List of philosophers born in the twentieth century

Philosophers born in the twentieth century "(and others important in the history of philosophy)", listed alphabetically:

(For those philosophers still alive and working today, see the companion list: "List of living philosophers and academics of philosophy".)

::"Note: This list has a minimal criteria for inclusion and the relevance to philosophy of some individuals on the list is disputed."


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A

*Nicola Abbagnano, (1901-1990)
*H. B. Acton, (1908-1974)
*Mortimer Adler, (1902-2001)
*Theodor Adorno, (1903-1969)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S
*Rogers Albritton, (1923-2002)
*Virgil Aldrich, (1903-1998)fn|O1
*Aleksandr Danilovich Aleksandrov, (1912-1999)
*Gerda Alexander (1908–1994)
*Louis Althusser, (1918-1990)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R
*Alan Ross Anderson, (1925-1973)fn|O12
*G. E. M. Anscombe, (1918-2001)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R
*Hannah Arendt, (1906-1975)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S*
*Raymond Aron, (1905-1983)
*John Langshaw Austin, (1911-1960)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R
*Alfred Jules Ayer, (1910-1989)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S

B

*Archie J. Bahm, (1907-1996)
*Yehoshua Bar-Hillel, (1915-1975)
*Roland Barthes, (1915-1980)fn|Cfn|O2fn|R
*Jon Barwise, (1942-2000)
*Jean Baudrillard, (1929-2007)fn|O2fn|Rfn|S
*Monroe Beardsley, (1915-1985)
*Jean Beaufret, (1907-1982)
*Lewis White Beck, (1913-1997)
*Gustav Bergmann, (1906-1987)fn|Cfn|O12
*Isaiah Berlin, (1909-1997)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S
*Max Black, (1909-1988)fn|O12
*Maurice Blanchot, (1907-2003)fn|R
*Allan Bloom, (1930-1992)
*Norberto Bobbio, (1909-2004)fn|O12fn|R
*Jozef Maria Bochenski, (1902-1995)
*Dietrich Bonhoeffer, (1906-1945)fn|O2fn|R
*George Boolos, (1940-1996)
*Pierre Bourdieu, (1930-2002)fn|R
*Richard-Bevan Braithwaite, (1900-1990)fn|O12
*Richard B. Brandt, (1910-1997)fn|Cfn|O1
*Justus Buchler, (1914-1991)fn|O1

C

*Amílcar Cabral, (1924-1973)fn|R
*Albert Camus, (1913-1960)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R
*Georges Canguilhem, (1904-1995)fn|C
*Hector-Neri Castañeda, (1924-1991)fn|C
*Cornelius Castoriadis, (1922-1997)
*Michel de Certeau, (1925-1986)fn|R
*Haridas Chaudhuri, (1913-1975)
*Roderick Chisholm, (1916-1999)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R
*Alonzo Church, (1903-1995)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R
*L. Jonathan Cohen, (1923-2006)fn|O12
*Lucio Colletti, (1924-2001)fn|O12
*Frederick Copleston, (1907-1994)

D

*Donald Davidson, (1917-2003)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S
*Simone de Beauvoir, (1908-1986)fn|O12fn|Rfn|S
*Bruno de Finetti, (1906-1985)fn|O12
*Paul de Man, (1919-1983)fn|R
*Guy Debord, (1931-1994)
*Gilles Deleuze, (1925-1995)fn|O12fn|Rfn|S
*Bernard Delfgaauw, (1912-1993)
*Jacques Derrida, (1930-2004)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S
*Miroslaw Dzielski, (1941-1989)

E

*William A. Earle, (1919-1988)
*James M. Edie, (1927-1998)
*Paul Edwards, (1923-2004)fn|O12
*Mircea Eliade, (1907-1986)fn|R
*Jacques Ellul, (1912-1994)
*Gareth Evans, (1946-1980)fn|O12fn|R
*Ignacio Ellacuria, (1930-1989)

F

*Emil Fackenheim, (1916-2003)fn|Rfn|S*
*Alan Fairclough, (1990-2008)
*Frantz Fanon, (1925-1961)fn|O12fn|R
*Austin Marsden Farrer, (1904-1968)fn|R
*Herbert Feigl, (1902-1988)
*Joel Feinberg, (1926-2004)fn|O12
*Jose Ferrater-Mora, (1912-1991)fn|O12
*Paul Feyerabend, (1924-1994)fn|O12fn|Rfn|S
*Vilém Flusser, (1920-1991)
*Michel Foucault, (1926-1984)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S
*William K. Frankena, (1908-1994)fn|Cfn|O12
*Oliver Shewell Franks, (1905-1992)
*Hans Frei, (1922-1988)fn|R
*Northrop Frye, (1912-1991)
*Lon L. Fuller, (1902-1978)fn|R

G

*Hans-Georg Gadamer, (1900-2002)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S
*Ernest Gellner (1925-1995)
*Gerhard Gentzen, (1909-1945)fn|O12fn|R
*Alan Gewirth, (1912-2004)fn|O12
*Kurt Gödel, (1906-1978)fn|O12fn|R
*Lucien Goldmann, (1913-1970)
*Nelson Goodman, (1906-1998)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R
*George Grant, (1918-1988)
*Herbert Paul Grice, (1913-1988)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S
*Félix Guattari, (1930-1992)
*Gotthard Günther, (1900-1984)

H

*Philip Hallie, (1922-1994)
*Charles Hamblin, (1922-1985)
*Stuart Hampshire, (1914-2004)fn|O12
*Norwood Russell Hanson, (1922-1967)fn|R
*R. M. Hare, (1919-2002)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R
*H. L. A. Hart, (1907-1992)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R
*Werner Heisenberg, (1901-1976)fn|O12fn|R
*Erich Heller, (1911-1990)
*Carl Gustav Hempel, (1905-1997)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R
*Michel Henry, (1922-2002)
*Abraham Joshua Heschel, (1907-1972)fn|R
*Sidney Hook, (1902-1989)fn|O12
*Hsu Fu-kuan, (1903-1982)fn|C
*Jean Hyppolite, (1907-1968)

I

*Evald Vassilievich Ilyenkov, (1924-1979)fn|R

J

*Erich Jantsch, (1929-1980)
*Richard C. Jeffrey, (1926-2002)fn|O12
*Hans Jonas, (1903-1993)

K

*Jerrold Katz, (1932-2002)
*Walter Kaufmann, (1921-1980)
*Martin Luther King, Jr., (1929-1968)
*William Calvert Kneale, (1906-1990)fn|O12
*Arthur Koestler, (1905-1983)
*Alexandre Kojève, (1902-1968)fn|R
*Stephan Körner, (1913-2000)
*Erik von Kuehnelt-Leddihn, (1909-1999)
*Thomas Samuel Kuhn, (1922-1996)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S

L

*Jacques Lacan, (1901-1981)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S*
*Philippe Lacoue-Labarthe, (1940-2007)fn|R
*Imre Lakatos, (1922-1974)fn|O12fn|Rfn|S*
*Henri Lefebvre, (1901-1991)fn|R
*Yeshayahu Leibowitz, (1903-1994)fn|R
*Emmanuel Levinas, (1906-1995)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S*
*David Kellogg Lewis, (1941-2001)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S*
*Suzanne Lilar, (1901-1992)
*Arthur Lipsett, (1936-1986)
*Knud Ejler Løgstrup, (1905-1981)
*Bernard Lonergan, (1904-1984)fn|R
*Paul Lorenzen, (1915-1995)fn|R
*Jean-François Lyotard, (1924-1998)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R

M

*John Leslie Mackie, (1917-1981)fn|O12
*Norman Malcolm, (1911-1990)fn|Cfn|O12
*Merab Mamardashvili, (1930-1990)fn|R
*Julián Marías, (1914-2005)
*Ron McClamrock
*Marshall McLuhan, (1911-1980)
*Maurice Merleau-Ponty, (1908-1961)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S
*Vincent Miceli, (1915-1991)
*Richard Montague, (1930-1971)fn|O2fn|R
*Sidney Morgenbesser, (1921-2004)
*Mou Tsung-san, (1909-1995)fn|C
*Iris Murdoch, (1919-1999)fn|O12

N

*Ernest Nagel, (1901-1985)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R
*John von Neumann, (1903-1957)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R
*Nishitani Keiji, (1900-1990)fn|O12fn|R
*Kwame Nkrumah, (1909-1972)fn|O12
*David L. Norton, (1930-1995)
*Robert Nozick, (1938-2001)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R

O

*Michael Oakeshott, (1901-1990)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R
*Albert Outler, (1908-1989)
*Gwilyn Ellis Lane Owen, (1922-1982)fn|O12fn|R

P

*John Arthur Passmore, (1914-2004)fn|R
*Jan Patočka, (1907-1977)fn|R
*D. Z. Phillips, (1934-2006)
*Louis P. Pojman, (1935-2005)
*Richard Popkin, (1923-2005)
*K. J. Popma, (1903-1986)
*Karl Popper, (1902-1994)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S
*Arthur Prior, (1914-1969)fn|O2fn|Rfn|S
*Harry Prosch, (1917-2005)

Q

*W. V. O. Quine, (1908-2000)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S*

R

*James Rachels, (1941-2003)
*Karl Rahner, (1904-1984)fn|R
*Frank P. Ramsey, (1903-1930)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S*
*Ian Thomas Ramsey, (1915-1972)fn|R
*Paul Ramsey, (1913-1988)
*John Rawls, (1921-2002)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R
*Radovan Richta, (1924-1983)
*Paul Ricoeur, (1913-2005)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S
*Richard Rorty, (1931-2007)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S
*Gillian Rose, (1947-1995)
*Gian-Carlo Rota, (1932-1999)
*Joseph Rovan, (1918-2004)
*Gilbert Ryle, (1900-1976)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R

S

*Wesley Salmon, (1925-2001)fn|O12
*Prabhat Rainjan Sarkar, (1921-1990)
*Jean-Paul Sartre, (1905-1980)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S
*Wilfrid Sellars, (1912-1989)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S
*B. F. Skinner, (1904-1990)fn|R
*Robert C. Solomon, (1942-2007)
*Joseph Soloveitchik, (1903-1993)fn|Rfn|S*
*Herbert Spiegelberg, (1904-1990)
*Edward Stachura, (1937-1979)
*Charles Leslie Stevenson, (1908-1979)fn|O12fn|R
*David Stove, (1927-1994)
*P. F. Strawson, (1919-2006)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R

T

*T'ang Chun-i, (1909-1978)fn|C
*Alfred Tarski, (1901-1983)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S*
*Richard Taylor, (1919-2003)fn|O12
*Placide Tempels, (1906-1977)
*Irving Thalberg Jr., (1930-1988)
*Helmut Thielicke, (1908-1986)fn|R
*Alan Turing, (1912-1954)fn|O12fn|Rfn|S

U

V

*Francisco Varela, (1946-2001)
*Henry Babcock Veatch, (1911-1997)
*Michel Villey, (1914-1988)fn|R
*Gregory Vlastos, (1907-1991)fn|O12fn|R
*Eric Voegelin, (1901-1985)fn|R
*Georg Henrik von Wright, (1916-2003)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R

W

*Hao Wang, (1921-1995)fn|O12
*Geoffrey J. Warnock, (1923-1996)fn|O12
*Alan Watts, (1915-1973)
*Eric Weil, (1904-1977)
*Simone Weil, (1909-1943)fn|Cfn|O12fn|R
*John Daniel Wild, (1902-1972)
*Bernard Williams, (1929-2003)fn|Cfn|O12fn|Rfn|S
*Peter Winch, (1926-1997)fn|O12
*John Wisdom, (1904-1993)fn|O12
*Richard Wollheim, (1923-2003)fn|O12
*Jerzy Wroblewski, (1926-1990)fn|R

X

Y

*Francis Parker Yockey, (1917-1960)
*Arthur M. Young, (1905-1995)

Z

*Aleksandr Zinovyev, (1922-2006)
*Xavier Zubiri, (1898-1983)

ee also

* "List of philosophers born in the centuries BC"
* "List of philosophers born in the first through tenth centuries"
* "List of philosophers born in the eleventh through fourteenth centuries"
* "List of philosophers born in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries"
* "List of philosophers born in the seventeenth century"
* "List of philosophers born in the eighteenth century"
* "List of philosophers born in the nineteenth century"

Notes

* - For more information about this person's contribution to philosophy, see his/her entry in "The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy, (Second Edition)". Cambridge University Press; 1999. ISBN 0-521-63722-8
* - For more information about this person's contribution to philosophy, see his/her entry in "The Oxford Companion to Philosophy". :"1": Oxford University Press; 1995. ISBN 0-19-866132-0:"2": Oxford University Press; 2005. ISBN 0-19-926479-1
* - For more information about this person's contribution to philosophy, see his/her entry in the "Concise Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy". Routledge; 2000. ISBN 0-415-22364-4
* - This person is featured in the peer-reviewed online "Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy". Subjects with an asterisk have an article solicited about them, but not yet published at the encyclopedia (as of 2-22-2006).

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