- Moorgate station
Entrance to Moorgate
Location of Moorgate in Central London
Location Moorgate Local authority City of London Managed by London Underground Station code MOG Number of platforms 8 Fare zone 1 London Underground annual entry and exit 2008 22.220 million 2009 21.182 million 2010 21.040 million National Rail annual entry and exit 2007-08 10.109 million - interchange 1.351 million 2008-09 9.374 million - interchange 1.229 million 2009-10 6.737 million - interchange 1.294 million 1865 Opened (MR) 1900 Opened (C&SLR) 1904 Opened (GN&CR) List of stations Underground · National Rail External links Departures • Layout Facilities • Buses
Moorgate station (formerly Moorgate Street) is a central London railway terminus and London Underground station on Moorgate in the City of London; it provides National Rail services by First Capital Connect for Hertford, Welwyn Garden City and Letchworth and also serves the Circle, Hammersmith & City, Metropolitan Lines and the Bank branch of the Northern Line. It was the terminus for the Moorgate branch of the Thameslink line until March 2009 and was the site of the Moorgate tube crash of 1975 when 46 people were killed and 74 were injured.
The Circle, Hammersmith & City and Metropolitan lines all use platforms 1 and 2 (through platforms) and also 3 and 4 (bays). The Northern line uses 7 and 8. National Rail services use platforms 9 and 10 (the Northern City Line platforms) and are signed as "trains to Stevenage". Platforms 5 and 6 are now unused since the Thameslink Programme cut off the Moorgate branch via the Widened Lines.
The station was opened by the Metropolitan Railway in December 1865 as the first extension from its original route between Paddington and Farringdon. The track to King's Cross was widened to four tracks in 1868 as the 'City Widened Lines'. These lines now form part of the Metropolitan line, Hammersmith & City and Circle lines and for a while formed the Moorgate branch of the Thameslink line.
The Northern line platforms were opened by the City & South London Railway (C&SLR) as "Moorgate Street" in February 1900 and formed the northern terminus of its services from Stockwell south of the River Thames. The line was extended to Angel the following year with services to London Midland Region (LMR) destinations using the Midland Main Line and Eastern Region (ER) destinations using the East Coast Main Line (ECML) (accessed via the York Road Curve and Hotel Curve to King's Cross). British Rail services to Moorgate were initially steam operated before being converted to Cravens-built diesel multiple units and British Rail Class 31 locomotives class hauling non-corridor stock which remained in operation until the mid 1970s.
The Northern City Line to Moorgate was opened by the Great Northern & City Railway (GN&CR) in February 1904 offering a service to Finsbury Park. The tunnels were constructed at a diameter capable of accommodating main line trains given the companies intentions to run main line trains via Finsbury Park directly into the city. Unfortunately the two companies were not able to agree and main line trains didn't use the lines for another 70 years.
The Snow Hill tunnel closed in 1916 after which Widened City Lines services terminated at Moorgate. From 1934 the Northern City Line was operated as the Highbury Branch of the Northern line.
Moorgate station was completely rebuilt and extended to six platforms in the 1960s.
46 people were killed and 74 seriously injured in the Moorgate tube crash on 28 February 1975 when a southbound train crashed into buffers at the end of the line at the station inside a tunnel beyond the platform. It was the greatest loss of life on the Underground during peacetime.
British Rail took over control of the Northern City Line from London Underground in 1975. The Highbury Branch of the Northern line was terminated. Services from Finsbury Park to Moorgate were diverted to the Northern City Line from the Widened City Lines the following year. The City Widened Lines had overhead electrification installed by 1982 allowing Midland City Line service to run from Bedford via the Midland Main Line to Moorgate on what became known as Moorgate branch of the Thameslink service. The Moorgate Thameslink branch closed permanently in March 2009 as part of the £6billion Thameslink programme.
The Trains do not serve the Northern City Line during late evenings and at weekends, being diverted to London Kings Cross instead.
Under the Crossrail plans, the western ticket hall of Liverpool Street station will be situated just east of Moorgate station. An interchange will be built, which will also link Moorgate to the Central line .
Preceding station London Underground Following stationBarbicantowards Hammersmith Circle linetowards Edgware Road (via Aldgate) Hammersmith & City linetowards BarkingBarbican Metropolitan linetowards Aldgate Northern line National Rail Old Street First Capital Connect
Northern City Line
Terminus Disused railways Barbican First Capital Connect
Terminus Abandoned Northern Heights proposal Preceding station London Underground Following stationtowards Bushey Heath Northern linetowards Mordentowards Alexandra Palace Northern line Terminus
- ^ a b c "Customer metrics: entries and exits". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. 2003-2010. http://www.tfl.gov.uk/tfl/corporate/modesoftransport/tube/performance/default.asp?onload=entryexit. Retrieved 8 May 2011.
- ^ a b c d e f "Station usage". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. 30 April 2010. http://www.rail-reg.gov.uk/server/show/nav.1529. Retrieved 17 January 2011. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
- ^ History A Time Line for Policing the Railways
- ^ Tunnel Talk - see diagram
- London Transport Museum Photographic Archive Moorgate station building in 1915.
Transport in London Companies and
organisationsBus operatorsTrain operatorsc2c · Chiltern Railways · East Coast · East Midlands Trains · Eurostar · First Capital Connect · First Great Western · First Hull Trains · First ScotRail (Sleeper) · Gatwick Express · Grand Central · Heathrow Connect · Heathrow Express · London Midland · London Overground · National Express East Anglia · South West Trains · Southeastern · Southern · Stansted Express · Virgin TrainsOther
AirportsMainOther Major stationsOther RoadsMotorwaysRing roadsCharging Olympic TransportEmirates Air Line (cable car) (under construction) · Southeastern Olympic Javelin Ticketing Circle line StationsAldgate · Baker Street · Barbican · Bayswater · Blackfriars· Cannon Street · Edgware Road · Embankment · Euston Square · Farringdon · Goldhawk Road · Gloucester Road · Great Portland Street · Hammersmith · High Street Kensington · King's Cross St. Pancras · Ladbroke Grove · Latimer Road · Liverpool Street · Mansion House · Monument ( Bank) · Moorgate · Notting Hill Gate · Paddington · Royal Oak · Shepherd's Bush Market · Sloane Square · South Kensington · St. James's Park · Temple · Tower Hill ( Tower Gateway) · Victoria · Westbourne Park · Westminster · Wood Lane
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Rolling stock HistoryFormer companiesAssociated circle lines Future proposalsFuture rolling stock See also Hammersmith & City line StationsAldgate East · Baker Street · Barbican · Barking · Bow Road · Bromley-by-Bow · East Ham · Edgware Road · Euston Square · Farringdon · Goldhawk Road · Great Portland Street · Hammersmith · King's Cross St. Pancras · Ladbroke Grove · Latimer Road · Liverpool Street · Mile End · Moorgate · Paddington · Plaistow · Royal Oak · Shepherd's Bush Market · Stepney Green · Upton Park · West Ham · Westbourne Park · Whitechapel · Wood Lane
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Rolling stock HistoryFormer companies Future proposalsRouteFuture rolling stock See also Metropolitan line StationsCentral London sectionCore sectionUxbridge branchOuter section & branches
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Rolling stockPresent rolling stock HistoryFormer companiesClosed stationsFormer stationsTransferred linesFormer rolling stockFormer locomotivesMetro-Land Future proposalsCroxley Rail linkFuture rolling stockS Stock (Currently being rolled out)OtherWest Hampstead interchange Northern line StationsHigh Barnet branchEdgware branchCharing Cross branchBank branchMorden lineFuture
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Rolling stockPresent stock HistoryFormer companiesFormer linesFormer stationsFormer rolling stockAbandoned plans FCC Great Northern Route GN Core Route Stations Northern City Line Hertford Loop Line Peterborough Line Hitchin-Cambridge Line Route TOC Previous TOC(s)West Anglia Great Northern (WAGN) Closed Line(s) Major railway stations in Britain Managed by Network Rail: Managed by train operator: Managed by Network Rail: Managed by train operator:
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