Typhoons in the Philippines

Typhoons in the Philippines describes the most notable tropical cyclones to enter the Philippine Area of Responsibility and affect the Philippines. Bagyo is the name of any tropical cyclone in the Philippine Islands.Glossary of Meteorology. [http://amsglossary.allenpress.com/glossary/browse?s=b&p=4 Baguio.] Retrieved on 2008-06-11.] An average of 6 to 7 tropical cyclones hit the Philippines per year. [Joint Typhoon Warning Center. [http://www.nrlmry.navy.mil/forecaster_handbooks/Philippines2/Forecasters%20Handbook%20for%20the%20Philippine%20Islands%20and%20Surrounding%20Waters%20Appendix%20B.pdf Appendix B: Characteristics of Tropical Cyclones Affecting the Philippine Islands (Shoemaker 1991).] Retrieved on 2008-04-20.] Bagyo is categorized into four types according to its wind speed by the PAGASA. All tropical cyclones, regardless of strength, are named by PAGASA.cite web | author = Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory, Hurricane Research Division | title = Frequently Asked Questions: What are the upcoming tropical cyclone names? | publisher = NOAA | accessdate = 2006-12-11 | url = http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/hrd/tcfaq/B2.html] Tropical depressions have maximum sustained winds of between convert|55|km/h|kn and convert|64|km/h|kn near its center. Tropical storms have maximum sustained winds of convert|65|km/h|kn and convert|119|km/h|kn. Typhoons achieve maximum sustained winds of convert|120|km/h|kn to convert|185|km/h|kn,cite web | author = National Weather Service | date = September 2006 | title = Hurricanes... Unleashing Nature's Fury: A Preparedness Guide | publisher = NOAA | accessdate = 2006-12-02 | format = PDF | url = http://www.srh.noaa.gov/fwd/wcm/hurric.pdf] with super typhoons having maximum winds exceeding convert|185|km/h|kn.cite web | author = Bouchard, R. H. | url = http://metocph.nmci.navy.mil/jtwc/pubref/References/where_have_all_the_super_typhoons_gone.ppt | title = A Climatology of Very Intense Typhoons: Or Where Have All the Super Typhoons Gone? | format = PPT | accessdate = 2006-12-05 | date = April 1990] The most destructive tropical cyclone to impact the Philippines was Tropical Storm Thelma in 1991, which killed thousands of people from its resultant flooding.Leoncio A. Amadore, Ph.D. [http://www.wmo.ch/Madrid07/confmadrid/suminfo/3_session1_socio-eco%20imapct%20of%20xtrem%20climatic%20events_LAmador.doc Socio-Economic Impacts of Extreme Climatic Events in the Philippines.] Retrieved on 2007-02-25.] The wettest known tropical cyclone to impact the archipelago was the July 1911 cyclone which dropped over convert|1168|mm|in of rainfall within a 24 hour period at Baguio City.Glossary of Meteorology. [http://amsglossary.allenpress.com/glossary/browse?s=b&p=4 Baguio.] Retrieved on 2008-06-11.]


Bagyo, as a term, is not equivalent to typhoon for two reasons. First, typhoon generically refers to strong tropical cyclones in the Northwest Pacific west of the dateline. Secondly, a typhoon (in the case of the Philippines) is a categorical name for any bagyo inside the Philippines' area of responsibility. Bagyo should not be confused with Baguio, a Philippine city, the name of which is the origin of the term used in regards to tropical cyclones.Glossary of Meteorology. [http://amsglossary.allenpress.com/glossary/browse?s=b&p=4 Baguio.] Retrieved on 2008-06-11.]

Most destructive

Wettest recorded tropical cyclones

ee also

*2007 Pacific typhoon season


External links

* [http://www.pagasa.dost.gov.ph/cab/tc_stats.htm Philippine Tropical Cyclone Statistics]
* [http://www.pagasa.dost.gov.ph/wb/tcupdate.shtml Philippine Tropical Cyclone Update]
* [http://www.typhoon2000.ph/ Typhoon2000]

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