List of philosophers born in the eleventh through fourteenth centuries

Philosophers born in the eleventh through fourteenth centuries "(and others important in the history of philosophy)", listed alphabetically:

::"Note: This list has a minimal criteria for inclusion and the relevance to philosophy of some individuals on the list is disputed."

"See also:"
* "List of philosophers born in the centuries BC"
* "List of philosophers born in the first through tenth centuries"
* "List of philosophers born in the eleventh through fourteenth centuries"
* "List of philosophers born in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries"
* "List of philosophers born in the seventeenth century"
* "List of philosophers born in the eighteenth century"
* "List of philosophers born in the nineteenth century"
* "List of philosophers born in the twentieth century"
* "List of living philosophers and academics of philosophy"


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A

*Pietro d'Abano, (1250?-1316)
*Pierre Abélard (or "Peter Abelard"), (1079-1142)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S
*Abner of Burgos, (1270-1348)fn|S*
*Adam Parvipontanus, (d. 1181)
*Adelard of Bath, (12th century)fn|C
*Pierre d'Ailly, (1350-1420)fn|Cfn|R
*Alain de Lille, (c. 1128-1202)
*Albert of Saxony (c. 1316-1390)fn|Cfn|Rfn|S
*Albertus Magnus (or "Saint Albert the Great" or "Albert of Cologne"), (1193?-1280)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S*
*Joseph Albo, (1380-1444)fn|O12fn|Rfn|S*
*Alexander of Hales, (d. 1245)fn|Cfn|R
*Dante Alighieri, (1265-1321)fn|O12fn|Rfn|S
*Robert Alyngton, (d. 1398)fn|S
*Anselm, (1034-1109)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S
*Thomas Aquinas, (1225-1274)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S
*Peter Aureol, (c. 1280-1322)fn|Rfn|S
*Averroes (or "Ibn Rushd"), (1126-1198)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S*

B

*Roger Bacon, (1214-1294)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S*
*Hibat Allah Abu'l-Barakat al-Baghdaadi, (1080-1165)fn|R
*Abraham bar Hiyya Ha-Nasi, (1070-1136)fn|R
*Bartolus de Saxoferrato, (1313-1357)fn|R
*Bernard of Chartres, (d. 1130)fn|C
*Bernard of Clairvaux, (1090-1153)fn|Cfn|R
*Bernard Silvestris (or "Bernard of Tours"), (1147-1178)fn|R
*Basil Bessarion, (1395-1472)fn|S*
*Blasius of Parma (or "Biagio Pelacani da Parma"), (1345-1416)fn|R
*Boetius of Dacia, (c. 1240-c. 1280)fn|R
*Bonaventure, (1221-1274)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S
*Thomas Bradwardine, (c. 1290-1349)fn|R
*Richard Brinkley, (fl. 1350-1373)fn|R
*Radulphus Brito, (c. 1270-c. 1320)fn|R
*Jean Buridan, (1300-1358)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S
*Walter Burley, (c. 1275-c. 1345)fn|Cfn|Rfn|S

C

*Johannes Capreolus, (1380-1444)fn|R
*Cavalcante de' Cavalcanti (died c. 1280)
*Chang Tsai (or "Zhang Zai"), (1020-1077)fn|R
*Walter Chatton, (1290-1343)fn|Rfn|S*
*Cheng Hao (or "Ch'eng Ming-Tao"), (1032-1085)fn|Cfn|R
*Cheng Yi (or "Ch'eng Yi Chu'an"), (1033-1107)fn|Cfn|R
*Chou Tun-Yi (or "Zhou Dunyi" or "Chou Lien-Hsi" or "Zhou Lianxi"), (1017-1073)fn|Cfn|R
*Christine de Pizan, (c. 1365-c. 1430)fn|R
*Manuel Chrysoloras, (c. 1355-1415)
*Clarembald of Arras, (1110-1187)fn|R
*William Crathorn, (14th century)fn|Rfn|S
*Hasdai Crescas, (c. 1340-1410)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S*

D

*Pietro Damiani, (c. 1007-1072)fn|Rfn|S
*David of Dinant, (12th century)fn|R
*Dietrich of Freiberg, (13th century)fn|Rfn|S
*Dogen Zenji (or "Dōgen Kigen"), (1200-1253)fn|O12fn|R
*Duns Scotus, (c. 1266-1308)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S
*Profiat Duran (or "Efodi" or "Isaac ben Moses Levi") (c. 1349-c. 1414)fn|R
*Simeon ben Zemah Duran (or "Rashbaz"), (1361-1444)fn|R
*Durandus of St. Pourçain, (c. 1275-1334)fn|R

E

*Meister Eckhart, (1260-1327/8)fn|Cfn|Rfn|S

F

*Francis of Assisi, (1181-1226)
*Francis of Marchia, (ca. 1290- ca. 1344)fn|S
*Francis of Meyronnes, (1285-1328)fn|R

G

*Gangeśa, (fl. c. 1325)fn|R
*Gennadius Scholarius, (died c. 1473)
*George of Trebizond, (1395-1484)fn|R
*Gerard of Cremona, (1114-1187)fn|R
*Gerard of Odo (or "Gerald Odonis"), (1290-1349)fn|R
*Jean Gerson, (1363-1429)fn|Cfn|R
*Gersonides (or "Levi ben Gershon"), (1288-1344)fn|Cfn|Rfn|S
*Al-Ghazali, (1058-1111)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R
*Bishop Gilbert of Poitiers, (1070-1154)fn|R
*Giles of Rome, (c. 1243-1316)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S
*Godfrey of Fontaines, (c. 1250-1309)fn|Cfn|Rfn|S
*Gregory of Rimini, (d. 1358)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S
*Robert Grosseteste, (1175-1253)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S*
*Dominicus Gundissalinus, (12th century)

H

*Yehuda Halevi, (c. 1085-1141)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S*
*Henry of Ghent, (c. 1217-1293)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S*
*Henry of Harclay, (1270-1317)fn|R
*Herman of Carinthia, (c. 1100-c. 1160)
*Hervaeus Natalis (or "Herve Nedellec"), (1250-1323)fn|R
*William of Heytesbury (or "Hentisberus" or "Hentisberi" or "Tisberi"), (1313-1373)fn|Cfn|Rfn|S
*Hildegard of Bingen, (1098-1179)fn|R
*Hillel ben Samuel of Verona, (1220-1295)fn|R
*Al-Hilli, (1250-1325)
*Robert Holcot, (1290-1349)fn|Rfn|S
*Hu Hung (or "Wu-Feng"), (1100-1155)fn|C
*Hugh of St Victor, (c. 1078-1141)fn|R
*Jan Hus, (1369-1415)fn|R

I

*Ibn al-Arabi, (1164-1240)fn|R
*Ibn Bajjah (or "Avempace"), (d. 1138)fn|Cfn|R
*Ibn Daud (or "Rabad I" or "Avendauth", or "John of Spain") (1110-1180)fn|Cfn|Rfn|S*
*Abraham ibn Ezra, (1092/3-1167)fn|Rfn|S*
*Moses ibn Ezra, (1070-1138)fn|R
*Shem Tob Ibn Falaquera, (1223-1290)fn|Rfn|S*
*Solomon Ibn Gabirol, (1021-1058)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S*
*Ibn Kammuna, (1215-1284)fn|R
*Ibn Khaldun, (1332-1406)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R
*Bahya ibn Paquda, (1040-1110)fn|R
*Ibn Sabin, (1217-1268)fn|R
*Ibn Taymiya, (1263-1328)fn|R
*Samuel Ibn Tibbon, (c. 1165-1232)fn|S
*Ibn Tufail, (1110-1185)fn|Cfn|R
*Ibn Tzaddik, (c. 1149)fn|R
*Immanuel of Rome (c. 1270-c. 1330)fn|R
*Isaac Israeli of Stella, (1105-1177)fn|R

J

*James of Viterbo, (1255-1308)fn|R
*Jinul (or "Chinul"), (1158-1210)fn|R
*Joachim of Fiore, (1135-1201)fn|Cfn|R
*John of Jandun, (1280-1328)fn|R
*John of La Rochelle, (1190-1245)fn|R
*John of Mirecourt, (c. 1345)fn|R
*John of Paris, (1260-1306)fn|R
*John of Salisbury, (c. 1115-1180)fn|Cfn|Rfn|S
*Judah ben Moses of Rome (or "Judah Romano"), (1292-1330)fn|R
*Judah Ben Samuel of Regensburg, (c. 1200)
*Abul Maali al-Juwayni, (1028-1085)fn|R

K

*Joseph Kaspi, (12th century)fn|S*
*Kaydrup glek belsangbo (or "mKhas grub dge legs dpal bzang po" or "Khai-dub"), (1385-1438)fn|R
*Omar Khayyám, (1048-1123)
*Richard Kilvington (or "Richard Chillington"}, (1302-1361)fn|Cfn|Rfn|S
*Robert Kilwardby, (1215-1279)fn|Cfn|R
*Abu al-Hakam al-Kirmani, (12th century)

L

*Ramon Llull, (1235-1315)fn|Cfn|R
*Peter Lombard, (c. 1100-1160)fn|Cfn|R
*Lu Hsiang-shan (or "Lu Xiangshan", or "Lu Chiu-yuan", or "Tzu-ching", or "Ts'un-chai"), (1139-1193)fn|Cfn|R

M

*Madhava, (d. 1386)fn|R
*Shri Madhvacharya, (1238-1317)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R
*Abraham ben Moses Maimonides (or "Abraham ben Maimon"), (1186-1237)fn|R
*Moses Maimonides (or "Rambam"), (1135-1204)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S
*Marsilius of Inghen, (1330-1396)fn|Cfn|Rfn|S
*Marsilius of Padua (or "Marsiglio" or "Marsilio dei Mainardine"), (1270-1342)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R
*Roger Marston, (1235-1303)fn|R
*Matthew of Aquasparta, (1238-1302)fn|R
*Theodore Metochita, (d. 1332)

N

*Moses Nahmanides, (1194-1270)fn|R
*Moses Narboni, (c. 1300-c. 1362)fn|S*
*Alexander Neckham, (1157-1217)fn|R
*Nichiren, (1222-1282)fn|R
*Nicholas of Autrecourt, (c. 1300-1369)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S

O

*William of Ockham, (ca. 1285-1349)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S
*Peter Olivi, (1248-1298)fn|Cfn|Rfn|S
*Nicole Oresme, (1320-1382)fn|Rfn|S*

P

*Paul of Venice, (1369-1429)fn|Cfn|Rfn|S
*John Peckham, (d. 1292)fn|R
*William Penbygull, (died 1420)fn|S
*Peter of Auvergne, Bishop of Paris, (13th century)fn|R
*Peter of Spain (or "Pope John XXI"), (13th century)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S
*Petrarch, (1304-1374)fn|O12fn|R
*Joane Petrizi, (12th century)fn|S*
*Philip the Chancellor, (1160-1236)fn|Rfn|S
*George Gemistos Plethon, (c. 1355-1452)
*Isaac Polgar, (early 14th century)fn|S*
*Michael Psellus, (11th century)
*Pseudo-Grosseteste, (13th century)fn|R

Q

R

*Ramanuja, (1017-1137)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R
*Fakhr al-Din al-Razi, (1149-1209)fn|R
*Rgyal tshab dar ma rin chen (or "Gyeltsap darma rinchen") (1364-1432)fn|R
*Richard of Middleton, (c. 1249-1306)fn|R
*Richard of St. Victor, (d. 1173)fn|R
*Richard Rufus of Cornwall (or "Richardus Sophista") (1231-1259)fn|Cfn|Rfn|S
*Roscelin of Compiègne, (c. 1050-c. 1120)fn|Cfn|R
*Jan van Ruysbroek, (1293-1381)

S

*Sa skya pandita (or "Sagya pandita" or "Sagypandita"), (1182-1251)fn|R
*Shao Yung, (1011-1077)fn|Cfn|R
*Johannes Sharpe, (ca. 1360-after 1415)fn|S
*Shinran, (1173-1261)fn|R
*Sigerus of Brabant, (1240-1284)fn|Cfn|R
*Simon of Faversham, (ca. 1260-1306)fn|S
*Shihab al-Din Yahya ibn Habash ibn Amirak al-Sohravardi (or "al-Suhrawardi"), (1154-1191)fn|O12fn|R
*Henry Suso, (1300-1366)fn|R

T

*Johannes Tauler, (c. 1300-1361)fn|R
*Thierry of Chartres, (fl. c. 1130-1150)fn|R
*Thomas à Kempis, (1380-1471)fn|R
*Thomas of Erfurt, (14th century)fn|S
*Thomas of York, (13th century)fn|R
*Je Tsongkhapa (or "Dzongkaba" or "Rinpoche"), (1357-1419)fn|R
*Nasir al-Din Tusi, (1201-1274)fn|R

U

*Udayana, (11th century)fn|R
*Ulrich of Strasbourg, (1220-1277)fn|R

V

*Vital Du Four, (1260-1327)fn|R

W

*William of Alnwick, (1270-1333)fn|C
*William of Auvergne, Bishop of Paris, (1180-1249)fn|Cfn|Rfn|S*
*William of Auxerre, (d. 1231)fn|Cfn|R
*William of Champeaux, (c. 1070-1121)fn|Rfn|S
*William of Conches, (c. 1080 - 1154)fn|R
*William of Moerbeke, (c. 1215-1286)fn|C
*William of Shyreswood (or "William of Sherwood"), (1190-1249)fn|Cfn|R
*Adam de Wodeham, (1298-1358)fn|Cfn|R
*John Wyclif, (c. 1330-1384)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S

X

Y

Z

*Zeami Motokiyo, (c.1363–c.1443)fn|R
*Zhu Xi (or "Chu Hsi"), (1130-1200))fn|Cfn|O12fn|R

Notes

* - For more information about this person's contribution to philosophy, see his/her entry in "The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, (Second Edition)". Cambridge University Press; 1999. ISBN 0-521-63722-8
* - For more information about this person's contribution to philosophy, see his/her entry in "The Oxford Companion to Philosophy". :"1": Oxford University Press; 1995. ISBN 0-19-866132-0:"2": Oxford University Press; 2005. ISBN 0-19-926479-1
* - For more information about this person's contribution to philosophy, see his/her entry in the "Concise Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy". Routledge; 2000. ISBN 0-415-22364-4
* - This person is featured in the peer-reviewed online "Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy". Subjects with an asterisk have an article solicited about them, but not yet published at the encyclopedia (as of 2-22-2006).

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See also

List of philosophers


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