Secretary of State for Work and Pensions

Secretary of State for
Work and Pensions
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (HM Government).svg
Arms of Her Majesty's Government
Department for Work and Pensions
Incumbent
Iain Duncan Smith

since 12 May 2010
Style The Right Honourable
Appointer David Cameron
Inaugural holder George Barnes
Formation 10 December 1916
Website Work and Pensions
United Kingdom
Coat of Arms of the UK Government

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The Secretary of State for Work and Pensions is a post in the British Cabinet, responsible for the Department for Work and Pensions. It was created on 8 June 2001 by the merger of the Employment part of the Department for Education and Employment and the Department of Social Security.

The Ministry of Pensions was created in 1916 to handle the payment of war pensions to former members of the Armed Forces and their dependants. In 1944 a separate Ministry of National Insurance (initially titled the Ministry of Social Insurance, it changed its name on 17 November 1944) was formed; the two merged in 1953 as the Ministry of Pensions and National Insurance. In 1966 the Ministry was renamed the Ministry of Social Security, but this was short-lived, as the Ministry merged with the Ministry of Health in 1968 to form the Department of Health and Social Security. Confusingly, the Secretary of State responsible for this Department was titled the Secretary of State for Social Services. The Department was de-merged in 1988, creating the separate Department of Health and Department of Social Security.

Contents

Ministers and Secretaries of State

Minister of Pensions

Minister of Social Insurance/National Insurance (1944–1953)

Name Portrait Took office Left office Political party Prime Minister
Sir William Jowitt EarlJowitt.jpg 8 October 1944 23 May 1945 Labour Winston Churchill
Leslie Hore-Belisha Leslie Hore-Belisha 1951.jpg 25 May 1945 26 July 1945 National Independent
Jim Griffiths Jim Griffiths Secretary of State for Wales.jpeg 4 August 1945 28 February 1950 Labour Clement Attlee
Edith Summerskill No image.svg 28 February 1950 26 October 1951 Labour
Osbert Peake No image.svg 31 October 1951 3 September 1953 Conservative Sir Winston Churchill

Ministers of Pensions and National Insurance (1953–1966)

Name Took office Left office Political party Prime Minister
Osbert Peake 3 September 1953 20 December 1955 Conservative Sir Winston Churchill
Sir Anthony Eden
John Boyd-Carpenter 20 December 1955 16 July 1962 Conservative
Harold Macmillan
Niall Macpherson 16 July 1962 21 October 1963 Conservative
Richard Wood 21 October 1963 16 October 1964 Conservative Sir Alec Douglas-Home
Margaret Herbison 18 October 1964 6 August 1966 Labour Harold Wilson

Ministers of Social Security (1966–1968)

Name Took office Left office Political party Prime Minister
Margaret Herbison 6 August 1966 26 July 1967 Labour Harold Wilson
Judith Hart 26 July 1967 1 November 1968 Labour

Secretaries of State for Health and Social Services (1968–1988)

Name Took office Left office Political party Prime Minister
Richard Crossman 1 November 1968 19 June 1970 Labour Harold Wilson
Sir Keith Joseph 20 June 1970 4 March 1974 Conservative Edward Heath
Barbara Castle 5 March 1974 8 April 1976 Labour Harold Wilson
David Ennals 8 April 1976 4 May 1979 Labour James Callaghan
Patrick Jenkin 5 May 1979 14 September 1981 Conservative Margaret Thatcher
Norman Fowler 14 September 1981 13 June 1987 Conservative
John Moore 13 June 1987 25 July 1988 Conservative
Post split into the Secretary of State for Social Security and the Secretary of State for Health in 1988.

Secretaries of State for Social Security (1988–2001)

Name Portrait Took office Left office Political party Prime Minister
John Moore No image.svg 25 July 1988 23 July 1989 Conservative Margaret Thatcher
Tony Newton No image.svg 23 July 1989 10 April 1992 Conservative
John Major
Peter Lilley No image.svg 10 April 1992 2 May 1997 Conservative
Harriet Harman Harriet Harman 2009 color.jpg 3 May 1997 27 July 1998 Labour Tony Blair
Alistair Darling AlistairDarlingABr cropped.jpg 27 July 1998 8 June 2001 Labour

Secretaries of State for Work and Pensions (2001– )

Name Portrait Took office Left office Political party Prime Minister
Alistair Darling AlistairDarlingABr cropped.jpg 8 June 2001 29 May 2002 Labour Tony Blair
Andrew Smith AndrewSmith20050127 CopyrightKaihsuTai.jpg 29 May 2002 8 September 2004 Labour
Alan Johnson Alan Johnson -9Oct2007-2.jpg 8 September 2004 6 May 2005 Labour
David Blunkett David Blunkett -8April2010.jpg 6 May 2005 2 November 2005 Labour
John Hutton Msc 2009-Sunday, 11.00 - 12.30 Uhr-Zwez 005 Hutton detail.jpg 2 November 2005 27 June 2007 Labour
Peter Hain Peter Hain.png 28 June 2007 24 January 2008 Labour Gordon Brown
James Purnell James Purnell, Policy Network, April 6 2009, detail.jpg 24 January 2008 4 June 2009 Labour
Yvette Cooper Yvette Cooper, March 2008.jpg 5 June 2009 11 May 2010 Labour
Iain Duncan Smith Iain Duncan Smith Nightingale 1.JPG 12 May 2010 Incumbent Conservative David Cameron

See also


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