Lüderitz


Lüderitz

Lüderitz, Namibia

Area xxx km² (xxx mi²)
Established 1883
Population approx. 30,000
Population Density xxx/km² (xxx/mi²)
Administrative Division Karas Region
Mayor E Amupewa
Time Zone South African Standard Time: UTC+1
Latitude and Longitude Latitude: 26.64°S Longitude: 15.15°E

Lüderitz is a harbour town in southern Namibia, lying on one of the least hospitable coasts in Africa. It is a port developed around Robert Harbour and Shark Island.

Overview

It was founded in 1883 when Heinrich Vogelsang purchased Angra Pequena and some of the surrounding land on behalf of Adolf Lüderitz, a "hanseat" from Bremen in Germany, from the local Nama chief. Lüderitz began its life as a trading post, with other activities in fishing and guano-harvesting. In 1909, after the discovery of diamonds nearby, Lüderitz enjoyed a sudden surge of prosperity. Today, however, diamonds are mostly found elsewhere and offshore, and Lüderitz has lost a lot of this interest.

The harbour has a very shallow rock bottom, making it unusable for modern ships; this led to Walvis Bay becoming the centre of the Namibian shipping industry. Recently, however, the addition of a new quay has allowed larger fishing vessels to dock at Lüderitz. The town has also re-styled itself in an attempt to lure tourists to the area, which includes a new waterfront area for shops and offices.

The town is known for its colonial architecture, including some Art Nouveau work, and for wildlife including seals, penguins, flamingos and ostriches. It is also home to a museum and to the Lüderitz Speed Challenge, and formerly lay at the end of a railway line to Keetmanshoop.

Lüderitz was the starting point for explorer and sailor Amyr Klink's successful solo crossing of the Atlantic Ocean, rowing for 101 days all the way to the Brazilian coast with no other form of propulsion, in 1984. [ cite web|url=http://veja.abril.com.br/arquivo_veja/capa_26091984.shtml/conteudo.php?page=biografia |title=O herói do Atlântico |accessdate=2008-10-11 |language=Portuguese ]

Ghost towns

Just outside of Lüderitz lies the ghost town of Kolmanskop. This previously bustling diamond town is now abandoned, and fights a constant struggle against being buried under the shifting sand dunes of the Namib desert.

Another ghost town called Elizabeth Bay lies 30km to the south.

Press

Lüderitz has a local monthly newspaper, "Buchter News". The paper, which was started as a source of free English-language reading material, is run by volunteers from the British gap year charity Project Trust.

Pictures

References

External links

* [http://www.orusovo.com/guidebook/content12.htm Lüderitz information in an online Namibia guidebook]
* [http://www.e-ships.net/ports/Namibia/2993.htm] Port has 8m draft.

* [http://www.fallingrain.com/world/WA/31/Luderitz.html FallingRain Map - elevation = 75m (railways are red dots)]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Luderitz — Lüderitz Panorama de Luderitz …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lüderitz — Lüderitz,   Hafenort an der Küste Namibias, in der südlichen Namib an der Lüderitzbucht, 6 000 Einwohner; Langustenfang, Fischerei, Algengewinnung; Eisenbahn ins Landesinnere, Flugplatz. Lüderitz ist umgeben vom Diamantensperrgebiet; südlich von… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • LÜDERITZ (A.) — LÜDERITZ ADOLF (1834 1886) Appartenant à une famille de grands négociants de Brême, Lüderitz fait le commerce du tabac et oriente progressivement ses activités vers l’Afrique noire. Il achète en 1883 au souverain noir local le site portuaire de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Lüderitz — Lüderitz, 1) Gustav, Kupferstecher, geb. 15. Dez. 1803 in Berlin, gest. daselbst 13. Febr. 1884, trat mit 16 Jahren in die dortige Akademie, 1822 in das Atelier des Kupferstechers Buchhorn und ging 1827 nach Paris, wo er im Atelier von Th.… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Lüderitz — Lüderitz, Franz Adolf Eduard, Großhändler, geb. 16. Juli 1834 in Bremen, übernahm 1878 das Tabakgeschäft seines Vaters das., legte 1881 eine Faktorei zu Lagos in Westafrika an, erwarb 1883 Angra Pequena (s.d., jetzt Lüderitzbucht) nebst dem… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Lüderitz — Details …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lüderitz — Panorama de Luderitz Goerke Hau …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lüderitz — Coordenadas: 26°38′52″S 15°9′28″E /  26.64778, 15.15778 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lüderitz — /looh deuhr its/, n. a seaport in SW Namibia: diamond mining center. 17,000. * * * ▪ Namibia formerly  Angra Pequena   town on the Atlantic coast of Namibia (formerly South West Africa). The Portuguese navigator Bartolomeu Dias (Dias, Bartolomeu) …   Universalium

  • Luderitz — 1 Original name in latin Lderitz Name in other language State code DE Continent/City Europe/Berlin longitude 52.50912 latitude 11.74301 altitude 44 Population 1194 Date 2010 11 22 2 Original name in latin Lderitz Name in other language Ljuderic,… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database


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