Guadalupe Victoria


Guadalupe Victoria

Infobox_President | name=Guadalupe Victoria


caption=A painting of Guadalupe Victoria.
order=1st President of Mexico
term_start=October 10, 1824
term_end= April 1, 1829
predecessor=Agustín I, Emperor of Mexico
successor= Vicente Guerrero
birth_date=birth date|1786|9|29|mf=y
birth_place=Tamazula, Durango
dead=dead
death_date=death date and age|1843|3|21|1786|9|29|mf=y
death_place=Perote, Veracruz

Guadalupe Victoria, born José Miguel Ramón Adaucto Fernández y Félix (September 29, 1786 - March 21, 1843), was a Mexican revolutionary soldier who fought for independence against Spain in the Mexican War of Independence and later became the first President of Mexico.

Victoria was born in 1786 in Tamazula de Victoria, Durango. He studied law at the Colegio de San Ildefonso. In 1811 he joined the revolution proclaimed by Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla and fought under José María Morelos. After Morelos's execution he joined forces with Vicente Guerrero and fought in the regions of Veracruz and Puebla.

After his defeat near the town of Palmillas, Veracruz, he remained hidden in the mountains until Agustín de Iturbide and Guerrero issued the Plan de Iguala, which called for an independent Mexico governed by a constitutional monarchy. Firmly republican, he supported General Antonio López de Santa Anna and signed the Plan de Casa Mata with the purpose to overthrow Emperor Iturbide.

He became the first president of Mexico after the overthrow of Emperor Iturbide. Victoria chose his new name for symbolic significance: "Guadalupe" to give thanks to what he claimed was the protection of Our Lady of Guadalupe, and "Victoria", which means victory.

During his tenure he abolished slavery, established the "Colegio Militar" (Military Academy), and signed diplomatic treaties with all major powers. In 1827, Victoria's presidential term was disrupted when his vice president Nicolás Bravo led a revolt against the Republic government. However, the insurgency was easily suppressed by Generals Santa Anna and Guerrero. In 1828, Bravo was captured and exiled to Ecuador.

Victoria died of epilepsy in Perote, Veracruz, in 1843 and was buried there. On August 25, 1845 he was declared "Benemérito de la Patria" (Hero of the Nation) by Congress. In 1925 his remains were moved to the mausoleum at the base of El Ángel de la Independencia in Mexico City.

Legacy

Victoria is a national hero of Mexico. The town of Tamazula de Victoria is named after him.

See also

* History of Mexico
* List of Presidents of Mexico

External links

* [http://www.mexconnect.com/mex_/history/jtuck/jtfirstpres.html Mexico connect: History of Mexico: Guadalupe Victoria -Presidente Desconocido]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Guadalupe Victoria — Retrato de Guadalupe Victoria en exhibición en el Museo Nacional de las Intervenciones …   Wikipedia Español

  • Guadalupe Victoria — (* 29. September 1786 in Tamazula, Durango als José Miguel Ramón Adaucto Fernández y Félix; † 21. März 1843 in Perote, Veracruz) war der erste Präsident Mexikos. Er war von 1824 bis 1829 im Amt. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Guadalupe Victoria — (1786 1843) fue el pseudónimo del primer Presidente de México, cuyo verdadero nombre era Manuel Fernández Félix. Nació en Tamazula, reino de la Nueva Galicia (actual Durango), en el seno de una familia adinerada. Estudió en el Seminario de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Guadalupe Victoria — 1 Original name in latin Guadalupe Victoria Name in other language Guadalupe Victoria State code MX Continent/City America/Mexico City longitude 16.89627 latitude 95.84981 altitude 1008 Population 1147 Date 2013 07 31 2 Original name in latin… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

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