New Universities


New Universities

In the United Kingdom, the term "New University" has various meanings regarding British universities.

"New University" has referred to several "waves" of new university foundations in the UK. For example it was used in 1928 to describe the new civic universities such as Bristol university or Reading university [Herklots, H, 1928, The New Universities - an external examination, Ernest Benn, London] . Later the term referred to any of the several universities founded in the 1960s following the Robbins Report on higher education, often called plate glass universities. The term has more recently been used to describe any of the former polytechnics, Central Institutions, or colleges of higher education that were given the status of universities by John Major's government in 1992, or colleges that have been granted university status since then, also called post-1992 universities or modern universities.

Post-1992 universities formerly designated "Polytechnics"

* Anglia Ruskin University – formerly Cambridgeshire College of Art and Technology, Anglia Polytechnic then Anglia Polytechnic University
* Birmingham City University – formerly the University of Central England in Birmingham and before that, Birmingham Polytechnic
* University of Brighton – formerly Brighton Polytechnic
* Bournemouth University – formerly Bournemouth Municipal College, Bournemouth College of Technology, Dorset Institute of Higher Education then Bournemouth Polytechnic
* University of Central Lancashire – formerly Lancashire Polytechnic
* Coventry University – formerly Lanchester Polytechnic then Coventry Polytechnic
* De Montfort University – formerly Leicester Polytechnic
* University of East London – formerly the West Ham College of Technology then North East London Polytechnic
* University of Glamorgan – formerly Glamorgan Polytechnic then The Polytechnic of Wales
* Glasgow Caledonian University – formed from the merger of Glasgow Polytechnic and The Queen's College, Glasgow
* University of Greenwich – formerly Thames Polytechnic
* University of Hertfordshire – formerly Hatfield Technical College then Hatfield Polytechnic
* University of Huddersfield – formerly Huddersfield Polytechnic
* Kingston University – formerly Kingston Polytechnic, and before that the Kingston Technical Institute,
* Leeds Metropolitan University – formerly Leeds Polytechnic
* University of Lincoln – formerly Humberside Polytechnic, then University of Humberside and then University of Lincolnshire and Humberside
* Liverpool John Moores University – formerly Liverpool Polytechnic
* London Metropolitan University – merger of London Guildhall University, formerly the City of London Polytechnic, and University of North London, formerly the Polytechnic of North London
* London South Bank University – formerly South Bank Polytechnic
* Manchester Metropolitan University – formerly Manchester Polytechnic
* Middlesex University – formerly Middlesex Polytechnic
* Napier University – formerly Napier Technical College, Napier College of Commerce and Technology then Napier Polytechnic
* Northumbria University – formerly Newcastle Polytechnic, formed from the merger of Rutherford College of Technology, the College of Art & Industrial Design and the Municipal College of Commerce
* Nottingham Trent University – formerly Trent Polytechnic then Nottingham Polytechnic
* Oxford Brookes University – formerly Oxford School of Art then Oxford Polytechnic
* University of Plymouth – formerly Polytechnic South West, formed from Plymouth Polytechnic, Rolle College, Seale-Hayne College and Plymouth School of Maritime Studies
* University of Portsmouth – formerly Portsmouth Polytechnic
* Sheffield Hallam University – formerly Sheffield Polytechnic then Sheffield City Polytechnic
* Staffordshire University – formerly Staffordshire Polytechnic (originally called North Staffordshire Polytechnic) having previously been the separate Staffordshire College of Technology, the Stoke-on-Trent College of Art and the North Staffordshire College of Technology
* University of Sunderland – formerly Sunderland Technical College then Sunderland Polytechnic
* University of Teesside – formerly Teesside Polytechnic
* Thames Valley University – formed from the merger of Thames Valley College and Ealing College of Higher Education as Polytechnic of West London
* University of the West of England – formerly Bristol Polytechnic
* University of Westminster – formerly The Royal Polytechnic Institution, Regent Street Polytechnic then The Polytechnic of Central London
* University of Wolverhampton – formerly Wolverhampton Polytechnic

Post-1992 (or "modern") universities not formerly designated "Polytechnics"

* University of Abertay Dundee – formerly Dundee Institute of Technology
* University of the Arts London – formerly London Institute
* Bath Spa University – formerly Bath College of Higher Education
* University of Bedfordshire – formerly University of Luton, created by the merger of the University of Luton and De Montfort University's, Bedford campus
* University of Bolton – formerly Bolton Institute of Higher Education
* Buckinghamshire New University – formerly Buckinghamshire Chilterns University College, and before that Buckinghamshire College of Higher Education, and earlier the High Wycombe College of Art and Technology
* Canterbury Christ Church University – formerly Christ Church College
* University of Chester – formerly Chester College of Higher Education
* University of Chichester – formerly Chichester Institute of Higher Education then University College Chichester
* University of Cumbria – formed in January 2007 from the merger of St Martin's College, the Cumbria Institute of the Arts (CIA) and the Cumbrian campuses of the University of Central Lancashire
* University of Derby – formerly the Derbyshire College of Higher Education
* Edge Hill University – based in Ormskirk, Lancashire, formerly Edge Hill College
* University of Gloucestershire – formerly Cheltenham & Gloucester College of Higher Education
* Liverpool Hope University – formerly a fully accredited institution of the University of Liverpool, then Liverpool Hope University College
* University of Wales, Newport – formerly Gwent College of Higher Education then University of Wales College, Newport
* University of Northampton – formerly Northampton Technical College, Nene College then University College Northampton
* Queen Margaret University – formerly Queen Margaret College then Queen Margaret University College
* Robert Gordon University – based in Aberdeen, formerly Robert Gordon's Technical College then the Robert Gordon Institute of Technology
* Roehampton University – formerly Roehampton Institute
* Southampton Solent University – formerly Southampton Institute of Higher Education
* Swansea Metropolitan University – formerly Swansea Institute of Higher Education
* University of the West of Scotland – formerly University of Paisley
* University of Winchester – formerly King Alfred's College
* University of Worcester – formerly part of the University of Birmingham Department of Education then Worcester College of Higher Education
* York St John University – formerly the College of Ripon and York St John then York St John College

Both categories of university award academic degrees having received university status when the Further and Higher Education Act 1992 came into effect or in the years thereafter.

References


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