- President of the Soviet Union
The President of the Soviet Union was the
Head of Stateof the USSRfrom March 15, 1990to December 25, 1991. Mikhail Gorbachevwas the first and only person to occupy the office. Gorbachev was also General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union(a position that he had held since March 1985) between March 1990 and August 1991. He derived an increasingly greater share of his power from his position as President until he finally resigned as General Secretary after the Soviet coup attempt of 1991.
The office had not existed until 1990; previously the head of
Soviet statehad been the Chairman of the Central Executive Committee of the USSR (Chairman of the All-Union Executive Committee, ВЦИК) from 1922-1938, the Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Sovietfrom 1938-1989, then the Chairman of the Supreme Soviet in 1989-90.
From the mid-1920s on, all effective executive political power was in the hands of the General Secretary of the
Communist Party of the Soviet Union, with the Chairman exercising largely symbolic and figureheadduties. Starting with Leonid Brezhnevin 1977, the last four General Secretaries simultaneously served as Chairmen of the Supreme Soviet during their time in office.
President of the Soviet Union
Mikhail Gorbachev( March 15 1990- December 25 1991) ("office abolished with the dissolution of the USSR")
Gennady Yanayev("acting; in opposition") ( August 19 1991- August 21 1991)
USSR Heads of State
Premier of the Soviet Union
General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
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