Erich Fried


Erich Fried

Erich Fried (6 May, 1921 — November 22, 1988) was an Austrian poet settled in England, known for his political-minded poetry. He was also a broadcaster, translator and essayist.

Born to Jewish parents Nelly and Hugo Fried in Vienna, he was a child actor and from an early age wrote strongly political essays and poetry. He fled with his mother to London after his father's murder by the Gestapo following the Anschluss with Nazi Germany. During the war, he got casual work as a librarian and a factory hand. He joined Young Austria, a left-wing emigrant youth movement, but left in 1943 in protest at its dogmatism. In 1944 he married Maria Marburg, shortly before the birth of his son Hans. In the same year his first volume of poetry was published. He separated from Maria in 1946, and they divorced in 1952. In the same year he married Nan Spence Eichner, with whom he had two children; David (1958) and Katherine (1961). Erich and Nan divorced in 1965. In 1965 he got married for a third time to Catherine Boswell with whom he had three children; Petra (1965), Klaus and Tom (1969).

From 1952 to 1968 he worked as a political commentator for the BBC German Service. He translated works by Shakespeare, T. S. Eliot and Dylan Thomas.

In 1962 he returned to Vienna for the first time.

He published several volumes of poetry as well as radio plays and a novel. His work was sometimes controversial, including attacks on the Zionist movement and support for left-wing causes. His work was mainly published in the West, but in 1969, a selection of his poetry was published in the GDR poetry series "Poesiealbum", and his Dylan Thomas translations were published in that same series in 1974.

In 1982 he regained his Austrian nationality, though he also retained the British nationality he had adopted in 1949. He died of intestinal cancer in Baden-Baden, Germany, in 1988 and is buried in Kensal Green cemetery, London.

An Austrian literary prize is named after him - the Erich Fried Prize.

Works

* "Drei Gebete aus London" (Three Prayers from London), 1945
* "Ein Soldat und ein Mädchen" (A Soldier and a Girl), 1960
* "Reich der Steine", 1963
* "Warngedichte" (Warning Poems), 1964
* "Überlegungen", 1964
* "Kinder und Narren", 1965
* "und Vietnam und" (and Vietnam and), 1966
* "Anfechtungen", 1967
* "Die Beine der größeren Lügen", 1969
* "Poesiealbum", 1969
* "Unter Nebenfeinden", 1970
* "Die Freiheit den Mund aufzumachen", 1972
* "Höre Israel", 1974
* "So kam ich unter die Deutschen", 1977
* "100 Gedichte ohne Vaterland", 1978
* "Liebesgedichte", 1979
* "Es ist was es ist" (It is what it is), 1983
* "Um Klarheit", 1985
* "Mitunter sogar Lachen", 1986

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Erich Fried — (r.) im Gespräch mit (v.l.) Franz Fühmann, Alfred Wellm und Volker Braun während der „Berliner Begegnung zur Friedensförderung“ vom 13. bis. 14. Dezember 1981. Erich Fried (* 6. Mai 1921 in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Erich fried — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Erich. Erich Fried. Erich Fried (* 6 mai 1921 à Vienne; † 22 novembre 1988 à Baden Baden …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Erich Fried — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Erich Fried Erich Fried en 1981 Nombre Erich Fried …   Wikipedia Español

  • Erich Fried — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Erich. Erich Fried. Erich Fried (né le 6 mai 1921 à Vienne et mort le 22 novembre 1988 à …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Erich Fried Prize — The Erich Fried Prize ( de. Erich Fried Preis) is a literary prize in honour of the Austrian poet Erich Fried, and is awarded annually by the International Erich Fried Association for Literature and Language, based in Vienna. The value of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Erich Fried Gesellschaft — Hauptanliegen der Internationalen Erich Fried Gesellschaft für Literatur und Sprache ist es, die deutschsprachige Literatur und im Besonderen die Werke Erich Frieds durch Veranstaltungen und Veröffentlichungen zu fördern. Die Erich Fried… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Erich-Fried-Preis — Der Erich Fried Preis ist ein Literaturpreis, der durch die Internationale Erich Fried Gesellschaft für Sprache und Literatur in Wien verliehen wird. Gestiftet wird der mit 15.000 Euro dotierte Preis vom Bundeskanzleramt der Republik Österreich,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Prix Erich Fried — Le Prix Erich Fried en allemand Erich Fried Preis est un prix littéraire décerné par la Internationale Erich Fried Gesellschaft für Sprache und Literatur à Vienne. Ce prix est doté de 15.000 Euros. Il est décerné depuis 1990, en souvenir d Erich… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • FRIED, ERICH — (1921–1988), Austrian poet. Born in Vienna into an assimilated Jewish family, Fried was forced to flee to Great Britain after the annexation of Austria by Germany in 1938 and spent the remainder of his life in an English speaking environment. In… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Fried — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alfred Hermann Fried (1864–1921), österreichischer Pazifist und Schriftsteller Amelie Fried (* 1958), deutsche Schriftstellerin und Moderatorin, Tochter Kurt Frieds Erich Fried (1921–1988),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.