1826


1826

:"For the game, see: "1826 (board game).Year 1826 (MDCCCXXVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1826


* January 30 - The Menai Suspension Bridge, built by engineer Thomas Telford, is opened between the island of Anglesey and the mainland of Wales.
* February 8 - Unitarian Bernardino Rivadavia becomes the first President of Argentina.
* February 11 - University College London is founded, under the name "University of London".
* February 13 - The American Temperance Society is founded.
* April 1 - Samuel Morey patents the internal combustion engine.
* May 28 - Pedro I of Brazil abdicates as King of Portugal.
* June - Photography: Nicéphore Niépce makes a true photograph.
* June 14-15 - The Auspicious Incident: Mahmud II, sultan of Ottoman Empire, crushes the last mutiny of janissaries in Istanbul.
* June 22 - The Pan-American Congress of Panama tries (unsuccessfully) to unify the American republics.
* Early July - Ludwig van Beethoven puts the finishing touches on the "String Quartet in C sharp Minor, Opus 131", the jewel in the crown of his late string quartets.
* July 26 - The last "auto de fe" is held in Valencia.

Undated

* The first railway tunnel is built en route between Liverpool and Manchester in England.
* The British crown colony of the Straits Settlements is established.
* Aniline is first isolated from the destructive distillation of indigo by Otto Unverdorben.
* Ludwig Van Beethoven composes the Grosse Fuge.
* Mahmud II's council orders the janissaries to drill in the European manner.
* Britain annexes Assam.

Births


* January 12 - William Chapman Ralston, banker and financier (d. 1875)
* January 26 - Louis Favre, Swiss engineer (d. 1879)
* January 27
**Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin, Russian writer (d. 1889)
**Richard Taylor, American Confederate general (d. 1879)
* February 16
**Joseph Victor von Scheffel, German poet (d. 1886)
**James Calder, 5th President of the Pennsylvania State University
**Julia Grant, First Lady of the United States (d. 1902)
* March 4 - Theodore Judah, railroad engineer (d. 1863)
* March 24 - Matilda Joslyn Gage, pioneering feminist (d. 1898)
* March 29 - Wilhelm Liebknecht, German journalist and politician (d. 1900)
* April 6 - Gustave Moreau, French painter (d. 1898)
* April 26 - George Hull Ward, American general (d. 1863)
* May 3 - King Charles XV of Sweden and Norway (d. 1872)
* May 4 - Frederic Edwin Church, American painter (d. 1900)
* June 24 - George Goyder, surveyor-general of South Australia (d. 1898)
* July 4
**Stephen Foster, American songwriter and poet (d. 1864)
**Green Clay Smith, American temperance movement leader (d. 1895)
* September 17 - Bernhard Riemann, German mathematician (d. 1866)
* November 13 - Charles Frederick Worth, English couturier (d. 1895)
* November 24 - Carlo Collodi, Italian writer (d. 1890)
* December 3 - George B. McClellan, American general (d. 1885)
*"date unknown" - William Daniel, American temperance movement leader (d. 1897)

Deaths


* January 3 - Louis Gabriel Suchet, French marshal (b. 1770)
* January 17 - Juan Crisóstomo Arriaga, Spanish composer (b. 1806)
* March 29 - Johann Heinrich Voß, German poet (b. 1751)
* April 25 - Karl Ludwig von Phull, German military leader (b. 1757)
* May 6 - Sophie Hagman, Swedish ballerina and royal mistress (b. 1758)
* May 16 - Elisabeth Alexeievna (Louise of Baden), Empress Consort of Russian Emperor Alexander I (b. 1779)
* June 3 - Nikolay Karamzin, reformer of the Russian language (b. 1766)
* June 5 - Carl Maria von Weber, German composer (b. 1786)
* July 4
**Thomas Jefferson, 3rd President of the United States (b. 1743)
**John Adams, 2nd President of the United States (b. 1735)
* July 5 - Stamford Raffles, British colonial governor and founder of Singapore (b. 1781)
* July 8 - Luther Martin, delegate to the American Constitutional Convention (b. 1746)
* July 22 - Giuseppe Piazzi, Italian astronomer (b. 1746)
* November 23 - Johann Elert Bode, German astronomer (b. 1747)


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