Sub-provincial city in the People's Republic of China


Sub-provincial city in the People's Republic of China

A sub-provincial city (Chinese: 副省级城市) (or deputy-provincial city) in the People's Republic of China, is a prefecture-level city that is ruled by a province, but is administered independently in regard to economy and law. The mayor of a sub-provincial city is equal in status to a vice-governor of a province. Its status is below that of municipalities, which are independent and equivalent to provinces, but above other, regular prefecture-level cities, which are completely ruled by their provinces. The original 16 sub-provincial cities were created on February 25 1994 by the Central Organization Committee out of prefecture-level cities. They are sometimes the capitals of the provinces in which they are located.

Currently, there are 15 sub-provincial cities: [For the list of the 15 cities, see e.g., cite web|url=http://hrb.focus.cn/news/2008-05-07/467397.html|title=15个副省级城市中 哈尔滨市房价涨幅排列第五名|publisher= |date=2008-05-07|accessdate=2008-06-11|language=Chinese]
* Changchun (in Jilin province)
* Chengdu (Sichuan)
* Dalian (Liaoning)
* Guangzhou (Guangdong)
* Hangzhou (Zhejiang)
* Harbin (Heilongjiang)
* Jinan (Shandong)
* Nanjing (Jiangsu)
* Ningbo (Zhejiang)
* Qingdao (Shandong)
* Shenyang (Liaoning)
* Shenzhen (Guangdong)
* Wuhan (Hubei)
* Xiamen (Fujian)
* Xi'an (Shaanxi)

Chongqing was formerly a sub-provincial city of Sichuan until 1997, when it was made a municipality by splitting it out of Sichuan altogether. Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps also has the powers of a sub-provincial city. Additionally, the head of Pudong District of Shanghai, which is a county-level district, is given sub-provincial powers.

Guangzhou, Harbin and Chengdu are the largest sub-provincial cities; each has a population exceeding that of the independent municipality of Tianjin.

The National Standing Committee of Sub-provincial Municipal People's Congresses' Chairmen Joint Conference (全国副省级城市人大常委会主任联席会议) are attended by the chairpersons and vice-chairpersons of all sub-provincial cities. It was proposed by the Guangzhou Municipal People's Congress in 1985. The conferences:
* 1. February 26 to March 4 1985, Guangzhou
* ...
* 17. October 30 - November 2 2001, Guangzhou
* ...
* 19. October 8 - ?, 2003, Wuhan

References


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