1774

Year 1774 (MDCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1774

January - June


* January 21 - Mustafa III, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire dies and is succeeded by his brother Abd-ul-Hamid I.
* January 27 - An angry crowd in America seizes a British customs collector and then tars and feathers him.
* March 31 - Intolerable Acts: The British Parliament passes the Boston Port Act, closing the port of Boston, Massachusetts as punishment for the Boston Tea Party.
* April 17 - The first avowedly Unitarian congregation, Essex Street Chapel, is founded in London by Theophilus Lindsey.
* May 10 - Louis XVI becomes King of France following the death of Louis XV.
* June 2 - Intolerable Acts: A new Quartering Act, requiring American colonists to provide better housing for British soldiers upon demand, is passed.
* June 11 - Jews in Algiers escape the attack of the Spanish army.

July - December


* July 21 - Russo-Turkish War (1768–1774): Russia and the Ottoman Empire sign the Treaty of Kuchuk-Kainarji, ending six years of war. The treaty does give Russia the right to intervene in Ottoman politics to protect its Christian subjects.

* 1 August - The element oxygen is discovered for the third (and last) time - the second quantitatively following the somewhat earlier work of Carl Wilhelm Scheele (1771-1772) - by Joseph Priestley, who publishes the fact in 1775 and so names the element and usually gets all the credit.

* September 5 - The First Continental Congress assembles in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

* September 21 - George Mason and George Washington found the Fairfax County Militia Association, a military unit independent of British control.

* October 10 - Dunmore's War - Battle of Point Pleasant: Cornstalk is forced to make peace with Dunmore at the Treaty of Camp Charlotte, ceding Shawnee land claims south of the Ohio (modern Kentucky) to Virginia.

* October 21 - The word "Liberty" is first displayed on a flag raised by colonists in Taunton, Massachusetts, in defiance of British rule in Colonial America.

Undated

* The British pass the Quebec Act, setting out rules of governance for the colony of Quebec in British North America.
* To avoid severe flooding, Martinsborough, North Carolina is moved to higher ground 3 miles west. The North Carolina General Assembly incorporates Martinsborough as the new county seat of Pitt County, 3 years after its founding.
* German cobbler Johann Birkenstock creates the first Birkenstock sandals.

Births


* February 11 - Hans Jarta, Swedish political activist and administrator (d. 1847)
* February 24 - Prince Adolphus, 1st Duke of Cambridge (d. 1850)
* March 9 - Mayhew Folger, whaler, captain of "Topaz" (ship), rediscovered Pitcairn Islands in 1808 (d. 1828)
* March 16 - Captain Matthew Flinders, English explorer (d. 1814)
* July 20 - Auguste Marmont, French marshal (d. 1852)
* August 12 - Robert Southey, English poet and biographer (d. 1843)
* August 28 - Elizabeth Ann Seton, co-founder of Mount Saint Mary's University, founder of the Sisters of Charity (d. 1821)
* September 5 - Caspar David Friedrich, German artist (d. 1840)
* September 26 - Johnny Appleseed (John Chapman), nurseryman/missionary planted apple-tree nurseries in Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois (d. 1847)
*"date unknown" - Sergei Nikolayevich Glinka - Russian author, brother of Fedor Nikolaevich Glinka (d. 1847)

: "See also ."

Deaths


* January 21 - Mustafa III, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1717)
* February 4 - Charles Marie de La Condamine, French mathematician and geographer (b. 1701)
* April 4 - Oliver Goldsmith, English writer (b. 1730)
* May 4 - Anthony Ulrich II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (b. 1714)
* May 10 - King Louis XV of France (b. 1710)
* July 1 - Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland, English statesman (b. 1705)
* July 11 - Sir William Johnson, 1st Baronet, Irish-born New York pioneer
* July 14 - James O'Hara, 2nd Baron Tyrawley and Kilmaine, British field marshal (b. 1682)
* August 11 - Tiphaigne de la Roche, French writer (b. 1722)
* August 14 - Johann Jakob Reiske, German scholar and physician (b. 1716)
* August 25 - Niccolò Jommelli, Italian composer (b. 1714)
* September 22 - Pope Clement XIV (b. 1705)
* September 25 - John Bradstreet, Canadian-born soldier (b. 1714)
* October 23 - Michel Benoist, French Jesuit missionary and scientist (b. 1715)
* October 26 - Roemer Vlacq II, Dutch vice-admiral (b. 1712)
* November 22 - Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive, British general and statesman (b. 1725)
* December 2 - Johann Friedrich Agricola, German composer (b. 1720)
* December 16 - François Quesnay, French economist (b. 1694)
* Elizabeth Woollat, wife of Jedediah Strutt (b. 1729)

: "See also ."


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  • 1774 — Années : 1771 1772 1773  1774  1775 1776 1777 Décennies : 1740 1750 1760  1770  1780 1790 1800 Siècles : XVIIe siècle  XVIIIe …   Wikipédia en Français

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