- Sub-provincial city in the People's Republic of China
A sub-provincial city (Chinese: 副省级城市) (or deputy-provincial city) in the
People's Republic of China, is a prefecture-level citythat is ruled by a province, but is administered independently in regard to economy and law. The mayor of a sub-provincial city is equal in status to a vice-governor of a province. Its status is below that of municipalities, which are independent and equivalent to provinces, but above other, regular prefecture-level cities, which are completely ruled by their provinces. The original 16 sub-provincial cities were created on February 25 1994by the Central Organization Committeeout of prefecture-level cities. They are sometimes the capitals of the provinces in which they are located.
Currently, there are 15 sub-provincial cities: [For the list of the 15 cities, see e.g., cite web|url=http://hrb.focus.cn/news/2008-05-07/467397.html|title=15个副省级城市中 哈尔滨市房价涨幅排列第五名|publisher= |date=2008-05-07|accessdate=2008-06-11|language=Chinese]
Xi'an( Shaanxi) Chongqingwas formerly a sub-provincial city of Sichuanuntil 1997, when it was made a municipality by splitting it out of Sichuan altogether. Xinjiang Production and Construction Corpsalso has the powers of a sub-provincial city. Additionally, the head of PudongDistrict of Shanghai, which is a county-level district, is given sub-provincial powers.
Guangzhou, Harbin and Chengdu are the largest sub-provincial cities; each has a population exceeding that of the independent municipality of
The National Standing Committee of Sub-provincial Municipal People's Congresses' Chairmen Joint Conference (全国副省级城市人大常委会主任联席会议) are attended by the chairpersons and vice-chairpersons of all sub-provincial cities. It was proposed by the Guangzhou Municipal People's Congress in 1985. The conferences:
February 26to March 4 1985, Guangzhou
October 30- November 2 2001, Guangzhou
October 8- ?, 2003, Wuhan
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