1691

Year 1691 (MDCXCI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1691

January - June


* March 5 - Nine Years' War: French troops under Marshal Louis-Francois de Boufflers besiege the Spanish-held town of Mons.
* March 20 - Leisler's Rebellion: A new governor arrives in New York - Jacob Leisler surrenders after a standoff of several hours.
* March 29 - The Siege of Mons ends in the city’s surrender.
* April 9 - A fire at the Palace of Whitehall in London destroys its Stone Gallery.
* May 6 - The Spanish inquisition condemns and forcibly baptizes 219 Jews in Palma Majorca. When 37 try to escape the island, they are burned alive at the stake.
* May 16 - Jacob Leisler is hanged for treason.
* June - Ahmed II (1691-1695) succeeds Suleiman II (1687-1691) as emperor of the Ottoman Empire.

July - December


* July 12
** Pope Innocent XII succeeds Pope Alexander VIII as the 242nd pope.
** Battle of Aughrim: Williamite troops defeat the Jacobites in Ireland.
* October 3 - The Treaty of Limerick, which guarantees civil rights to Catholics, is signed. "(It was broken "before the ink was dry")"

Undated

* Michel Rolle invents Rolle's theorem, an essential theorem of mathematics.
* In New England the two separate colonies of Massachusetts Bay Colony and Plymouth Colony are united into a single entity by an act of the King and Queen of England.
* The Khalkha submit to the Manchu invaders, bringing most of modern-day Mongolia under the rule of the Qing dynasty.

Births


* February 27 - Edward Cave, English editor and publisher (d. 1754)
* April 5 - Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (d. 1768)
* April 9 - Johann Matthias Gesner, German classical scholar (d. 1761)
* June 17 - Giovanni Paolo Pannini, Italian painter and architect (d. 1765)
* August 25 - Alessandro Galilei, architect and mathematician (d. 1736)
* September 29 - Richard Challoner, English Catholic prelate (d. 1781)
* October 1 - Arthur Onslow, English politician (d 1768)
* October 28 - Peder Tordenskjold, Norwegian naval hero (d. 1720)

Deaths


* January 13 - George Fox, English founder of the Society of Friends (b. 1624)
* January 17 - Richard Lower, English physician (b. 1631)
* February 1 - Pope Alexander VIII (b. 1610)
* April 3 - Jean Petitot, Swiss enamel painter (b. 1607)
* May 11 - Colonel John Birch, English soldier (b. 1615)
* May 16 - Jacob Leisler, German-born American colonist (b. 1640)
* May 23 - Adrien Auzout, French astronomer (b. 1622)
* May 29 - Cornelis Tromp, Dutch admiral (b. 1629)
* June 23 - Suleiman II, Sultan, Ottoman Empire (b. 1642)
* July 12 - Marquis de St Ruth (killed at the Battle of Aughrim)
* July 16 - François-Michel le Tellier, Marquis de Louvois, French war minister (b. 1641)
* July 30 - Daniel Georg Morhof, German writer and scholar (b. 1639)
* August 14 - Richard Talbot, 1st Earl of Tyrconnel, Irish rebel (b. 1630)
* September 12 - John George III, Elector of Saxony (b. 1647)
* October 9 - William Sacheverell, English statesman (b. 1638)
* October 10 - Isaac de Benserade, French poet (b. 1613)
* November 14 - Tosa Mitsuoki, Japanese painter (b. 1617)
* November 15 - Aelbert Cuyp, Dutch painter (b. 1620)
* December 8 - Richard Baxter, English clergyman (b. 1615)
* December 30 - Robert Boyle, Irish chemist (b. 1627)
*"probable" - Elizabeth Polwheele, English playwright (b. c. 1651)


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  • 1691 — Années : 1688 1689 1690  1691  1692 1693 1694 Décennies : 1660 1670 1680  1690  1700 1710 1720 Siècles : XVIe siècle  XVIIe …   Wikipédia en Français

  • 1691 — Años: 1688 1689 1690 – 1691 – 1692 1693 1694 Décadas: Años 1660 Años 1670 Años 1680 – Años 1690 – Años 1700 Años 1710 Años 1720 Siglos: Siglo XVI – …   Wikipedia Español

  • 1691 — Portal Geschichte | Portal Biografien | Aktuelle Ereignisse | Jahreskalender ◄ | 16. Jahrhundert | 17. Jahrhundert | 18. Jahrhundert | ► ◄ | 1660er | 1670er | 1680er | 1690er | 1700er | 1710er | 1720er | ► ◄◄ | ◄ | 1687 | 1688 | 1689 | 16 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • 1691 — …   Википедия

  • 1691 — матем. • Запись римскими цифрами: MDCXCI …   Словарь обозначений

  • (1691) Оорт — Открытие Первооткрыватель Карл Рейнмут, И. ван Хаутен Груневельд Место обнаружения Хайдельберг Дата обнаружения 9 сентября 1956 Эпоним Ян Оорт Альтернативные обозначения 1956 RB; 1945 TD; 1947 DA; 1950 PZ; 1950 RU; 1951 XW; 1955 MW; 1956 SD; …   Википедия

  • 1691 год — Годы 1687 · 1688 · 1689 · 1690 1691 1692 · 1693 · 1694 · 1695 Десятилетия 1670 е · 1680 е 1690 е 1700 е · …   Википедия

  • 1691 au théâtre — Années : 1688 1689 1690  1691  1692 1693 1694 Décennies : 1660 1670 1680  1690  1700 1710 1720 Siècles : XVIe siècle  XVIIe sièc …   Wikipédia en Français

  • 1691 en architecture — Décennie 1690 en architecture Années de l architecture : 1687 1688 1689 1690 1691 1692 1693 Décennies de l architecture : 1660 1670 1680 1690 1700 1710 1720 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • 1691 en littérature — Années : 1688 1689 1690  1691  1692 1693 1694 Décennies : 1660 1670 1680  1690  1700 1710 1720 Siècles : XVIe siècle  XVIIe siè …   Wikipédia en Français

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