- Isidore of Alexandria
Isidore of Alexandria was a Greek
philosopherand one of the last of the Neoplatonists. He lived in Athensand Alexandriatoward the end of the 5th century AD. He became head of the school in Athens in succession to Marinus, who followed Proclus.
His views alienated the chief members of the school and he was compelled to resign his position to
Hegias. He is known principally as the teacher of Damascius, whose testimony in his "Life of Isidorus" presents Isidorus in a very favourable light as a man and a thinker.
It is generally admitted, however, that he was rather an enthusiast than a thinker; reasoning with him was subsidiary to inspiration, and he preferred the theories of
Pythagorasand Platoto the unimaginative logicand the practical ethicsof the Stoicsand Aristotelians. He seems to have given loose rein to theosophical speculation and attached great importance to dreamsand waking visions, on which he used to expatiate in his public discourses.
Damascius' "Life" is preserved by Photius in the "Bibliotheca", and the fragments are printed in the
Didotedition of Diogenes Laërtius. See Agathias, "Hist." II 30; Photius, "Bibliotheca", 181; and histories of Neoplatonism.
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