The Expulsion from the Garden of Eden

"The Expulsion from the Garden of Eden" ( _it. Cacciata dei progenitori dall'Eden) is a fresco by renowned early-Renaissance artist Masaccio. The fresco itself was painted on the wall of Brancacci Chapel, in the Santa Maria del Carmine church in Florence, Italy. It depicts a famous scene in the Torah (or the Christian Old Testament), the expulsion from the garden from Genesis 3, albeit with a few differences from the canonical account.

Differences from Genesis

The main points in this painting that deviate from the account as it appears in Genesis:

# Adam and Eve are shown in the nude. Although this increases the drama of the scene, it differs from Genesis 3:21 (KJV) which states, "Unto Adam also and to his wife did the LORD God make coats of skins, and clothed them."
# Only one Cherub angel is present. Genesis 3:24 states, "So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims , [...] " ("-im" being the original Hebrew plural ending of Cherub, doubled with an English plural in this version).
# The arch depicted at the garden entrance does not appear in the Biblical account.

Possible sources of inspiration

Many possible sources of inspiration have been pointed out that Masaccio may have drawn from. For Adam, possible references include numerous sculptures of Marsyas (from Greek Mythology) and certain crucifix done by Donatello.

For Eve, art analysts usually point to different versions of Venus Pudica, such as "Prudence" by Giovanni Pisano and that shown [http://gallery.euroweb.hu/tours/brancacc/pudica_1.jpghere] .

Defacing and restoration

Three centuries after the fresco being painted, Cosimo III de' Medici came to power. Viewing nudity as disgusting, he ordered that fig leaves be drawn to conceal the more questionable areas of the figures. (see iconoclasm)

This was eventually removed in the 1980's when the painting was fully restored and cleaned.

Influence on Michelangelo

Masaccio provided a large inspiration to the more famous Renaissance painter Michelangelo, due to the fact that Michelangelo's teacher, Ghirlandaio, looked almost exclusively to him for inspiration for his religious scenes. Ghirlandaio also imitated various designs done by Masaccio. This influence is most visible in Michelangelo's "The Fall of Man and the Expulsion from the Garden of Eden" on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.

ee also

*Masaccio
*Fresco
*Adam and Eve
*Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany
*The Fall of Man

External links

* [http://www.answers.com/topic/masaccio-theexpulsionofadamandevefromeden-restoration-jpg About.com article]
* [http://gallery.euroweb.hu/html/m/masaccio/brancacc/expulsio/expuls.html Another Article]
* [http://gallery.euroweb.hu/tours/brancacc/pudica.html Information on Eve and Venus pudica]
* [http://gallery.euroweb.hu/tours/brancacc/adam.html Information on Adam and his precedents]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Garden of Eden (disambiguation) — Garden of Eden may refer to:*Garden of Eden, a religious and/or mythological concept of paradise. See also Eden * The Garden of Eden , a novel by Ernest Hemingway *The Garden of Eden (Kipling story), a short story by Rudyard Kipling in Soldiers… …   Wikipedia

  • Garden of Eden — Not to be confused with Eden Gardens.The Garden of Eden (Hebrew pleasure גַּן עֵדֶן Arabic: جنات عدن , from his research on this area using information from many different sources, including Landsat images from space.UnderwaterOther literalists… …   Wikipedia

  • The Garden of Earthly Delights — Infobox Painting painting alignment = right image size = 300px title = The Garden of Earthly Delights artist = Hieronymus Bosch year = 1503 1504 type = Oil on wood triptych height = 220 width = 389 height inch = 87 width inch = 153 city = Madrid… …   Wikipedia

  • The Tragedy of Man — ( hu. Az ember tragédiája) is a play written by the Hungarian author Imre Madách. It was first published in 1861. The play is considered to be one of the major works of Hungarian literature and is one of the most often staged Hungarian plays… …   Wikipedia

  • The Tower (Tarot card) — The Tower (XVI) (most common modern name) is the sixteenth trump or Major Arcana card in most traditional Tarot decks. It is used in game playing as well as in divination. History This card, which follows immediately after The Devil in all Tarots …   Wikipedia

  • Eden, Garden of —  in the Old Testament Book of Genesis, biblical earthly paradise inhabited by the first created man and woman, Adam and Eve, prior to their expulsion for disobeying the commandments of God. It is also called in Genesis the Garden of Yahweh, the… …   Universalium

  • The Scarlet Letter — infobox Book | name = The Scarlet Letter title orig = translator = image caption = Title page, first edition of The Scarlet Letter , 1850 author = Nathaniel Hawthorne illustrator = series = genre = Novel publisher = Ticknor, Reed Fields pub date …   Wikipedia

  • The Holocaust — Holocaust and Shoah redirect here. For other uses, see Holocaust (disambiguation) and Shoah (disambiguation). Selection on …   Wikipedia

  • Parable of the Good Samaritan — The Parable of the Good Samaritan is a New Testament parable appearing only in the Gospel of Luke . [. The stricken figure in the parable represents all those who are spiritually sick, such as the gentiles and the sinners. That it was a priest… …   Wikipedia

  • Children of Eden — For the videogame, see Child of Eden. Children of Eden 1998 New Jersey Cast Recording Music Stephen Schwartz Lyrics Stephen Schwartz …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.