Dress Act 1746


Dress Act 1746

The Dress Act was part of the Act of Proscription which came into force on 1 August 1746 and made wearing "the Highland Dress" including tartan or a kilt illegal in Scotland as well as reiterating the Disarming Act. The Jacobite Risings between 1689 and 1746 found their most effective support amongst the Scottish clans, and this Act was part of a series of measures attempting to bring the warrior clans under government control by crushing Gaelic culture. An exemption allowed the kilt to be worn in the military, continuing the tradition established by the Black Watch regiment.

The law was repealed in 1782. By that time kilts and tartans were no longer ordinary Highland wear, ended by enforcement of the law and by the circumstances of the Highland clearances, but within two years Highland aristocrats set up the Highland Society of Edinburgh and soon other clubs followed with aims including promoting "the general use of the ancient Highland dress". This would lead to the Highland pageant of the visit of King George IV to Scotland turning what had been seen as the uncivilised outfits of mountain thieves into national dress claimed by the whole of Scotland.

The Act

Abolition and Proscription of the Highland Dress 19 George II, Chap. 39, Sec. 17, 1746

That from and after the first day of August, One thousand, seven hundred and forty-six, no man or boy within that part of Britain called Scotland, other than such as shall be employed as Officers and Soldiers in His Majesty's Forces, shall, on any pretext whatever, wear or put on the clothes commonly called Highland clothes (that is to say) the Plaid, Philabeg, or little Kilt, Trowse, Shoulder-belts, or any part whatever of what peculiarly belongs to the Highland Garb; and that no tartan or party-coloured plaid of stuff shall be used for Great Coats or upper coats, and if any such person shall presume after the said first day of August, to wear or put on the aforesaid garment or any part of them, every such person so offending ... For the first offence,shall be liable to be imprisoned for 6 months, and on the second offence, to be transported to any of His Majesty's plantations beyond the seas, there to remain for the space of seven years.

Repeal

On 1 July 1782 Royal assent was given to Repeal of the Act Prescribing the Wearing of Highland Dress 22 George III, Cap. 63, 1782 and a proclamation issued in Gaelic and English announced:

Listen Men. This is bringing before all the Sons of the Gael, the King and Parliament of Britain have forever abolished the act against the Highland Dress; which came down to the Clans from the beginning of the world to the year 1746. This must bring great joy to every Highland Heart. You are no longer bound down to the unmanly dress of the Lowlander. This is declaring to every Man, young and old, simple and gentle, that they may after this put on and wear the Truis, the Little Kilt, the Coat, and the Striped Hose, as also the Belted Plaid, without fear of the Law of the Realm or the spite of the enemies.

External links



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dress Act — Als Disarming Act (englisch, „Entwaffnungs Gesetz“) werden mehrere englische Gesetze bezeichnet, die im 18. Jahrhundert als Reaktion auf die Jakobiten Aufstände in Schottland erlassen wurden. Das bekannteste und folgenreichste dieser Gesetze war… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Act of Proscription — Als Disarming Act (englisch, „Entwaffnungs Gesetz“) werden mehrere englische Gesetze bezeichnet, die im 18. Jahrhundert als Reaktion auf die Jakobiten Aufstände in Schottland erlassen wurden. Das bekannteste und folgenreichste dieser Gesetze war… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Act of Proscription 1746 — On August 1, 1746 the Act of Proscription (19 Geo. 2, c. 39) came into effect in Scotland. This was part of a series of efforts to assimilate the unruly Scottish Highlands while ending their ability to revolt, and the first of the King s laws… …   Wikipedia

  • 1746 — Year 1746 (MDCCXLVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 11 day slower Julian calendar). Events of PAGENAME January June * January 8 …   Wikipedia

  • 1746 — Années : 1743 1744 1745  1746  1747 1748 1749 Décennies : 1710 1720 1730  1740  1750 1760 1770 Siècles : XVIIe siècle  XVIIIe …   Wikipédia en Français

  • 1746 in Great Britain — Events from the year 1746 in the Kingdom of Great Britain.Incumbents*Monarch George II of the United Kingdom *Prime Minister Henry Pelham, WhigEvents* 8 January Bonnie Prince Charlie occupies Stirling. * 17 January Government forces suffer a… …   Wikipedia

  • Disarming Act — Als Disarming Act (englisch, „Entwaffnungs Gesetz“) werden mehrere englische Gesetze bezeichnet, die im 18. Jahrhundert als Reaktion auf die Jakobiten Aufstände in Schottland erlassen wurden. Das bekannteste und folgenreichste dieser Gesetze war… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sumptuary law — Sumptuary laws (from Latin sumptuariae leges ) are laws which attempt to regulate habits of consumption. Black s Law Dictionary defines them as Laws made for the purpose of restraining luxury or extravagance, particularly against inordinate… …   Wikipedia

  • Culture de l'Écosse — Statue du poète Robert Burns à Dumfries. La culture de l Écosse forme une synthèse des différentes cultures, celtes, pictes et anglaises principalement, ayant baigné le pays. Les reliefs naturels, délimitant géographiquement les Highlands,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Culture ecossaise — Culture de l Écosse Statue du poète Robert Burns à Dumfries. La culture de l Écosse forme une synthèse des différentes cultures, celtes, pictes et anglaises principalement, ayant baigné le pays. Les reliefs naturels, délimitant géographiquement… …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.