 28 (number)

For the card game, see Twentyeight (card game).
28 Cardinal twentyeight Ordinal 28th
(twentyeighth)Factorization Divisors 1, 2, 4, 7, 14, 28 Roman numeral XXVIII Binary 11100_{2} Octal 34_{8} Duodecimal 24_{12} Hexadecimal 1C_{16} 28 (twentyeight) is the natural number following 27 and preceding 29.
Contents
In mathematics
It is a composite number, its proper divisors being 1, 2, 4, 7, and 14.
Twentyeight is the second perfect number. As a perfect number, it is related to the Mersenne prime 7, since 2^{2}(2^{3}  1) = 28. The next perfect number is 496, the previous being 6.
Twentyeight is the third Granville number. The next Granville number is 96, the previous being 24.
Twentyeight is the sum of the totient function for the first nine integers.
Twentyeight is not the aliquot sum of any number other than itself and is therefore not a component in an aliquot sequence.
Since the greatest prime factor of 28^{2} + 1 = 785 is 157, which is more than 28 twice, 28 is a Størmer number.
Twentyeight is a harmonic divisor number, a happy number, a triangular number, a hexagonal number, and a centered nonagonal number.
It appears in the Padovan sequence, preceded by the terms 12, 16, 21 (it is the sum of the first two of these).
It is also a Keith number, because it recurs in a Fibonaccilike sequence started from its base 10 digits: 2, 8, 10, 18, 28...
Twentyeight is the third positive integer with a prime factorization of the form 2^{2}q where q is an odd prime.
Twentyeight is the ninth and last number in early Indian magic square of order 3.
There are twentyeight convex uniform honeycombs.
Twentyeight is the only positive integer that has a unique Kayles nimvalue.
In science
 The atomic mass of silicon.
 The atomic number of nickel.
 The fourth magic number in physics.
 The curing time of concrete is classically considered 28 days.
 The average human menstrual cycle is 28 days although no link has been established with the nightlighting and the Moon.
Astronomy
 The revolution time of the surface of the Sun on itself is 28 days while its core is revolving in 33 days.^{[1]}
 Messier object M28, a magnitude 8.5 globular cluster in the constellation Sagittarius.
 The New General Catalogue object NGC 28, an elliptical galaxy in the constellation Phoenix.
 The Saros number of the solar eclipse series which began on 1910 March 22 and ended on 630 April 28. The duration of Saros series 28 was 1280.1 years, and it contained 72 solar eclipses.
 The Saros number of the lunar eclipse series which began on 1915 June 27 and ended on 581 September 6. The duration of Saros series 28 was 1334.2 years, and it contained 75 lunar eclipses.
In sports
 The jersey number 28 has been retired by several North American sports teams in honor of past playing greats or other key figures:
 In Major League Baseball:
 The Minnesota Twins, for Hall of Famer Bert Greenburg
 In the NFL:
 The Chicago Bears, for Willie Galimore.
 The Kansas City Chiefs, for Abner Haynes.
 The New York Jets, for Curtis Martin.
 The St. Louis Rams, for Hall of Famer Marshall Faulk.
 In Major League Baseball:
 The NBA and NHL both operate four bestofseven rounds during the playoffs; thus, 28 is the maximum number of games that a team could possibly play in the playoff series (neither league has ever had a team play that many games, though).
 The number worn by the Clemson Tigers' record breaking running back C.J. Spiller, former Colts and Rams running back Marshall Faulk, former Bucs and Falcons running back Warrick Dunn, former Kansas City Chiefs running back Abner Haynes, current Titans running back Chris Johnson.
 The number used by former NASCAR driver Davey Allison for his entire NASCAR Winston Cup career.
In other fields
Twentyeight is:
 An abbreviation for such years as 1928 and 2028.
 In Gematriya, the system of Hebrew Numerology, the number 28 corresponds to the word koakh, meaning "power", "energy".
 The number of days in the shortest month of the Gregorian calendar, February (except in leap years, when there are twentynine). All twelve months of the Gregorian calendar have at least 28 days, regardless of the year.
 The Gregorian calendar follows a 28year cycle for the most part, since there are seven days in a week and leap year generally occurs every four years; usually, a calendar from any year is the same as that from 28 years earlier (e.g., 2008 and 1980). However, that rule holds only when there have been exactly seven leap days in a 28year interval; years divisible by 100 but not by 400 are not leap years. Indeed, 1900 (as well as 2100, 2200, etc.) does not use the same calendar as 1872 (2072, 2172, etc., respectively) for the simple reason that 1900 is not a leap year. In 28 years, any dayoftheweek and date combination occurs exactly four times. February 29 will fall on each day of the week once.
 The common name for the parrot 'Barnardius zonarius semitorquatus', widely distributed in Western Australia and South Australia. Its call sounds like "wenniate".
 The number of letters in the Danish and Swedish alphabets (not counting W), and also in the Arabic and Esperanto alphabets.
 In neoNazi circles, twentyeight indicates Blood and Honour (28 = BH  B  second letter of the alphabet and H  the eight letter).
 The number of Chinese constellations, "Xiu" or "mansions" (a literal translation), equivalent to the 12 western zodiac constellations.
 The number of dominoes in standard domino sets.
 Deriving from the 29.46 year period of Saturn's revolution around the Sun, the 28year cycle as well as its subdivisions by 14 and 7 are supposed in Astrology to mark significant turning points or sections in the course of a persons development in life. Thus, the number 28 has special significance in the culture of religious sects such as the Kadiri and the Mevlevi dervishes. The 28beat metric pattern often used in the music compositions accompanying the main part of the Mevlevi sema ritual is called the "Devri kebir", meaning the "Big Circle" and is a reference to above astronomical facts about the year and the Saturn year.
 In Quebec, François Pérusse, in one of his bestselling Album du peuple made a parody of Wheel of Fortune in which all of the letters picked by the contestant were present 28 times. As a result, 28 became an almost Mythical number used by many Quebec youths, the phrase "Y'en a 28" (There are 28 [Letters]) became a running gag still used and recognized more than 15 years later.
 The Preludes, Opus 28 consists of Frédéric Chopin's 24 preludes for piano, ordinarily but not necessarily played together in concert.
 The postal code of the province of Madrid, in Spain.
 Twenty Eight is a popular game played in Kerala India.
 The number of the French department EureetLoir.
 Approximately the number of grams in an ounce, and used as such in the illegal drug trade.
Historical years
28 A.D., 28 B.C., 1928, 2028, etc.h
References
 Prime Curios! 28 from the Prime Pages
Categories: Integers
 Perfect numbers
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