Francesco di Giorgio e di Lorenzo (1412–
June 6 1480), known as Vecchietta or Lorenzo di Pietro, was an Italian Sienese Schoolpainter, sculptor, goldsmithand architectof the Renaissance. He is among the artists profiled in Vasari's " Le Vite delle più eccellenti pittori, scultori, ed architettori".
It is believed Vecchietta was a pupil of Sassetta,
Taddeo di Bartoloand Jacopo della Quercia. Later in his life he was the master of Francesco di Giorgioand Neroccio de’ Landi.
"Pittor dello Spedale"
Vecchietta was born in
Castiglione d'Orcia, and lived in Siena. Much of his work may be found there, particularly at the Hospital of Santa Maria della Scala, lending him yet another name: "pittor dello spedale" (or "painter of the hospital").
For the "Pellegrinaio" (Pilgrim Hall) at the Hospital complex, Vecchietta painted a series of frescoes, along with
Domenico di Bartoloand Priamo della Quercia, including "The Founding of the Spedale" and "The Vision of Santa Sorore", depicting a dream of the mother of the cobbler Sorore, the mythical founder of the Hospital. [ [http://www.santamariadellascala.com/w2d3/v3/view/sms/luoghi--17/index_en.html Website of Santa Maria della Scala] ]
Later, around 1444, he created the "Cappella del Sacro Chiodo", also known as the Old Sacristy, decorated with his own work. The frescoes included
Annunciation, Nativity, and Last Judgmentscenes, and an Allegory of the Ladder depicting children climbing to heaven. For the high altar of the Church of the Santissima Annunziata, within the Hospital complex, he created a bronze figure of the "Risen Christ" (signed and dated 1476), which shows the influence of Donatello.
Vecchietta's "Arliquiera", a painted wardrobe for holy relics painted by Vecchietta was placed in the Old Sacristy of Santa Maria della Scala in 1445, but is now in the National Picture Gallery of Siena. [ [http://www.santamariadellascala.com/w2d3/v3/view/sms/luoghi--22/index_en.html Website of Santa Maria della Scala] ]
Other works in Siena
Cathedral of Siena, substantially repainted in the 19th century.]
An enormous bronze
ciborium, created by Vecchietta for the Hospital of Santa Maria della Scala (c. 1467-72), was moved to the Cathedral of Sienain 1506. According to Vasari, "This casting, which is admirable, acquired very great fame and repute for him by reason of the proportion and grace that it shows in all its parts; and whosoever observes this work well can see that the design is good, and that the craftsman was a man of judgment and of practised ability." [ [http://www.efn.org/~acd/vite/VasariFdiG.html Vasari, "Vite"] ] Between 1447 and 1450, a series of frescoes were completed for the Baptistry of San Giovanni at Siena Cathedral, executed by Vecchietta and his pupils. They include depictions of the Evangelists, Prophets and Sibyls, the Four Articles of the Creed, and the Assumption. The frescoes were substantially repainted at the end of the 19th century. Vecchietta also painted two scenes on the wall of the apse: "Flagellation" and "Road to Calvary".
At the Palazzo Saracini, he created a sculpture of St. Martin. A bronze tomb statue of Marianus Soccinus the Elder (a noted Sienese jurist) for the church of San Domenico is now shown at the
Uffiziin Florence. For the "Loggia della Mercanzia", Vecchietta sculpted life-size figures of St. Peter and St. Paul (c.1458-1460), which Vasari praised as "wrought with consummate grace and executed with fine mastery." [ [http://www.efn.org/~acd/vite/VasariFdiG.html Vasari, "Vite"] ] Vecchietta also crafted a silver statue of St. Catherine of Sienaat the time of the saint's canonization in 1461. This work disappeared after the siege of Siena in 1555.
Outside Siena, Vecchietta's chief work is a painting of the Assumption (1451) at the church in
Pienza, created for the Piccolimino Pope Pius II. The Uffiziin Florence, in addition to the bronze statue of Marianus brought from Siena, has a panel depicting the Madonna created by Vecchietta. His illuminations in a manuscript of Dante's Divine Comedy (c. 1440) may be seen at the British Library, London.
*cite book | first= Timothy|last= Hyman| year=1993| title= Sienese Painting The Art of a City-Republic (1278-1477)| chapter= 8| editor= | others= | pages= pp164-166 | publisher= Thames and Hudson| id= | url= | authorlink=
* [http://www.wga.hu/frames-e.html?/html/v/vecchiet/christ_r.html Vecchietta's "Risen Christ", Santa Maria della Scala Hospital, Siena]
* [http://www.wga.hu/frames-e.html?/html/v/vecchiet/founding.html Vecchietta's "Founding of the Spedale", Santa Maria della Scala Hospital, Siena]
* [http://www.jmrw.com/Abroad/Sienne/pages/16a_jpg.htm "Road to Calvary", Baptistry of San Giovanni, Cathedral of Siena]
* [http://www.santamariadellascala.com/w2d3/v3/view/sms/presentazione/single_content_en.html Website of Santa Maria della Scala, Siena]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Vecchietta — Vecchietta, Lorenzo di Pietro, llamado il … Enciclopedia Universal
Vecchietta — [vek kjetta], eigentlich Lorenzo di Pietro, italienischer Maler, Bildhauer und Baumeister, * Castiglione d Orcia (Provinz Siena) um 1412, ✝ Siena 6. 6. 1480. In seinen Fresken und Altarbildern stellte er oft komplizierte Scheinarchitekturen dar … Universal-Lexikon
Vecchietta — Frescos realizados por Vecchietta en el baptisterio de Siena, restaurados durante el siglo XIX. Francesco di Giorgio e di Lorezo (Val d Orcia ca. 1410 Siena, 6 de junio de 1480) más conocido por el apodo Vecchietta y también llamado Lorenzo di… … Wikipedia Español
Vecchietta — Arliquiera décorée par Vecchietta (pinacothèque nationale de Sienne). Francesco di Giorgio e di Lorenzo (Castiglione d Orcia, v. 1410 6 juin 1480), dit Vecchietta ou Lorenzo di Pietro, est un peintre, un s … Wikipédia en Français
Vecchietta — Lorenzo di Pietro (auch Francesco di Giorgio e di Lorenzo), meist nur Il Vecchietta genannt (* 1412 in Castiglione d’Orcia); † 1480 in Siena) war ein italienischer Maler im Stil der Schule von Siena, Bildhauer und Goldschmied … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Vecchietta — soprannome di Lorenzo di Pietro … Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione
Vecchietta, Lorenzo di Pietro — • Artist (1412 1480) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Vecchietta, Lorenzo di Pietro, llamado il — ► (1412? 80) Pintor y escultor sienés de la última época, cuando el arte de Siena estaba influido por el de Florencia. Como escultor siguió a Donatello … Enciclopedia Universal
Lorenzo di Pietro Vecchietta — Lorenzo di Pietro Vecchietta † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Lorenzo di Pietro Vecchietta Painter, sculptor, goldsmith, and architect, b. at Castiglione di Val d Orcia, 1412; d. there, 1480. He is said to have been the pupil of Taddeo… … Catholic encyclopedia