1987 (What the Fuck Is Going On?)
Infobox Album |
Name = 1987 (What the Fuck Is Going On?)
Artist = The Justified Ancients of Mu Mu
Released = June 1987
Length = 40:56
Label = The Sound Of Mu(sic)
Allmusicrating|2.5|5 [http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=10:qb6xlfwegcqp link]
* "Q" rating|3|5 [http://www.libraryofmu.org/display-resource.php?id=479 link]
* "Sounds" rating|5|5Fact|date=September 2008
* "Spin" Rating|6|10Weisbard & Marks, 1995. p.213]
Last album =
This album = "1987 (What the F**k Is Going On?)"
Next album = "
Who Killed The JAMs?"
Name = 1987 (The JAMs 45 Edits)
Artist = The Justified Ancients of Mu Mu
Caption = The back cover of "The JAMS 45 Edits", an edited version of "1987" without the illegal samples
Released = 16 October 1987
Format = 12" EP
Misc = Extra chronology
Artist = Drummond & Cauty
Type = singles
Last single ="
Whitney Joins The JAMs" (1987)
This single ="1987 (The JAMs 45 Edits)" (1987)
Next single = "
Down Town" (1987)
"1987 (What the Fuck Is Going On?)" is the debut album of The Justified Ancients of Mu Mu (The JAMs:
Bill Drummondand Jimmy Cauty). "1987" was produced using extensive unauthorised samples which plagiarised a wide range of musical works, continuing a theme begun in The JAMs' debut single "All You Need Is Love" (included on the album). These samples provided a deliberately provocative backdrop for beatboxrhythms and cryptic, political raps.
Shortly after independent release in June 1987 (see
1987 in music), The JAMs were ordered by the Mechanical-Copyright Protection Societyto destroy all unsold copies of the album, following a complaint from ABBA. In response, The JAMs disposed of many copies of "1987" in unorthodox, publicised ways. They also released a version of the album entitled "1987 (The JAMs 45 Edits)", stripped of all unauthorised samples to leave periods of protracted silence and so little audible content that it was formally classed as a 12-inch single.
A limited edition release subjected to recall and a destruction order, "1987" became something of a rarity and by 2000 mint condition copies were trading for £60.
New Year's Day1987, Bill Drummonddecided to make a hip-hop record under the pseudonym "The Justified Ancients of Mu Mu". [ BBC Radio 1"Story Of Pop" documentary interview with Bill Drummond. First BBC broadcast believed to have been in [http://open.bbc.co.uk/catalogue/infax/series/STORY+OF+POP late 1994] , and was transmitted by Australian national broadcaster ABC on 1 January 2005 ( [http://www.abc.net.au/rn/pop/default.htm link] ).] Knowing little about modern music technology, he invited Jimmy Cauty, formerly of the band Brilliant, to join him. Cauty readily agreed, and The JAMs' debut single "All You Need Is Love" was independently released on 9 March 1987 as a limited edition one-sided white label12".Longmire, Ernie et al (2005). [http://www.klf.de/discography/ KLF discography] Compiled by Ernie Longmire, this has been the authoritative KLF discography on the internet for some 10 years or more and has been the subject of long-term scrutiny and peer review by KLF fans and collectors. It is now maintained by the fan site klf.de.] Cauty, meanwhile, had assumed the pseudonym "Rockman Rock", and Drummond had become "King Boy D". [King Boy D had been unmasked as Bill Drummond in weekly music paper "NME" as early as 28 March ("World Domination Part 458", " NME", 28 March 1987). However, the music press continued to refer to The JAMs almost exclusively by their pseudonyms throughout their career, and certainly throughout the 1987 articles referenced here. The names "King Boy" and "Rockman" survived The Justified Ancients of Mu-Mu transition into The KLF, although they briefly became "Time Boy" and "Lord Rock" during promotion of The Timelords' single " Doctorin' the Tardis".]
The reaction to "All You Need Is Love" was positive, with the record being made single of the week in the British music weekly, "Sounds" Magazine,"All You Need Is Love" review, "Sounds", 14 March 1987.] and The JAMs lauded as "the hottest, most exhilarating band this year"."The Justified Ancients of Mu Mu", "Sounds", 16 May 1987.] However, "All You Need Is Love"'s blatant reliance on uncleared — and hence illegal — samples made commercial release impossible."Underground" Magazine, April 1987 ( [http://www.libraryofmu.org/display-resource.php?id=25 link] )] The JAMs re-edited the single, removing or doctoring the most antagonistic samples, and re-released it as "All You Need Is Love (106 bpm)" in May 1987. ["The KLF", "
Musicmatch" ( [http://www.mmguide.musicmatch.com/artist/artist.cgi?ARTISTID=348024&TMPL=LONG link] )] According to Drummond, profits from this rerelease funded the recording of their first album.Drummond, B., "KLF Info Sheet", October 1987 ( [http://www.libraryofmu.org/display-resource.php?id=500 link] ). This was the first of many "Information Sheet"s that KLF Communicationswould send out to fans and the press.] The JAMs had completed and pressed copies of the album by early May 1987, but had no distributor. [News item, "Sounds" Magazine, 9 May 1987. "Sounds" reviewed a prerelease copy of the album in the 16 May 1987 edition.]
"1987 (What the Fuck Is Going On?)" was released in June 1987 on The JAMs' own
record label, "The Sound of Mu(sic)". [It would appear that the record was distributed by Rough Trade Distributionbut the available sources are not explicit. Bill Drummond told "Underground" magazine in March 1987 that "we approached Rough Trade but they've not said anything yet." ( [http://www.libraryofmu.org/display-resource.php?id=19 link] ). In " The Manual" (ISBN 0-86359-616-9) the duo said: "Our experience was with Rough Trade. When we went to them with our first record on KLF they didn't want to know. They saw it as something that might sell five hundred copies, the bulk of those going to unsuspecting export accounts. This record then received good reviews in the rock press so they agreed to distribute it. It was not until we were about to record our second LP that they considered it worth their while to handle the manufacturing as well." This is almost certainly a reference to "1987". Manufacture of "1987" was arranged by The JAMs themselves, the record being pressed by MPO in France. (Sources: "Sounds" Magazine, 9 May 1987; "1987" vinyl inner groove).] Like "All You Need Is Love" before it, the album was made using an Apple IIcomputer, a Greengate DS3 digital sampler peripheral card, and a Roland TR-808drum machine."How to recreate that authentic 1987 sound", sleevenotes to "1987: The JAMs 45 Edits", JAMS 25T, KLF Communications( [http://www.libraryofmu.org/display-resource.php?id=515 link] ). Being a guide to recreating the record at home, this communique from The JAMs provided detailed information about the construction of the album and the samples used.] Also as before, The JAMs liberally plagiarised from the history of popular music, cutting chunks from existing works and pasting them into new contexts, stealing "everything" and "taking... plagiarism to its absurd conclusion"."1987 (What the Fuck Is Going On?)" review, " Melody Maker", 20 June 1987.] This mish-mash of samples was underpinned by rudimentary beatboxrhythms and overlayed with Drummond's raps of social commentary, esoteric metaphors and mockery. Drummond:cquote|We'd just got ourselves a sampler, and we went sample-crazy. We just ... went through my whole collection of records, sampling tons of stuff and putting it all together, and it ... was a real rush of excitement, when we were doing it.... When we put that record out, we knew what we were doing was illegal, but we thought it was gonna be such an underground record, nobody would ever hear about it. So the first thing that shocked us is that British rock papers gave a big review.Transcript of a Bill Drummond interview on "Bomlagadafshipoing" (Norwegian national radio house-music show), September 1991 ( [http://www.libraryofmu.org/display-resource.php?id=521 link] ).]
"1987" was reviewed in most of the major British music publications, including "
Melody Maker", " NME", "Sounds", and "Q", and the album came to the attention of the management of Swedish pop group ABBA: [Didcock, Barry, "Bitter Swede symphony", " Sunday Herald" ( Glasgow), 21 October 2001, p4.] The JAMs had sampled large portions of the ABBA single " Dancing Queen" on the track "The Queen And I" (audio| The JAMs - The Queen and I (excerpt).ogg|sample). A legal showdown with ABBA and the Mechanical-Copyright Protection Society(MCPS) followed, "1987" was forcibly withdrawn from sale, and The JAMs were ordered to "deliver up the master tape, mothers, stampers and any other parts commensurate with manufacture of the record". [Davage, I., letter from the MCPS to The JAMs, reproduced in "The KLF 1987 Completeist List" [sic] , an insert to " Who Killed The JAMs?", KLF CommunicationsJAMS LP2, 1988.] News item, "Sounds", 12 September 1987.]
King Boy D and Rockman Rock travelled to ABBA's home country of
Swedenin the hope of meeting with ABBA personally, taking an "NME" journalist and photographer with them, along with most of the remaining copies of the LP. Of these LPs, some were disposed overboard on the North Seaferry trip across, some were given to a prostitute with a very vague resemblance to Agnetha from ABBA, and the remainder were burned in a Swedish field (as shown on the cover of their next album, " Who Killed The JAMs?"). The JAMs also played a recording of "The Queen and I" loudly outside the offices of ABBA's record label, Polar Music. The trip was unexpectedly eventful, The JAMs accidentally hitting and killing a moose, and later being shot at by a farmer, a bullet cracking the engine of their Ford Galaxiepolice car.Brown, J., "Thank You For The Music", " NME", 17 October 1987, "passim".] They were, by their own account, towed back to England by the AA.Smith, M. E., "The Great TUNE Robbery", " Melody Maker", 12 December 1987 ( [http://www.libraryofmu.org/display-resource.php?id=52 link] ).]
The JAMs were not entirely sure what they would have said to ABBA if they had been able to meet them. Rockman told "NME": "We were hoping to explain [our artistic justification] to them and that maybe we'd come out of it friends, you know, them producing our album and us producing theirs - the kind of thing that often happens at these meetings." King Boy: "Yeah, we'd have said, 'Look, you haven't had many hits lately, you don't really wanna bother with all this West End musical shit do you? Come and do the new JAMMS [sic] album.'"
In 1994, "
The Guardian" looked back on the Swedish sojourn as "a grand, futile, attention-grabbing gesture, the kind that would come to characterise [the duo's] collaborative career... "We were being totally stupid about it" Drummond later acknowledged."Sharkey, A., "Trash Art & Kreation", "The Guardian Weekend", 21 May 1994 ( [http://www.libraryofmu.org/display-resource.php?id=384 link] ).]
The JAMs offered what they claimed were "the last five" copies of "1987" for sale at £1000 each in a full-page advertisement in the April 1988 edition of "The Face". [
KLF Communications, advertisement, "The Face", April 1988.] Drummond argued that the offer exploited a loopholein The JAMs' agreement with the MCPS: "We were browsing around this record shop and came across these five copies of "1987".... We made it perfectly clear to the MCPS that we couldn't actually force the shops to send our LPs back.... [B] ecause we bought them in a shop, these LPs don't come into the agreement and we can do what we like with them and not break any laws." [King, S., "Grand Ideas: Part 91", "Sounds", 16 April 1988.]
"1987" is built around samples of other artists' work, "to the point where the presence of original material becomes questionable".Bush, J., "1987 (What the Fuck Is Going On?)" review,
Allmusic( [http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=10:qb6xlfwegcqp link] ). Retrieved 7 October 2006.] The album is raw and unpolished, the sound contrasting sharply with the meticulous production and tight house rhythms of the duo's later work as The KLF.Morton, R., "One Coronation under a Groove", " NME", 12 January 1991 ( [http://www.libraryofmu.org/display-resource.php?id=191 link] ).] [Further commentary on the production values of The KLFis available in many sources, such as the following reviews of their final album, 1991's " The White Room": "the artistic peak of late-'80s acid-house" (Bush, J., Allmusic( [http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=10:63rn286c05ja link] )); "awesome vitality", "more subtle" than previous works (George, Iestyn, "Q" magazine, March 1991 ( [http://www.libraryofmu.org/display-resource.php?id=206 link] )); Harrison, A., "Splendid" Magazine ( [http://www.splendidezine.com/departments/guilty/guilty90604.html link] ).] The beatbox rhythms are basic ("weedy", according to "Q Magazine"),Cranna, I. "1987 (What the Fuck Is Going On?)" review, " Q Magazine", July (?) 1987 ( [http://www.libraryofmu.org/display-resource.php?id=479 link] ).] samples often cut abruptly, and distinctive plagiarised melodies are often played with a high-pitched rasping accompaniment. The plagiarised works are arranged so as to juxtapose with each other as a backdrop for The JAMs' rebellious messages and social comments. [See, for example, "Sounds" Magazine's "All You Need Is Love" review, 14 March 1987, which comments on the juxtaposition of samples of Samantha Foxand " Ring a Ring O'Roses" to " [highlight] explicitly the depth of contradiction embedded in society's attitude towards death through sex". Similar commentary on the situational use of samples was provided in "Melody Maker" 's review of "1987", 20 June 1987.] The lyrics include self-referential statements of The JAMs' agenda, imbued with the fictional backstory adopted from " The Illuminatus! Trilogy". [The duo's adoption of themes from " The Illuminatus! Trilogy" - including their name, The Justified Ancients of Mu Mu - is covered in detail in The KLFand All You Need Is Love (The JAMs song)and is widely referenced in external sources. See, for example: Home, S., "Doctorin' Our Culture", published on the website of The Stewart Home Society ( [http://www.stewarthomesociety.org/klf.htm link] )] Several songs (such as "The Queen and I" and "All You Need Is Love") have specific targets for Drummond's satirical raps.
The album's opening song, "Hey Hey We Are Not
The Monkees", begins with simulated human sexual intercoursenoises arranged as a rhythm. The album's first plagiarism is a sample "Here we come..." from The Monkees' theme. It progresses into a cryptic and bleak spoken verse from Drummond: "Here we come, crawling out of the mud, from chaos primeval to the barnyard sun, dragging our bad selves from one end of time, with nothing to declare but some half-written rhymes". A cacophone of further samples from The Monkees' theme and Drummond's voice follow - "We're not The Monkees, I don't even "like" The Monkees!" - before an abrupt cut takes the track into an original a cappellavocal line that later became The KLF's " Justified and Ancient" ["Formerly part of Hey Hey We Are Not The Monkees", "Justified and Ancient" entry, " The White Room" sleevenotes, JAMS CD6, KLF Communications, 1991.] - "We're justified and we're ancient/We don't want to upset the apple cart/We don't wanna cause any harm"."1987 (What the Fuck is Going On?)" review, "Sounds", 20 June 1987.]
The track ends with a long sample of a
London Undergroundtrain arriving at and leaving a tube station, with its mechanised warning to passengers, "Mind the gap...". "Don't Take Five (Take What You Want)" (audio| The JAMs - Don't Take Five (Take What You Want) (excerpt).ogg|sample) follows, featuring The JAMs' associates Chike (rapper) and DJ Cesare (scratches). Built around The Dave Brubeck Quartet's " Take Five" and Fred Wesley's "Same Beat", the lyrics are cryptic: "I was pushing my trolley from detergent to cheese when I first saw the man with antler ears. I tried to ignore but his gaze held my eyes when he told me the truth about the basket of lies". "Sounds" considered the message of the song (if any) to be secondary to its spirit: "This is piracy in action, with the venerable music industry figure, King Boy D, setting himself up as the Robin Hoodof rap as he steals from the rich vaults of recording history".
The first side of the LP closes with "Rockman Rock (Parts 2 and 3)", a homage to
Jimmy Cautythat plagiarises from an array of sources, including the " Bo Diddley Beat" and "Sunrise Sunset" from the " Fiddler on the Roof" soundtrack.
The second side begins with "Me Ru Con", an emotive Vietnamese song originally titled "Ca Dao Mẹ", written by
Trinh Cong Sonperformed a cappella by The JAMs' friend Duy Khiem. According to Drummond, it was a spontaneous recital by Khiem, who was in the studio contributing clarinet and tenor sax to the album. Khiem's vocal performance was later sampled by The KLF on the ambient housesoundtrack to their movie, " The Rites of Mu".
"The Queen and I" (audio| The JAMs - The Queen and I (excerpt).ogg|sample) features long samples from ABBA's "Dancing Queen", often overlain with a rasping detuned accompaniment. These lead into Drummond's satirical and discontent rapping, a fictional account of his march into the
British House of Commonsand Buckingham Palaceto demand answers. The piece also protests the involvement of cigarette companies in sport ("When cancer is the killer/John Player run the league") and lambasts the "tabloid mentality" ("They all keep talking about Princess Di's dress"). The Sex Pistols' "God Save the Queen" is briefly sampled. After nearly three minutes of pure sample from the television show " Top of the Pops", Drummond cries "Fuck that, let's have The JAMs!". The acerbic "All You Need Is Love (106 bpm)" (audio| The JAMs - All You Need Is Love (106bpm) (excerpt).ogg|sample) follows. A "stunning audio collage" featuring an AIDS public information film, a rerecording of glamour model Samantha Fox's " Touch Me (I Want Your Body)", and the nursery rhyme" Ring a Ring O'Roses", "All You Need Is Love" comments on sex and the British media's reaction to the AIDScrisis. ["All You Need Is Love" review, "Sounds", 14 March 1987.]
The final song is "Next", which Drummond describes as "the only angst-er on the album", with "imagery of war and sordid sex". The track uses Stevie Wonder's "Superstition", Scott Walker's "Next" from "
Scott 2", and Julie Andrews' " The Lonely Goatherd" from "The Sound of Music", alongside Khiem's original melancholy clarinetand tenor saxophonecontributions ("a saxophone of stupefying tediosity", according to Danny KellyKelly, D., "JAMs on dry bread" ("1987 - What The F**k Is Going On?" review), " NME", 20 June 1987 ( [http://www.libraryofmu.org/display-resource.php?id=35 link] )] ).
Bill Drummond summed up The JAMs' approach to composition in the first "KLF Information Sheet", sent out in October 1987: "We made [the album] not giving a shit for soul boy snob values or any other values, we just went in and made the noise we wanted to hear and the stuff that came out of our mouths.... Not a pleasant sound but it's the noise we had. We pressed it up and stuck it out. A celebration of sorts." Jimmy Cauty defended sampling as an artistic practice: "It's not as if we're taking anything away, just borrowing and making things bigger. If you're creative you aren't going to stop working just because there is a law against what you are doing."
In 1991, Drummond admitted: "We didn't listen to "1987 What The Fuck's Going On" for a long time, and when we did we were embarrassed by it because it was so badly recorded. But I still felt we were able to get a lot out of ourselves through it."
Bill Drummond and Jimmy Cauty were responsible for the concept and production of "1987", its lyrics and the TR-808 beatbox rhythms. Drummond provided rap, and an additional rapper introduced as 'Chike' appears on "Don't Take Five (Take What You Want)" and "Rockman Rock (Parts 2 and 3)". Duy Khiem contributed lead vocals to "Me Ru Con", as well as clarinet and tenor sax to "Rockman Rock (Parts 2 and 3)" and "Next". Uncredited female vocalists on "Hey Hey We Are Not The Monkees", "Rockman Rock (Parts 2 & 3)" and "All You Need Is Love (106 bpm)" are identified by one source as
Cressida Cauty(Jimmy's wife) and June Montana, the lead vocalists of the KLF Communicationsside project Disco 2000. [Brown, J., " I Gotta CD" review, " NME", 28 November 1987 ( [http://www.libraryofmu.org/display-resource.php?id=47 link] ).]
"Q" Magazine had criticisms of "1987": that there are "too few ideas being spread too thin", with some songs "overlong" and some questionable sample choices leaving "the impression of a random hotchpotch"; and that The JAMs' "use of the beatbox is altogether weedy". However, "there are some wickedly amusing ideas and moments of pure poetry in the lyrics while some of the musical juxtapositions are both killingly funny and strong enough to stand repeated listenings".
A reviewer for "
Melody Maker" found "1987" "inspirational", and "the most exciting, most original record [he'd] heard in years". However, he, too, thought that: "Some snatches [of plagiarised music] rather outstay their welcome, tugging tell-tale glitz away from the clifftop and dangerously close to smug obviousness, but when the blows are kept short, sharp and very bloody, they make anything else you're very likely to hear on the radio dull and desperately humourless." "It's easy to dismiss The JAMs frolics as little more than a brightly coloured sideshow to the shabbiest circus in town", a later article said, but "believe me, it's far more than a gimmick". ["Excerpts from Amply Sam(ply) Fox's 'Touch Me'", " Melody Maker", 4 July 1987]
In awarding "1987" the maximum five stars, "Sounds"—a publication that offered the duo's work consistent approval—mused, "Taking the sound "of" the moment (hip hop) as a backbone, "1987" steals sound artefacts from anywhere ... and meshes them together with King Boy's hysterical '
Clydeside' rap method with bewildering effect. ... [Y] ou could call this sampling technology's answer to T. S. Eliot's arch cut up work, " The Wasteland". " "What's so good about The JAMs", the magazine said, "is the way they are capturing on disc the whole social and musical confusion and instability of 1987 Britain".
NME"'s Danny Kelly was not so impressed. He, too, felt that the record was short on ideas and The JAMs were not the most skilled of practitioners. "Audacity, completely unfounded self-confidence, utter ruthlessness and a fast car will, of course, be useful attributes to the go-ahead noise-pirate of the 90s, but skill, feel, instinct, vision - y'know, boring old talent - will still be bottom line compulsories.... it's in these latter commodities that the JAMs seem conspicuously undertooled." Compared to the output of DJ Code Moneyor Cut Creator("all humour, vibrancy and colour... - aerosoled version [s] of " The Book of Kells") Kelly felt Drummond's efforts to be a "glitter-crusted charity Christmas card". A later "NME" item, however, called "1987" "the best comment on sampling culture ever made". ["Tate tat and arty", " NME", 20 November 1993 ( [http://www.libraryofmu.org/display-resource.php?id=359 link] )]
A retrospective review by
Allmusicsaid that "1987" is "a hilarious record" filled with "comments on music terrorism and [The JAMs'] own unique take on the Run-D.M.C.type of old-school rapping"; and "The Penguin Price Guide for Record & CD Collectors" called "1987" an "entirely brilliant example of the art of disc-jockey-as-producer".Hamlyn, Nick, "The Penguin Price Guide for Record & CD Collectors" (Fourth Edition), Penguin Books, 2000, ISBN 0-14-051466-X, p526.]
Giving a retrospective review from across the Atlantic, "
Trouser Press" described "1987" as "energetic" and "a loopy dance album that isn't unlike a lot of sampled records, but proceeds from an entirely different cultural understanding." [Robbins, I., Trouser Press( [http://trouserpress.com/entry.php?a=klf link] ). Retrieved 19 April 2006.]
#"Hey Hey We Are Not The Monkees (100 BPM)" [The "BPM" values (
beats per minute) are taken from the sleeve of "1987". They are presented here "as printed on the sleeve" and may not be accurate.] – 6:00
#"Mind the Gap" [unlisted sample of ambient noise in a London Underground station] – 1:02
#"Don't Take Five (Take What You Want) (89 BPM)" – 3:59
#"Rockman Rock Parts 2 and 3 (105 BPM)" – 6:29
#"Why Did You Throw Away Your Giro?" [unlisted] – 0:20
#"Me Ru Con (0 BPM)" – 2:23
#"The Queen and I (99 BPM)" – 4:43
#"Top of the Pops" [unlisted samples of television programmes including "
Top of the Pops"] – 2:51
#"All You Need Is Love (106 BPM)" – 4:55
#"Next (100 BPM)" – 7:15
"1987: The JAMs 45 Edits"
Following the enforced deletion of the "1987" album, the Justified Ancients of Mu Mu promptly released an edited version as a 12" single, with all of the unauthorised samples removed, leaving sparse instrumentation and, in several cases, long periods of silence; the "Top of the Pops" section of the original LP yielded three full minutes of silence on "45 Edits". The edited single was sold through normal retail channels and also offered as a "reward" to anyone who returned a copy of the LP to The JAMs'
post office box. ["Warning", "Sounds", 19 September 1987 ( [http://www.libraryofmu.org/display-resource.php?id=42 link] ).] The single was released on 16 October 1987, and on 31 October 1987 The JAMs announced that the case with ABBA "is now closed". ["Sounds", 31 October 1987] The sleevenotes to "1987: The JAMs 45 Edits" explain to the purchaser in a rather tongue-in-cheek fashion how to recreate the original "1987" album for themselves:cquote|This record is a version of our now deleted and illegal LP '1987, What The Fuck Is Going On?' with all of the copyright infringing 'samples' edited out. As this leaves less than 25 minutes of music we are able to sell it as a 12-inch 45.
If you follow the instructions below you will, after some practice, be able to simulate the sound of our original record. To do this you will need 3 wired-up record decks, a pile of selected discs, one t.v. set and a video machine loaded with a cassette of edited highlights of last weeks 'Top of the Pops'. Deck one is to play this record on, the other two are to scratch in the missing parts using the selected records. For added authentic effect you could use a
Roland 808drum machine (well cheap and what we used in the original recordings) to play along behind your scratching.
Anybody who actually returned the album got rather a raw deal: by 2000, a copy of the original version of "1987" in
mint conditionwas worth £60, whereas a mint copy of "1987: The JAMs 45 Edits" was worth a mere £10.
coauthors= Craig Marks
title= Spin Alternative Record Guide
publisher= Vintage Books
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