Telecommunications towers in the United Kingdom

Telecommunications towers in the United Kingdom

The two major operators of radio masts and towers in the UK are Arqiva and National Grid Wireless (according to Arqiva entry they have now merged).Fact|date=August 2008

Between them, these two companies operate the transmitters for UK terrestrial TV and most radio broadcasting, both analog and digital.

BT also operates a number of telecommunications towers in the UK. At one time these were used as the backbone for a national line-of-sight microwave telecommunications network. One of the most famous of these is the BT Tower in London. However, the introduction of fibre optic network technology rendered these microwave towers largely obsolete for their original purpose. Nowadays they tend to be used mainly for relatively low capacity fixed links to customer sites and cell sites.

Below the level of the major telecommunications towers, cellphone operators run roughly 23,000 base stations. In urban areas, these are almost all rooftop sites or microcells, but in rural areas these are often on towers, frequently owned by one of BT, Arqiva or National Grid Wireless.

There are also numerous military communications sites in the UK, operated by various wings of the armed forces. Many of the masts and towers at military sites are now marketed to commercial site sharers by Arqiva.


The first UK microwave relay towers were built in about 1952 for a television link between Manchester and Kirk o'Shotts near Glasgow. A chain of 14 towers, known as "backbone", running from the Chilterns to Scotland and intended primarily for national defence in the Cold War, was first mentioned publicly in the 1955 Defence White Paper. It announced "The Post Office are planning to build up a special network, both by cable and radio, designed to maintain long distance communication in the event of an attack". It wasn't actually built until the early 1960s, by which time the original Backbone concept had become absorbed into a much larger microwave network built for a mixture of civil and defence traffic including voice, telegraphy, television and radar.Fact|date=May 2008

ee also

* Telecommunications in the United Kingdom
* BT Tower (disambiguation)
* BT site engineering code
* Radio masts and towers
* Telecom Infrastructure Sharing

External links

* [ National Grid Wireless]
* [ Arqiva]
* [ NTL Wireless Solutions]
* [ Sitefinder: UK mobile phone base station database]
* [ The Towers of Backbone]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • List of Statutory Instruments of the United Kingdom, 1992 — This is a complete list of all 1922 Statutory Instruments published in the United Kingdom in the year 1992. NOTOC 1 100* North Hull Housing Action Trust (Transfer of Property) Order 1992 S.I. 1992/1 * Merchant Shipping (Radio Installations)… …   Wikipedia

  • Outline of the United Kingdom — …   Wikipedia

  • United Kingdom — a kingdom in NW Europe, consisting of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: formerly comprising Great Britain and Ireland 1801 1922. 58,610,182; 94,242 sq. mi. (244,100 sq. km). Cap.: London. Abbr.: U.K. Official name, United Kingdom of Great… …   Universalium

  • List of United Kingdom-related topics — This is a list of topics related to the United Kingdom. The United Kingdom contains a more comprehensive selection of UK articles. United Kingdom, Constituent Countries, Dependencies and Territories*United Kingdom **England **Scotland **Wales… …   Wikipedia

  • Digital television transition in the United States — Further information: Digital television transition The DTV (an abbreviation of digital television, also called digital broadcast) transition in the United States was the switchover from analog (the traditional method of transmitting television… …   Wikipedia

  • Economy of the United States — Economy of United States Rank 1st (nominal) / 1st (PPP) Currency US$ (USD) …   Wikipedia

  • United States Secret Service — Common name Secret Service Abbreviation USSS …   Wikipedia

  • United States — a republic in the N Western Hemisphere comprising 48 conterminous states, the District of Columbia, and Alaska in North America, and Hawaii in the N Pacific. 267,954,767; conterminous United States, 3,022,387 sq. mi. (7,827,982 sq. km); with… …   Universalium

  • United Arab Emirates — Infobox Country native name = دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة ArabDIN|Dawlat Al Imārāt al ‘Arabīya al Muttaḥida conventional long name = United Arab Emirates common name = United Arab Emirates demonym = Emirati national motto = God, Nation,… …   Wikipedia

  • The Shard — Координаты: 51°30′16″ с. ш. 0°05′12″ з. д. / 51.504444° с. ш. 0.086667° з. д.  …   Википедия

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.