Zymurgy

Zymurgy or zymology is the study of fermentation. The word was originally used to describe the science involved in these processes but it has since become more broadly used to describe the brewing of alcoholic beverages. A zymurgist (or zymologist) is one who studies zymurgy.

"Zymurgy" is the name of a homebrewers magazine. The word also can be found in the names of several organizations involved in brewing alcohol.

History

Louis Pasteur is considered to have been the first zymologist when, in 1857, he connected yeast to fermentation. Pasteur originally defined fermentation as "respiration without air". The German Eduard Buchner, winner of the 1907 Nobel Prize in chemistry, later determined that fermentation was actually caused by the yeast's secretion of an enzyme that he called zymase. [cite web| url=http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1929/press.html |title=The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1929|accessdate=2007-01-28]

Trivia

Zymurgy is the last word in most English-language dictionaries, excluding proper nouns and onomatopoetic words.

ee also

*History of wine
*History of beer
*Fermentation of food
*Mead

References

*"Zymurgist." Webster's New Millennium Dictionary of English, Preview Edition (v 0.9.6). Lexico Publishing Group, LLC. May 13, 2007. .
* [http://www.thefreedictionary.com/zymurgy American Heritage Dictionary definition for zymurgy]

External links

* [http://www.thefoaminghead.com/history_of_beer.html History of Beer Page] from [http://www.thefoaminghead.com/ The Foaming Head]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • zymurgy — (n.) branch of chemistry which deals with wine making and brewing, 1868, from Gk. zymo , comb. form of zyme a leaven (from PIE root *yeue ; see JUICE (Cf. juice)) + ourgia a working, from ergon work (see URGE (Cf. urge) (v.)). The last word in… …   Etymology dictionary

  • zymurgy — [zī′mər jē] n. [ ZYM(O) + URGY] the branch of chemistry dealing with fermentation, as in making wine, brewing, etc …   English World dictionary

  • zymurgy — n. the branch of applied chemistry dealing with the use of fermentation in brewing etc. Etymology: Gk zume leaven, after metallurgy * * * zymurgy (ˈzaɪmɜːdʒɪ) [f. Gr. ζύµη leaven + ουργία working, as in metallurgy.] The practice or art of… …   Useful english dictionary

  • zymurgy — /zuy merr jee/, n. the branch of applied chemistry dealing with fermentation, as in winemaking, brewing, the preparation of yeast, etc. [1865 70; ZYM + URGY] * * * …   Universalium

  • zymurgy — noun The chemistry of fermentation with yeasts, especially the science involved in beer and wine making …   Wiktionary

  • zymurgy — branch of chemistry dealing with brewing and distilling Sciences and Studies …   Phrontistery dictionary

  • zymurgy — n. scientific study of fermentation processes (such as winemaking, preparation of yeast, beer brewing, etc.) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • zymurgy — [ zʌɪmə:dʒi] noun the study or practice of fermentation in brewing, winemaking, or distilling. Origin C19: from Gk zumē leaven , on the pattern of metallurgy …   English new terms dictionary

  • zymurgy — zy·mur·gy …   English syllables

  • zymurgy — zy•mur•gy [[t]ˈzaɪ mɜr dʒi[/t]] n. chem. the branch of applied chemistry dealing with fermentation, as in winemaking or brewing • Etymology: 1865–70; zym(o) + urgy …   From formal English to slang


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