Six major Hadith collections
The six major
Hadithcollections (Arabic: "Al-Sihah al-Sittah") are the works of some individuals from Islamic scholarswho by their own initiative started collecting sayings that people attributed to Muhammad approximately 200 years after his death.
The name "Al-Sihah al-Sittah" translates literally to "The Authentic Six", even though they are not all considered authentic ("sahih"), except for the first two collections.
According to the Cambridge History of Iran [S. H. Nasr(1975), “The religious sciences”, in R.N.Frye, the Cambridge History of Iran, Cambridge University Press] :cquote|After this period commences the age of the authors of the six canonical collections of Sunni hadith (al-sihah al-sitta), all of whom were Persian. The authors of the six collections are as follows:
1. Muhammad b. Isma'il al-Bukhari, the author of the best known of the Sahih, which he composed over a period of sixteen years. Traditional sources quote Bukhari as saying that he did not record any hadith before performing his ablutions and praying. Bukhari died near Samarqand in 256/869-70.
2. Muslim b. Hajjaj al-Naishapuri, who died in Nishapur in 261/ 874-5 and whose Sahih is second in fame only to that of Bukhari.
3. Abu Da'ud Sulaiman b. Ash'ath al-Sijistani, a Persian but of Arab descent, who died in 275/888-9.
4. Muhammad b. 'Isa al-Tirmidhi, author of the well-known Jdmi’ al-Tirmidhi, who was a student of Bukhari and died in 279/892-3.
5. Abu 'Abd al-Rahman al-Nisa'i, who was from Khurasan and died in 303/915-16.
6. Ibn Maja al-Qazwini, who died in 273/886-7.
Sunni Muslims view the Six major Hadith collections as their most important. They are, in order of importance [ [http://www.abc.se/~m9783/n/vih_e.html Various Issues About Hadiths ] ] :
Sahih Bukhari, collected by al-Bukhari(d. 870), included 7275 hadiths
Sahih Muslim, collected by Muslim b. al-Hajjaj(d. 875), included 9200
Sunan al-Sughra, collected by al-Nasa'i(d. 915)
Sunan Abi Da'ud, collected by Abu Da'ud(d. 888)
Sunan al-Tirmidhi, collected by al-Tirmidhi(d. 892)
# This one is disputed. Sometimes its referred to
Al-Muwatta, collected by Imam Malik(d. 796) and sometimes it is referred to Sunan Ibn Majah, collected by Ibn Majah(d. 886). Some people even consider Sunan al-Daramito be the sixth one.
The two first are referred to as the
Two Sahihswhich indicates that they are authentic.
List of Sunni books
Hadith of Persians and knowledge
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