George Voinovich


George Voinovich
George Voinovich
United States Senator
from Ohio
In office
January 3, 1999 – January 3, 2011
Preceded by John H. Glenn, Jr.
Succeeded by Rob Portman
65th Governor of Ohio
In office
January 14, 1991 – December 31, 1998
Lieutenant Mike DeWine (1991–1994)
Nancy P. Hollister (1995–1998)
Preceded by Richard Frank Celeste
Succeeded by Nancy P. Hollister
54th Mayor of Cleveland
In office
1980–1989
Preceded by Dennis J. Kucinich
Succeeded by Michael R. White
56th Lieutenant Governor of Ohio
In office
1979–1979
Governor Jim Rhodes
Preceded by Dick Celeste
Succeeded by Myrl H. Shoemaker (1983)
Chairman of the Senate Select Committee on Ethics
In office
January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2007
Preceded by Harry Reid
Succeeded by Barbara Boxer
Member of the
Cuyahoga County Board of Commissioners
In office
1977–1978
Cuyahoga County Auditor
In office
1971–1976
Member of the Ohio House of Representatives
from the 53rd district
In office
January 3, 1967 – December 15, 1971
Preceded by "At Large"
Succeeded by Edward Ryder
Personal details
Born July 15, 1936 (1936-07-15) (age 75)
Cleveland, Ohio
Nationality Slovene-Serbian American
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Janet Voinovich
Children George Voinovich
Betsy Voinovich
Peter Voinovich
Molly Voinovich (deceased)
Residence Cleveland, Ohio
Alma mater Ohio University (B.A)
Ohio State University (J.D.)
Occupation Attorney
Religion Roman Catholic[1]

George Victor Voinovich (born July 15, 1936) is a former United States Senator from the state of Ohio, and a member of the Republican Party. Previously, he served as the 65th Governor of Ohio from 1991 to 1998, and as the 54th mayor of Cleveland from 1980 to 1989.

Contents

Personal life

Born in Cleveland, Ohio, his father was a Croatian Serb[2][3] (from Kordun), and his mother was Slovenian. Voinovich grew up in the Collinwood neighborhood of Cleveland and graduated from Collinwood High School in 1954. He earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in government from Ohio University in 1958 and received a Law degree in 1961 from the Moritz College of Law at the Ohio State University. He was also a part of the fraternity Phi Kappa Tau at Ohio University. He married his wife, Janet, in 1962. They had four children: George, Betsy, Peter, and Molly, as well as seven grandchildren. Molly, their youngest child, was killed in an auto accident at age 9.

Early career

Voinovich began his political career in 1963 as an assistant attorney general of Ohio. He then served as a member of the Ohio House of Representatives from 1967 to 1971. From 1971 to 1976, he served as county auditor of Cuyahoga County, Ohio. In 1975, he made an unsuccessful run for the Republican nomination for Mayor of Cleveland against incumbent Mayor Ralph J. Perk. From 1977 to 1978, he served as a member of the Cuyahoga County Board of Commissioners. In 1978, Voinovich was elected lieutenant governor on the ticket with James A. Rhodes (the first Ohio lieutenant governor not to be elected separately from the governor).

Mayor of Cleveland, 1980–1989

1979 Cleveland mayoral election

By 1979, elections in Cleveland had become nonpartisan, and with then-Mayor Dennis J. Kucinich (D) about to enter a tough re-election campaign, Voinovich began to consider running for mayor again. Twice, Voinovich suggested his intent to stand for office but then changed his mind. Finally, on July 26, he made "one of the most difficult decisions in [his] life." He resigned from the office of lieutenant governor and entered the primary election.

Aside from Kucinich, Voinovich's other opponents included state Senator Charles Butts and city council majority leader Basil Russo. As the election drew closer, The Plain Dealer announced its endorsement of Voinovich. Voter turnout in the primary was greater than that of 1977 race among Perk, Kucinich, and Edward F. Feighan (when Voinovich had endorsed Kucinich). In the 1979 nonpartisan primary election, Voinovich led with 47,000 votes to 36,000 for Kucinich. Russo (who obtained 21,000) and Butts (with 19,000) did not qualify for the general election. The biggest surprise was Voinovich's showing in predominantly African American wards, where he was expected to finish last. He trailed only Butts, with Kucinich last.[citation needed]

On October 8, 1979, a few days after the primary, Voinovich's nine-year-old daughter Molly was struck by a van and killed. The event brought the Voinovich campaign to a virtual halt and made it difficult for Kucinich to attack his opponent. Still, he challenged Voinovich to a series of debates to be held in various Cleveland neighborhoods. Voinovich declined the invitations, saying they would be unproductive, although they eventually did meet in a debate on November 3 at the City Club. Voinovich went on to win the election with 94,541 votes to Kucinich's 73,755.

Voinovich went on to be re-elected twice by a landslide: in 1981 he defeated former State Representative, Patrick Sweeney (107,472 to 32,940). In 1985 he defeated former councilman Gary Kucinich (82,840 to 32,185).

"The Comeback City"

Voinovich was considered shy[4] and a rather low-key politician, a description he adopted himself. Once elected, he announced that he would meet immediately with Ohio Governor James Rhodes to solicit the state government's help in clearing up the city's debts. He negotiated a debt repayment schedule. In October 1980, eight local banks, with the state guaranteeing the loans, lent Cleveland $36.2 million, allowing the city to emerge from default. Despite this, the city's economy continued to decline and federal funding was cut. Two weeks earlier, voters turned down another 0.5 percent income tax increase. The opposition was led by Kucinich, who had been keeping a low profile since his defeat in the 1979 election. Voinovich said he would resubmit the tax issue on the February ballot to avoid facing a deficit in 1981. This time the voters approved the tax increase.

By the time Voinovich was elected, Cleveland was the butt of late night comedians' jokes, where the river and mayor's hair burned,[5] and the only major American city to go bankrupt.[6] When Boston mayor Kevin White remarked that the city's finances had gone from "Camelot to Cleveland," Voinovich protested. White responded by saying that Boston had survived facetious remarks from a wide range of jokesters, from Mark Twain to Johnny Carson. "I am sure Cleveland will also," he said.

Voinovich went on offense. He reversed a defensive attitude projected by the Cleveland media, going to "war...to save one of this country's greatest cities."[4] Others soon jumped on board. For instance, The Smythe-Cramer Co., a local realty firm, tried to restore the city's former glory by running a series of ads with photographs of downtown Cleveland captioned "Take Another Look. It's Cleveland!" In May 1981, The Plain Dealer sent its Sunday subscribers bumper stickers saying, "New York's the Big Apple, but Cleveland's a Plum." The paper also passed out thousands of "Cleveland's a Plum" buttons and also ran a huge picture of Publisher Thomas Vail, with a smiling Voinovich beside him, throwing out the first plum at a Yankees-Indians game.[4] Sportscaster Howard Cosell hailed the city during a baseball game and Voinovich subsequently presented him with a key to the city. A survey showed 65 percent of the residents of Greater Cleveland were very satisfied with their life in the city and even 57 percent claimed to be very satisfied, even in 1978, the year of default. Also, a national poll rated Detroit as the city with the worst image, with New York City second. Cleveland was fifth-worst.[citation needed]

The New Cleveland Campaign, a promotion agency formed in 1978, began sending out news releases bragging about Cleveland's virtues and proudly circulating reprints whenever it got a favorable story. Unfortunately, to show how much the "new" Cleveland had improved, it had to highlight how bad the old Cleveland was. In particular, it stressed the city's 1978 default of $15.5 million short-term loans from local banks,[7] even though New York City owed nearly 150 times as much when it received a $2.3 billion federal bailout to avoid bankruptcy in 1975.[8]

The restoration campaign reached its peak in October with the society magazine Town and Country. "Cleveland's Come-Around" explained how "businessmen, lawyers and concerned citizens" rescued the city from "the petulant, pugnacious Dennis Kucinich." It called Voinovich's Operation Improvement Task Force under E. Mandell de Windt "the most significant undertaking in Cleveland since Moses Cleaveland stepped ashore on the bank of the Cuyahoga River in 1786." It also enticed its readers of Lake Erie and its "beautiful and exciting year-round sailing."

So confident was Voinovich, that during election season, he even attracted presidential candidates Jimmy Carter and Ronald Reagan to debate in Cleveland. "Cleveland is making a comeback," Time Magazine declared at the close of 1980, "During the past year, convention business has flourished, school desegregation has proceeded peacefully, and a modest construction boom has begun. . . Most impressive of all, the city dug itself out of default."

Downtown development and other improvements

In order to accomplish more, Voinovich felt that the terms for mayor and Cleveland City Council ought to be extended. He offered a referendum to voters to extend them from two to four years and additionally asked voters to approve cutting down the number of council members from 33 to 21 in order to help ease the city's strained economy. They approved both requests.

Throughout the Voinovich years, neighborhoods began to see some improvement starting with the Lexington Village housing project, $149 million in Urban Development Action Grants, and $3 billion of construction underway or completed. In particular, the neighborhoods of Hough and Fairfax, then two of Cleveland's worst east side neighborhoods, began to see new houses built and lesser amount of criminal activity. Voinovich also quietly moved to reconcile the warring groups of the 1970s. He made peace with business leaders and even posed with them in photographs that ran in New Cleveland Campaign ads in business magazines, captioned with the Voinovich slogan: "Together, we can do it." He refined the neighborhood groups, which, with the breakdown of the Democratic Party, became the most potent political force in the city. He also extended his hand to unions as well, in particular the Teamsters truck union.

As mayor, Voinovich oversaw a huge scale urban renaissance downtown. Sohio (purchased by BP America in 1987), Ohio Bell, and Eaton Corporation all built new offices downtown (most notably the BP Building). Brothers Richard and David Jacobs astonished the city by rescuing its troubled Indians franchise, ultimately turning it around for the better. The two also improved the desolate area located by the Erieview Tower and turned it into the glass-roofed Galleria at Erieview. Voinovich also enticed Society Bank to the build Society Center, the largest skyscraper in Cleveland and the 15th largest in the nation (since renamed Key Tower). In addition, the National Civic League awarded Cleveland the All-America City Award three times, in 1982, 1984, and 1986, in addition to its first, won in 1950.

Voinovich and Municipal Light

One of the key issues surrounding the previous Kucinich administration was canceling the sale of Cleveland Municipal Light (today Cleveland Public Power). Kucinich's insistence on saving it from being absorbed into the Cleveland Electric Illuminating Company (CEI) led the business community to force Cleveland into default. Voinovich's successful negotiations reversed this action when he first assumed office as mayor. However, Voinovich's pro-business attitude did not change CEI's position on the issue, as they persisted in making efforts to buy out Muni Light and pressuring Voinovich into giving them the right to do so. Voinovich resisted. Early in his tenure, he arranged for capital improvements to strengthen the operation of Muni Light and by 1982, it was able to compete with CEI. He asserted that the company was making attempts to cripple Muni Light by lobbying council against much-needed legislation. "We still have a battle going on," Voinovich said, "They [CEI] are as dedicated as ever to laying away the Municipal Light system."

In 1984, however, Voinovich's pro-Muni attitude began to change, when his administration began negotiations for CEI. The deal would have allowed CEI to take over all of Muni's private customers in exchange for various benefits including a cash payment of $40 million. Furthermore, CEI threatened to move its more than 1,000 employees to the suburbs, instead of placing them in a major downtown development, if Voinovich did not agree to sell. CEI put additional pressure on the mayor to sell when it widely publicized its advantages in a full-page newspaper advertisement and letters to all city residents. Perhaps fearing a Kucinich comeback and after stating that he had been "leaned on by everyone in this town," Voinovich cancelled the sale once and for all. CEI itself was eventually acquired and became part of FirstEnergy.

1988 Senate race

In 1988, Voinovich ran for the Senate seat of Howard Metzenbaum, in what was a hard-fought and negative campaign. Voinovich accused Metzenbaum of being soft on child pornography, charges that were roundly criticized by many, including John Glenn, Metzenbaum's Democratic party rival and then-Senate colleague, who recorded a statement for television refuting Voinovich's charges.[citation needed] Voinovich was also ridiculed for carrying around a cardboard cutout of Metzenbaum as he challenged him to multiple debates.[citation needed] Metzenbaum won the election by 57% to 43%, even as George H. W. Bush carried the state by 11 percent.

Governorship

Voinovich as Governor

In 1990, Voinovich was nominated by the Republicans to replace Governor Richard F. Celeste, a Democrat who was barred from running for a third consecutive term. In that race, Voinovich defeated Anthony J. Celebrezze Jr.. In 1991 Voinovich served as the Chairman of the Midwestern Governors Association. In 1994, Voinovich was re-elected to the governorship, defeating Democrat Robert L. Burch Jr. in a massive landslide. He won 72% of the vote.

Voinovich's tenure as governor saw Ohio's unemployment rate fall to a 25-year low. The state created more than 500,000 new jobs.[citation needed] Under Voinovich, Ohio was ranked #1 in the nation by Site Selection Magazine for new and expanding business facilities.

Beyond the Governor's office

In 1996, Voinovich was the first governor to endorse U.S. Senator Robert J. Dole's bid for the Republican Presidential nomination.[9] Later, Voinovich was among nine candidates asked to submit to background checks as potential vice presidential running mates with Dole.[10] However, Voinovich withdrew his name from consideration, reiterating his desire to run for the U.S. Senate in 1998.[9]

In 1998, barred from running for a third term as governor due to term limits, Voinovich set his eyes on the U.S. Senate seat being vacated by long-time incumbent Democrat John Glenn. Voinovich, who had run for senate unsuccessfully in 1988, won the race, defeating Democrat Mary O. Boyle.

Senate career

Overview

Voinovich introducing George W. Bush at Ohio Campaign Rally, 2004

Particularly in his first years in the Senate, Voinovich was opposed to lowering tax rates. He frequently joined Democrats on tax issues and in 2000 was the only Republican in Congress to vote against a bill providing for relief from the "marriage penalty."

In November 2004, in his bid for re-election, Voinovich defeated the Democratic nominee, Ohio state senator Eric Fingerhut.

Voinovich gained national attention at the Senate Foreign Relations Committee's confirmation hearing of John R. Bolton, nominee for U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations, when he commented "I don't feel comfortable voting today on Mr. John Bolton." As a result, the committee recessed without a vote and thus stalled the nomination.[11] Democrats refused to invoke cloture and end debate on the Bolton nomination – the first time, Voinovich voted to end debate, the second time, he joined Democrats in voting to extend debate and urged Bush to choose another nominee. Voinovich has since amended his views and determined that Bolton did a "good job" as UN Ambassador, praising him by saying "I spend a lot of time with John on the phone. I think he is really working very constructively to move forward."[12]

Voinovich was overcome by emotion during his May 25, 2005, address in the Senate pleading with fellow Republicans to reject Bolton's nomination; he explained that he ran for re-election in order to try to secure a stable future for his children and grandchildren.[13]

An earlier photo of Senator Voinovich

In January 2007, Senator Voinovich expressed concern to Condoleezza Rice that the President's plan to increase troop levels in Iraq would not be effective. The Senator did not share President George W. Bush's optimism. "At this stage of the game, I don't think it's going to happen." As a moderate Republican, the Senator was viewed as one of few that could potentially influence the President. Five months later, Senator Voinovich requested to Bush in a five-page letter that the US begin pulling troops from Iraq and asking that the Iraqis start taking care of their own territory, calling for a "comprehensive plan for our country's gradual military disengagement from Iraq."[14][15]

In May 2007, Voinovich and fellow Senator Sherrod Brown (D-Ohio) introduced a bipartisan bill giving states the opportunity to receive grant money for hiring and training highly qualified early childhood educators.

On April 7, 2008, Voinovich departed from Republican party platform and stated at a hearing before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee regarding the war in Iraq: "We've kind of bankrupted this country" through war spending. "We're in a recession...and God knows how long it's going to last."[16]

When Michigan became the eighth state to accede to the Great Lakes Compact on July 9, 2008, Voinovich is expected to be one of the lead legislators in supporting the interstate compact's passage in Congress.[17]

On January 20, 2009, it was announced that Voinovich had been appointed to the powerful Appropriations Committee.[18] His appointment marks the first time an Ohioan has served on the coveted Senate committee since Mike DeWine lost his 2006 re-election bid.[18] In accepting the appointment, Voinovich will relinquish his seat on the Foreign Relations Committee.[18]

On July 22, 2009, Voinovich opposed a measure that would have allowed people to cross state lines with concealed weapons.

During part of his tenure in the Senate (June 25, 2007 through January 3, 2009), Voinovich sat at what is traditionally known as the 'candy desk'.[19]

Voinovich also voted in favor of the Matthew Shepard Act.

On December 18, 2010, Voinovich voted in favor of the Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act of 2010.[20][21][22][23][24][25]

2010 campaign

In an interview in 2005, Voinovich expressed his intention to run for reelection to the Senate in 2010.[26] A December 2008 poll by Quinnipiac University found that he would face a tough "fight for a third term, with 36 percent wanting to give him another term and 35 percent backing an unnamed Democratic candidate."[27] On January 11, 2009, Voinovich's aides reported that he had decided to retire from the Senate rather than seek reelection in 2010.[28]

Committee assignments

Electoral history

Mayor of Cleveland: Results 1979-1985
U.S. Senate elections in Ohio: Results 1988, 1998–2004[29]
Governor of Ohio: Results 1990–1994[30]
Year Office Democrat Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct
1979 Mayor Dennis J. Kucinich ? 44% George Voinovich ? 56%
1981 Mayor Patrick Sweeney ? 23% George Voinovich ? 77%
1985 Mayor Gary Kucinich ? 28% George Voinovich ? 72%
1988 Senate Howard Metzenbaum 2,480,088 57% George Voinovich 1,872,716 43% *
1990 Governor Anthony J. Celebrezze Jr. 1,539,416 44% George Voinovich 1,938,103 56% *
1994 Governor Robert L. Burch 835,849 25% George Voinovich 2,401,572 72% Billy Inmon Independent 108,745 3% *
1998 Senate Mary Boyle 1,482,054 44% George Voinovich 1,922,087 56% *
2004 Senate Eric D. Fingerhut 1,961,171 36% George Voinovich 3,464,356 64% *
*Write-in and minor candidate notes: In 1988, write-ins received 151 votes. In 1990, David Marshall received 82 votes and James E. Attia received 49 votes. In 1994, Keith Hatton received 48 votes and Michael Italie received 24 votes. In 1998, write-ins received 210 votes. In 2004, Helen Meyers received 296 votes.

See also

References

  1. ^ [1][dead link]
  2. ^ "Senator Voinovich u Hrvatskoj". Voice of America. 2005-06-05. http://www.voanews.com/croatian/archive/2005-05/2005-05-06-voa1.cfm. Retrieved 2008-11-06. 
  3. ^ "U sjeni Capitol Hilla". Hrvatski informativni centar, Dom i svijet br. 235. 1999-01-16. http://www.hic.hr/dom/235/dom06.htm. Retrieved 2008-11-06. 
  4. ^ a b c Nothing Rotten about the Big Plum Time Magazine, June 15, 1981 . Retrieved July 25, 2010.
  5. ^ Ralph J. Perk; Former Cleveland Mayor Los Angeles Times, April 25, 1999 . Retrieved July 25, 2010.
  6. ^ Jordan, George E. Two cities offer a blueprint in image-building The Star-Ledger (Newark, NJ), July 20, 1997 . Retrieved July 25, 2010.
  7. ^ Cleveland, Ohio's Default Ohio History Central. Retrieved July 24, 2010.
  8. ^ Zeitz, Joshua New York City on the Brink American Heritage magazine, November 26, 2005. Retrieved July 24, 2010.
  9. ^ a b Dole Adds Name and Subtracts 1 From His List of Running Mates The New York Times, August 2, 1996 . Retrieved July 23, 2010.
  10. ^ Harden, Blaine Ohio Governor Withdraws From Running-Mate List The Washington Post, August 2, 1996 . Retrieved July 23, 2010.
  11. ^ Stout, David (2005-04-19). "Senate Panel Postpones Vote on U.N. Nominee". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2005/04/19/politics/19cnd-bolton.html?hp&ex=1113969600&en=f8772edeba476df8&ei=5094&partner=homepage. Retrieved 2007-03-24. 
  12. ^ [2][dead link]
  13. ^ Voinovich Gets Emotional Over UN Appointment - Video - WEWS Cleveland[dead link]
  14. ^ Another GOP Senator Urges Pullout, Anne Flaherty Associated Press June 26, 2007
  15. ^ 2 GOP senators break with Bush on Iraq, Norm N. Levey Los Angeles Times June 27, 2007
  16. ^ Milligan, Susan (April 8, 2008). "Biden treads lightly at Iraq hearing". The Boston Globe. http://www.boston.com/news/politics/politicalintelligence/2008/04/biden_treads_li.html. Retrieved November 12, 2011. 
  17. ^ All Things Considered (Michigan Radio edition). National Public Radio. WUOM, Ann Arbor-Detroit, 9 July 2008.
  18. ^ a b c Rulon, Malia (2009-01-21). "Voinovich gets plum committee assignment". The Cincinnati Enquirer. http://news.cincinnati.com/article/20090121/NEWS01/901220310. Retrieved 2009-01-21. [dead link]
  19. ^ Romano, Lois (August 12, 2007). "One sweet role". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. http://news.google.com/newspapers?id=QOYeAAAAIBAJ&sjid=s0UEAAAAIBAJ&pg=6671,780222&dq=john+mccain+candy+desk&hl=en. Retrieved November 12, 2011. 
  20. ^ "Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Passes Senate 65-31". Huffington Post. December 18, 2010. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2010/12/18/dont-ask-dont-tell-repeal_5_n_798636.html. Retrieved November 12, 2011. 
  21. ^ Camia, Catalina (December 18, 2010). "Senate passes ‘don’t ask,’ sends repeal to Obama". http://tucsoncitizen.com/usa-today-news/2010/12/18/senate-passes-dont-ask-sends-repeal-to-obama/. Retrieved November 12, 2011. 
  22. ^ Keyes, Bob (December 18, 2010). "Snowe, Collins join majority in repeal of 'Don't Ask, Don't Tell'". The Kennebec Journal. http://www.kjonline.com/Snowe-Collins-support-repeal-of-Dont-Ask-Dont-Tell.html. Retrieved November 12, 2011. 
  23. ^ Toeplitz, Shira (December 18, 2010). "Eight Republicans back ‘don’t ask’ repeal". Politico. http://www.politico.com/news/stories/1210/46578.html. Retrieved November 12, 2011. 
  24. ^ "On the Motion (Motion to Concur in the House Amendment to the Senate Amendment to H.R. 2965 )". U.S. Senate: Legislation & Records Home. December 18, 2010. http://www.senate.gov/legislative/LIS/roll_call_lists/roll_call_vote_cfm.cfm?congress=111&session=2&vote=00281. Retrieved November 12, 2011. 
  25. ^ "Senate Vote 281 - Repeals ‘Don't Ask, Don't Tell'". The New York Times. http://politics.nytimes.com/congress/votes/111/senate/2/281?ref=politics. 
  26. ^ George Voinovich Interview - Video - WEWS Cleveland[dead link]
  27. ^ "Ohio Gov. In Strong Re-Elect Position At Half-Way Point, Quinnipiac University Poll Finds; Sen. Voinovich Faces Tough Challenge In 2010" (Press release). Quinnipiac Polling Institute. December 10, 2008. http://www.quinnipiac.edu/x1284.xml?ReleaseID=1241&What=&strArea=;&strTime=0. Retrieved 2008-12-10. 
  28. ^ "Sources: Voinovich to retire from Senate". CNN. http://politicalticker.blogs.cnn.com/2009/01/11/sources-voinovich-to-retire-from-senate/. Retrieved May 3, 2010. 
  29. ^ "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/electionInfo/index.html. Retrieved 2008-01-10. 
  30. ^ "Official Results 1990-1999". Ohio Secretary of State. http://www.sos.state.oh.us/sos/ElectionsVoter/Results1990s.aspx. Retrieved 2008-01-10. 
  • The Encyclopedia Of Cleveland History by Cleveland Bicentennial Commission (Cleveland, Ohio), David D. Van Tassel (Editor), and John J. Grabowski (Editor) ISBN 0-253-33056-4
  • Cleveland: A Concise History, 1796–1996 by Carol Poh Miller and Robert Anthony Wheeler ISBN 0-253-21147-6
  • The Crisis of Growth Politics: Cleveland, Kucinich, and the Challenge of Urban Populism by Todd Swanstrom ISBN 0-87722-366-1
  • Seven Making History: A Mayoral Retrospective by The League of Women Voters of Cleveland
  • 25 Years of Cleveland Mayors: Who Really Governs? by Roldo Bartimole
  • The New York Times, August 26, 1979. Mayor Kucinich Himself Is Issue In Upcoming Cleveland Primary by Edward Schumaker.
  • The Cleveland Press, September 21, 1979. Mayor Accuses Rival On Funding by Walt Bogdanich.
  • The Cleveland Press, November 3, 1979. City Club Debate: Candidates Go At It by Brent Larkin.
  • The Cleveland Press, November 7, 1979. Mayor-Elect Voinovich Moves To End Default by Brent Larkin.
  • The Cleveland Press, November 7, 1979. The Winner: Voinovich Is Subdued Victor by Fred McGunagle.
  • The Plain Dealer, August 7, 1999. Our Century: Muny Survives, But Kucinich Is Out of Power by Fred McGunagle.
  • The Plain Dealer, August 14, 1999. Our Century: Cleveland Climbs Out Of Default by Fred McGunagle.
  • The Plain Dealer, August 22, 1999. Our Century: Beleaguered Cleveland Prunes Its Image – 'Plum' Campaign To Rescue City From the Nation's Punch Lines by Fred McGunagle.
  • The Plain Dealer, September 5, 1999. Our Century: A Welcome Breather At City Hall While Voinovich Keeps Peace and Mends Fences, Kucinich Begins His Comeback, And Forbes Consolidates Power On City Council by Fred McGunagle.
  • The Plain Dealer, March 9, 2006. Ethics Panel Chief Voinovich Opposes Key Lobbying Reform by Sabrina Eaton.
  • The Plain Dealer, March 17, 2006. Great Lakes Need Help, Voinovich Says by Sabrina Eaton.

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Richard F. Celeste
Lieutenant Governor of Ohio
1979
Succeeded by
Myrl Shoemaker
Preceded by
Dennis J. Kucinich
Mayor of Cleveland
1980–1989
Succeeded by
Michael R. White
Preceded by
Richard F. Celeste
Governor of Ohio
1991–1998
Succeeded by
Nancy P. Hollister
Preceded by
Bob Miller
Nevada
Chairman of the National Governors Association
1997–1998
Succeeded by
Tom Carper
Delaware
Preceded by
Harry Reid
Chairman of the Senate Ethics Committee
2003–2007
Succeeded by
Barbara Boxer
United States Senate
Preceded by
John Glenn
United States Senator (Class 3) from Ohio
1999-2011
Served alongside: Mike DeWine, Sherrod Brown
Succeeded by
Rob Portman
Party political offices
Preceded by
Paul Pfeifer
Republican Nominee for the U.S. Senate (Class 1) from Ohio
1988
Succeeded by
Mike DeWine
Preceded by
Jim Rhodes
Republican Nominee for the Governor of Ohio
1990, 1994
Succeeded by
Bob Taft
Preceded by
Mike DeWine
Republican Nominee for the U.S. Senate (Class 3) from Ohio
1998, 2004
Succeeded by
Rob Portman

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • George Voinovich — en 2006 George Victor Voinovich (né en 1936) est un homme politique américain, membre du Parti républicain, sénateur de l Ohio au Congrès des États Unis de 1999 à 2011, gouverneur de l état …   Wikipédia en Français

  • George Voinovich — como Senador de Estados Unidos. Victor George Voinovich (*15 de julio de 1936) es un político estadounidense, miembro del Partido Republicano, Senador de Ohio en el Congreso de los Estados Unidos desde 1999, ex gobernador del estado de 1991 a… …   Wikipedia Español

  • George Voinovich — George Victor Voinovich (* 15. Januar 1936 in Cleveland, Ohio) ist ein US amerikanischer Politiker der Republikanischen Partei. Er war von 1991 bis 1998 der 65. Gouverneur von Ohio und vertr …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • George Victor Voinovich — (* 15. Januar 1936 in Cleveland, Ohio) ist ein US amerikanischer Politiker der Republikanischen Partei. Er war von 1991 bis 1998 der 65. Gou …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Voinovich — George Victor Voinovich George Victor Voinovich (* 15. Januar 1936 in Cleveland, Ohio) ist ein US amerikanischer Politiker der Republikanischen Partei. Er war von 1991 bis 1998 der 65. Gouverneur von Ohio und vertritt d …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • George Hunt Pendleton — George H. Pendleton George Hunt Pendleton (* 19. Juli 1825 in Cincinnati; † 24. November 1889 in Brüssel) war ein US amerikanischer demokratischer Politiker. Er war unter anderem Senator für …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • George Kilbon Nash — (* 14. August 1842 im Medina County, Ohio; † 28. Oktober 1904) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und von 1900 bis 1904 der 41. Gouverneur von Ohio. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Frühe Jahre 2 Politischer Aufstieg …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • George Nash — George Kilbon Nash (* 14. August 1842 im Medina County, Ohio; † 28. Oktober 1904) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und von 1900 bis 1904 der 41. Gouverneur von Ohio. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Frühe Jahre 2 Politischer Aufstieg …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • George W. Bush's second term as President of the United States — began at noon on January 20, 2005 and is due to expire with the swearing in of the 44th President of the United States at noon, Washington, D.C. time, on January 20, 2009.tated goalsBush s stated goals for his second term: # Major changes to the… …   Wikipedia

  • George L. Forbes — George Lawrence Forbes (born April 4, 1931) is an American politician of the Democratic Party. From 1974 to 1989, Forbes served as one of the most powerful presidents of Cleveland City Council. In 1961, he passed the Ohio bar exam and began… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.