Barton-upon-Humber


Barton-upon-Humber

infobox UK place
country = England
map_type=Lincolnshire
latitude= 53.6833
longitude= -0.4500
official_name= Barton-upon-Humber
population = 9,334
unitary_england= North Lincolnshire
lieutenancy_england= Lincolnshire
region= Yorkshire and the Humber
constituency_westminster= Cleethorpes
post_town= BARTON-UPON-HUMBER
postcode_district = DN18
postcode_area= DN
dial_code= 01652
os_grid_reference= TA030221


thumb|left|200px|Church Tower of St Peter Barton on Humber.Barton-upon-Humber or Barton is a small town in North Lincolnshire, England located on the south bank of the River Humber, and at the end of the Humber Bridge. Formerly an important centre for the manufacture of bicycles, [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/254424 Hopper's] Cycles being established in the town in 1880 in the [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/219530 Hopper Building] .

Geography

The [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/302644 town] is the northern terminus at Barton station of a branch line (Barton - Cleethorpes), opened in 1849, from Grimsby and Cleethorpes. Services are provided by Northern Rail. The A15 [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/666417 passes] to the west of the town [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/276664 cutting] through the "Beacon Hill", and has a junction with the [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/56364 A1077] "Ferriby Road". The B1218 passes north-south through the town, and leads to Barton Waterside eventually. Kimberly-Clark have a [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/43707 factory] on "Falkland Way" close to the railway, which is known to them as their [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/271911 Barton Plant] . This area is known as the Humber Bridge Industrial Estate.

Barton is on the south bank of the Humber estuary and is at the [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/24043 southern end] of the Humber Bridge. The Viking Way [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/290871 starts] near the bridge. [cite news |title=Recreational Route: East Midlands - Viking Way|url=http://www.ramblers.org.uk/info/paths/viking.html |publisher=Ramblers.org |accessdate=2007-07-30 ]

History

Anglo-Saxons

The town is known for its Saxon church tower of St Peter, and there have been many Saxon archaeological finds within the town. The former church was reopened in May 2007 as a centre for medical research into the development of diseases, and ossuary, containing the bones and skeletons of some 3,750 people whose remains were removed between 1978 and 1984 from the 1,000 year old burial site, after the Church of England made the church redundant in 1972. [ [http://ekklesia.co.uk/node/5571 Church finds there's life in the old bones yet] , Ekklesia and Ecumenical News International, accessed 18 August 2007] [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/humber/6687509.stm Skeleton collection goes on show] , BBC News, 24 May 2007, accessed 18 August 2007]

A ferry to Hull began in 1351, being granted by Edward II running until 1851, but this was superseded by a ferry at New Holland which began in 1820.

Churches

Two churches in Barton-upon-Humber, St Peter's church and St Mary's church, are located only several feet apart, leading to speculation about the reasons for their close location. The reason the was that at the time they were built, the churches served two separate villages that later amalgamated into Barton-on-Humber. Also one church is a lot older than the other and could not be enlarged so another one was built later. It was suggested that Barrow upon Humber would also get gobbled up in the process of building due to its location near the River Humber but Barton Council decided to go the other way because the cemetery was up Barrow Road and to close it in by building round it was not recommended so the new estate was built further away from the River Humber instead.

Amenities

The Baysgarth Leisure Centre is at [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/637433 Baysgarth Park] near [http://www.northlincs.gov.uk/NorthLincs/Leisure/museums/BaysgarthHouseMuseum.htm Baysgarth House Museum] , and was refurbished and reopened in June 2008.

Education

[http://www.baysgarthschool.co.uk/ Baysgarth School] is a comprehensive school for ages 11-18 on Barrow Road. There are also three primary schools, St Peter's Church of England, on Marsh Lane, the [http://www.castledyke.n-lincs.sch.uk/ Castledyke Primary School] on the B1218, and the [http://www.bowmandale.n-lincs.sch.uk Bowmandale] primary school in the south of the town. [http://www.bartonuponhumber.btinternet.co.uk/picbook/school1.htm Barton Grammar School] , which opened in 1931, used to be on "Caistor Road". Henry Treece, the poet, taught at the school.

Entertainment

The " [http://www.carnivalinn.co.uk Carnival] " is a [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/736542 pub] with live music on " [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/736475 Tofts Road] " to the south of the town. Other town pubs are the " [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/39786 Wheatsheaf] " on " [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/743212 Holydyke] " (A1077), the " [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/43906 George Hotel] " on " [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/215499 George Street] ", the " [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/142089 Blue Bell] " on "Whitecross Street", " [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/210279 Queen's] " on "Queen Street", the " [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/142090 Red Lion] " on "High Street", and the " [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/142934 White Swan] " on "Butts Road". The [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/210686 Ropewalk] is an arts centre on "Maltkiln Road".

The North Lincolnshire and Humberside [http://www.nlsail.co.uk Sailing Club] is at [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/53168 Barton Mere] on the Humber to the east of Barton Waterside. It uses a former clay pit. The clay was used to make bricks at a [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/610727 former] brickworks on the Humber [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/332957 foreshore] from 1703. Towards the bridge is the £5.6m [http://www.watersedgecountrypark.org Water's Edge Park] , with a [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/537996 visitor centre] which opened in April 2006. The park is a home for [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/548072 wildfowl] . [http://www.lincstrust.org.uk/reserves/far_ings/index.php Far Ings] Nature Reserve is to the west of the Humber Bridge, which is run by the Lincolnshire Wildlife Trust.

Famous residents

Famous residents have included: Isaac Pitman, inventor of the eponymous shorthand method; Samuel Wilderspin, pioneer of infant education; and currently Ken H. Harrison, the artist who draws Desperate Dan. Jamie Cann, MP for Ipswich 1992-2001 went to the grammar school. Chad Varah, founder of the Samaritans was born in the town and was named after the church of St Chad on "Waterside Road", of which his father, William Edward Varah, was the vicar. The church, and neighbouring primary school, were demolished in 1993.

Soham murderer Ian Huntley (who killed two 10-year-old girls in Soham, Cambridgeshire in August 2002) lived in a flat in High Street, Barton-upon-Humber, for several years until he moved to Soham in November 2001. His girlfriend Maxine Carr (who would later be found guilty of perverting the course of justice in connection with the murders committed by Huntley) lived with him in the flat from 1999. Both Huntley and Carr were born several miles away in Grimsby.

ee also

Barton, Maryland, United States The Reverend William Shaw of Barton-upon-Humber, a Methodist minister settled on the site of Barton, Maryland in 1794. His son, William Shaw Jr. laid out the town in 1853, naming it for his father's hometown.

References

External links

* [http://www.bridgebash.co.uk 25th Anniversary of the Humber Bridge (July 2006)]
* [http://www.barton-net.org Barton Electronic Network]
* [http://www.baysgarthschool.co.uk Baysgarth School]
* [http://www.bartontowncc.co.uk Cricket Club]
* [http://www.discoverbarton.co.uk Discover Barton]
* [http://www.bartonuponhumber.btinternet.co.uk History of the town]
* [http://www.bartonuponhumber.org.uk Maps, History and Photos of the town]
* [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/696324 Photograph of St. Peter's Church at Geograph.org.uk]
* [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/696314 Photograph of St. Mary's Church at Geograph.org.uk]
* [http://www.thisisbarton.co.uk This is Barton - a local news/information website from The Scunthorpe Telegraph]
* [http://www.geocities.com/dazxtm/historictime.htm Timeline]
* [http://www.geocities.com/jg4fun2002 Viking Way photographs]
* [http://www.visitbarton.co.uk Visit Barton]


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