- Peace Arch
Infobox_nrhp | name =Peace Arch
caption = The Peace Arch from the US side.
Blaine, WA Surrey, BC
lat_degrees = 49 | lat_minutes = 0 | lat_seconds = 7.66 | lat_direction = N
long_degrees = 122 | long_minutes = 45 | long_seconds = 23.49 | long_direction = W
architect= Harvey Wiley Corbett
architecture= Classical Revival
December 13, 1996
governing_body = Local
refnum=96001493 cite web|url=http://www.nr.nps.gov/|title=National Register Information System|date=2007-01-23|work=National Register of Historic Places|publisher=National Park Service] The Peace Arch is a
monumentsituated on the Canada – United States borderbetween the communities of Blaine, Washingtonand Surrey, British Columbia. The Peace Arch, which stands 20.5 meters (67.2 ft) tall, was built by Sam Hill and dedicated in September of 1921, and commemorates the signing of the Treaty of Ghentin 1814. The monument is built on the exact United States– Canadaboundary, between Interstate 5and Highway 99, in the grass median between the northbound and southbound lanes. The Peace Arch has the flags of the U.S. and Canada mounted on its crown, and two inscriptions on both sides of its frieze. The inscription on the U.S. side of the Peace Arch reads "Children of a common mother", and the words on the Canadian side read "Brethren dwelling together in unity". Within the arch, each side has an iron gatehinged on either side of the border with an inscription above reading "May these gates never be closed". Peace Arch Parkconsists of Peace Arch Provincial Parkon the Canadian side and Peace Arch State Parkon the American side of the border. Within the park is a major border crossing which has never closed, symbolising a long history of peace between the two nations.
In Canada, the crossing is officially named Douglas, in honour of Sir James Douglas, the first governor of the
Colony of British Columbia. Because of the Peace Arch monument, however, the border crossing between Surrey and Blaine is popularly known as the "Peace Arch Border Crossing", one of the busiest border crossings between Canada and the United States. It is the busiest such crossing west of Detroit. As of January 2008, construction is currently taking place at the Peace Arch Crossing. While it is still open, it is recommended to go through the Pacific Border Crossing (#15) as there are fewer delays.
Canada – United States relations
* [http://www.peacearchpark.org/ Peace Arch Park]
* [http://www.env.gov.bc.ca/bcparks/explore/parkpgs/peacarch.html Peace Arch Provincial Park, BC]
* [http://www.parks.wa.gov/parkpage.asp?selectedpark=Peace+Arch Peace Arch State Park, WA]
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