Fenton, Murray and Jackson
Fenton, Murray and Jackson was an engineering company at the
Round Foundryoff Water Lane in Holbeck, Leeds, West Yorkshire, England.
Fenton, Murray and Wood
The firm began as Fenton, Murray and Wood, founded by
Matthew Murrayand David Wood in 1795to build machine tools (mainly for the textileindustry) and stationary steam engines, competing effectively with Boulton and Wattand achieving a considerable reputation. They were joined in 1797by James Fenton and the financier, William Lister.
1811, John Blenkinsopwas interested in using steam locomotiveson the Middleton Railwayand had patented a rack and pinionsystem to overcome problems with adhesion. Fenton, Murray and Wood were asked to design a suitable locomotive. Built in 1812, it was successful and three more followed, plus another two for the Kenton and Coxlodge Colliery. No more were built before Murray died in 1826.
Fenton, Murray and Jackson
After Wood's death in 1820, the company became Fenton, Murray and Jackson.
1831, work began building engines to George Stephenson's designs, both 2-2-0"Planets" and 2-2-2"Patentees, " many of them under subcontract. Many were exported, and twenty of Daniel Gooch's "Firefly" class for the Great Western Railway. By 1840, they were turning out up to twenty engines a year. However, by 1843, the boom was over and the company closed down.
Fenton carried on building locomotives after
1846, taking over the Railway Foundry of Shepherd and Todd, in Hunslet, becoming Fenton, Craven and Company. Among the company's apprentices were some who went on to further success, David Joy, John Chester Craven, Benjamin Hickand Richard Peacock.
* Lowe, J.W., (1989) "British Steam Locomotive Builders," Guild Publishing
* G. Cookson, 'Early Textile Engineers in Leeds 1780-1850' "Publications of Thoresby Society" n.s. 4 (1994), 40-61.
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