Partnership for Peace


Partnership for Peace


350px|right|thumb|A map of Partnership for Peace members. Key:">
legend|#40FF40|PfP members that joined NATO in 2004Partnership for Peace (PfP) is a North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) program aimed at creating trust between NATO and other states in Europe and the former Soviet Union; 23 nations are members.cite web | author = North Atlantic Treaty Organisation | title = Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Serbia join NATO Partnership for Peace |date= 2006-12-14 | url = http://www.nato.int/docu/update/2006/12-december/e1214a.htm | accessdate = 2006-12-17 ] It was first proposed as an American initiative at the meeting of NATO defense ministers in Travemünde, Germany, on 20–21 October 1993, and formally launched on 10-11 January 1994 NATO summit in Brussels, Belgium. [cite journal | last = Borawski | first = John | year = 1995 | month = April | title = Partnership for Peace and beyond | journal = International Affairs | volume = 71 | issue = 2 | pages = 233–246 | publisher = Royal Institute of International Affairs 1944- | url =http://www.jstor.org/pss/2623432 | accessdate = 2008-04-21 ] Ten states which were members (Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia) have since joined NATO.

On April 26, 1995 Malta became a member of PfP;cite web | author = North Atlantic Treaty Organisation | title = Secretary General's Council Welcoming Remarks, Visit by Maltese Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs, Professor Guido de Marco, Wednesday, 26th April 1995 |date= 1995-04-26 | url = http://www.nato.int/docu/speech/1995/s950426a.htm | accessdate = 2006-11-30 ] it left on October 27, 1996 in order to keep its security intact.cite news | first=Celestine |last= Bohlen |title= New Malta Chief Focuses on Neutrality | publisher=New York Times |date= 1996-11-12 |url=http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C0DE0D6133BF931A25752C1A960958260&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=all |format= |language= | accessdate=2008-04-05 | quote= Within hours of taking office, Mr. Sant withdrew Malta's membership in Partnership for Peace, a NATO military cooperation program that is so loosely defined that its sign-up list now spans the spectrum from Russia to Switzerland. [...] Mr. Sant says none of those moves should be interpreted as anti-European or anti-American, but simply as the best way of insuring Malta's security. ] On March 20, 2008 Malta decided to reactivate their PfP membership;cite web | author = Gambin, Karl | title = Malta reactivates Partnership for Peace membership |date= 2008-04-03 | url = http://www.di-ve.com/Default.aspx?ID=72&Action=1&NewsId=50311&newscategory=35 | publisher = DI-VE | accessdate = 2008-04-03 | quote = The cabinet has agreed to reactivate its membership in the Partnership for Peace which was withdrawn in 1996, the government said on Thursday. ] this was accepted by NATO at the Summit in Bucharest on April 3, 2008.cite web | author = North Atlantic Treaty Organization | title = Malta re-engages in the Partnership for Peace Programme |date= 2008-04-03 | url = http://www.nato.int/docu/update/2008/04-april/e0403e.html | accessdate = 2008-04-03 | quote = At the Bucharest Summit, NATO Heads of State and Government welcomed Malta’s return to the Partnership for Peace Programme. At Malta's request, the Allies have re-activated Malta's participation in the Partnership for Peace Programme (PfP). ] During the NATO summit in Riga on November 29, 2006, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Serbia were invited to join PfPcite web | author = North Atlantic Treaty Organization | title = Alliance offers partnership to Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro and Serbia |date= 2006-11-29 | url = http://www.nato.int/docu/update/2006/11-november/e1129e.htm | accessdate = 2006-11-30 ] after which they joined PfP on 14 December 2006. [cite web | author = Associated Press | title = Serbia inducted into NATO |date= 2006-12-14 | url = http://www.serbianna.com/news/2006/02871.shtml | accessdate = 2006-12-14 ]

ignatories of Partnership for Peace Framework Document

Current members

* (October 5, 1994)
* (February 10, 1995)
* (May 4, 1994)
* (January 11, 1995)
* (December 14, 2006)
* (May 9, 1994)
* (March 23, 1994)
* (December 1, 1999)
* (May 27, 1994)
* (June 1, 1994)
* (November 15, 1995)
* (joined April 26, 1995; withdrew on October 27, 1996. Malta decided to reactivate their Partnership for Peace membership on March 20, 2008; this was accepted by NATO at the summit in Bucharest on April 3, 2008.)
* (March 16, 1994)
* (December 14, 2006)
* (June 22, 1994)
* (December 14, 2006)
* (May 9, 1994)
* (December 11, 1996)
* (February 20, 2002)
* (May 10, 1994)
* (February 8, 1994)
* (July 13, 1994)


= Countries that were signatories but became full NATO members on 12 March, 1999 =

* (March 10, 1994)
* (February 8, 1994)
* (February 2, 1994)


= Countries that were signatories but became full NATO members on 29 March, 2004 =

* (February 14, 1994)
* (February 3, 1994)
* (February 14, 1994)
* (January 27, 1994)
* (January 26, 1994)
* (February 9 1994)
* (March 30, 1994)

Acceding NATO members from 2 April 2008

* (February 23, 1994)cite web | author = North Atlantic Treaty Organization | title = Signatures of Partnership for Peace Framework Document |date= 2006-10-05 | url = http://www.nato.int/pfp/sig-cntr.htm | accessdate = 2006-11-30 ]
* (May 25, 2000)

References

External links

* [http://www.nato.int/issues/pfp/ NATO Issues: The Partnership for Peace]
* [http://www.nato.int/pfp/sig-cntr.htm Signatures of Partnership for Peace Framework Document]
* [http://www.pims.org Partnership for Peace Information Management System (PIMS)]


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