London Gazette


London Gazette
The London Gazette , facsimile front page from 3–10 September 1666, reporting on the Great Fire of London. (Click image to enlarge and read).

The London Gazette is one of the official journals of record of the British government, and the most important among such official journals in the United Kingdom, in which certain statutory notices are required to be published. The London Gazette claims to be the oldest surviving English newspaper and the oldest continuously published newspaper in the UK, having been first published on 7 November 1665 as the Oxford Gazette.[1] This title is also claimed by the Stamford Mercury and Berrow's Worcester Journal, because the Gazette is not a conventional newspaper offering general news coverage. It does not have a large circulation.

Other official newspapers of the UK government are the Edinburgh and Belfast Gazettes, which, apart from reproducing certain materials of nationwide interest published in the London Gazette, also contain publications specific to Scotland and Northern Ireland, respectively.

In turn, the London Gazette not only carries notices of UK-wide interest, but also those relating specifically to entities or people in England. However, certain notices that are only of specific interest to Scotland or Northern Ireland are also required to be published in the London Gazette.

The London, Edinburgh and Belfast Gazettes are published by TSO on behalf of Her Majesty's Stationery Office. They are subject to Crown Copyright.

Contents

Today

The London Gazette is published each weekday, except for Bank Holidays. Notices for the following, among others, are published:

Her Majesty's Stationery Office has digitised all issues of the Gazette, and these are available online.[2]

The official Gazettes are published by The Stationery Office.

History

The London Gazette, dated 14–17 May 1705 detailing the return of John Leake from Gibraltar after the Battle of Cabrita Point.

The London Gazette was first published as the Oxford Gazette on 7 November 1665. Charles II and the Royal Court had moved to Oxford to escape the Great Plague of London, and courtiers were unwilling to touch, let alone read, London newspapers for fear of contagion. The Gazette was "Published by Authority" by Henry Muddiman, and its first publication is noted by Samuel Pepys in his diary. The King returned to London as the plague dissipated, and the Gazette moved too, with the first issue of the London Gazette (labelled No. 24) being published on 5 February 1666.[3] The Gazette was not a newspaper in the modern sense: it was sent by post to subscribers, not printed for sale to the general public.

In 1812 an officer of the London Gazette named George Reynell established the first advertising agency.[citation needed]

Her Majesty's Stationery Office took over the publication of the Gazette in 1889. Publication of the Gazette was transferred to the private sector, under government supervision, in the 1990s, when the bulk of HMSO was sold and renamed simply The Stationery Office.

"Gazetted"

  • In time of war, dispatches from the various conflicts are published in the London Gazette. People referred to are said to have been mentioned in despatches. When members of the armed forces are promoted, and these promotions are published here, the person is said to have been “gazetted”.
  • Being "gazetted" (or "in the gazette") sometimes also meant having official notice of one's bankruptcy published, as in the classic ten-line poem comparing the stolid yeomen of 1722 to the lavishly spending faux-genteel farmers of 1822[4]
Man to the plough;
Wife to the cow;
Girl to the yarn;
Boy to the barn;
And your rent will be netted.
Man tally-ho;
Miss piano;
Wife silk and satin;
Boy Greek and Latin;
And you'll all be Gazetted.

The phrase "gazetted fortune hunter" is also probably derived from this. Notices of engagement and marriage were also formerly published in the Gazette.

Colonial gazettes

There are equivalent government gazettes for the following current and former colonies or protectorates. They are available at the National Archives.

  • Bahamas
  • Barbados
  • British Bechuanaland
  • British Columbia
  • British Guiana
  • British Honduras
  • British New Guinea
  • North Borneo|British North Borneo/Sabah
  • Cape of Good Hope
  • Ceylon
  • Cyprus[6]
  • Dominica
  • East Africa and Uganda
  • Falkland Islands
  • Fiji
  • Gambia
  • Gibraltar
  • Gold Coast
  • Grenada
  • Griqualand West
  • Jamaica
  • Kenya
  • Labuan
  • Lagos
  • Leeward Islands
  • Malta
  • Mauritius
  • Province|Natal
  • Negri Sembilan
  • New Brunswick
  • New South Wales
  • Newfoundland
  • North-West Territories
  • Northern Nigeria
  • Nyasaland
  • Orange River Colony
  • Pahang
  • Perak
  • Prince Edward Island
  • Queensland
  • Selangor
  • Seychelles
  • Sierra Leone
  • South Africa Company
  • South Australia
  • Sri Lanka
  • Southern Nigeria
  • St Christopher, Nevis and Anguilla
  • St Helena
  • St Lucia
  • St Vincent
  • Straits Settlements
  • Sungei Ujong
  • Tasmania
  • Tobago
  • Transvaal
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Vancouver Island
  • Victoria
  • Western Australia

See also

References

  1. ^ Oxford Gazette: no. 1. p. 1. 7 November 1665. Retrieved 7 January 2009.
  2. ^ Search the London Gazette Archive
  3. ^ London Gazette: no. 24. p. 1. 5 February 1666. Retrieved 7 January 2009.
  4. ^ By William Hone (1827); Published by Hunt and Clarke
  5. ^ Law Ministry The Gazette of India
  6. ^ Cyprus Government Gazette Retrieved 7 Nov 2010
  7. ^ Openpsi.org

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • London Gazette — vom 10. September 1666 mit dem Bericht über den Großen Brand von London Die London Gazette ist eines von drei Gesetzblättern der britischen Regierung. Die erstmals am 7. November 1665 erschienene London Gazette bezeichnet sich selbst als älteste… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • London Gazette — London Gazette, page principale de l édition datée du lundi 3 10 septembre 1666, traitant du Grand incendie de Londres. La London Gazette est le plus vieux journal britannique existant. Publié pour la première fois le 7 novembre 1665, la Gazette… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • London Gazette — ˌLondon Gaˈzette noun FINANCE in Britain, an official newspaper that gives information about companies, especially such matters as Bankruptcies, changes in companies names etc * * * London Gazette UK US noun COMMUNICATIONS, GOVERNMENT ► a… …   Financial and business terms

  • London Gazette — The official newspaper of the Crown. It contains a wide range of office notices including State, Parliamentary and planning notices, as well as other notices that are statutory in nature and are used in legal proceedings. For further information …   Law dictionary

  • London Gazette — La London Gazette de la semana del 3 al 10 de septiembre de 1666. Copia facsímil relatando los sucesos del Gran Incendio de Londres. London Gazette es uno de los periódicos oficiales del Gobierno del Reino Unido, así como el diario más antiguo… …   Wikipedia Español

  • London Gazette — a newspaper that gives British government announcements, including information of interest to people in government departments and the legal profession, as well as lists of recent honours (= awards for services to the country). It first appeared… …   Universalium

  • London Gazette — /lʌndən gəˈzɛt/ (say lunduhn guh zet) noun an official government journal, founded 1665, giving government announcements, legal notices, etc …   Australian English dictionary

  • The London Gazette — London Gazette vom 10. September 1666 mit dem Bericht über den Großen Brand von London Die London Gazette ist eines von drei Gesetzblättern der britischen Regierung. Die erstmals am 7. November 1665 erschienene London Gazette bezeichnet sich …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • The London Gazette — London Gazette London Gazette, page principale de l édition datée du lundi 3 10 septembre 1666, traitant du Grand incendie de Londres. La London Gazette est le plus vieux journal britannique existant. Publié pour la première fois le 7 novembre… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • (the) London Gazette — The London Gazette [The London Gazette] a newspaper that gives British government announcements, including information of interest to people in government departments and the legal profession, as well as lists of recent honours (= awards for… …   Useful english dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.