List of American Civil War battles


List of American Civil War battles

Contents

The Battles of the American Civil War were fought between April 12, 1861 and May 12–13, 1865 in 23 states (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Virginia and West Virginia[A]) and the District of Columbia, as well as Arizona Territory[B], Colorado Territory, Dakota Territory, Indian Territory, New Mexico Territory, Washington Territory and naval engagements.

For lists of battles organized by campaign and theater, see:

Some battles have more than one name; e.g., Antietam vs. Sharpsburg or Bull Run vs. Manassas. A complete list appears in the article Naming the American Civil War.

Battles of the American Civil War by Theater and Year

Major land battles

The costliest land battles, measured by casualties (killed, wounded, captured, and missing) were:[C]

Battle (State) Date Confederate
Commander
Union Commander Conf.
Forces
Union
Forces
Victor Casualties
Battle of Gettysburg

(Pennsylvania)

01863-07-01July 1, 1863July 1–3, 1863 Robert E. Lee George Meade 71,699 93,921 Union 46,286
U: 23,055
C: 23,231
Seven Days Battles

(Virginia)[D]

01862-06-25June 25, 1862June 25 – July 1, 1862 Robert E. Lee George B. McClellan 92,000 104,100 Confederate 36,059
U: 15,855
C: 20,204
Battle of Chickamauga

(Georgia)

01863-09-19September 19, 1863September 19–20, 1863 Braxton Bragg William Rosecrans 65,000 60,000 Confederate 34,624
U: 16,170
C: 18,454
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

(Virginia)

01864-05-08May 8, 1864May 8–21, 1864 Robert E. Lee Ulysses S. Grant 52,000 100,000 Inconclusive 31,820
U: 18,399
C: 13,421
Battle of Chancellorsville

(Virginia)

01863-05-01May 1, 1863May 1–4, 1863 Robert E. Lee Joseph Hooker 60,892 133,868 Confederate 30,500
U: 17,197
C: 13,303
Battle of the Wilderness

(Virginia)

01864-05-05May 5, 1864May 5–7, 1864 Robert E. Lee Ulysses S. Grant 61,025 101,895 Inconclusive 28,791
U: 17,666
C: 11,125
Battle of Stones River

(Tennessee)

01862-12-31December 31, 1862December 31, 1862 –
January 2, 1863
Braxton Bragg William Rosecrans 35,000 41,400 Union 24,645
U: 12,906
C: 11,739
Battle of Shiloh

(Tennessee)

01862-04-06April 6, 1862April 6–7, 1862 Albert Sidney Johnston,
P. G. T. Beauregard
Ulysses S. Grant 44,699 66,812 Union 23,746
U: 13,047
C: 10,699
Battle of Antietam

(Maryland)

01862-09-17September 17, 1862 Robert E. Lee George B. McClellan 38,000 75,500 Inconclusive;
strategic
Union
victory
22,717
U: 12,401
C: 10,316
Second Battle of Bull Run

(Virginia)

01862-08-29August 29, 1862August 29–30, 1862 Robert E. Lee John Pope 50,000 62,000 Confederate 18,300
U: 10,000
C: 8,300

Battles rated by CWSAC

The American Battlefield Protection Program (ABPP) was established within the United States National Park Service to classify the preservation status of historic battlefield land. In 1993, the Civil War Sites Advisory Commission (CWSAC) reported to Congress and the ABPP on their extensive analysis of significant battles and battlefields. Of the estimated 8,000 occasions in which hostilities occurred in the American Civil War, this table and related articles describe the 384 battles that were classified in CWSAC's Report on the Nation's Civil War Battlefields. In addition to the status of battlefield land preservation (not included in this table) CWSAC rated the military significance of the battles into four classes, as follows:[1]

Class A – Decisive: A general engagement involving field armies in which a commander achieved a vital strategic objective. Such a result might include an indisputable victory on the field or be limited to the success or termination of a campaign offensive. Decisive battles had a direct, observable impact on the direction, duration, conduct, or outcome of the war.
Class B – Major: An engagement of magnitude involving field armies or divisions of the armies in which a commander achieved an important strategic objective within the context of an ongoing campaign offensive. Major battles had a direct, observable impact on the direction, duration, conduct, or outcome of the campaign.
Class C – Formative: An engagement involving divisions or detachments of the field armies in which a commander accomplished a limited campaign objective of reconnaissance, disruption, defense, or occupation. Formative battles had an observable influence on the direction, duration, or conduct of the campaign.
Class D – Limited: An engagement, typically involving detachments of the field armies, in which a commander achieved a limited tactical objective of reconnaissance, defense, or occupation. Limited battles maintained contact between the combatants without observable influence on the direction of the campaign.
Battle Date State CWSAC Outcome
Battle of Fort Sumter 01861-04-12April 12, 1861 South Carolina
A
Confederate victory: Beauregard takes Charleston Federal fort, first battle of American Civil War.
Battle of Sewell's Point 01861-05-18May 18, 1861May 18–19, 1861 Virginia
D
Inconclusive: Union gunboats fight inconclusive battle with Confederate artillery.
Battle of Aquia Creek 01861-05-29May 29, 1861May 29 – June 1, 1861 Virginia
D
Inconclusive: Confederate artillery hit by naval bombardment, later withdrawn.
Battle of Philippi (West Virginia) 01861-06-03June 3, 1861 West Virginia
(Virginia
at the time)[A]
D
Union victory: Union forces rout a small Confederate detachment in Western Virginia.
Battle of Big Bethel 01861-06-10June 10, 1861 Virginia
C
Confederate victory: Union attack on Confederate positions near a church repelled.
Battle of Boonville (Missouri) 01861-06-17June 17, 1861 Missouri
C
Union victory: Union forces defeat pro-Confederate governor's Missouri State Guard.
Battle of Hoke's Run 01861-07-02July 2, 1861 West Virginia
(Virginia
at the time)[A]
D
Union victory: Robert Patterson defeats Jackson's Confederates but fails to capitalize on his victory.
Battle of Carthage 01861-07-05July 5, 1861 Missouri
C
Confederate victory: Confederate victory in Missouri during U.S. Civil War.
Battle of Rich Mountain 01861-07-11July 11, 1861 West Virginia
(Virginia
at the time)[A]
B
Union victory: Confederate force split in half mid-battle; one half surrenders, the other escapes.
Battle of Blackburn's Ford 01861-07-18July 18, 1861 Virginia
C
Confederate victory: Irvin McDowell's recon-in-force defeated at Manassas.
First Battle of Bull Run
or First Manassas
01861-07-21July 21, 1861 Virginia
A
Confederate victory: McDowell loses to J.E. Johnston, Beauregard; Jackson named "Stonewall".
Battle of Wilson's Creek 01861-08-10August 10, 1861 Missouri
A
Confederate victory: Union forces lose, first major battle west of the Mississippi.
Battle of Kessler's Cross Lanes 01861-08-26August 26, 1861 West Virginia
(Virginia
at the time)[A]
D
Confederate victory: Confederates surprise and defeat Union forces.
Battle of Hatteras Inlet Batteries 01861-08-28August 28, 1861August 28–29, 1861 North Carolina
C
Union victory: Union forces capture two North Carolina forts.
Battle of Dry Wood Creek 01861-09-02September 2, 1861 Missouri
D
Confederate victory: Union cavalry from Kansas defeated by Missouri State Guard.
Battle of Carnifex Ferry 01861-09-10September 10, 1861 West Virginia
(Virginia
at the time)[A]
B
Union victory: Confederates withdraw by night after several hours of fighting.
Battle of Cheat Mountain 01861-09-12September 12, 1861September 12–15, 1861 West Virginia
(Virginia
at the time)[A]
B
Union victory: 300 Union troops withstand uncoordinated Confederate attacks.
First Battle of Lexington 01861-09-13September 13, 1861September 13–20, 1861 Missouri
C
Confederate victory: Union forces badly defeated by Missouri State Guard.
Battle of Liberty 01861-09-17September 17, 1861 Missouri
D
Confederate victory: Minor Missouri State Guard victory.
Battle of Barbourville 01861-09-19September 19, 1861 Kentucky
D
Confederate victory:Zollicoffer raided a Federal recruitment camp and brought a counter-thrust.
Battle of Greenbrier River 01861-10-03October 3, 1861 West Virginia
(Virginia
at the time)[A]
D
Inconclusive: Confederates withdraw after inconclusive battle.
Battle of Santa Rosa Island 01861-10-09October 9, 1861 Florida
C
Union victory: Union forces repel Confederate attempt to capture island.
Battle of Camp Wildcat 01861-10-21October 21, 1861 Kentucky
C
Union victory: Confederates chased from Cumberland Gap
Battle of Fredericktown 01861-10-21October 21, 1861 Missouri
D
Union victory: Missouri State Guard defeated.
Battle of Ball's Bluff 01861-10-21October 21, 1861 Virginia
B
Confederate victory: 550 Union soldiers captured.
First Battle of Springfield 01861-10-25October 25, 1861 Missouri
D
Union victory: Union forces capture town.
Battle of Belmont 01861-11-07November 7, 1861 Missouri
C
Inconclusive: Grant captures and destroys Confederate supplies near Cairo, Illinois.
Battle of Ivy Mountain 01861-11-08November 8, 1861November 8–9, 1861 Kentucky
D
Union victory:
Battle of Round Mountain 01861-11-19November 19, 1861 Oklahoma
(Indian Territory
at the time)
D
Confederate victory: Opothleyahola's Unionist Creeks and Seminoles defeated near present-day Stillwater.
Battle of Chusto-Talasah 01861-12-09December 9, 1861 Oklahoma
(Indian Territory
at the time)
D
Confederate victory: Opothleyahola defeated near present-day Tulsa.
Battle of Camp Allegheny 01861-12-13December 13, 1861 West Virginia
(Virginia
at the time)[A]
C
Inconclusive: Confederates withstand Union attack.
Battle of Rowlett's Station 01861-12-17December 17, 1861 Kentucky
D
Inconclusive:
Battle of Dranesville 01861-12-20December 20, 1861 Virginia
C
Union victory: Union defeats Confederate forces under J.E.B. Stuart.
Battle of Chustenahlah 01861-12-26December 26, 1861 Oklahoma
(Indian Territory
at the time)
B
Confederate victory: Opothleyahola defeated, flees to Kansas.
Battle of Mount Zion Church 01861-12-28December 28, 1861 Missouri
D
Union victory: Union victory in Northeastern Missouri.
Battle of Cockpit Point 01862-01-03January 3, 1862 Virginia
C
Inconclusive: Inconclusive Civil War battle in Virginia.
Battle of Hancock 01862-01-05January 5, 1862January 5–6, 1862 Maryland
D
Inconclusive: Unsuccessful Confederate attack on Maryland town.
Battle of Roan's Tan Yard 01862-01-08January 8, 1862 Missouri
D
Union victory: Confederates routed.
Battle of Middle Creek 01862-01-10January 10, 1862 Kentucky
C
Union victory: Union forces under James A. Garfield defeat Confederates under Humphrey Marshall.
Battle of Mill Springs 01862-01-19January 19, 1862 Kentucky
B
Union victory: Union victory, Felix Zollicoffer killed.
Battle of Fort Henry 01862-02-06February 6, 1862 Tennessee
B
Union victory: Ulysses S. Grant and Foote's gunboats gain control of Tennessee River
Battle of Roanoke Island 01862-02-07February 7, 1862February 7–8, 1862 North Carolina
B
Union victory: Union forces under Ambrose E. Burnside capture island.
Battle of Fort Donelson 01862-02-11February 11, 1862February 11–16, 1862 Tennessee
A
Union victory: Confederate army surrenders to Grant, Union gains control of Cumberland River
Battle of Valverde 01862-02-20February 20, 1862February 20–21, 1862 New Mexico
(New Mexico Territory
at the time)
B
Confederate victory: Union forces routed in New Mexico Territory.
Battle of Island Number Ten
(Battle of New Madrid)
01862-02-28February 28, 1862February 28 –
April 8, 1862
Missouri
A
Union victory: Union victory by Pope.
Battle of Pea Ridge 01862-03-06March 6, 1862March 6–8, 1862 Arkansas
A
Union victory: Union victory ensured continued Union control of Missouri.
Battle of Hampton Roads 01862-03-09March 9, 1862 Virginia
B
Inconclusive: USS Monitor battles CSS Virginia, battle ends in a draw.
Battle of New Bern 01862-03-14March 14, 1862 North Carolina
B
Union victory: Union troops disembark from ships and capture the town.
First Battle of Kernstown 01862-03-23March 23, 1862 Virginia
B
Union victory: Union forces defeat Confederates under "Stonewall" Jackson.
Battle of Fort Macon 01862-03-23March 23, 1862March 23–26, 1862 North Carolina
C
Union victory: Confederate fort surrenders after Union artillery bombardment.
Battle of Glorieta Pass 01862-03-26March 26, 1862March 26–28, 1862 New Mexico
(New Mexico Territory
at the time)
A
Union victory: Union forces outmaneuver Confederates near Santa Fe.
Siege of Yorktown (1862)
(Battle of Yorktown)
01862-04-05April 5, 1862 April 5 – May 4, 1862 Virginia
B
Inconclusive: Union troops win skirmish near site of decisive Revolutionary War battle.
Battle of Shiloh 01862-04-06April 6, 1862April 6–7, 1862 Tennessee
A
Union victory: Grant repulses Albert Sidney Johnston and P.G.T. Beauregard.
Battle of Fort Pulaski 01862-04-10April 10, 1862April 10–11, 1862 Georgia
B
Union victory: Union blockade closes Savannah, Georgia. Parrott rifle makes masonry forts obsolete.
Battle of Forts Jackson and St. Philip 01862-04-18April 18, 1862April 18–28, 1862 Louisiana
A
Union victory: Decisive battle for possession of New Orleans.
Battle of South Mills 01862-04-19April 19, 1862 North Carolina
D
Inconclusive: Confederates thwart attempt to destroy a canal.
Capture of New Orleans 01862-04-25April 25, 1862April 25 – May 1, 1862 Louisiana
B
Union victory: Union forces capture city.
Siege of Corinth 01862-04-29April 29, 1862April 29 – May 30, 1862 Mississippi
A
Union victory: Union forces capture town, Beauregard tricks Union in order to escape to Tupelo.
Battle of Williamsburg 01862-05-05May 5, 1862 Virginia
B
Inconclusive: McClellan and Longstreet fight inconclusive battle.
Battle of Eltham's Landing 01862-05-07May 7, 1862 Virginia
D
Inconclusive: Inconclusive Civil War battle in Virginia.
Battle of McDowell 01862-05-08May 8, 1862May 8–9, 1862 Virginia
C
Confederate victory: Stonewall Jackson's Confederates defeat Union forces.
Battle of Drewry's Bluff 01862-05-15May 15, 1862 Virginia
B
Confederate victory: Union naval attack repelled by Confederate artillery.
Battle of Princeton Court House 01862-05-15May 15, 1862May 15–17, 1862 West Virginia
(Virginia
at the time)[A]
C
Confederate victory:
Battle of Front Royal 01862-05-23May 23, 1862 Virginia
C
Confederate victory: Stonewall Jackson threatens the Union rear, forces their retreat.
First Battle of Winchester 01862-05-25May 25, 1862 Virginia
A
Confederate victory: Stonewall Jackson defeats Nathaniel P. Banks.
Battle of Hanover Court House 01862-05-27May 27, 1862 Virginia
C
Union victory: Union victory during U.S. Civil War.
Battle of Seven Pines 01862-05-31May 31, 1862May 31 – June 1, 1862 Virginia
B
Inconclusive: J.E. Johnston attacks Union forces, wounded, inconclusive
Battle of Tranter's Creek 01862-06-05June 5, 1862 North Carolina
D
Union victory: Confederate forces retreat after Colonel Singletary is killed.
Battle of Memphis 01862-06-06June 6, 1862 Tennessee
B
Union victory: Union forces capture the city.
First Battle of Chattanooga 01862-06-07June 7, 1862June 7–8, 1862 Tennessee
D
Union victory: Union forces bombard the town.
Battle of Cross Keys 01862-06-08June 8, 1862 Virginia
B
Confederate victory: John C. Fremont defeated by elements of Stonewall Jackson's force.
Battle of Port Republic 01862-06-09June 9, 1862 Virginia
B
Confederate victory: Costly victory for Stonewall Jackson.
Battle of James Island
(Battle of Secessionville)
01862-06-16June 16, 1862 South Carolina
B
Confederate victory: Union repulsed, Union commander later court-martialed for disobeying orders.
Battle of Saint Charles 01862-06-17June 17, 1862 Arkansas
C
Union victory: The USS Mound City is hit by Confederate shore gun and explodes.
Battle of Simmon's Bluff 01862-06-21June 21, 1862 South Carolina
D
Union victory:
Battle of Oak Grove 01862-06-25June 25, 1862 Virginia
D
Inconclusive: (Seven Days) Indecisive battle between McClellan and Lee.
Battle of Beaver Dam Creek 01862-06-26June 26, 1862 Virginia
B
Union victory: (Seven Days) Robert E. Lee defeated.
Battle of Gaines' Mill 01862-06-27June 27, 1862 Virginia
A
Confederate victory: (Seven Days) Lee defeats McClellan.
Battle of Garnett's & Golding's Farm 01862-06-27June 27, 1862June 27–28, 1862 Virginia
D
Inconclusive: (Seven Days) Indecisive battle between Lee and McClellan.
Battle of Savage's Station 01862-06-29June 29, 1862 Virginia
C
Inconclusive: (Seven Days) Union forces withdraw.
Battle of Tampa 01862-06-30June 30, 1862June 30 – July 1, 1862 Florida
D
Confederate victory: Union gunboat attacks, but later withdraws.
Battle of Glendale 01862-06-30June 30, 1862 Virginia
B
Inconclusive: (Seven Days) McClellan retreats from Lee's Confederates.
Battle of White Oak Swamp 01862-06-30June 30, 1862 Virginia
C
Inconclusive: Indecisive artillery duel.
Battle of Malvern Hill 01862-07-01July 1, 1862 Virginia
A
Union victory: (Seven Days) McClellan defeats Lee but withdraws after battle.
Battle of Cotton Plant
(Battle of Hill's Plantation)
01862-07-07July 7, 1862 Arkansas
D
Union victory: Union victory in Arkansas.
First Battle of Murfreesboro 01862-07-13July 13, 1862 Tennessee
C
Confederate victory.
Battle of Baton Rouge 01862-08-05August 5, 1862 Louisiana
B
Union victory:
Battle of Kirksville 01862-08-06August 6, 1862August 6–9, 1862 Missouri
D
Union victory: Union forces capture town.
First Battle of Donaldsonville 01862-08-09August 9, 1862 Louisiana
D
Union victory:
Battle of Cedar Mountain 01862-08-09August 9, 1862 Virginia
B
Confederate victory: Union forces repelled by Confederate counter-attack.
First Battle of Independence 01862-08-11August 11, 1862 Missouri
D
Confederate victory: Confederate victory near Kansas City.
Battle of Lone Jack 01862-08-15August 15, 1862August 15–16, 1862 Missouri
D
Confederate victory: Confederate victory, Union commander killed. Rebels forced to withdraw after battle.
Battle of Fort Ridgely 01862-08-21August 21, 1862August 21–22, 1862 Minnesota
C
* Dakota War of 1862: Failed Santee Sioux attack on Union controlled fort.
First Battle of Rappahannock Station 01862-08-22August 22, 1862August 22–25, 1862 Virginia
D
Inconclusive: Union supplies destroyed during skirmish.
Battle of Manassas Station Ops. 01862-08-25August 25, 1862August 25–27, 1862 Virginia
B
Confederate victory: Jackson turns into Pope's rear area; destroys Manassas Station.
Second Battle of Bull Run
or Second Manassas
01862-08-28August 28, 1862August 28–30, 1862 Virginia
A
Confederate victory: Lee defeats Pope's Army of Virginia
Battle of Thoroughfare Gap 01862-08-28August 28, 1862 Virginia
C
Confederate victory: Longstreet defeats small Union force to arrive at Manassas battlefield.
Battle of Richmond (Kentucky) 01862-08-30August 30, 1862 Kentucky
B
Confederate victory: Edmund Kirby Smith routs Union army under Brig. Gen. William "Bull" Nelson.
Battle of Chantilly 01862-09-01September 1, 1862 Virginia
B
Inconclusive: Union forces nearly being cut off, Isaac Stevens and Philip Kearny are killed.
Battle of Harpers Ferry 01862-09-12September 12, 1862September 12–15, 1862 West Virginia
(Virginia
at the time)[A]
B
Confederate victory: Stonewall Jackson captures Union garrison.
Battle of Munfordville 01862-09-14September 14, 1862September 14–17, 1862 Kentucky
B
Confederate victory: Union force surrenders.
Battle of South Mountain 01862-09-14September 14, 1862 Maryland
B
Union victory: McClellan defeats Lee.
Battle of Antietam 01862-09-17September 17, 1862 Maryland
A
Inconclusive: Strategic Union victory. McClellan ends Lee's invasion of North, bloodiest day of war.
Battle of Shepherdstown 01862-09-19September 19, 1862September 19–20, 1862 West Virginia
(Virginia
at the time)[A]
C
Confederate victory: Confederate brigades counterattack and defeat pursuing Union brigades.
Battle of Iuka 01862-09-19September 19, 1862 Mississippi
C
Union victory: Grant is victorious near Mississippi town.
Battle of Wood Lake 01862-09-23September 23, 1862 Minnesota
C
* Dakota War of 1862: Overwhelming defeat of Santee Sioux forces during the Dakota War of 1862.
First Battle of Sabine Pass 01862-09-24September 24, 1862 Texas
C
Union victory:
First Battle of Newtonia 01862-09-30September 30, 1862 Missouri
C
Union victory: Union forces panic under bombardment from Confederate artillery.
Battle of Saint John's Bluff 01862-10-01October 1, 1862October 1–3, 1862 Florida
D
Union victory:
Second Battle of Corinth
(Battle of Corinth)
01862-10-03October 3, 1862October 3–4, 1862 Mississippi
B
Union victory: Confederate attack fails.
Battle of Galveston Harbor (1862)
(First Battle of Galveston)
01862-10-04October 4, 1862 Texas
D
Union victory:
Battle of Hatchie's Bridge 01862-10-05October 5, 1862 Tennessee
C
Inconclusive: Confederate force under Earl Van Dorn escapes across river.
Battle of Perryville 01862-10-08October 8, 1862 Kentucky
A
Union victory: Tactically indecisive battle that ended Braxton Bragg's Kentucky campaign.
Battle of Old Fort Wayne 01862-10-22October 22, 1862 Oklahoma
(Indian Territory
at the time)
D
Union victory:
Battle of Georgia Landing 01862-10-27October 27, 1862 Louisiana
C
Union victory:
Battle of Clark's Mill 01862-11-07November 7, 1862 Missouri
D
Confederate victory: Union force surrenders to larger Confederate force.
Battle of Cane Hill 01862-11-28November 28, 1862 Arkansas
C
Confederate victory: Small Confederate force delays Union while larger force escapes.
Battle of Prairie Grove 01862-12-07December 7, 1862 Arkansas
B
Union victory: Union secures NW Arkansas.
Battle of Hartsville 01862-12-07December 7, 1862 Tennessee
C
Confederate victory: Disguised in Union uniforms, Confederates infiltrate and defeat Union forces.
Battle of Fredericksburg 01862-12-13December 13, 1862 Virginia
A
Confederate victory: Lee beats back repeated frontal assaults by Burnside.
Battle of Kinston 01862-12-14December 14, 1862 North Carolina
D
Union victory: Union forces under John G. Foster defeat Confederates under Nathan Evans.
Battle of White Hall 01862-12-16December 16, 1862 North Carolina
D
Inconclusive: Foster fights indecisive battle with Beverly Robertson.
Battle of Goldsboro Bridge 01862-12-17December 17, 1862 North Carolina
C
Union victory: Foster defeats Confederates and destroys the bridge.
Battle of Jackson, Tennessee 01862-12-19December 19, 1862 Tennessee
D
Union victory: Confederate feint to distract Union forces.
Battle of Chickasaw Bayou 01862-12-26December 26, 1862December 26–29, 1862 Mississippi
B
Confederate victory: (Vicksburg Campaign) Union attack on Confederate right flank thwarted.
Battle of Parker's Cross Roads 01862-12-31December 31, 1862 Tennessee
C
Confederate victory: Confederates repel Union double-pronged assault.
Battle of Stones River
(Second Battle of Murfreesboro)
01862-12-31December 31, 1862December 31, 1862 –
January 2, 1863
Tennessee
A
Union victory: Forces fight to draw
Battle of Galveston
(Second Battle of Galveston)
01863-01-01January 1, 1863 Texas
B
Confederate victory: John B. Magruder expells occupying Union troops from Galveston, Texas.
Second Battle of Springfield 01863-01-08January 8, 1863 Missouri
D
Union victory: Confederates enter town, but are unable to take nearby fort.
Battle of Fort Hindman (Battle of Arkansas Post) 01863-01-09January 9, 1863 Arkansas
C
Union victory: Part of Vicksburg Campaign, fight for control of mouth of Arkansas River.
Battle of Hartville 01863-01-09January 9, 1863January 9–11, 1863 Missouri
D
Confederate victory: Confederates are victorious, but unable to continue raid.
Bear River Massacre 01863-01-29January 29, 1863 Idaho
(Washington Territory
at the time)
C
* Indian Wars: Shoshone forces massacred by Union troops.
Battle of Dover 01863-02-03February 3, 1863 Tennessee
D
Union victory: Failed Confederate attack on town.
Battle of Fort McAllister (1863) 01863-03-05March 5, 1863 Georgia
C
Confederate victory:
Battle of Thompson's Station 01863-03-05March 5, 1863 Tennessee
C
Confederate victory:
Battle of Fort Anderson 01863-03-13March 13, 1863March 13–15, 1863 North Carolina
D
Union victory: Daniel H. Hill leads unsuccessful Confederate attack on New Bern.
Battle of Kelly's Ford 01863-03-17March 17, 1863 Virginia
C
Confederate victory: Indecisive cavalry battle during Civil War.
Battle of Vaught's Hill 01863-03-20March 20, 1863 Tennessee
D
Union victory: Union forces withstand attack by John Hunt Morgan's Confederates.
Battle of Brentwood 01863-03-25March 25, 1863 Tennessee
D
Confederate victory: Union force surrenders.
Battle of Washington, NC 01863-03-30March 30, 1863March 30 – April 20, 1863 North Carolina
D
Inconclusive: Hill unable to take North Carolina town from Union forces.
First Battle of Charleston Harbor 01863-04-07April 7, 1863 South Carolina
C
Confederate victory:
Battle of Franklin (1863) 01863-04-10April 10, 1863 Tennessee
D
Union victory: Confederates withdraw after rearguard defeat.
Battle of Suffolk (Hill's Point)
(Battle of Fort Huger)
01863-04-11April 11, 1863April 11 – May 4, 1863 Virginia
C
Inconclusive
Battle of Suffolk (Norfleet House);
Siege of Suffolk
01863-04-11April 11, 1863April 11 – May 4, 1863 Virginia
C
Inconclusive: Twin battles fought over Suffolk.
Battle of Fort Bisland 01863-04-12April 12, 1863April 12–13, 1863 Louisiana
D
Union victory:
Battle of Irish Bend 01863-04-14April 14, 1863 Louisiana
C
Union victory:
Battle of Vermillion Bayou 01863-04-17April 17, 1863 Louisiana
D
Union victory:
Battle of Cape Girardeau 01863-04-26April 26, 1863 Missouri
D
Union victory: Confederate attack fails.
Battle of Grand Gulf 01863-04-29April 29, 1863 Mississippi
C
Confederate victory: Unsuccessful naval attack by Grant's forces.
Battle of Snyder's Bluff 01863-04-29April 29, 1863April 29 – May 1, 1863 Mississippi
D
Confederate victory: Union feint during Vicksburg Campaign.
Battle of Day's Gap 01863-04-30April 30, 1863 Alabama
C
Union victory: Union victory during a raid in Alabama.
Battle of Chancellorsville 01863-04-30April 30, 1863April 30 – May 6, 1863 Virginia
A
Confederate victory: Lee defeats Hooker's Army of Potomac, Jackson mortally wounded.
Battle of Port Gibson 01863-05-01May 1, 1863 Mississippi
B
Union victory: in Vicksburg campaign, Grant defeats Confederates
Battle of Chalk Bluff 01863-05-01May 1, 1863May 1–2, 1863 Arkansas
D
Confederate victory: Confederates win but can't continue raid.
Second Battle of Fredericksburg 01863-05-03May 3, 1863 Virginia
B
Union victory: Union forces under John Sedgwick defeat Confederate forces left to guard the town by Lee.
Battle of Salem Church 01863-05-03May 3, 1863May 3–4, 1863 Virginia
B
Confederate victory: Lee defeats Sedgwick.
Battle of Raymond 01863-05-12May 12, 1863 Mississippi
B
Union victory: Failed Confederate attempt to protect Vicksburg from approaching Federals.
Battle of Jackson, Mississippi 01863-05-14May 14, 1863 Mississippi
B
Union victory: Sherman, McPherson defeat Johnston
Battle of Champion Hill 01863-05-16May 16, 1863 Mississippi
A
Union victory: Grant defeats Confederates.
Battle of Big Black River Bridge 01863-05-17May 17, 1863 Mississippi
B
Union victory: Confederate forces trapped in Vicksburg.
Siege of Vicksburg 01863-05-18May 18, 1863May 18 – July 4, 1863 Mississippi
A
Union victory: the siege ends; Grant accepts surrender of second Confederate army.
Battle of Plains Store 01863-05-21May 21, 1863 Louisiana
C
Union victory: Union victory near Baton Rouge.
Siege of Port Hudson 01863-05-21May 21, 1863May 21 – July 9, 1863 Louisiana
A
Union victory: last Confederate stronghold on Mississippi surrenders.
Battle of Milliken's Bend 01863-06-07June 7, 1863 Louisiana
C
Union victory: Confederates unable to break Siege of Vicksburg.
Battle of Brandy Station 01863-06-09June 9, 1863 Virginia
B
Inconclusive: Pleasonton surprises J.E.B. Stuart's cavalrymen in their camps near Brandy Station.
Second Battle of Winchester 01863-06-13June 13, 1863June 13–15, 1863 Virginia
B
Confederate victory: Confederate victory paves way for Lee's invasion.
Battle of Aldie 01863-06-17June 17, 1863 Virginia
C
Inconclusive: Indecisive battle during Robert E. Lee's march north.
Battle of Middleburg 01863-06-17June 17, 1863June 17–19, 1863 Virginia
C
Inconclusive: J.E.B. Stuart retreats from engagement with Union cavalry.
Battle of LaFourche Crossing 01863-06-20June 20, 1863June 20–21, 1863 Louisiana
D
Union victory:
Battle of Upperville 01863-06-21June 21, 1863 Virginia
C
Inconclusive: Indecisive cavalry battle during Lee's invasion.
Battle of Hoover's Gap 01863-06-24June 24, 1863June 24–26, 1863 Tennessee
C
Union victory: Union victory prevents Confederates in Tennessee from coming to the aid of Vicksburg.
Second Battle of Donaldsonville 01863-06-28June 28, 1863 Louisiana
D
Union victory:
Battle of Goodrich's Landing 01863-06-29June 29, 1863June 29–30, 1863 Louisiana
D
Inconclusive: Confederates drive Union Black Regiments off of several plantations.
Battle of Hanover 01863-06-30June 30, 1863 Pennsylvania
C
Inconclusive: J.E.B. Stuart forced to change his route, delaying his efforts to unite with Lee's force outside Gettysburg.
Battle of Cabin Creek 01863-07-01July 1, 1863July 1–2, 1863 Oklahoma
(Indian Territory
at the time)
C
Union victory:
Battle of Gettysburg 01863-07-01July 1, 1863July 1–3, 1863 Pennsylvania
A
Union victory: Lee loses to Meade, Pickett's Charge fails, ends second invasion of North.
Battle of Helena 01863-07-04July 4, 1863 Arkansas
B
Union victory: Confederate assault on river port fails securing eastern Arkansas for Union.
Battle of Williamsport 01863-07-06July 6, 1863July 6–16, 1863 Maryland
C
Inconclusive: Meade and Lee fight indecisive battle.
Battle of Boonsboro 01863-07-08July 8, 1863 Maryland
D
Inconclusive: Indecisive action at rearguard of Lee's retreat.
Battle of Corydon 01863-07-09July 9, 1863 Indiana
C
Confederate victory: Confederate raid results in civilian casualties, including a Lutheran minister.
Battle of Fort Wagner 01863-07-11July 11, 1863 South Carolina
D
Confederate victory: first of two Union attempts to take Ft. Wagner.
Battle of Kock's Plantation 01863-07-12July 12, 1863July 12–13, 1863 Louisiana
C
Confederate victory:
Battle of Grimball's Landing 01863-07-16July 16, 1863 South Carolina
D
Inconclusive:
Battle of Honey Springs 01863-07-17July 17, 1863 Oklahoma
(Indian Territory
at the time)
B
Union victory: In Indian Territory, two largely Black and Native American forces meet. Union victory.
Second Battle of Fort Wagner
(Battle of Fort Wagner, Morris Island)
01863-07-18July 18, 1863 South Carolina
B
Confederate victory: second of two Union attempts to take Ft. Wagner fails, heroism of the 54th Massachusetts.
Battle of Buffington Island 01863-07-19July 19, 1863 Ohio
D
Union Victory:
Battle of Manassas Gap 01863-07-23July 23, 1863 Virginia
D
Inconclusive: Indecisive battle by day, Confederates withdraw by night.
Battle of Big Mound 01863-07-24July 24, 1863July 24–25, 1863 North Dakota
(Dakota Territory
at the time)
C
* Dakota War of 1862: Union forces defeat Santee and Teton Sioux forces.
Battle of Dead Buffalo Lake 01863-07-26July 26, 1863 North Dakota
(Dakota Territory
at the time)
D
* Sioux Wars/Dakota War of 1862: Sibley defeats Sioux forces.
Battle of Salineville 01863-07-26July 26, 1863 Ohio
D
Union victory: Confederate Brigadier General John Hunt Morgan surrenders in Ohio: the Northernmost U.S. Civil War Battle.
Battle of Stony Lake 01863-07-28July 28, 1863 North Dakota
(Dakota Territory
at the time)
D
* Dakota War of 1862: Sioux forces escape Union forces in pursuit.
Second Battle of Fort Sumter 01863-08-17August 17, 1863August 17 –
September 9, 1863
South Carolina
B
Confederate victory: Union's massive bombardment and naval attack fails to retake the fort.
Second Battle of Charleston Harbor 01863-08-17August 17, 1863August 17 –
September 8, 1863
South Carolina
B
Inconclusive:
Second Battle of Chattanooga 01863-08-21August 21, 1863August 21 –
September 8, 1863
Tennessee
D
Union victory: Union captures town.
Lawrence Massacre
(Quantrill's Raid)
01863-08-23August 23, 1863 Kansas
C
Confederate victory: Quantrill's Raiders pillage the city.
Battle of Devil's Backbone 01863-09-01September 1, 1863 Arkansas
C
Union victory: Union victory after heavy fighting.
Battle of Whitestone Hill 01863-09-03September 3, 1863September 3–5, 1863 North Dakota
(Dakota Territory
at the time)
D
* Sioux Wars/Dakota War of 1862: Union forces defeat several Native American tribes including Sioux and Blackfeet.
Second Battle of Sabine Pass 01863-09-08September 8, 1863 Texas
B
Confederate victory: Confederate forces place stakes in river to help aim their guns at Union ships.
Battle of Bayou Fourche 01863-09-10September 10, 1863 Arkansas
B
Union victory: Union victory allows for capture of Little Rock.
Battle of Davis's Cross Roads 01863-09-10September 10, 1863September 10–11, 1863 Georgia
C
Union victory: Union forces establish defensive positions prior to Chickamauga.
Battle of Chickamauga 01863-09-19September 19, 1863 Georgia
A
Confederate victory: Bragg defeats Rosecrans, George Thomas of US anointed "The Rock of Chickamauga"
Battle of Blountville
(Battle of Blountsville)
01863-09-22September 22, 1863 Tennessee
D
Union victory: Union forces capture town.
Battle of Stirling's Plantation 01863-09-29September 29, 1863 Louisiana
D
Confederate victory:
Battle of Fort Blair
(Battle of Baxter Springs)
01863-10-06October 6, 1863 Kansas
C
Confederate victory: Quantrill's Raiders massacre Union Black Troops during U.S. Civil War.
Battle of Blue Springs 01863-10-10October 10, 1863 Tennessee
D
Union victory: Confederate forces overrun.
First Battle of Auburn 01863-10-13October 13, 1863 Virginia
D
Union victory: J.E.B. Stuart escapes by hiding in a ravine.
Battle of Bristoe Station 01863-10-14October 14, 1863 Virginia
B
Union victory: Meade defeats elements of Lee's forces, but Confederates destroy railroad during retreat.
Second Battle of Auburn 01863-10-14October 14, 1863 Virginia
D
Inconclusive: Confederates attack Union rearguard, indecisive.
Battle of Fort Brooke 01863-10-16October 16, 1863October 16–18, 1863 Florida
D
Union victory:
Battle of Buckland Mills 01863-10-19October 19, 1863 Virginia
D
Confederate victory: Union cavalry caught in ambush, defeated.
Battle of Pine Bluff 01863-10-25October 25, 1863 Arkansas
D
Union victory: Confederate attack fails.
Battle of Wauhatchie 01863-10-28October 28, 1863October 28–29, 1863 Tennessee
B
Union victory: Longstreet defeated by Union forces.
Battle of Collierville 01863-11-03November 3, 1863 Tennessee
D
Union victory: Abortive Confederate attack on the town.
Battle of Droop Mountain 01863-11-06November 6, 1863 West Virginia
C
Union victory:
Second Battle of Rappahannock Station 01863-11-07November 7, 1863 Virginia
B
Union victory: Union forces surge across river, forcing Lee to retreat.
Battle of Campbell's Station 01863-11-16November 16, 1863 Tennessee
D
Union victory: Confederate double-envelopment attempt fails.
Chattanooga Campaign 01863-11-23November 23, 1863November 23–25, 1863 Tennessee
A
Union victory: Grant defeats Braxton Bragg and relieves Union forces besieged in Chattanooga.
Battle of Mine Run 01863-11-27November 27, 1863November 27 –
December 2, 1863
Virginia
B
Inconclusive: Meade bombards Lee's Confederates but then withdraws.
Battle of Ringgold Gap 01863-11-27November 27, 1863 Georgia
B
Confederate victory: Confederates under Patrick Cleburne defeat Union forces under Joseph Hooker.
Battle of Fort Sanders 01863-11-29November 29, 1863 Tennessee
B
Union victory: Longstreet unable to take fort due to poor quality gunpowder.
Battle of Bean's Station 01863-12-14December 14, 1863 Tennessee
D
Confederate victory: Union forces withdraw a short distance.
Battle of Mossy Creek 01863-12-29December 29, 1863 Tennessee
D
Union victory: Confederate cavalry forced back.
Battle of Dandridge 01864-01-17January 17, 1864 Tennessee
C
Confederate victory: Union forces withdraw.
Battle of Athens 01864-01-26January 26, 1864 Alabama
D
Union victory: Union victory in Northern Alabama.
Battle of Fair Garden 01864-01-27January 27, 1864 Tennessee
C
Inconclusive: Union victory followed by withdrawal.
Battle of Morton's Ford 01864-02-06February 6, 1864February 6–7, 1864 Virginia
D
Inconclusive: Diversionary Union attack.
Battle of Middle Boggy Depot 01864-02-13February 13, 1864 Oklahoma
(Indian Territory
at the time)
D
Union victory:
Battle of Meridian 01864-02-14February 14, 1864February 14–20, 1864 Mississippi
C
Union victory: Sherman occupies town
Battle of Olustee 01864-02-20February 20, 1864 Florida
B
Confederate victory: Union can't take Florida
Battle of Okolona 01864-02-22February 22, 1864 Mississippi
B
Confederate victory: Confederate cavalry, commanded by Maj. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest, routed 7,000 cavalry under the command of Brig. Gen. William Sooy Smith.
First Battle of Dalton 01864-02-22February 22, 1864February 22–27, 1864 Georgia
C
Confederate victory
Battle of Walkerton 01864-03-02March 2, 1864 Virginia
C
Confederate victory: controversy surrounding the Dahlgren Affair.
Battle of Fort De Russy 01864-03-12March 12, 1864 Louisiana
B
Union victory: Fort DeRussy fell and the Red River to Alexandria was open.
Battle of Paducah 01864-03-25March 25, 1864 Kentucky
C
Confederate victory: Confederate raid by Forrest successful.
Battle of Elkin's Ferry 01864-04-03April 3, 1864April 3–4, 1864 Arkansas
C
Union victory: Confederates unable to prevent Union river crossing.
Battle of Mansfield 01864-04-08April 8, 1864 Louisiana
A
Confederate victory: Banks Union Red River Campaign halted by the Confederates.
Battle of Prairie D'Ane 01864-04-09April 9, 1864April 9–13, 1864 Arkansas
B
Union victory: Frederick Steele defeats Sterling Price.
Battle of Pleasant Hill 01864-04-09April 9, 1864 Louisiana
B
Union victory: Confederate attack fails.
Battle of Fort Pillow 01864-04-12April 12, 1864 Tennessee
B
Confederate victory: N.B. Forrest takes fort, massacres black soldiers.
Battle of Blair's Landing 01864-04-12April 12, 1864April 12–13, 1864 Louisiana
C
Union victory:
Battle of Plymouth 01864-04-17April 17, 1864 North Carolina
C
Confederate victory: Confederate land forces, supported by naval ram, retake two Union forts near Plymouth, North Carolina.
Battle of Poison Spring 01864-04-18April 18, 1864 Arkansas
C
Confederate victory: Part of Red River Campaign in Arkansas, black troops massacred.
Battle of Monett's Ferry 01864-04-23April 23, 1864 Louisiana
C
Union victory: Confederate forces driven back.
Battle of Marks' Mills 01864-04-25April 25, 1864 Arkansas
D
Confederate victory: Part of Red River Campaign in Arkansas.
Battle of Jenkins' Ferry 01864-04-30April 30, 1864 Arkansas
C
Union victory: Part of Red River Campaign in Arkansas.
Battle of Albemarle Sound 01864-05-05May 5, 1864 North Carolina
C
Inconclusive: Indecisive naval battle during U.S. Civil War.
Battle of the Wilderness 01864-05-05May 5, 1864May 5–7, 1864 Virginia
A
Inconclusive: Grant and Lee meet inconclusively.
Battle of Port Walthall Junction 01864-05-06May 6, 1864May 6–7, 1864 Virginia
C
Union victory: Union forces destroy railroad
Battle of Rocky Face Ridge 01864-05-07May 7, 1864May 7–13, 1864 Georgia
C
Union victory: Indecisive battle near Atlanta.
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House 01864-05-08May 8, 1864May 8–21, 1864 Virginia
A
Inconclusive: Grant and Lee meet inconclusively, Grant writes to Halleck "I propose to fight it out on this line if it takes all summer".
Battle of Swift Creek 01864-05-09May 9, 1864 Virginia
C
Inconclusive: Union forces damage railroad, but are stopped by Confederate forces.
Battle of Cloyd's Mountain 01864-05-09May 9, 1864 Virginia
C
Union victory: Union victory, Confederate General Albert G. Jenkins killed.
Battle of Chester Station 01864-05-10May 10, 1864 Virginia
D
Inconclusive: Union forces under Benjamin Butler pushed back.
Battle of Cove Mountain 01864-05-10May 10, 1864 Virginia
D
Union victory: Union victory after brief battle.
Battle of Yellow Tavern 01864-05-11May 11, 1864 Virginia
C
Union victory: Union forces win cavalry battle, J.E.B. Stuart is mortally wounded.
Battle of Proctor's Creek 01864-05-12May 12, 1864May 12–16, 1864 Virginia
B
Confederate victory: Beauregard defeats Butler.
Battle of Resaca 01864-05-13May 13, 1864 Georgia
C
Inconclusive: Sherman defeats Johnston
Battle of New Market 01864-05-15May 15, 1864 Virginia
B
Confederate victory: Confederate forces halt Union army under Franz Sigel from advance up Shenandoah Valley.
Battle of Mansura 01864-05-16May 16, 1864 Louisiana
C
Union victory:
Battle of Adairsville 01864-05-17May 17, 1864 Georgia
C
Union victory: Failed Confederate attempt to destroy part of the Union force approaching Atlanta.
Battle of Yellow Bayou 01864-05-18May 18, 1864 Louisiana
C
Union victory:
Battle of Buffington Island 01864-05-18May 18, 1864 Ohio
C
Union victory:
Battle of Ware Bottom Church 01864-05-20May 20, 1864 Virginia
C
Confederate victory: Beauregard boxes Butler in.
Battle of North Anna 01864-05-23May 23, 1864May 23–26, 1864 Virginia
B
Inconclusive: Lee outmaneuvers Grant, but because of illness, he is unable to capitalize.
Battle of Wilson's Wharf 01864-05-24May 24, 1864 Virginia
D
Union victory: Confederates under Fitzhugh Lee defeated by two Union black regiments.
Battle of New Hope Church 01864-05-25May 25, 1864May 25–26, 1864 Georgia
C
Confederate victory: Hooker's forces defeated.
Battle of Dallas (Georgia) 01864-05-26May 26, 1864May 26 – June 4, 1864 Georgia
C
Union victory: Confederate withdrawal in Georgia.
Battle of Pickett's Mill 01864-05-27May 27, 1864 Georgia
C
Confederate victory: Unsuccessful attack by Sherman on Johnston.
Battle of Haw's Shop 01864-05-28May 28, 1864 Virginia
C
Union victory: Union advance halted.
Battle of Totopotomoy Creek 01864-05-28May 28, 1864May 28–30, 1864 Virginia
B
Inconclusive: Union forces pushed back.
Battle of Old Church 01864-05-30May 30, 1864 Virginia
C
Union victory: Union forces drive Confederates back to Cold Harbor.
Battle of Cold Harbor 01864-05-31May 31, 1864May 31 –
June 12, 1864
Virginia
A
Confederate victory: Lee repulses Grant, Confederate general says "This is not war, this is murder".
Battle of Piedmont 01864-06-05June 5, 1864 Virginia
B
Union victory: Union forces under David Hunter defeat Confederate defenses on march to Staunton, Virginia, upper Shenandoah Valley.
Battle of Old River Lake 01864-06-06June 6, 1864 Arkansas
D
Union victory:
Battle of Marietta 01864-06-06June 6, 1864June 6 – July 3, 1864 Georgia
B
Union victory: Sherman defeats Johnston.
First Battle of Petersburg 01864-06-09June 9, 1864 Virginia
D
Confederate victory: Beauregard defeats Butler.
Battle of Brice's Crossroads 01864-06-10June 10, 1864 Mississippi
B
Confederate victory: N.B. Forrest routs Union force almost three times as large.
Battle of Cynthiana 01864-06-11June 11, 1864June 11–12, 1864 Kentucky
C
Union victory: Union Brig. Gen. Stephen Gano Burbridge defeated Confederate Brig. Gen. John Hunt Morgan. Most Confederate soldiers were casualties, though Morgan escaped.]
Battle of Trevilian Station 01864-06-11June 11, 1864June 11–12, 1864 Virginia
B
Confederate victory: Confederate victory, George Armstrong Custer nearly surrounded and has to be rescued by Sheridan.
Second Battle of Petersburg 01864-06-15June 15, 1864June 15–18, 1864 Virginia
A
Confederate victory: Lee repulses Grant at back door to Richmond.
Battle of Lynchburg 01864-06-17June 17, 1864June 17–18, 1864 Virginia
B
Confederate victory: Fake Confederate reinforcements lead to Union retreat.
Battle of Jerusalem Plank Road 01864-06-21June 21, 1864June 21–24, 1864 Virginia
B
Inconclusive: Union siege lines extended for Siege of Petersburg.
Battle of Kolb's Farm 01864-06-22June 22, 1864 Georgia
C
Union victory: Confederate attack fails due to poor terrain conditions.
Battle of Saint Mary's Church 01864-06-24June 24, 1864 Virginia
D
Inconclusive: Union forces fight a successful delaying action.
Battle of Staunton River Bridge 01864-06-25June 25, 1864 Virginia
C
Confederate victory:
Battle of Kennesaw Mountain 01864-06-27June 27, 1864 Georgia
B
Confederate victory: Johnston repulses Sherman.
Battle of Sappony Church 01864-06-28June 28, 1864 Virginia
D
Confederate victory:
First Battle of Ream's Station 01864-06-29June 29, 1864 Virginia
C
Confederate victory:
Battle of Monocacy
(Battle of Monocacy Junction)
01864-07-09July 9, 1864 Maryland
B
Confederate victory: Union Gen. Lew Wallace slows up Jubal Early, saving DC.
Battle of Fort Stevens 01864-07-11July 11, 1864July 11–12, 1864 District of Columbia
B
Union victory: Failed Confederate attempt to capture Washington, D.C., President Lincoln, observing the battle, comes under Confederate fire.
Battle of Tupelo 01864-07-14July 14, 1864July 14–15, 1864 Mississippi
B
Union victory: Union victory, Nathan Bedford Forrest
Battle of Cool Spring 01864-07-18July 18, 1864July 18–19, 1864 Virginia
C
Confederate victory:
Battle of Peachtree Creek 01864-07-20July 20, 1864 Georgia
B
Union victory: (Atlanta Campaign) First Confederate attack against Union forces north of Atlanta fails.
Battle of Rutherford's Farm 01864-07-20July 20, 1864 Virginia
D
Union victory: Confederates under Jubal Early caught by surprise and defeated.
Battle of Atlanta 01864-07-22July 22, 1864 Georgia
B
Union victory: (Atlanta Campaign) Sherman turns back Hood's attack east of Atlanta.
Second Battle of Kernstown 01864-07-24July 24, 1864 Virginia
B
Confederate victory: Jubal Early defeats Union forces.
Battle of Killdeer Mountain
01864-07-26July 26, 1864 North Dakota
(Dakota Territory
at the time)
C
* Sioux Wars/Dakota War of 1862: Union forces defeat Sioux.
First Battle of Deep Bottom 01864-07-27July 27, 1864July 27–29, 1864 Virginia
C
Confederate victory:
Battle of Ezra Church 01864-07-28July 28, 1864 Georgia
B
Union victory: (Atlanta Campaign) Confederate attack on Union army northwest of Atlanta fails to gain element of surprise, finding entrenched Union forces. Union victory.
Battle of the Crater 01864-07-30July 30, 1864 Virginia
A
Confederate victory: Lee defeats Burnside.
Battle of Folck's Mill 01864-08-01August 1, 1864 Maryland
D
Inconclusive: Indecisive Civil War battle.
Battle of Mobile Bay 01864-08-02August 2, 1864August 2–23, 1864 Alabama
A
Union victory: David Farragut takes port, says "Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead".
Battle of Utoy Creek 01864-08-05August 5, 1864August 5–7, 1864 Georgia
C
Inconclusive: (Atlanta Campaign) Indecisive battle on Union right flank near Atlanta.
Battle of Moorefield 01864-08-07August 7, 1864 West Virginia
C
Union victory:
Second Battle of Dalton 01864-08-14August 14, 1864August 14–15, 1864 Georgia
D
Union victory: Union forces withstand attack until relieved.
Second Battle of Deep Bottom 01864-08-14August 14, 1864August 14–20, 1864 Virginia
B
Confederate victory: The Confederates drove back the Union threat, but at a cost of diluting their forces as the Union had hoped.
Battle of Guard Hill 01864-08-16August 16, 1864 Virginia
C
Inconclusive:
Battle of Globe Tavern 01864-08-18August 18, 1864August 18–21, 1864 Virginia
B
Union victory: Confederate forces lose control of railroads at Petersburg.
Battle of Lovejoy's Station 01864-08-20August 20, 1864 Georgia
D
Confederate victory: Confederates repel Union raiders attacking the station.
Second Battle of Memphis 01864-08-21August 21, 1864 Tennessee
C
Union victory: Partially successful Confederate raid.
Battle of Summit Point 01864-08-21August 21, 1864 West Virginia
D
Inconclusive:
Second Battle of Ream's Station 01864-08-25August 25, 1864 Virginia
B
Confederate victory: Union lines overrun by Confederates.
Battle of Smithfield Crossing 01864-08-25August 25, 1864August 25–29, 1864 West Virginia
D
Inconclusive:
Battle of Jonesborough 01864-08-31August 31, 1864August 31 –
September 1, 1864
Georgia
A
Union victory: William J. Hardee's Confederates defeated, resulting in Atlanta's fall the following day.
Battle of Berryville 01864-09-03September 3 1864September 3–4, 1864 Virginia
C
Inconclusive: At the same time Confederate Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early sent Maj. Gen. Joseph B. Kershaw's division to attack Colonel Joseph Thoburn's division of the VIII Corps, and Kershaw initially routed Thoburn's left flank. Darkness ended the fighting. The next morning, Early, seeing the strength of the Union's entrenched line, retreated behind Opequon Creek.
Battle of Opequon
(Third Battle of Winchester)
01864-09-19September 19, 1864 Virginia
A
Union victory: Sheridan defeats Early, several officers killed or wounded on both sides.
Battle of Fisher's Hill 01864-09-02September 2, 1864September 21–22, 1864 Virginia
B
Union victory: Successful Union frontal assault.
Battle of Fort Davidson 01864-09-27September 27, 1864 Missouri
B
Union victory: Union forces detonate their own fort after losing to Confederates.
Battle of Chaffin's Farm
(Battle of Market Heights)
01864-09-29September 29, 1864September 29–30, 1864 Virginia
B
Union victory: Union forces victorious, but fail to capture several forts.
Battle of Peebles' Farm 01864-09-30September 30, 1864September 30 – October 2, 1864 Virginia
B
Union victory: Union victory near Petersburg.
First Battle of Saltville 01864-10-01October 1, 1864October 1–3, 1864 Virginia
C
Confederate victory: Confederates defeat Union Black Cavalry, war crimes committed against captured blacks.
Battle of Allatoona 01864-10-05October 5, 1864 Georgia
B
Union victory: Union fortifications hold.
Battle of Darbytown and New Market 01864-10-07October 7, 1864 Virginia
C
Union victory:
Battle of Tom's Brook 01864-10-09October 9, 1864 Virginia
C
Union victory: Union cavalry defeats Confederates.
Battle of Darbytown Road 01864-10-13October 13, 1864 Virginia
D
Union victory: Confederate attack repelled near Richmond.
Battle of Glasgow 01864-10-15October 15, 1864 Missouri
C
Confederate victory: Union forces surrender.
Second Battle of Lexington 01864-10-19October 19, 1864 Missouri
D
Confederate victory: Union forces driven out of town.
Battle of Cedar Creek 01864-10-19October 19, 1864 Virginia
A
Union victory: Sheridan defeats Early, drives Confederates from Shenandoah Valley.
Battle of Little Blue River 01864-10-21October 21, 1864 Missouri
D
Confederate victory: Confederate victory in Missouri.
Battle of Byram's Ford 01864-10-22October 22, 1864October 22–23, 1864 Missouri
B
Union victory: Confederates under Marmaduke defeated.
Second Battle of Independence 01864-10-22October 22, 1864 Missouri
C
Confederate victory: Union forces occupy town.
Battle of Westport 01864-10-23October 23, 1864 Missouri
A
Union victory: Union forces win decisive battle to take control of Missouri.
Battle of Marais des Cygnes 01864-10-25October 25, 1864 Kansas
C
Union victory: Price's Confederates pursued into Kansas.
Battle of Mine Creek 01864-10-25October 25, 1864 Kansas
C
Union victory: Price's army crushed, flees back into Missouri.
Battle of Marmiton River 01864-10-25October 25, 1864 Missouri
D
Union victory: Price escapes Union pursuit.
Battle of Decatur 01864-10-26October 26, 1864October 26–29, 1864 Alabama
C
Union victory: Confederates unable to cross river.
Battle of Boydton Plank Road 01864-10-27October 27, 1864October 27–28, 1864 Virginia
B
Inconclusive: Union forces take control of road, but withdraw after battle.
Battle of Fair Oaks & Darbytown Road 01864-10-27October 27, 1864October 27–28, 1864 Virginia
C
Confederate victory:
Second Battle of Newtonia 01864-10-28October 28, 1864 Missouri
B
Union victory: James G. Blunt defeats Joseph O. Shelby.
Battle of Johnsonville 01864-11-04November 4, 1864November 4–5, 1864 Tennessee
B
Confederate victory: Confederates bombard Union forces during the night after a fire starts near union positions.
Battle of Bull's Gap 01864-11-11November 11, 1864November 11–13, 1864 Tennessee
D
Confederate victory: Minor Confederate victory during U.S. Civil War.
Battle of Griswoldville 01864-11-22November 22, 1864 Georgia
B
Union victory: Sherman's march to the sea continued.
Battle of Columbia 01864-11-24November 24, 1864 Tennessee
C
Confederate victory: Confederates divert attention.
Battle of Buck Head Creek 01864-11-28November 28, 1864 Georgia
C
Union victory:
Battle of Spring Hill 01864-11-29November 29, 1864 Tennessee
B
Union victory: Confederate mistakes allow Federal forces to redeploy, leading to the Battle of Franklin.
Sand Creek massacre 01864-11-29November 29, 1864 Colorado
(Colorado Territory
at the time)
B
* Colorado War: U.S. forces massacre Cheyenne and Arapaho.
Battle of Honey Hill 01864-11-30November 30, 1864 South Carolina
C
Confederate victory: The third battle of Sherman's March to the Sea was a failed Union Army expedition under Maj. Gen. John P. Hatch that attempted to cut off the Charleston and Savannah Railroad in support of Sherman's projected arrival in Savannah.
Battle of Franklin (1864) 01864-11-30November 30, 1864 Tennessee
A
Union victory: Hood attacks Schofield but suffers crushing losses; Pickett's Charge of the West.
Battle of Waynesboro (Georgia) 01864-12-04December 4, 1864 Georgia
C
Union victory: Kilpatrick stops Wheeler from attacking Sherman.
Third Battle of Murfreesboro 01864-12-05December 5, 1864December 5–7, 1864 Tennessee
D
Union victory: Confederate raid mostly unsuccessful.
First Battle of Fort Fisher 01864-12-07December 7, 1864December 7–27, 1864 North Carolina
C
Confederate victory: Failed Union attempt to take fort.
Second Battle of Fort McAllister 01864-12-13December 13, 1864 Georgia
B
Union victory:
Battle of Nashville 01864-12-15December 15, 1864December 15–16, 1864 Tennessee
A
Union victory: Thomas attacks and virtually destroys Hood's Confederate Army of Tennessee.
Battle of Marion 01864-12-17December 17, 1864December 17–18, 1864 Virginia
D
Union victory:
Second Battle of Saltville 01864-12-20December 20, 1864December 20–21, 1864 Virginia
C
Union victory: Confederate forces retreated, and General George Stoneman's troops entered the town and destroyed the saltworks.
Second Battle of Fort Fisher 01865-01-13January 13, 1865January 13–15, 1865 North Carolina
A
Union victory: Union takes fort.
Battle of Rivers' Bridge 01865-02-03February 3, 1865 South Carolina
D
Union victory: Union forces capture river crossing.
Battle of Hatcher's Run 01865-02-05February 5, 1865February 5–7, 1865 Virginia
B
Union victory: Union force launch unexpected attack.
Battle of Wilmington (North Carolina) 01865-02-22February 22, 1865 North Carolina
D
Union victory: Last Confederate port falls.
Battle of Waynesboro 01865-03-02March 2, 1865 Virginia
B
Union victory: Remnants of Confederate Army of the Valley are destroyed.
Battle of Natural Bridge 01865-03-06March 6, 1865 Florida
C
Confederate victory: Confederate victory in Florida prevents the capture of Tallahassee.
Battle of Wyse Fork 01865-03-07March 7, 1865March 7–10, 1865 North Carolina
D
Union victory: Confederate attacks repelled by Union artillery.
Battle of Monroe's Cross Roads 01865-03-10March 10, 1865 North Carolina
D
Inconclusive:
Battle of Averasborough 01865-03-16March 16, 1865 North Carolina
C
Inconclusive: Union and Confederate forces attack one another in turn, both attacks fail.
Battle of Bentonville 01865-03-19March 19, 1865March 19–21, 1865 North Carolina
A
Union victory: Sherman defeats Confederates
Battle of Fort Stedman 01865-03-25March 25, 1865 Virginia
A
Union victory: Lee attempts to break siege.
Battle of Spanish Fort 01865-03-27March 27, 1865March 27 – April 8, 1865 Alabama
B
Union victory: Union forces capture fort just east of Mobile.
Battle of Lewis's Farm 01865-03-29March 29, 1865 Virginia
C
Union victory: Union forces capture Confederate earthworks.
Battle of White Oak Road 01865-03-31March 31, 1865 Virginia
B
Union victory: Confederate forces under Richard H. Anderson defeated.
Battle of Dinwiddie Court House 01865-03-31March 31, 1865 Virginia
C
Confederate victory: Pickett defeats Sheridan.
Battle of Five Forks 01865-04-01April 1, 1865 Virginia
A
Union victory: Sheridan routs Confederates in last important battle of American Civil War.
Battle of Selma 01865-04-02April 2, 1865 Alabama
B
Union victory: Wilson defeats Forrest.
Third Battle of Petersburg 01865-04-02April 2, 1865 Virginia
A
Union victory: Grant defeats Lee.
Battle of Sutherland's Station 01865-04-02April 2, 1865 Virginia
C
Union victory: Lee's supply lines are cut.
Battle of Fort Blakely 01865-04-02April 2, 1865April 2–9, 1865 Alabama
A
Union victory: Union forces capture fort outside of Mobile.
Battle of Namozine Church 01865-04-03April 3, 1865 Virginia
D
Confederate victory: Several Confederates captured, Custer's brother earns Medal of Honor.
Battle of Amelia Springs 01865-04-05April 5, 1865 Virginia
C
Inconclusive:
Battle of Rice's Station 01865-04-06April 6, 1865 Virginia
D
Union victory:
Battle of Sayler's Creek
(or Sailor's Creek)
01865-04-06April 6, 1865 Virginia
B
Union victory: Union victory, Lee realizes his army will not last long.
Battle of High Bridge 01865-04-06April 6, 1865April 6–7, 1865 Virginia
C
Inconclusive: Union forces thwart Lee's attempts to burn bridges and to resupply, Grant proposes that Lee surrender, but he refuses.
Battle of Cumberland Church 01865-04-07April 7, 1865 Virginia
C
Confederate victory: Union forces attack Confederate rearguard, but darkness cuts the attack short.
Battle of Appomattox Station 01865-04-08April 8, 1865 Virginia
B
Union victory: Union forces thwart Lee's final attempt to resupply.
Battle of Appomattox Court House 01865-04-09April 9, 1865 Virginia
A
Union victory: Lee's forces surrounded. He subsequently surrenders.
Battle of Palmito Ranch 01865-05-12May 12, 1865May 12–13, 1865 Texas
D
Confederate victory: Confederate victory in Texas during final phases of the Civil War.

Other USA/CSA battles

Other non-Indian wars battles and skirmishes not rated by CWSAC.

Battle Date State Outcome
Battle of Gloucester Point 01861-05-07May 7, 1861 Virginia Inconclusive: Earliest exchange of gunfire between the Union Navy and organized Rebel forces after the surrender of Fort Sumter
Battle of Pig Point 01861-06-05June 5, 1861 Virginia Confederate victory: Early skirmish between Union gunboat USS Harriet Lane and a shore battery and rifle company of CSA defenders at Pig Point in Portsmouth, Virginia near Hampton Roads, Virginia.
Battle of Cole Camp 01861-06-19June 19, 1861 Missouri Confederate victory: Pro-Confederate Missouri State Guard defeat pro-Union Missouri Home Guard at Cole Camp
Battle of Mathias Point 01861-06-27June 27, 1861 Virginia Confederate victory: Confederates repulse the Union attack and kill Commander James H. Ward of the Union Potomac Flotilla, the first Union Navy officer killed during the Civil War.
Battle of Corrick's Ford 01861-07-13July 13, 1861 West Virginia
(Virginia
at the time)[A]
Union victory: Confederate Brig. Gen. Robert S. Garnett is the first general killed in the Civil War.
First Battle of Mesilla 01861-07-25July 25, 1861 New Mexico
(New Mexico Territory
at the time)
Confederate victory: Confederate victory secures the southern part of the New Mexico Territory for the CSA.
Battle of Athens 01861-08-05August 5, 1861 Missouri Union victory: Union victory in small skirmish in Missouri
Battle of Charleston (1861) (Missouri) 01861-08-19August 19, 1861 Missouri Union victory: Union force destroys Confederate camp.
Battle of Canada Alamosa 01861-09-24September 24, 1861 September 24–25, 1861 New Mexico
(New Mexico Territory
at the time)
Confederate victory: One of several small cavalry skirmishs in Confederate Arizona near the border with Union New Mexico Territory.
Battle of Cockle Creek 01861-10-05October 5, 1861 Virginia Union victory: ends Confederate smuggling up the Chincoteague Bay.
Battle of the Head of Passes 01861-10-12October 12, 1861 Louisiana Confederate victory: Naval forces square-off at the mouth of the Mississippi River.
Battle of Port Royal 01861-11-07November 7, 1861 South Carolina Union victory: Union fleet under S. F. Du Pont capture Confederate forts at Hilton Head, South Carolina.
Skirmish at Blackwater Creek 01861-12-19December 19, 1861 Missouri Union victory: Union forces under General Pope capture a newly-recruited Missouri State Guard regiment.
Battle of Elizabeth City 01862-02-10February 10, 1862 North Carolina Union victory: Destruction of the Mosquito Fleet.
Stanwix Station 01862-03-30March 30, 1862 Arizona
(New Mexico Territory
at the time)
Union victory: Westernmost skirmish of the war.
Battle of Peralta 01862-04-15April 15, 1862 New Mexico
(New Mexico Territory
at the time)
Union victory: Union forces defeat the 5th Texas Mounted Volunteers.
Battle of Picacho Pass 01862-04-15April 15, 1862 Arizona
(New Mexico Territory
at the time)
Confederate victory: Confederate pickets defeat Union cavalry patrol.
Battle of Whitney's Lane 01862-05-19May 19, 1862 Arkansas Union victory: Union campaign towards Little Rock, Arkansas halted.
Capture of Tucson (1862) 01862-05-20May 20, 1862 Arizona
(New Mexico Territory
at the time)
Union victory: A Union force of 2,000 took the city from ten Tucson militiamen without a shot fired.
Battle of Compton's Ferry 01862-08-11August 11, 1862 Missouri Union victory:
Battle of Charleston (1862) 01862-09-13September 13, 1862 West Virginia
(Virginia
at the time)[A]
Confederate victory: Confederate troops occupy Charleston during Kanawha Valley offensive.
Battle of Crampton's Gap 01862-09-14September 14, 1862 Maryland Union victory: Union broke the Confederate line and drove through the gap. Confederates were strategically successful in stalling the Union advance and protecting the rear of their forces engaged at Harpers Ferry.
Skirmish at Island Mound 01862-10-27October 27, 1862October 27–29, 1862 Missouri Union victory:
Yazoo Pass Expedition 01863-02-03February 3, 1863February 3 –
April 12, 1863
Mississippi Confederate victory: Elaborate amphibious Union flanking maneuver is thwarted by Confederates at Fort Pemberton during the Vicksburg campaign.
Battle of Portland Harbor 01863-06-27June 27, 1863 Maine Union victory: Naval engagement.
Battle of Sporting Hill 01863-06-30June 30, 1863 Pennsylvania Inconclusive: Small skirmish during the Gettysburg Campaign was the northernmost engagement of Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia during the Civil War.
Battle of Carlisle 01863-07-01July 1, 1863 Pennsylvania Inconclusive: Small, but strategically important skirmish during the Gettysburg Campaign.
Battle of Hunterstown 01863-07-02July 2, 1863 Pennsylvania Inconclusive: Minor cavalry engagement during the Gettysburg Campaign
Battle of Fairfield 01863-07-03July 3, 1863 Pennsylvania Confederate victory: Cavalry engagement during the Gettysburg Campaign secured the important Hagerstown Road.
Battle of Funkstown 01863-07-10July 10, 1863 Maryland Inconclusive: Action during Lee's retreat to Virginia after the Battle of Gettysburg.
Draft Riots 01863-07-13July 13, 1863July 13–16, 1863 New York
Battle of Bayou Bourbeux 01863-11-03November 3, 1863 Louisiana Confederate victory: Confederate District of Western Louisiana troops attack the isolated rear guard during Union withdrawal from Opelousas.
Battle of Laredo 01864-03-18March 18, 1864 Texas Confederate victory: Union force sent to destroy 05,000 bales of cotton
Battle of Salyersville 01864-04-13April 13, 1864April 13–14, 1864 Kentucky Union victory: Confederates were driven into Salyersville with heavy losses.
Battle of Cherbourg (1864)
(Sinking of CSS Alabama)
01864-06-19June 19, 1864 (Naval engagement) Union victory: USS Kearsarge sinks CSS Alabama
Battle of Camden Point 01864-07-13July 13, 1864 Missouri Union victory:
Battle of Brown's Mill 01864-07-30July 30, 1864 Georgia Confederate victory: cavalry engagement during Atlanta campaign
Battle of Gainesville 01864-08-17August 17, 1864 Florida Confederate victory:
Battle of Marianna 01864-09-27September 27, 1864 Florida Union victory: Cavalry raid into Florida panhandle.
St. Albans raid 01864-10-19October 19, 1864 Vermont Confederate victory: Northernmost land action of the American Civil War
Sherman's March to the Sea 01864-11-16November 16, 1864November 16 –
December 21, 1864
Georgia Union victory: Union forces under Sherman advance from Atlanta to Savannah, Georgia, destroying Southern infrastructure along a wide path.
Battle of Anthony's Hill (Battle of King's Hill) 01864-12-24December 24, 1864 Tennessee Confederate victory: Forrest turns back Union pursuers after the Battle of Nashville.
Battle of Broxton Bridge 01865-02-02February 2, 1865 South Carolina [2]
Battle of Fort Myers 01865-02-20February 20, 1865 Florida Union victory: Southernmost land battle of the war.
Battle of Morrisville 01865-04-13April 13, 1865April 13–15, 1865 North Carolina Union victory: Last cavalry battle of the War.
Battle of West Point 01865-04-16April 16, 1865 Georgia Union victory: Union victory during final phase of U.S. Civil War.
Battle of Columbus (1865) (Battle of Girard) 01865-04-16April 16, 1865 Georgia Union victory: during final phase of war.
Battle of Anderson 01865-05-01May 1, 1865 South Carolina Inconclusive: Minor skirmish.
Battle of Crooked Creek in Cullman County, Alabama sortkey Alabama
Battle of Aiken sortkey South Carolina
Battle of Pocotaligo sortkey South Carolina

Other battles in the Indian Wars

Other battles and skirmishes, not rated by CWSAC, of the Indian Wars between either USA or CSA forces and the Apache, Arapaho, Cheyenne, Comanche, Dakota, Kiowa, Navajo, and Shoshone which occurred during the American Civil War – including: the Apache Wars, Colorado War, Dakota War of 1862, and Navajo Wars.

Battle Date State Outcome
Siege of Tubac 01861-08-16August, 1861 Arizona
(New Mexico Territory
at the time)
Apache victory. Confederate militia and townspeople flee to Tucson.
First Battle of Dragoon Springs 01862-05-05May 5, 1862 Arizona
(New Mexico Territory
at the time)
Apache victory. Westernmost Confederate battle fatalities.
Second Battle of Dragoon Springs 01862-05-09May 9, 1862 Arizona
(New Mexico Territory
at the time)
Confederate victory. Livestock recaptured.
Battle of Apache Pass 01862-07-15July 15, 1862July 15–16, 1862 Arizona
(New Mexico Territory
at the time)
Apache Wars: Union soldiers fight with Apache warriors.
Battles of New Ulm 01862-08-19August 19, 1862August 19 and 23, 1862 Minnesota Dakota War of 1862: Two battles in the Dakota War of 1862.
Battle of Birch Coulee 01862-09-02September 2, 1862 Minnesota Dakota War of 1862: Worst defeat of Union forces during the Dakota War of 1862.
Battle of Canyon de Chelly 01864-01-12January 12, 1864January 12–14, 1864 Arizona
(Arizona Territory
at the time)
US victory
First Battle of Adobe Walls 01864-11-25November 25, 1864 Texas American Indian Wars: Kit Carson fights Kiowa forces to a draw, but manages to destroy their settlement.
Battle of Dove Creek 01865-01-08January 8, 1865 Texas Kickapoo victory: Texas State Militia and CS troops are defeated by Kickapoo Indians.
Battle of Fort Buchanan 01865-02-17February 17, 1865 Arizona
(Arizona Territory
at the time)
Apache victory. Fort Buchanan destroyed.

Troop engagements

This is a chronological summary and record of every engagement between the troops of the Union and of the Confederacy, showing the total losses and casualties in each engagement. It was collated and compiled from the Official Records of the War Department.

This summary has been divided by year:

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n On June 19, 1861, at the Second Wheeling Convention, delegates from western Virginia formed the Unionist "Restored government of Virginia" in Wheeling opposed to the secessionist government in Richmond.[3] West Virginia became the 35th state in the Union on June 20, 1863.[4][5]
  2. ^ Arizona Territory (USA) was split from New Mexico Territory on February 24, 1863. The geographically different Arizona Territory (CSA), known as Confederate Arizona, was officially declared on August 1, 1861.
  3. ^ All strengths and casualties are cited in the named articles. The Siege of Vicksburg (37,532 total casualties) and the Battle of Fort Donelson (16,537) have been omitted from this list because the casualty figures include very high percentages of Confederate soldiers surrendered.}}
  4. ^ It is arguable whether the Seven Days Battles should be classified as a multiple-day battle or as a campaign.

References

  1. ^ CWSAC Report
  2. ^ Durgan, Jerry (March 8, 2011). "Last stand: Battle for Broxton Bridge reenactment draws hundreds of students, spectators". The Times and Democrat (Orangeburg, SC). http://thetandd.com/news/local/article_0db24a72-4917-11e0-9977-001cc4c002e0.html. Retrieved October 28, 2011. 
  3. ^ "First Session of the Second Wheeling Convention". State of West Virginia Division of Culture and History. http://www.wvculture.org/history/statehood/statehood07.html. Retrieved May 19, 2011. 
  4. ^ Lincoln, Abraham. "Statehood Proclamation". State of West Virginia Division of Culture and History. http://www.wvculture.org/hiStory/statehood/statehoodproclamation.html. Retrieved May 19, 2011. 
  5. ^ "West Virginians Approve the Willey Amendment". State of West Virginia Division of Culture and History. http://www.wvculture.org/hiStory/statehood/statehood15.html. Retrieved May 19, 2011. 
  • Lossing, Benson J., LL.D. A History of the Civil War 1861–65.

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