Temple of Janus (Roman Forum)
The main Temple of Janus stood in the
Roman Forum. The temple had doors on both ends, and inside the temple was a statue of Janus, the two-faced god of boundaries. The temple doors were closed in times of peace and opened in times of war. Plutarch, in "Life of King Numa", wrote::" [Janus] also has a temple at Rome with double doors, which they call the gates of war; for the temple always stands open in time of war, but is closed when peace has come. The latter was a difficult matter, and it rarely happened, since the realm was always engaged in some war, as its increasing size brought it into collision with the barbarous nations which encompassed it round about. But in the time of Augustusit was closed, after he had overthrown Mark Antony; and before that, when Marcus Atilius and Titus Manlius were consuls, it was closed a short time; then war broke out again at once, and it was opened."
The closing of the temple was a very rare event. It is said to have happened for the first time under
Numa Pompilius, for the second time under Titus Manlius in 235 BC, a third time by Augustus in 29 BC, a fourth time by Neroin 66 ADand only a fifth time under Vespasianin AD 70.
* [http://sights.seindal.dk/sight/337_Temple_of_Janus.html Temple of Janus]
* [http://www.dl.ket.org/latin3/stories/ch_info/ch63_info.htm Closing of the temple]
* [http://www.gutenberg.org/files/14033/14033.txt Plutarch's Lives Volume 1]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Temple of Janus (Forum Holitorium) — Temple of Janus (? aedes Jani) [Fest. 285 states that the senate was forbidden to meet in this temple due to their decree that the Fabii should go forth to the siege of Veii was made in aede Jani; but this is probably apocryphal, for there is no… … Wikipedia
Temple of Janus — Two temples in the city of Rome were dedicated to the god Janus: *One in the Roman Forum *One in the Forum Holitorium … Wikipedia
List of monuments of the Roman Forum — A view of the Roman Forum. This List of monuments of the Roman Forum (Forum Romanum) includes existing and former buildings, memorials and other built structures in the famous Roman public plaza during its 1,400 years of active use (8th century… … Wikipedia
Roman temple — The Temple of Hercules Victor, in the Forum Boarium in Rome (a Greek style Roman temple) Ancient Roman temples are among the most visible archaeological remains of Roman culture, and are a significant source for Roman architecture. Their… … Wikipedia
Janus — For other uses, see Janus (disambiguation). Bifrons redirects here. For other uses, see Bifrons (disambiguation). A statue representing Janus Bifrons in the Vatican Museums In ancient Roman religion and mythology, Janus is the god of beginnings… … Wikipedia
Janus (mythology) — In Roman mythology, Janus (or Ianus) was the god of gates, doors, doorways, beginnings and endings. His most prominent remnants in modern culture are his namesakes: the month of January, which begins the new year, and the janitor, who is a… … Wikipedia
Roman Kingdom — This article is about the VIII–VI century BC government of Rome. For other uses, see Roman Kingdom (disambiguation). Roman Kingdom Regnum Romanum 753 BC–509 BC … Wikipedia
Forum Holitorium — The Forum Holitorium was the vegetables, herbs and oil forum venalium of early ancient Rome, by the Tiber at the foot of the Capitoline and Palatine hills. Once, the site of an early temple of Venus, the centre of buying and selling was… … Wikipedia
Roman religion — Religious beliefs of the Romans from ancient times until official acceptance of Christianity in the 4th century AD. The Romans believed that everything was subordinate to the rule of the gods, and the object of their religion was to secure divine … Universalium
Decline of Greco-Roman polytheism — The Greco Roman religion at the time of the Constantinian shift mostly consisted of three main currents, Greco Roman Polytheism, the official Roman imperial cult, various Mystery religions. Early Christianity grew gradually in Rome and the Roman… … Wikipedia