- Laurentius Petri
Laurentius Petri Nericius [The surname "Nericus" is based on the province where he was born,
Närke, and is mainly used to distinguish him from his successor Laurentius Petri Gothus] ( Örebro1499 – 27 October 1573) was a Swedish clergyman and the first Evangelical Lutheran Archbishop of Sweden. He and his brother Olaus Petriare, together with the King Gustav Vasa, regarded as the main Protestant reformers of Sweden. They are commemorated by the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Americaon April 19.
Laurentius was born Lars Persson in
Örebro, Närke. Laurentius studied in Germany in 1520, possibly together with his brother. Here they took influence from Lutheranism, among other things they met with Martin Lutherhimself. On returning home to Stockholm, they got stranded and nearly lost their lives as the boat went ashore on the island Gotland. They both survived however, and settled on the island, and Laurentius became headmaster at a school while Olaus became assistant to a priest. Not so long after, Olaus travelled with the priest to Stockholm and the crowning of King Gustav Vasa. Subsequently he managed to get on friendly terms with the King, and soon moved to Stockholm where he worked in the vicinity of the King.
Uppsala Council 1531, the Swedish King Gustav Vasatook the final step of breaking with the Catholic church, by personally appointing Laurentius to new archbishop. On September 22 that year, Laurentius was consecrated archbishop by the Petrus Magni, Bishop of Västerås. Magni had himself been ordained by the Pope in Rome, the last bishop to have been so, and by consecrating Laurentius the apostolical succession was retained in Sweden, which was considered important.
Later that year Laurentius married the King's cousin Elisabeth Didriksdotter, [ [http://runeberg.org/sqvinnor/0136.html 112 (Anteckningar om svenska qvinnor) ] ] becoming the first Swedish archbishop to be married. His brother Olaus had already become the first priest to marry in 1525.
The king forbade Laurentius to interfere with the his reformation plans. Laurentius wisely defended the autonomy of the Church against the various ideas of Gustav, such as his wish to abolish all bishops, while still steady advancing and promoting the ideas of the reformation texts within Sweden. His main contribution were his abundant writings which laid the foundation for the Swedish Church Ordinance established at the
Uppsala Council 1571.
He was archbishop for 42 years, unparalleled in Sweden, and during his time he was often in conflicts with the royalties. In 1539 his brother Olaus was sentenced to death by the King over some arguments, and Laurentius was among those forced to sign the death sentence. It has been disputed whether Laurentius was doing this because of a weak character or if he thought it better to formally obey so that he could continue to spread the reformation ideas. Olaus did eventually get pardoned in 1542, much due to his influential friends, but he was forced to keep a low profile, leaving the role of main reformator solely to Laurentius.
The first complete Swedish translation of the
Biblewas published in 1541, nicknamed the Vasa Bibleafter the King. Laurentius was one of the main proponents supervising the project, together with his brother Olaus and the clergyman Laurentius Andreae.
In the 1560s, when the ideas of Calvin gained in influence, Laurentius published several texts where he spoke for Lutheranism. It has been suggested that it was the first time the Swedish Church defined its Lutheran character.
Notes and references
* Article " [http://runeberg.org/nfbo/0731.html Laurentius Petri] " in
* [http://elvis.rowan.edu/~kilroy/jek/04/19b.html Olaus Petri and Laurentius Petri]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Laurentius Petri — (* 1499 in Örebro; † 26. Oktober 1573 in Uppsala) war ein schwedischer Erzbischof und schwedischer Reformator Leben Laurentius Petri … Deutsch Wikipedia
Laurentius Petri — Nericius (Orebro, 1499 – 27 de octubre de 1573), originalmente Lars Persson, era un clérigo sueco y el primer Arzobispo Evangélico Luterano de Suecia. Él y su hermano Olaus Petri son considerados, junto con el Rey Gustavo I Vasa, como los… … Wikipedia Español
Laurentius Petri Gothus — (dead February 12, 1579) was the second Swedish Lutheran Archbishop of Uppsala, Sweden, 1575 1579.He was born in 1529 or 1530 in the province Östergötland, from where the name Gothus is derived as the means of separating him from his predecessor… … Wikipedia
Laurentius Andreae — (c. 1470 ndash; April 14, 1552) was a Swedish clergyman and scholar who is acknowledged as one of his country s preeminent intellectual figures during the first half of the 16th century. In his time he was most renowned as one of the main… … Wikipedia
Laurentius — may refer to:In Catholicism:* Antipope Laurentius, antipope of the Roman Catholic Church * Joannes Laurentius Lydus, Byzantine writer on antiquarian subjects * Laurence of Canterbury, archbishop of Canterbury known as Saint Laurentius * Lawrence… … Wikipedia
PETRI (O. et L.) — PETRI OLAUS (1493 1552) & LAURENTIUS (1499 1573) Les frères Olaus et Laurentius Petri (forme latine d’Olaf et de Laurent Petersson), d’origine modeste, firent leurs études de théologie à Wittenberg au contact direct de Luther et de Melanchton, et … Encyclopédie Universelle
Petri — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Adam Petri (1454–1528), Schweizer Buchdrucker Anton Peter Petri (1923–1995), deutscher Historiker und Volkskundler August Petri (≈1793–??), deutscher Gartenkünstler Bernhard Petri (1767–1853),… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Petri — is a surname, and may refer to* Carl Adam Petri, who introduced Petri nets * Egon Petri * Elio Petri * Ellen Petri * Heather Petri * Julius Richard Petri, German bacteriologist, inventor of the Petri dish * Laurentius Petri * Michala Petri *… … Wikipedia
Laurentius Andreae — auch Lars Anderson, Laurentius Andreä, (* um 1470 in Strängnäs; † 14. April 1552 ebenda) war ein schwedischer Theologe, Staatsmann und Reformator. Leben und Wirken Laurentius Andreae besuchte die Schule in seinem Heimatort, studierte dann in… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Petri — Petri, 1) Olaus, schwed. Reformator, geb. 6. Jan. 1493 in Örebro als Sohn eines Schmiedes, gest. 19. April 1552 in Stockholm, studierte 1516 in Leipzig, dann in Wittenberg, wo Luther auf ihn einen großen Einfluß ausübte, promovierte dort 1518 und … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon