Yahya Ayyash


Yahya Ayyash

Yahya Abdal-Tif Ayyash (يحيى عياش; February 22, 1966 - January 5, 1996) was the chief bombmaker of Hamas and the leader of the Samaria battalion of the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades. In that capacity, he earned the nickname "the Engineer" ( _ar. المهندس, transliterated "Al-Muhandis").

Ayyash is credited with advancing the technique of suicide bombing in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The bombings he orchestrated caused the deaths of approximately 90 Israelis. [Katz, 256] A master of disguise, Ayyash was the most wanted man in Israel for three years, and the target of a massive man-hunt. To Palestinians, he was a celebrated hero. Ayyash was assassinated by the Israeli Shabak in 1996. Shabak tricked a friend of Ayyash's into giving him a bomb-laden cell phone. When Ayyash used it, Shabak detonated it, killing him instantly.

Early life

Ayyash was born in Rafat, the eldest of three brothers. As a child, he was very pious, receiving an award from the Islamic Trust [Van Tuyll, Frederik. "«The emergence of the Islamic trust»". Oxford Journals: Trusts and Trustees [http://tandt.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/12/9/7] : "The Islamic trust, governed by both the laws of the jurisdiction under which it is written and by Shari'ah law, has become a popular financial and devolution planning vehicle for assets held by Muslims." ] for his talent in memorizing the Koran. While a boy, Ayyash showed a talent for electrical and mechanical work - repairing radios, television sets, and alike. After graduating from high school in 1985, he entered Bir Zeit University in 1987. He received a bachelor of science in electrical engineering in 1991. [Katz, 9, 70-71]

Work for Hamas

Ayyash built the bombs used in a number of Hamas suicide attacks: the Mehola Junction bombing, the Afula Bus massacre, the Hadera central station massacre, the Tel Aviv bus 5 massacre, the Egged bus 36 bombing, the Ramat Gan bus 20 bombing, and the Jerusalem bus 26 bombing. As part of a strategic alliance between Hamas and Palestinian Islamic Jihad, Ayyash built the bombs used by Islamic Jihad at the Beit Lid massacre. [Katz 77 (Bet El), 106-109 (Afula and Hadera), 147 (#5 bus), 167 (Biet Lid), 191 (#20 bus), 197 (#26 bus)]

Because TNT and other high explosives were generally not available in the Palestinian territories (the West Bank and Gaza strip), Ayyash often used a combination of acetone and detergent, both commonly available household products. When combined, they form Acetone peroxide, an explosive known as "Mother of Satan" for its instability.

Ramat Efal

Ayyash first came to the attention of Israeli security forces as a result of the failed bombing of Ramat Efal. Following a high-speed chase, three would-be Hamas suicide bombers were arrested by police. When police inspected their car, they found it rigged with a bomb - five twelve-kilogram gasoline tanks filled to capacity, connected to an acetone peroxide-based detonator. After evacuating the area, sappers used a robot armed with a shot-gun to shoot the detonator, in the hopes of defusing it. Instead, it detonated, in a massive explosion. [Police investigators] "were sure that if it had been detonated in a crowded area, it would have killed hundreds".

Israeli investigators learned Ayyash's name during subsequent interrogation of the three arrested suspects. [Katz, 5-9]

Death and aftermath

Ayyash's fellow Hamas militants passed him a cell phone. It exploded when Ayyash was using it, killing him instantly. Reportedly, 100,000 Palestinians attended his funeral. [ [http://www.themilitant.com/1996/603/603_19.html Gaza: 100,000 Palestinians Protest Assassination] . The Militant. January 22, 1996]

The State of Israel has a policy that it never confirms or denies its participation in selective assassinations. Per this policy, Israel did not confirm or deny its role in killing Ayyash. This led to wild rumors and speculations as to the extent of their involvement.

Three days after the Ayyash's death, Shabak head Carmi Gillon resigned, due to Shabak's failure to prevent the Assassination of Yitzhak Rabin.

Ayyash was succeeded in the Hamas organization by Mohiyedine Sharif ("the electrician"), one of Ayyash's protégés. Ayyash's death, along with Israel's subsequent targeting of other master bomb-makers, led to a noticeable decline in the effectiveness of suicide bombs. [Zuckerman, Mortimer B. Using hate against Israel. June 12, 2000 U.S. News and World Report] At the time of Ayyash's suicide attacks, the border between Israel and the West Bank was quite porous, making it easy for a suicide bomber to cross into Israel unnoticed. Since then, the Israeli West Bank barrier has made it significantly harder for Palestinians suicide-bombers to cross into Israel.

References

* Katz, Samuel. The Hunt for the Engineer. Lyons Press, 2002. ISBN 1-58574-749-1

Notes

External links

* [http://www.intelligence.org.il/eng/sib/6_04/ayash.htm A senior Palestinian terrorist as role model and admired figure] at Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center at the Center for Special Studies (C.S.S), Israel
* [http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/2001/549/re1.htm Jury, judge and executioner] by Saleh Abdel Jawad in Al-Ahram Weekly, 30 August 2001


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Yahya Ayyash — Yahya Abdal Tif Ayyash (22 de febrero de 1966 5 de enero de 1996) era el principal fabricante de bombas de Hamás y líder del batallón de Samaria de las brigadas Izz Al Din Al Qassam. Por su pericia en la fabricación de bombas recibió el título de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Yahya Ayyash — Yahia Ayache Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ayache. Yahia Ayache (يحيى عياش) dit l ingénieur, né en 1965 et mort le 5 janvier 1996 dans la Bande de Gaza, était l artificier et l un des principaux chefs de l aile militaire du Hamas, les… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Yahya (disambiguation) — Yahya is a common Arabic name for John and hence the Jewish prophet John the Baptist, who is also seen as a prophet of Islam. It is a common names among countries of the Muslim world. It may refer to:* Yahya ibn Sarafiyun, Arabic medical writer… …   Wikipedia

  • Yahya Abdal-Tif Ayyash — Yahia Ayache Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ayache. Yahia Ayache (يحيى عياش) dit l ingénieur, né en 1965 et mort le 5 janvier 1996 dans la Bande de Gaza, était l artificier et l un des principaux chefs de l aile militaire du Hamas, les… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hamas — حركة المقاومة الاسلامية …   Wikipedia

  • Tel Aviv bus 5 suicide bombing — Infobox terrorist attack title=Tel Aviv bus 5 suicide bombing caption=Memorial to victims of the attack location=Dizengoff Street, Tel Aviv, Israel target= date=October 19, 1994 time begin=9:00 AM time end= timezone=UTC+2 type=Suicide attack… …   Wikipedia

  • Dizengoff Street bus bombing — Dizengoff Street bus bombing …   Wikipedia

  • Militancia Palestina (1987-) — Para la historia de los militantes palestinos antes 1987, véase Militancia Palestina (1917 51) y (1951 87) La revuelta que comenzó en el otoño de 1987 por Cisjordania y Gaza fue un cambio súbito en el carácter de la militancia entre los árabes… …   Wikipedia Español

  • 1996 — This article is about the year 1996. For the number (and other uses), see 1996 (number). Millennium: 2nd millennium Centuries: 19th century – 20th century – 21st century Decades: 1960s  1970s  1980s  –… …   Wikipedia

  • 1966 — This article is about the year 1966. Millennium: 2nd millennium Centuries: 19th century – 20th century – 21st century Decades: 1930s  1940s  1950s  – 1960s –  1970s   …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.