- Dickson Mounds
Nearest city: Lewistown, Illinois Governing body: State NRHP Reference#: 72000457 Added to NRHP: May 5, 1972
Dickson Mounds is a Native American settlement site and burial mound complex near Lewistown, Illinois, is located in Fulton County on a low bluff overlooking the Illinois River. It is a large burial complex containing at least two cemeteries, ten burial mounds, and a platform mound. Dickson Mounds was founded by 800 CE and were in use until after 1250 CE. The site is named in honor of chiropractor Don Dickson, who began excavating it in 1927 and opened a private museum that formerly operated on the site.
The Dickson Mounds Museum is a museum erected on the site in 1972 by the U.S. state of Illinois; it describes the life cycles and culture of Native Americans living in the Illinois River valley over a period of 12,000 years since the last Ice Age. The museum is part of the Illinois State Museum system.
Native life site
While the members of most hunter-gatherer cultures travel extensively or even practice a nomadic lifestyle, the exceptional productivity of the Illinois River valley in fish, shellfish and game made it possible for semi-permanent settlements to develop. Archaeological examination of these sites have generated significant insights into the living conditions of Native Americans over time and the levels of technology they possessed.
A large parcel of the adjacent river bottomland is undergoing preservation and ecosystem restoration as part of the Emiquon Project. The Emiquon wetlands generated much of the food eaten by the people who lived on or near this blufftop site. In 2009, an excavation by Michigan State University turned up shards of pottery, arrowheads and the foundations of houses and other structures that date back to about 1300 CE.
Some of the people who lived here were actually buried in Dickson Mounds itself. Their skeletons were excavated and displayed to the public from the 1930s until 1992, when in a controversial move the burial display was resealed due to Native American concerns. It is estimated that there are at least 3,000 burials at this site. The earlier burials were in mounds, while later burials were in cemeteries. "One group of four Mississippian people buried together appear to have been sacrificed at the Dickson Site" (Archaeology of Native North America, 2010, Dean R. Snow, Pennsylvania State University)
After the sealing,the museum was renovated as a series of galleries that attempt to portray the history of the site. For example, the River Valley Gallery exhibition attempts to depict indigenous life patterns here since the close of the last Ice Age, while the "Reflections on Three Worlds" Gallery exhibition attempts to describe how scholars have used archeological findings to generate inductive evidence on the residents' life and culture.
- List of Hopewell sites
- List of Mississippian sites
- List of burial mounds in the United States
- ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23. http://nrhp.focus.nps.gov/natreg/docs/All_Data.html.
- ^ a b "History". State of Illinois. http://www.museum.state.il.us/ismsites/dickson/history.htm/. Retrieved 2009-10-21.
- ^ a b "Welcome to ISM Dickson Mounds Museum". State of Illinois. http://www.museum.state.il.us/ismsites/dickson/. Retrieved 2009-10-21. Note: This website mistakenly asserts that Dickson Mounds is a National Historic Site
Hopewellian peoples Ohio HopewellBeam Farm · Benham Mound · Cary Village Site · Cedar-Bank Works · Dunns Pond Mound · Ellis Mounds · Ety Enclosure · Ety Habitation Site · Fort Ancient · Fortified Hill Works · Great Hopewell Road · High Banks Works · Hopeton Earthworks · Hopewell Culture National Historical Park · Indian Mound Cemetery · Keiter Mound · Marietta Earthworks · Moorehead Circle · Mound of Pipes · Nettle Lake Mound Group · Newark Earthworks · Oak Mounds · Perin Village Site · Portsmouth Earthworks · Seip Earthworks and Dill Mounds District · Shawnee Lookout · Tremper Mound and Works · Williamson Mound Archeological District Crab Orchard culture Goodall FocusGoodall Site · Norton Mound Group Havana Hopewell culture Kansas City Hopewell Marksville culture Miller cultureBynum Mound and Village Site · Ingomar Mound · Miller Site · Pharr Mounds · Pinson Mounds Point Peninsula ComplexLewiston Mound · Serpent Mounds Park · LeVescounte Mounds Swift Creek culture Other Hopewellian peoplesArmstrong culture · Copena culture · Fourche Maline culture · Laurel Complex · Saugeen Complex · Old Stone Fort (Tennessee) Exotic trade items Mississippian and related cultures Middle Mississippian· Angel Mounds · Angel Phase · Aztalan State Park · Beasley Mounds Site · Big Eddy Site · Boyd Mounds Site · Brentwood Library Site · Brick Church Mound and Village Site · Cahokia · Castalian Springs · Chucalissa · Cloverdale archaeological site · Dickson Mounds · Dunbar Cave · Fewkes Group Archaeological Site · John Roy Site · Kincaid Mounds · Kuhn Station Site · Marshall Site · Millstone Bluff · Mitchell Site · Monks Mound · Mound Bottom · Murphy Mound Archeological Site · Obion Mounds · Old Town Archaeological Site · Orendorf Site · Prather Site · Rowlandton Mound Site · Sellars Indian Mound · Shiloh Indian Mounds Site · Steed-Kisker culture · Sugarloaf Mound · Swallow Bluff Island Mounds · Tolu Site · Towosahgy · Turk Site · Twin Mounds Site · Wickliffe Mounds South Appalachian
MississippianBottle Creek Indian Mounds · Citico · Dauphin Island · Etowah · Fort Walton Culture · Fort Walton Mound · Garden Creek site · Hickory Ridge Cemetery · Hoojah Branch Site · Jere Shine Site · Lake Jackson Mounds · Leon-Jefferson Culture · Letchworth Mounds · Liddell Archeological Site · Moccasin Bend · Moundville · Muscogee (Creek) · Nacoochee Mound · Ocmulgee · Pisgah Phase · Roods Landing · Town Creek Indian Mound · Velda Mound · Waddells Mill Pond Site
Plaquemine MississippianAnna Site · Emerald Mound Site · Fitzhugh Mounds · Flowery Mound · Foster's Mound · Ghost Site Mounds · Grand Village of the Natchez · Holly Bluff Site · Jaketown Site · Julice Mound · Mangum Mound Site · Mazique Archeological Site · Medora Site · Mott Mounds · Pocahontas Mounds · Routh Mounds · Scott Place Mounds · Transylvania Mounds · Venable Mound · Winterville Site · Caddoan Mississippian Upper Mississippian
Late Mississippian /
ProtohistoricAnhaica · Apalachee Province · Belle Meade Phase · Bussell Island · Caddo · Caborn-Welborn culture · Campbell Site · Chiaha · Citico · Coosa chiefdom · Dallas Phase · de Soto Expedition · Eaker Site · Hovey Lake · Joara · Jordan Mounds · Lamar Phase · Mabila · Menard-Hodges Site · Natchez · Nodena Phase · Parkin Site · Slack Farm · Taensa · Tipton Phase · Toqua (Tennessee) · Tunica · Walls Phase
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