Congress of Deputies (Spain)


Congress of Deputies (Spain)
The Congress of Deputies
Congreso de los Diputados
9th Legislature
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type Lower house
Leadership
President José Bono Martínez, (PSOE)
since 2008
Structure
Members 350
Spanish Congress of Deputies after 2008 election.png
Political groups

Government

Opposition parties

Elections
Voting system List PR
Last election 9 March 2008
Meeting place
Congresodelosdiputados.JPG
El Palacio del Congreso de los Diputados
Madrid, Community of Madrid
Kingdom of Spain
Website
www.congreso.es

The Spanish Congress of Deputies (Spanish: Congreso de los Diputados) is the lower house of the Cortes Generales, Spain's legislative branch. It has 350 members, elected by popular vote on block lists by proportional representation in constituencies matching the Spanish provinces using the D'Hondt method. Deputies serve four-year terms. The President of the Congress of Deputies is the analogue to a Speaker and presides over debates in Spain's lower chamber of parliament.

In the Congress, members of the Parliament from the political parties, or groups of parties, form parliamentary groups. Groups must be formed by, at least, five MPs. The MPs belonging to parties who can't create their own parliamentary group shall form the Mixed Group.[1] The composition of the 9th term Congress is:[2]

Political party/group| Leader Spokesperson Dep.
   Socialist Group (Spanish Socialist Workers' Party) José L. R. Zapatero (PM) José A. Alonso 169
   Popular Group (People's Party) Mariano Rajoy (LO) Soraya Sáenz 153
   Catalan Group (Convergence and Union) Josep A. Duran i Lleida 10
   Basque Group (Basque Nationalist Party) Josu Erkoreka 6
   Left Group (Republican Left of Catalonia-United Left-Initiative for Catalonia Greens) Gaspar Llamazares 5
   Mixed Group, composed by: BNG, CC, UPyD, NaBai, UPN none Rosa Díez 7
Total 350

Contents

Elections

Next elections to the Congress and the Senate will be held on November 20, 2011.

In 2008, United Left (IU) and Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) lost their parliamentary groups after their electoral losses left them under caucus threshold.


Spain

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e • d Summary of the 9 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results
Parties and alliances Contested
Provinces
(out of 50)
Votes % Change Seats Change
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (Partido Socialista Obrero Español) 50 11,288,698 43.87 increase1.28 169 increase5
People's Party (Partido Popular) 50 10,277,809 39.94 increase2.22 154 increase6
United Left (Izquierda Unida) 42 969,871 3.77 decrease1.19 2 decrease3
Convergence and Union (Convergència i Unió) 4 779,425 3.03 decrease0.20 10 steady0
Basque Nationalist Party (Partido Nacionalista Vasco/Euzko Alderdi Jeltzalea) 3 306,128 1.19 decrease0.44 6 decrease1
Union, Progress and Democracy (Unión, Progreso y Democracia) 48 306,078 1.19 1
Republican Left of Catalonia (Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya) 4 298,139 1.16 decrease1.36 3 decrease5
Galician Nationalist Bloc (Bloque Nacionalista Galego) 4 212,543 0.83 increase0.02 2 steady0
Canarian Coalition (Coalición Canaria) 2 174,629 0.68 decrease0.23 2 decrease1
Navarre Yes (Nafarroa Bai) 1 62,398 0.24 steady0.00 1 steady0
Basque Solidarity (Eusko Alkartasuna) 3 50,371 0.20 decrease0.12 0 decrease1
Aragonese Union (Chunta Aragonesista) 3 38,202 0.15 decrease0.22 0 decrease1
Communist Party of the Peoples of Spain (Partido Comunista de los Pueblos de España) 16 20,030 0.08 increase0.03 0 steady0
Ciudadanos en Blanco 29 14,193 0.06 decrease0.10 0 steady0
Falange Española de las JONS 10 14,023 0.06 increase0.01 0 steady0
Democracia Nacional 15 12,836 0.05 decrease0.01 0 steady0
Els Verds-L'Alternativa Ecologista 31 12,561 0.05 decrease0.07 0 steady0
Family and Life (Familia y Vida) 7 9,882 0.04 decrease0.03 0 steady0
Humanist Party (Partido Humanista) 24 9,056 0.04 decrease0.05 0 steady0
Partido de Almeria 1 8,451 0.03 0
Els Verdes-Los Verdes 38 7,824 0.03 0
Representacion Cannabica Navarra 1 7,769 0.03 0
Partido Obrero Socialista Internacionalista 8 7,386 0.03 decrease0.00 0 steady0
Alternativa Española 20 7,300 0.03 0
España 2000 11 6,906 0.03 increase0.01 0 steady0
Partit Republica Catala 3 6,746 0.03 0
Coalicio Valenciana 3 5,424 0.02 0
Escons Insubmisos-Alternativa dels Democrates Descontents 10 5,035 0.02 0
Tierra Comunera 5 4,796 0.02 0
Authentic Falange (Falange Auténtica) 8 4,607 0.02 increase0.00 0 steady0
Leonese People's Union (Unión del Pueblo Leonés) 3 4,509 0.02 decrease0.04 0 steady0
Solidaridad y Autogestión Internacionalista 14 3,885 0.02 0
Alternativa Motor y Deportes 17 3,829 0.01 0
Partido de los Pensionistas en Acción 9 3,050 0.01 0
Izquierda Republicana (Republican Left) 4 2,899 0.01 decrease0.06 0 steady0
Partido Riojano 1 2,837 0.01 0
Alianza Nacional 7 2,737 0.01 0
Alternativa en Blanco 12 2,460 0.01 0
Extremadura Unida 2 2,346 0.01 decrease0.01 0 steady0
Els Verds-Alternativa Verda 22 2,028 0.01 increase0.00 0 steady0
Partido Carlista 4 1,956 0.01 increase0.00 0 steady0
Partit per Catalunya 4 1,919 0.01 0
Partido de los No-Fumadores 7 1,616 0.01 0
Union por Leganes 1 1,566 0.01 0
Frente Español 6 1,539 0.01 0
Centro Democratico Liberal 21 1,503 0.01 0
Opcio Nacionalista Valenciana 3 1,490 0.01 0
Centro Democratico Social 17 1,362 0.01 0
Andecha Astur 1 1,299 0.01 decrease0.00 0 steady0
Partido Regionalista del País Leonés 1 1,278 0.00 0
Centro Democratico Español 4 1,047 0.00 0
Alternativa Nacionalista Canaria 2 1,017 0.00 0
Partido de las Libertades Civiles 2 888 0.00 0
Unida 1 848 0.00 0
Partido Liberal del Empleo y la Vivienda Estatal 7 786 0.00 0
Lucha Internacionalista 10 722 0.00 increase0.00 0 steady0
Unidad del Pueblo 3 699 0.00 0
Per la Republica Valenciana 3 645 0.00 0
Partido Centristas 1 509 0.00 0
Movimiento por la Unidad del Pueblo Canario 2 497 0.00 0
Partido Ciudadanos Unidos de Aragon 3 475 0.00 0
Union Ciudadana Progresistas Independientes de Can 2 464 0.00 0
Identitat Regne de Valencia 3 449 0.00 0
Unidad Regionalista de Castilla y Leon 9 423 0.00 0
Partido Unionista Estado de España 6 414 0.00 0
Gentes de El Bierzo 1 385 0.00 0
Partit Illenc de Ses Illes Balears 1 360 0.00 0
Partido Positivista Cristiano 8 300 0.00 decrease0.00 0 steady0
Comunion Tradicionalista Carlista 1 218 0.00 0
Convergencia Democratica Asturiana 1 216 0.00 0
Iniciativa Merindades de Castilla 14 202 0.00 0
Unidad Castellana 15 198 0.00 decrease0.00 0 steady0
Partido de Alianza Iberoamericana Europea 3 174 0.00 0
Coalicio Treballadors per la Democracia 2 159 0.00 decrease0.00 0 steady0
Partido Regionalista de Guadalajara 1 152 0.00 decrease0.00 0 steady0
Aliança Balear 1 145 0.00 0
Asamblea de Votacion Electronica 4 144 0.00 0
Union Centrista Liberal 7 124 0.00 decrease0.00 0 steady0
Alianza por Burgos 1 123 0.00 0
Iniciativa Ciudadana Burgalesa 1 109 0.00 0
Nosaltres Som 6 105 0.00 0
Independentes por Cuenca 1 100 0.00 0
Agrupacion Ciudadana 2 79 0.00 0
Movimiento Falangista de España 1 69 0.00 0
Blank Ballots 286,182 1.11
Valid Vote 25,734,863 99.36 350 steady0[3]
Invalid Ballots 165,576 0.64
Total Vote (turnout 73.85%) 25,900,439 100.00
Source: Spanish Interior Ministry election results database

History

The allegorical front of the building

The building, Congreso de los Diputados, has a neoclassical style. It was designed by Narcisco Pascual y Colomer, and built between 1843 and 1850. It sits by the Carrera de San Jerónimo, in Madrid.

See also

  • Canal Parlamento

External links

References

  1. ^ `Information about Parliamentary Groups - Congress of Deputies of Spain
  2. ^ Parliamentary Groups - Congress of Deputies of Spain
  3. ^ Even though the total number of seats is fixed at 350 by the Spanish electoral law (LOREG), demographic changes since 2004 mean that eight provinces have gained or lost a seat. See Spanish Congress of Deputies.

Coordinates: 40°24′57″N 3°41′48″W / 40.41583°N 3.69667°W / 40.41583; -3.69667


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