps from dining facilities, and York Dining Hall has gone trayless to reduce waste. For all new campus construction, LEED Silver standards are required.[32] The Blue Bike program refurbishes abandoned bikes and rents them to students free of charge, providing a means of alternative transportation on and around-campus.[33]


Academic overview

Autumn leaves shower a lawn in front of UMaine's Hannibal Hamlin Hall

The University of Maine offers eighty-eight undergraduate major programs organized in five Colleges: the College of Business, Public Policy and Health; the College of Education and Human Development; the College of Engineering; the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences; and the College of Natural Sciences, Forestry and Agriculture. UMaine also offers a wide array of graduate programs, including sixty-four masters degree programs and twenty-five doctorate programs.[34][35]

The University of Maine is one of only a handful of institutions to offer a combined developmental/clinical Ph.D. to students accepted into their clinical psychology Ph.D. program,[36] as well as advanced degrees with distinct concentrations in developmental psychology, social psychology, cognitive psychology, and behavioral neuroscience.[37] Along with offering a Ph.D in psychology with a concentration in behavioral neuroscience, the university also offers a neuroscience concentration for Ph.D. students studying biomedical science.[38]

The University of Maine perennially ranks high in both the Princeton Review[39] and Kiplinger's lists of best public schools.[40]

UMaine is one of only four institutions in Maine (along with Bowdoin, Bates, and Colby) accredited to award membership into the Phi Beta Kappa honor society.[41]

The university is also the birthplace of the Phi Kappa Phi honor society, recognizing high academic achievement across all disciplines.[42]

It is the only institution in Maine ranked as a national university in the U.S. News and World Report annual rankings. U.S. News categorizes UMaine as an institution that offers "a full range of undergraduate majors, master's, and doctoral degrees."[43]

The Raymond H. Fogler Library is the largest in Maine[44] and serves as one of its intellectual hubs, attracting scholars, professors, and researchers from around the state.[45] A collection of rare and ancient manuscripts, as well as about two million government publications, augment the University's collection.[46] The Special Collections Unit includes the Stephen King (author and UMaine alumnus) papers, which attract researchers from across the globe.

UMaine hosts the Intensive English Institute, an English as a second language program designed to help students develop their English language skills for success in school, business, and social communication.[47]

The University of Maine is also home to the Maine Business School, the largest business school in Maine. Paris-based international educational consulting organization Eduniversal has included the Maine Business School at the University of Maine among its selection of 1,000 of the world’s best business schools, ranking them as an "excellent business school-nationally strong and/or with continental links."[48]


The University of Maine receives overall accreditation by the New England Association of Schools and Colleges, the oldest regional accrediting association in the United States, as well as from many other professional societies, including the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business, the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology, the American Chemical Society, the American Dietetic Association, the American Psychological Association, the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, the Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education, the Computing Sciences Accreditation Board, the Council on Social Work Education, the National Association of Schools of Music, the National Association of Schools of Public Affairs and Administration, the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education, the Society of American Foresters, and the Society of Wood Science and Technology.[49]

The Oak Hall Dormitory

The University of Maine received the following classifications from The Carnegie Foundation:[50]

Classification Category Description
Basic RU/H Research University. High research activity.
Undergraduate Instructional Program Prof+A&S/HGC Professions + Arts & Sciences with high coexistence. Between 80 and 59 percent of awarded undergraduate degrees are in a professional field and at least half of the graduate programs coexist with undergraduate programs.
Graduate Instructional Program CompDoc/NMedVet Comprehensive doctoral (no medical/veterinary). Awards doctorates in the humanities, social sciences, and STEM fields. Awards graduate or professional degrees in one or more professional fields. Does not award medical or veterinary doctoral degrees.
Enrollment Profile HU High undergraduate. More than 10 percent but less than 25 percent of students are graduate students.
Undergraduate Profile FT4/S/HTI Full-time four-year, selective, higher transfer-in. More than 79 percent of students at this 4-year or higher institution are full-time. Admitted students had an average ACT-equivalent scores between 17 and 22. More than 19 percent of students transfer into the institution.
Size and Setting M4/R Medium four-year, primarily residential. At least 3000 but fewer than 10000 FTEs (Full-Time Equivalents; total full time students plus one-third total part time students) attend this four-year institution. At least 25 percent of degree-seeking undergraduates live on campus and at least 50 percent but less than 80 percent attend full-time are classified as primarily residential.


The Fall 2009 admissions data are as follows:[51]

Student Classification Applications Acceptances Enrollment
New First Year Students 6,786 5,435 1,763
New Transfer Students 1,021 717 501
Graduate Students 1,365 600 396

Student body distribution/enrollment distribution

The 2009-2010 student body consists of:[22]

The Mall
  • 8,759 Undergraduate students
  • 2,383 Graduate students
  • 725 Non-degree students
  • 9,235 Full-time students
  • 2,632 Part-time students
  • 9,123 In-State students
  • 1,944 Out-of-State students
  • 6,254 Female students
  • 5,613 Male students
  • 219 Asian students
  • 141 Black students
  • 217 Native American students
  • 123 Hispanic students
  • 9,157 White students
  • 2,010 Unspecified ethnicity students
  • 49 U.S. States and 84 foreign countries are represented in the 2009-2010 University of Maine student body.


The 2009-2010 tuition data are as follows:[51]

Tuition (per credit hour) In-State Out-of-State
Undergraduate $253.00 $728.00
Graduate $379.00 $1090.00

The 2009-2010 fees are as follows:[52]

Fee Undergraduate Graduate
Activity Fee $45.00/semester $30.00/semester
Fee 1-5 Credit Hours 6-11 Credit Hours 12-15 Credit Hours 16+ Credit Hours
Unified Fee $114.00/semester $348.00/semester $851.00/semester 873.00/semester
Fee Less Than 6 Credit Hours 6 or More Credit Hours
Recreation Center Fee $66.00/semester $107.00/semester


In 2006, the University of Maine made $134.1 million (22.4% of total revenue that year) in revenue from public and private research and development.[53] Each department operates its own research program which partially funds graduate students.


The University of Maine's Engineering program handles a large portion of the university's research. These opportunities come from various public and private institutions. These include the Department of Defense, Department of Transportation, NASA and more. Notable research in the Department of Engineering include:

  • NASA EPSCoR Wireless Shape Monitoring of Inflatable Structures
  • Development of Modular Advanced Composite Hull forms (MACH) for Hybrid Ship Structures
  • Structural Integrity Assurance of Aerospace Vehicles for the Maine Space Grant Consortium
  • As of November 2010, the University of Maine hosts NASA's only mock up of the Lunar Inflatable Habitat.
  • The Modular Ballistic Protection System (MBPS) with the US Natick Army Soldier RD&E Center
  • Bridge-in-a-backpack
  • Blast Resistant Wood Structures with the US Army Corps of Engineers R&D Center


Maine Black Bears logo

The University of Maine participates in the NCAA's Division I level,[54] and is a member of the Colonial Athletic Association for football,[55] Hockey East for ice hockey,[56] and the America East Conference for all other sports.[57] The school has won two national championships, both in men's ice hockey. In 1993, they defeated Lake Superior State University 5-4 behind a third period hat trick by Jim Montgomery. In 1999, they defeated rival University of New Hampshire 3-2 in overtime on a goal by Marcus Gustafsson.[58]

In 1965, the football team competed in the Tangerine Bowl in Orlando, Florida against East Carolina. They were beaten in the game 31-0,[59] but remain the only team from Maine to compete in a bowl contest.

The baseball team has participated in seven College World Series, six of them under coach John Winkin between 1976 and 1986, and one under Jack Butterfield in 1964. The Black Bears achieved two third-place finishes in 1964 and 1982.

The official fight song of UMaine is the “Stein Song”. Written by Lincoln Colcord (words) and E. A. Fenstad (music), the tune rose to fame when Rudy Vallee arranged the current version. Vallee attended Maine from 1921–1922 before transferring to Yale, and his popularity helped make the song a national favorite. To this day, the "Stein Song" remains the only college fight song to ever reach number one on the pop charts, achieving this distinction in 1930.[60] According to College Fight Songs: An Annotated Anthology, by Studwell and Schueneman, the "Stein Song" is one of the very best fight songs of all time.[61]

In addition to varsity athletics, the university offers many club sports through its Campus Recreation department. Sport clubs represent UMaine by competing against teams and clubs from other universities and colleges. National governing bodies for each club provide competition guidelines and league structure.

Sport clubs are student led and student administered. Each has a budget that is run through Campus Recreation, which in part funds nearly all clubs. Clubs are eligible for funding through Campus Recreation after they have been active for at least one year and have a membership minimum of ten members. Current club sports include alpine skiing, baseball, crew, cricket, cycling, fast pitch softball, field hockey, golf, ice hockey, lacrosse, nordic skiing, roller hockey, rugby, shotokan karate, soccer, table tennis, tackle football, ultimate, and volleyball.[62]

Notable alumni

Arts, literature, humanities, and entertainment


Business, construction, and service

Science and engineering



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  2. ^ a b c "University of Maine". University of Maine System. Retrieved 2009-04-05. 
  3. ^ a b "Summary of the Commission on Higher Education Governance". Maine State Legislature, Office of Policy and Legal Analysis. p. ix. Retrieved 2009-05-16. " is important for the Trustees to maintain the educational status of the university of Maine as the state’s “Flagship” institution. As such, UM merits special consideration for its emphasis on public service and research." 
  4. ^ "Carnegie Classifications > Search Results (New England states)". The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. Retrieved 2009-03-19. 
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  54. ^ "Maine". National Collegiate Athletic Association. Retrieved 2009-05-11. 
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  56. ^ "Hockey East Teams". Hockey East. Retrieved 2009-05-11. 
  57. ^ "Members". America East Conference. Retrieved 2009-05-11. 
  58. ^ "Frozen Four History". ESPN. Retrieved 2009-05-11. 
  59. ^ "Champs Sports Bowl History". Florida Citrus Sports. Retrieved 2009-05-11. [dead link]
  60. ^ "Top 40 Hits of 1930". LyricsWorld. Retrieved 2009-04-05. 
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  63. ^ "Richard A. Lutz - Professor". Rutgers. Retrieved 2011-05-28. 


External links

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