Metropolitan Borough of Camberwell


Metropolitan Borough of Camberwell
Camberwell
Motto: All's well
Camberwell within the County of London
Camberwell within the County of London
Geography
Status Civil parish (until 1965)
Metropolitan borough (1900—1965)
1911/1931 area 4,480 acres (18.1 km2)[1]
1961 area 4,482 acres (18.14 km2)[1]
HQ Town Hall, Peckham Road
History
Origin Ancient parish
Abolished 1965
Succeeded by London Borough of Southwark
Demography
1911 population
- 1911 density
261,328[1]
58/acre
1931 population
- 1931 density
251,294[1]
56/acre
1961 population
- 1961 density
175,304[1]
39/acre
Politics
Governance Vestry of the Parish of Camberwell (1855—1900)
Camberwell Borough Council (1900—1965)
Arms of the metropolitan borough
Coat of arms of the borough council

Camberwell was a civil parish and metropolitan borough in the County of London. The borough was created in 1900 by the London Government Act 1899, covering the area of the ancient parish of Camberwell. In 1965 it was amalgamated with the Metropolitan Borough of Southwark and the Metropolitan Borough of Bermondsey to form the London Borough of Southwark.

Contents

Settlements

It included the following places:

Coat of arms

The corporation was granted arms in 1901. The shield depicted the main areas of the borough. In the first and fourth quarter was a well, for Camberwell. The second quarter was for Dulwich: the chevron and cinquefoils from the arms of Edward Alleyn, founder of Dulwich College. The third quarter represented Peckham: the lion was from the arms of Robert, Earl of Gloucester, one time lord of the manor.

The crest depicted a wounded hart, symbol of St Giles, patron saint of Camberwell.

In 1927 the borough was additionally granted an heraldic badge and standard. The badge depicted a Camberwell Beauty butterfly.

Politics

From 1900 to 1934 the borough was controlled by the Municipal Reform Party (allied to the Conservatives). In 1934 the Labour Party gained control, which they retained until abolition in 1965.

For elections to Parliament, the borough was divided into three constituencies:

In 1918 the borough's representation was increased to four seats:

In 1950 the number of seats was halved to 2:

Area and population

The area of the borough was 4,480 acres (18.1 km2). The population, as recorded at the census, was:

Civil Parishes 1801-1899

Year[2] 1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891
Population 7,059 11,309 17,876 28,231 39,868 54,667 71,488 111,306 186,593 235,344

Metropolitan Borough 1900-1961

Year[3] 1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961
Population 259,339 261,328 267,198 251,294 [4] 179,777 175,304

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Vision of Britain - Camberwell population (area and density)
  2. ^ Statistical Abstract for London, 1901 (Vol. IV); Census tables for Metropolitan Borough of Camberwell
  3. ^ Census Tables for the Metropolitan Borough of Camberwell accessed 14 Jun 2007
  4. ^ The census was suspended for World War II

Coordinates: 51°28′27″N 0°04′58″W / 51.4741°N 0.0828°W / 51.4741; -0.0828


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