Theodore A. Parker III

Theodore A. "Ted" Parker III (April 1, 1953August 3, 1993) was an American ornithologist who specialized in the Neotropics. He "was widely considered the finest field birder / ornithologist that the world had ever seen." (Zimmer 1993).

Biography

Parker grew up in Lancaster, Pennsylvania and became interested in birdwatching at an early age. In 1971 he broke the North American Big Year record (seeing more species of birds in a year than anyone before). In that year he enrolled at the University of Arizona and began to accompany ornithological expeditions to South America, particularly with Louisiana State University. He moved to Baton Rouge and was associated with LSU for the rest of his life (becoming a fanatical supporter of LSU basketball). He supported himself by leading birding tours, especially for Victor Emanuel Nature Tours, until the last few years of his life, when he went to work for Conservation International.

Identification skills

According to Zimmer (1993), "Voice, microhabitat, and behavior are the keys [to identification] in neotropical forests, and Ted was not only the first to recognize this (his seminal paper on foliage-gleaner identification that appeared in the April 1979 issue of "Continental Birdlife" should be required reading for all students of tropical birding), but also honed his discrimination of these essential cues to a finer degree than anyone else." Zimmer adds that as knowledge of these matters was limited, " [m] any field problems… took weeks of patient effort for Ted to work out for himself."

If another ornithologist played Parker a tape of an unknown bird, he could usually recognize it and could often identify other species in the background noise. He might then, by his knowledge of bird ranges, state where the tape had been made—Zimmer gives the example of "south bank of the Amazon between the Rios Madeira and Tapajos".

He could identify bird calls and songs even in the presence of many other birds, as when the bird was a member of a mixed-species flock. On more than one occasion, he identified a bird new to him by its call, since he recognized the genus and knew what species lived in the area. Once, hearing a recording of a dawn chorus in Bolivia, he realized that one of the sounds was an antwren of the genus "Herpsilochmus"—but since he knew all the sounds of those birds, he knew he was hearing a previously unknown species. The following year, the new species was discovered.

The scale of this knowledge is given by the presence of over two thousand bird species in the Andes and Amazonia, where Parker did most of his field work; each species typically has at least three vocalizations. He kept them straight not only from each other but from the region's monkeys, amphibians, and insects as well.

Methods

Stap (1990) describes Parker's method: walking slowly down a trail, pausing after every step, and watching and listening. In this way he gained his knowledge of both detail and "common patterns in behavior or vocalizations or community structure across the continent" (Bates and Schulenberg 1997), which led Fjeldså and Krabbe (1990) to call him "by far the greatest specialist on the life histories of neotropical birds there ever was". Stap also notes that Parker generally did not shoot birds for study, a normal method of field ornithology.

When leading tours, Parker would lure flocks in by recording their sounds as he heard them and then immediately playing the tape back; he would predict where the flock would come into sight and arrange his clients to give each a good view. The flock would appear as predicted (Zimmer 1993).

Contributions

Parker willingly shared his knowledge with others informally, published extensively, and contributed over 10,000 recordings to the Macaulay Library of Natural Sounds at the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology.

When he went to work for Conservation International, he conceived of an interdisciplinary program to provide scientific information in South America's conservation crises. This Rapid Assessment Program has led to the creation of many parks and reserves. Parker was doing a survey for it in western Ecuador when he was killed in a plane crash along with three others, including the botanist Alwyn H. Gentry.

The [http://www.co.lancaster.pa.us/parks/cwp/view.asp?a=676&q=518311&parksNav=%7C7871%7C Theodore A. Parker III Natural Area] in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, and the [http://www.fieldmuseum.org/research_collections/ecp/ecp_sites/Parker_Gentry/award.htm Parker/Gentry Award for Conservation Biology] are named for him.

References

*cite journal | author=Bates, John M., and Thomas S. Schulenberg | title=In Memoriam: Theodore A. Parker III, 1953–1993 | journal=The Auk | volume=114 | issue = 1 | year=1997 | pages=110 | url =http://www.fieldmuseum.org/research_collections/ecp/ecp_sites/Parker_Gentry/parker.htm Includes photographs.
* cite book | author=Fjeldså, Jon, and Niels Krabbe | title= Birds of the High Andes: A Manual to the Birds of the Temperate Zone of the Andes and Patagonia, South America | publisher=Apollo Books | year=1990 | id=ISBN 87-88757-16-1 Quoted by Zimmer.
*
*cite journal | author=Zimmer, Kevin J. | title=Ted Parker Remembered | journal=Birding | volume=XXV | issue = 6 | year=1993 | pages=377–380

Further reading

* According to Bates and Schulenberg, it contains a complete bibliography and a full memorial.
*cite journal | author=Parker, T. A., III | title=An introduction to foliage-gleaner identification | journal=Continental Birdlife | volume=1 | year=1979 | pages=32–37


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Theodore Parker (disambiguation) — Theodore Parker may refer to:* Theodore Parker (1810 1869) American abolitionist.* Theodore A. Parker III (1953 1993) American ornithologist.* Theodore W. Parker (1909 1994) United States Army General …   Wikipedia

  • Parker (Familienname) — Parker ist ein englischer Familienname mit der Bedeutung „Parkverwalter“; im Mittelalter wurde er auch als Spitzname für Wildhüter verwendet[1]. Bekannte Namensträger Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Parker (surname) — Family name name =Parker imagesize= caption= pronunciation = PAR ker meaning = keeper of the park region =England origin = related names = footnotes=Parker is a family name of English origin, derived from Old French with the meaning keeper of the …   Wikipedia

  • Theodore Pell — Pays  États …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Parker — I. biographical name Charlie 1920 1955 Charles Parker, Jr.; Bird or Yardbird American jazz musician II. biographical name Dorothy 1893 1967 née Rothschild American writer III. biographical name Sir Gilbert 1862 1932 Canadian author IV.… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Francis W. Parker Charter Essential School — Infobox School name = Francis W. Parker Charter Essential School imagesize = 200px caption = motto = established = 1995 type = Charter school affiliation = district = grades = 7 12 president = principal = Teriann Schrader head of school = dean =… …   Wikipedia

  • Roosevelt, Theodore — known as Teddy Roosevelt born Oct. 27, 1858, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Jan. 6, 1919, Oyster Bay, N.Y. 26th president of the U.S. (1901–09). He was elected to the New York legislature (1882), where he became a Republican leader opposed to the… …   Universalium

  • Matthew Parker — For Archbishop Parker of Dublin, see John Parker (archbishop). Matthew Parker Archbishop of Canterbury Enthroned 19 December 1559 …   Wikipedia

  • Amenhotep III — Articles de la série Pharaon Classements alphabétique chronologique Dynasties 0  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Amenophis III — Aménophis III Articles de la série Pharaon Classements alphabétique chronologique Dynasties 0  …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.