U.S. Route 30 in Pennsylvania
established=1926 (1924 as PA 1; 1913 as the Lincoln Highway)
U.S. stateof Pennsylvania, U.S. Route 30runs east-west across the southern part of the state, passing through Pittsburgh and Philadelphia on its way from the West Virginiastate line east to the Benjamin Franklin Bridgeover the Delaware Riverinto New Jersey. In Pennsylvania, US 30 runs along or near the transcontinental Lincoln Highway, which ran from San Francisco, Californiato New York Citybefore the U.S. Routes were designated. (However, the Lincoln Highway turned northeast at Philadelphia, using present U.S. Route 1 and its former alignments to cross the Delaware River into Trenton, New Jersey.)
Popular places along the route include the
Gettysburg Battlefield, Dutch Wonderland, the Flight 93 National Memorial, Fort Ligonier, Jennerstown Speedway, and Idlewild and Soak Zone.
West Virginia to Pittsburgh
US 30 presently crosses from
West Virginiainto Pennsylvania near Chester, West Virginia. It is a surface road from West Virginia to the U.S. Route 22 junction southeast of Imperial. There it joins the US 22 freewayto form the Penn-Lincoln Parkway West, which is also Interstate 279 east of Interstate 79, into downtown Pittsburgh.
east of downtown.
At a point beyond the Squirrel Hill Tunnel, at the southern end of PA Route 8, US 30 leaves the Parkway, which continues as I-376/US 22 to Monroeville.
Pittsburgh to Lancaster
Much of this section of U.S. 30 (and the Lincoln Highway) has been supplanted by the
Pennsylvania Turnpike(which is Interstate 76 between the Ohio border and the Valley Forge exit). From the Pittsburgh area, US 30 heads east through Greensburg, where it intersects U.S. Route 119. It then heads into Somerset County, where it meets U.S. Route 219east of Jennerstown.
September 11, 2001 United Airlines Flight 93crashed in an empty field about two miles south of U.S. 30, near Shanksville in Somerset County. The heroism of the passengers and crew apparently thwarted the hijackers' plan to crash into either the US Capitol Buildingor the White Housein Washington DC. There is a temporary memorial at the site while a new permanent Flight 93 National Memorialis planned.
The route then climbs through the
Allegheny Mountainsas it passes through Fulton County, intersecting U.S. Route 522in McConnellsburg. It then enters the scenic Cumberland Valleyin Franklin County, where it passes through Chambersburg, crossing U.S. Route 11and Interstate 81. The highway then crosses the South Mountain range through the Cashtown Gap and enters Adams County. West of Gettysburg, U.S. 30 follows much of the path of the old Chambersburg Turnpike (from Gettysburg to Cashtown), a route used by much of Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginiaduring the Gettysburg Campaign. The route serves as the main east-west artery through Gettysburg, traversing the northwestern portion of the Gettysburg Battlefieldand also intersecting U.S. Route 15. Past Gettysburg, Route 30 travels through Guldens and New Oxford before entering York County.
Just west of York, Route 30 branches off of PA 462 to bypass the cities of York and Lancaster. Several modifications to improve flow have been made in York but the route is still congested due to a series of traffic signals. It then crosses the
Susquehanna Riveron the Wright's Ferry Bridgeinto Lancaster County. Along the north side of Lancaster, US 30 intersects the eastern terminus of Pennsylvania Route 283, which heads to Harrisburg and shares a brief concurrency with U.S. Route 222. From 1997 to 2004 significant work was completed to the bypass around Lancaster. Just east of Lancaster, the other end of PA 462 meets with U.S. 30 on its way to Philadelphia.
Lancaster to Philadelphia
and heads east on Lancaster Avenue.
The path of the Lincoln Highway was first laid out in September 1913; it was defined to run through
Canton, Ohio, Beaver Falls, Pittsburgh, Greensburg, Ligonier, Bedford, Chambersburg, Gettysburg, York, Lancaster and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and Camden, New Jersey. [ Lincoln Highway Association, , September 14, 1913] This bypassed Harrisburg to the south, and thus did not use the older main route across the state between Chambersburg and Lancaster. From Pittsburgh to Philadelphia, this incorporated a number of old turnpikes, some of which still collected tolls:Brian Butko, The Lincoln Highway: Pennsylvania Traveler's Guide, ISBN 978-0-8117-2497-5]
Pittsburgh and Greensburg Turnpike, Pittsburgh to Greensburg
Stoystown and Greensburg Turnpike, Greensburg to Stoystown
Bedford and Stoystown Turnpike, Stoystown to Bedford
Chambersburg and Bedford Turnpike, Bedford to Chambersburg
Chambersburg and Gettysburg Turnpike, Chambersburg to Gettysburg
York and Gettysburg Turnpike, Gettysburg to York
Wrightsville Turnpike, York to Wrightsville
Columbia-Wrightsville Bridge, Wrightsville to Columbia
Lancaster and Columbia Turnpike, Columbia to Lancaster
Philadelphia and Lancaster Turnpike, Lancaster to Philadelphia
This original 1913 path of the Lincoln Highway continued east from Philadelphia, crossing the
Delaware Riverto Camden, New Jerseyon the Market Street Ferry. The city of Philadelphia marked the route from the ferry landing west on Market Street through downtown and onto Lancaster Avenue to the Philadelphia and Lancaster Turnpikein early 1914. [How "Lincoln Way" Project Now Stands, New York Times April 5, 1914] By 1915Fact|date=February 2007 Camden was dropped from the route, allowing the highway to cross the Delaware on a bridge at Trenton (initially the Calhoun Street Bridge, later the Bridge Street Bridge).
In 1924, the entire Lincoln Highway in Pennsylvania was designated Pennsylvania Route 1. [ [http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/infrastructure/us22.htm U.S. 22 - The William Penn Highway] ] In late 1926 the route from West Virginia to Philadelphia (using the new route west of Pittsburgh) was assigned U.S. Route 30, while the rest of the Lincoln Highway and PA 1 became part of U.S. Route 1. The PA 1 designation was gone by 1929,
Pennsylvania Department of Highways, [http://filebox.vt.edu/users/bharper/roads/ 1929 map of Pennsylvania] ] but several branches from east to west - PA Route 101, PA Route 201, PA Route 301, PA Route 401, PA Route 501and PA Route 601- had been assigned by then. ( PA Route 701was assigned later as a branch of PA 101.)
Ohio to Pittsburgh
As defined in 1913, the Lincoln Highway ran east-northeast from
Canton, Ohioto Alliance and east via Salem, crossing into Pennsylvania just east of East Palestine. From there it continued southeasterly to Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania, crossing the Beaver Riverthere and heading south along its left bank to Rochester and the Ohio River's right bank to Pittsburgh.
By 1915, the highway had been realigned to the route it would follow until the end of 1927. It ran east from
Canton, Ohioto Lisbon and then southeast to East Liverpool on the Ohio River. After crossing into Pennsylvania, it turned north away from the river at Smiths Ferry, taking an inland route to Beaver, where it rejoined the Ohio River. It crossed the Beaver Riverinto Rochester, joining the 1913 alignment, and turned south with the Ohio to Pittsburgh.
This route entered Pennsylvania along
PA Route 68. After crossing Little Beaver Creek, it turned south on Main Street, passing under the Cleveland and Pittsburgh Railroad(PRR) into Glasgow. After passing through that community on Liberty Street, the highway turned north and passed under the railroad again at Smiths Ferry, merging with Smiths Ferry Road. This alignment through Glasgow carried the Lincoln Highway until ca. 1926, when the present PA 68 was built on the north side of the railroad. National Bridge Inventory]
The Lincoln Highway left the banks of the
Ohio Riveron Smiths Ferry Road, which includes an old stone bridgeover Upper Dry Run. It turned east on Tuscarawas Road through Ohioville, entering Beaver on Fourth Street and turning south on Buffalo Street to reach Third Street ( PA Route 68). By 1929 this inland Glasgow-Beaver route was numbered PA Route 168, while the route along the river - never followed by the Lincoln Highway - was PA 68.
Where PA 68 - Third Street - crosses the
Pittsburgh and Lake Erie Railroadfrom Beaver into Bridgewater, soon crossing the Beaver Riveron the ca. 1963 Rochester-Bridgewater Bridge, the Lincoln Highway instead ran along Bridge Street, just to the north, and crossed the Old Rochester-Bridgewater Bridgeinto Rochester.
Continuing through Rochester to Pittsburgh, the Lincoln Highway left the
Old Rochester-Bridgewater Bridgeon Madison Street, turning onto Brighton Avenue, and then crossing the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne and Chicago Railway(PRR) on New York Avenue. After running alongside the Ohio Riveron Railroad Avenue, the highway crossed the railroad again in Freedom (about a block north of Third Street [ [http://historical.maptech.com/quad.cfm?quadname=Beaver&state=PA&series=15 1904 USGS Beaver quadrangle] ] ), running through Freedom on Third Avenue.
South of downtown Freedom, Third Avenue merges into
PA Route 65, which runs along the old Lincoln Highway into Conway. There a section of old highway is First Avenue and State Street, rejoining PA 65 in Baden. Further into Baden, PA 65 splits again, and the old highway splits onto State Street, becoming Duss Avenue in Harmony Township. At the Ambridge limits, this becomes PA Route 989, but the old highway turned west at 14th Street and then south on Merchant Street.
Big Sewickley Creekfrom Ambridge, Beaver County into Leetsdale, Allegheny County, Merchant Street becomes Beaver Street, a brick road. Beaver Road and Beaver Street continues through Edgeworth, Sewickley, and Osborne, merging back into PA 65 at the border with Haysville. Sewickley officially changed the name of its piece to Lincoln Highway by an ordinance in January 1916, and Osborne, Edgeworth and Leetsdale soon followed suit, but that name is no longer used.
In Glenfield, the highway crossed the
Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne and Chicago Railway(PRR) twice, once near the present overpass and again west of Toms Run Road. [http://historical.maptech.com/quad.cfm?quadname=Sewickley&state=PA&series=15 1908 USGS Sewickley quadrangle] ] The old road next to the Ohio River- Beaver Street - is still a yellow brick road, now used only by local traffic.
The old road leaves PA 65 again in Emsworth as Beaver Road, becoming Brighton Road in Ben Avon before re-merging with PA 65. It splits yet again, also in Ben Avon, onto Brighton Road, another yellow
brick road. In Avalon it is California Avenue, and in Bellevue it is Lincoln Avenue, coincidentally named after Lincoln soon after the U.S. Civil War.Bridges and Tunnels of Allegheny County and Pittsburgh, PA, [http://pghbridges.com/pittsburghW/0580-4482/californiaav_jacksrun.htm California Av over Jacks Run] ]
The highway crosses into Pittsburgh on a high
concrete arch bridgeover Jack's Run, built in 1924 to replace an earlier bridge built for a streetcar line, and returns to the California Avenue name. It crosses Woods Run on a similar 1928 bridge next to a newer bridge built for the Ohio River Boulevard( PA Route 65). [Bridges and Tunnels of Allegheny County and Pittsburgh, PA, [http://pghbridges.com/pittsburghW/0581-4480/californiaav_woodsrun.htm California Av over Woods Run] ] Where California Avenue curves away from PA 65, the Lincoln Highway continued next to it on Chateau Street, turning east on Western Avenue and then south on Galveston Avenue onto the 1915 Manchester Bridge to the Point.
Boulevard of the Alliesopened east from downtown Pittsburgh in 1923, and in 1924 it was designated as an alternate route.Lincoln Highway Resource Guide, PDFlink| [http://www.iup.edu/geography/Faculty/LHPDF/ResourceGuide/CH19.1%20Lincoln%20Highway%20Chronology.pdf Appendix A - Lincoln Highway Chronology] |27.8 KiB ] At least in 1930, this bypass ran along the Boulevard of the Allies, Forbes Avenue, Beeler Street, Wilkins Avenue and Dallas Avenue, rejoining the Lincoln Highway at Penn Avenue, west of Wilkinsburg. [PDFlink| [ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/Statewide/Historic_OTMs/1930bk.pdf 1930 Pennsylvania Transportation Map, back side] ]
From Rochester to Pittsburgh, the pre-December 1927 Lincoln Highway generally parallels the ca. 1930
Ohio River Boulevard( PA Route 65). Outside Allegheny County, present PA 65 was PA Route 837by 1929. However, during the time that the Lincoln Highway ran through Rochester, the Rochester-Pittsburgh segment was locally maintained. It was often foggy, and a July 1926 Lincoln Highway Associationroad report states that it was "paved city streets, mostly poor", in stark contrast to the good paving east of Pittsburgh. By 1924, reports recommended following an alternate on the other side of the river between Pittsburgh and Rochester.
The route west of Rochester had similar problems; it was a
dirt road, despite being a state highway.PDFlink| [ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/Statewide/Historic_OTMs/1911.pdf 1911 state map] 5.55 MiB] By 1922 an official detour was recommended via Beaver Falls and East Palestine, Ohio, largely identical to the initial 1913 plan. Work began in the mid-1920s on a new route to the south, passing through West Virginiaand bypassing the problematic sections on both sides of Rochester; the Lincoln Highway was moved to it December 2, 1927. This new route had already been numbered US 30 in late 1926. 
The new Lincoln Highway bypassed the community of Imperial on a bypass built for it.
National Bridge Inventory] Just southeast of Imperial, the highway turned east on Steubenville Pike, joining what was U.S. Route 22 before the present freeway was built ca. 1964. Steubenville Pike runs alnog the north side of the freeway, crossing to the south side and then merging with it just west of the PA Route 60interchange.
At PA 60, US 22 and US 30 turn southeast, but the Lincoln Highway (and US 22/30 before the
Penn-Lincoln Parkway Westopened in 1953) continued east with PA 60 through Robinson Township. In 1950, the Twin Hi-Way Drive-In Theater opened along the Robinson Township stretch, its name derived from the road's former designation of dual U.S. Route 22/30. Through Crafton, the highway used Steuben Street, Noble Avenue, Dinsmore Avenue, and Crafton Boulevard,Fact|date=February 2007 now northbound PA 60. In Pittsburgh, the highway ran along Crafton Boulevard, Noblestown Road, and South Main Street, as PA 60 still does. It turned onto Carson Street (now PA Route 837) at the West End Circle, crossing the 1927 Point Bridgeinto the Point.
From 1915 to late 1927, the Lincoln Highway crossed the
Allegheny Riveron the Manchester Bridge to the Point, touching down at the foot of Penn Avenue after meeting the Point Bridge. [ [http://images.library.pitt.edu/cgi-bin/maps/showmap.pl?client=maps&
] ] It made its way through downtown to
Bigelow Boulevard(now PA Route 380), possibly using Water Street, Liberty Avenue and Seventh Avenue. [ [http://roadsidephotos.sabr.org/LH/LH06.htm ca. 1926 map of the Lincoln Highway, Pittsburgh to Bedford] ] It continued to follow present PA 380 onto Craig Street and Baum Boulevardto East Liberty. The highway left East Liberty and Pittsburgh on Penn Avenue - the old Pittsburgh and Greensburg Turnpike, also part of PA 380, and further east part of PA Route 8. (PA 380 however bypasses the center of East Liberty.)
The Lincoln Highway left the Pittsburgh area along the old
Pittsburgh and Greensburg Turnpike(now U.S. Route 30) from Greensburg. The borough of White Oak had named their main street Lincoln Way in an attempt to convince the Lincoln Highway Association to use it, [Bridges and Tunnels of Allegheny County and Pittsburgh, PA, [http://pghbridges.com/articles/fieldnote_mosside.htm Field Notes: "Mosside Bridge, the Great Valley and PA48"] ] but instead the Highway continued along the old turnpike to North Versailles.
In North Versailles, the Lincoln Highway and old turnpike left current US 30 onto the road named Greensburg Pike, heading downhill into Turtle Creek. The original bridge over Turtle Creek and the
Pennsylvania Railroadmain line curved right and ran to Airbrake Avenue west of 11th Street; a 1925 replacement continued straight to meet Airbrake Avenue at Monroeville Avenue. [Bridges and Tunnels of Allegheny County and Pittsburgh, PA, [http://pghbridges.com/braddock/0599-4472/greensburgpike_turtlecreek.htm Greensburg Pike over Turtle Creek] ] The alignment continued west on Penn Avenue, turning south at Braddock Avenue. (The old turnpike left the Lincoln Highway there, cutting southwest to cross the railroad at McDonald Street, and then heading northwest along Penn Avenue Extension and Greensburg Pike.) After a short while on Braddock Avenue, the Lincoln Highway turned northwest on Electric Avenue, which becomes Ardmore Boulevard to Wilkinsburg. The George Westinghouse Bridgeopened in 1932 as a bypass of the grades into and out of Turtle Creek, running from the Greensburg Pike in North Versailles to Ardmore Boulevard in Chalfant.
The Lincoln Highway joined the
William Penn Highwayand rejoined the Greensburg Turnpike at Penn Avenue in Wilkinsburg. After entering Pittsburgh and crossing the Pennsylvania Railroadmain line, it turned west on Baum Boulevard, following present Route 380 onto Craig Street and Bigelow Boulevard to downtown. [Lincoln Highway Resource Guide, PDFlink| [http://www.iup.edu/geography/Faculty/LHPDF/ResourceGuide/CH06%20Lincoln%20Highway%20in%20Pennsylvania.pdf Chapter 6 - The Lincoln Highway in Pennsylvania] |59.2 KiB ]
Chester County business loop
Chester County, Pennsylvania
U.S. Route 30 Business is a business route of
U.S. Route 30in Chester County, Pennsylvania. The route preserves the former alignment of US 30 between Sadsbury Township and East Whiteland Township. U.S. Route 30 follows a limited-access bypass between these two points.
U.S. Route 30 Business runs east from the west end of the US 30 bypass in Sadsbury Township on the
Lincoln Highway, a short distance east of Pennsylvania Route 10. It heads east into Valley Township and into the city of Coatesville. In Coatesville, US 30 Business shares a brief concurrency with Pennsylvania Route 82. It runs through the heart of the city before crossing into Caln Township. Through Caln Township, between Coatesville and Downingtown, the route parallels the Amtrak Philadelphia to Harrisburg Main Lineto the north. In Thorndale, US 30 Business intersects the eastern terminus of Pennsylvania Route 340.
, where US 322 Truck turns south. At that intersection, US 30 Business features an interchange with the US 30 bypass, with access to and from eastbound US 30 provided by Quarry Road.
The road then enters West Whiteland Township, where it resumes the name of Lincoln Highway. In Exton, it intersects
Pennsylvania Route 100near the Exton Square Mall. U.S. Route 30 Business then continues into East Whiteland Township, where it ends at an interchange with the eastern end of the US 30 bypass and the U.S. Route 202expressway.
*James Lin, [http://www.ugcs.caltech.edu/~jlin/lincoln/by_state/pa.html The Lincoln Highway: Pennsylvania]
* [http://roadsidephotos.sabr.org/LH/LH01.htm Lincoln Highway maps ca. 1926, New York to Pittsburgh]
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