Erich Fried

Erich Fried (6 May, 1921 — November 22, 1988) was an Austrian poet settled in England, known for his political-minded poetry. He was also a broadcaster, translator and essayist.

Born to Jewish parents Nelly and Hugo Fried in Vienna, he was a child actor and from an early age wrote strongly political essays and poetry. He fled with his mother to London after his father's murder by the Gestapo following the Anschluss with Nazi Germany. During the war, he got casual work as a librarian and a factory hand. He joined Young Austria, a left-wing emigrant youth movement, but left in 1943 in protest at its dogmatism. In 1944 he married Maria Marburg, shortly before the birth of his son Hans. In the same year his first volume of poetry was published. He separated from Maria in 1946, and they divorced in 1952. In the same year he married Nan Spence Eichner, with whom he had two children; David (1958) and Katherine (1961). Erich and Nan divorced in 1965. In 1965 he got married for a third time to Catherine Boswell with whom he had three children; Petra (1965), Klaus and Tom (1969).

From 1952 to 1968 he worked as a political commentator for the BBC German Service. He translated works by Shakespeare, T. S. Eliot and Dylan Thomas.

In 1962 he returned to Vienna for the first time.

He published several volumes of poetry as well as radio plays and a novel. His work was sometimes controversial, including attacks on the Zionist movement and support for left-wing causes. His work was mainly published in the West, but in 1969, a selection of his poetry was published in the GDR poetry series "Poesiealbum", and his Dylan Thomas translations were published in that same series in 1974.

In 1982 he regained his Austrian nationality, though he also retained the British nationality he had adopted in 1949. He died of intestinal cancer in Baden-Baden, Germany, in 1988 and is buried in Kensal Green cemetery, London.

An Austrian literary prize is named after him - the Erich Fried Prize.


* "Drei Gebete aus London" (Three Prayers from London), 1945
* "Ein Soldat und ein Mädchen" (A Soldier and a Girl), 1960
* "Reich der Steine", 1963
* "Warngedichte" (Warning Poems), 1964
* "Überlegungen", 1964
* "Kinder und Narren", 1965
* "und Vietnam und" (and Vietnam and), 1966
* "Anfechtungen", 1967
* "Die Beine der größeren Lügen", 1969
* "Poesiealbum", 1969
* "Unter Nebenfeinden", 1970
* "Die Freiheit den Mund aufzumachen", 1972
* "Höre Israel", 1974
* "So kam ich unter die Deutschen", 1977
* "100 Gedichte ohne Vaterland", 1978
* "Liebesgedichte", 1979
* "Es ist was es ist" (It is what it is), 1983
* "Um Klarheit", 1985
* "Mitunter sogar Lachen", 1986

External links

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  • Prix Erich Fried — Le Prix Erich Fried en allemand Erich Fried Preis est un prix littéraire décerné par la Internationale Erich Fried Gesellschaft für Sprache und Literatur à Vienne. Ce prix est doté de 15.000 Euros. Il est décerné depuis 1990, en souvenir d Erich… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • FRIED, ERICH — (1921–1988), Austrian poet. Born in Vienna into an assimilated Jewish family, Fried was forced to flee to Great Britain after the annexation of Austria by Germany in 1938 and spent the remainder of his life in an English speaking environment. In… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Fried — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alfred Hermann Fried (1864–1921), österreichischer Pazifist und Schriftsteller Amelie Fried (* 1958), deutsche Schriftstellerin und Moderatorin, Tochter Kurt Frieds Erich Fried (1921–1988),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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