Rajani Palme Dutt


Rajani Palme Dutt

Rajani Palme Dutt (1896–1974) was a leading figure in the Communist Party of Great Britain. His father was an Indian doctor living in the United Kingdom and his mother was Swedish, a relative of Olof Palme. Brought up in Cambridge and educated at The Perse School, Dutt was suspended from Balliol College, Oxford as a conscientious objector in World War I, having been sentenced to 56 days imprisonment.

In 1920 he joined the newly formed Communist Party of Great Britain and in 1921 founded the magazine "Labour Monthly", which he edited until his death. He was on the Executive Committee of the CPGB from 1923 until 1965 and was the party's chief theoretician for many years. He also played an important role for the Comintern by supervising the Communist Party of India for some years.

Dutt was unswervingly loyal to the Soviet Union and to Joseph Stalin. In 1939, when the CPGB leader Harry Pollitt supported the United Kingdom's entry into World War II, it was Dutt who promoted Stalin's line that the war should be opposed and brought the party into line, forcing Pollitt's temporary resignation. As a result, he became the party's General Secretary until 1941.

After Stalin's death Dutt remained a loyal Stalinist who disagreed with the CPGB's criticisms of the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968. He opposed the CPGB's increasingly Eurocommunist line in the 1970s and retired from his party positions, although remaining a member until his death [J. Callaghan, Rajani Palme Dutt (London: Lawrence and Wishart, 1993)] .

References

External links

* [http://www.plp.org/books/Dutt.html "Fascism and Social Revolution: A Study of the economics and Politics of the Extreme Stages of Capitalism in Decay"] (1934)
* [http://www.marxists.org/archive/dutt/index.htm R. Palme Dutt Archive] Marxists Internet Archive


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rajani Palme Dutt — (* 18. Juni 1896 in Cambridge; † 20. Dezember 1974 in London) war ein britischer kommunistischer Politiker, Journalist und Autor. Der gleichermaßen publizistisch wie politisch engagierte Dutt war über vier Jahrzehnte lang eine Schlüsselfigur im… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kommunistische Partei Großbritanniens — Die Kommunistische Partei Großbritanniens (engl. Communist Party of Great Britain, C.P.G.B.) war eine zwischen 1920 und 1991 im Vereinigten Königreich aktive Partei. Ihr Wirkungsbereich beschränkte sich auf England, Schottland und Wales, da die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Communist Party of Great Britain — Not to be confused with Communist Party of Britain. Communist Party of Great Britain Founded 1920 Dissolved 1991 Preceded by British Socialist Party Communist Unity Group South Wales Socialist Society …   Wikipedia

  • V. Gordon Childe — Vere Gordon Childe Vere Gordon Childe circa 1930s. Born Vere Gordon Childe 14 April 1892(1892 04 14) Sydney, New South Wales, Australia …   Wikipedia

  • Коммунистическая партия Великобритании (1920) — У этого термина существуют и другие значения, см. Коммунистическая партия Великобритании. Коммунистическая партия Великобритании Communist Party of Great Britain …   Википедия

  • Dave Springhall — Douglas Frank Springhall (28 March 1901 – 2 September 1953), known as Dave Springhall, was a British communist activist. Born in Kensal Green, Springhall joined the Royal Navy at the age of fifteen. In 1920, he wrote Discontent on the Lower Deck …   Wikipedia

  • Harry Pollitt — Harry Pollitt, Secretario General del Partido Comunista de Gran Bretaña. Harry Pollitt (1890 1960) fue el director del departamento sindical del Partido Comunista de Gran Bretaña y Secretario General del partido durante más de 20 años. Contenido… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Communist Party of Great Britain election results — This article lists the Communist Party of Great Britain s election results in UK parliamentary elections. Contents 1 Summary of general election performance 2 By elections, 1921 1922 3 1922 general election …   Wikipedia

  • Mill Road, Cambridge — Map of the Mill Road area of Cambridge (source:OpenStreetMap). Mill Road is a street in southeast Cambridge, England.[1] It runs southeast from near to Parker s Piece, at …   Wikipedia

  • Датт, Раджани Палм — Раджани Пальме Датт (англ. Rajani Palme Dutt; 19 июня 1896(18960619) года, Кембридж  1974 год, Лондон)  видный британский коммунистический деятель. Член Коммунистической партии Великобритании со времени её основания, входил в… …   Википедия


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.