The Expulsion from the Garden of Eden
"The Expulsion from the Garden of Eden" ( _it. Cacciata dei progenitori dall'Eden) is a
frescoby renowned early-Renaissance artist Masaccio. The fresco itself was painted on the wall of Brancacci Chapel, in the Santa Maria del Carmine church in Florence, Italy. It depicts a famous scene in the Torah (or the Christian Old Testament), the expulsion from the garden from Genesis 3, albeit with a few differences from the canonical account.
Differences from Genesis
The main points in this painting that deviate from the account as it appears in
# Adam and Eve are shown in the nude. Although this increases the drama of the scene, it differs from Genesis 3:21 (
KJV) which states, "Unto Adam also and to his wife did the LORD God make coats of skins, and clothed them."
# Only one
Cherubangel is present. Genesis 3:24 states, "So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims , [...] " ("-im" being the original Hebrew plural ending of Cherub, doubled with an English plural in this version).
# The arch depicted at the garden entrance does not appear in the Biblical account.
Possible sources of inspiration
Many possible sources of inspiration have been pointed out that Masaccio may have drawn from. For Adam, possible references include numerous sculptures of
Marsyas(from Greek Mythology) and certain crucifix done by Donatello.
For Eve, art analysts usually point to different versions of
Venus Pudica, such as "Prudence" by Giovanni Pisanoand that shown [http://gallery.euroweb.hu/tours/brancacc/pudica_1.jpghere] .
Defacing and restoration
Three centuries after the fresco being painted, Cosimo III de' Medici came to power. Viewing nudity as disgusting, he ordered that fig leaves be drawn to conceal the more questionable areas of the figures. (see
This was eventually removed in the 1980's when the painting was fully restored and cleaned.
Influence on Michelangelo
Masaccio provided a large inspiration to the more famous Renaissance painter
Michelangelo, due to the fact that Michelangelo's teacher, Ghirlandaio, looked almost exclusively to him for inspiration for his religious scenes. Ghirlandaio also imitated various designs done by Masaccio. This influence is most visible in Michelangelo's "The Fall of Man and the Expulsion from the Garden of Eden" on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.
Adam and Eve
Cosimo III de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany
The Fall of Man
* [http://www.answers.com/topic/masaccio-theexpulsionofadamandevefromeden-restoration-jpg About.com article]
* [http://gallery.euroweb.hu/html/m/masaccio/brancacc/expulsio/expuls.html Another Article]
* [http://gallery.euroweb.hu/tours/brancacc/pudica.html Information on Eve and Venus pudica]
* [http://gallery.euroweb.hu/tours/brancacc/adam.html Information on Adam and his precedents]
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