Johann Georg von Eckhart
Johann Georg von Eckhart (
7 September 1664- 9 February 1730) was a German historian.
Eckhart was born at
Duingenin the principality of Kalenberg. After preparatory training at Schulpforta, he went to Leipzig, where at first, at the desire of his mother, he studied theology, but soon turned his attention to philologyand history. On completing his course he became secretary to Field-Marshal Count Flemming, chief minister to the Elector of Saxony; after a short time, however, he went to Hannoverto find a permanent position.
Owing to his extensive learning he was soon useful to
Gottfried Leibniz, who in 1694 took Eckhart as assistant, and was, until death, his large-hearted patron and generous friend. Through the efforts of Leibniz, Eckhart was appointed professor of history at Helmstedtin 1706, and in 1714 councillor at Hannover.
After the death of Leibniz he was made
librarianand historiographerto the House of Hanover, and was soon after ennobled by Emperor Charles VI, to whom he had dedicated his work "Origines Austriacae" (Lipsia 1721 OCLC|166010541). For reasons which have never been clearly explained he gave up his position, in 1723, and fled from Hanover, perhaps on account of debt, to the Benedictine monasteryat Corvey, and thence to the Jesuits at Cologne, where he became a Catholic.
Not long after this,
Johann Philipp von Schönborn, Bishop of Würzburgappointed Eckhart his librarian and historiographer. In his work Eckhart was influenced by the new school of French historians, and gave careful attention to the so-called auxiliary sciences, above all to diplomatics; he also strove earnestly to follow a strictly scientific method in his treatment of historical materials. Together with Leibniz he is considered a founder of the critical school of historical writing.
Besides the help he rendered Leibniz, of whom he prepared an affectionately respectful obituary (in
Christoph Gottlieb von Murr, "Journal für Kunstgeschichte", VII), he issued a number of independent works. His chief work, while professor at Helmsted, is his "Historia studii etymologici linguae germanicae haetenus impensi" Hanover, 1711), a literary and historical study of all works bearing on the investigation of the Teutonic languages. At Hanover he compiled a "Corpus historicum medii aevi" (Leipzig, 1723), in two volumes; at Würzburg he published the "Commentarii de rebus Franciae Orientalis et episcopatus Wirceburgensis" (1729), also in two volumes.
Eckhart died 1730 at
* [http://num-scd-ulp.u-strasbg.fr:8080/view/authors/Eckhart,_Johann_Georg_von.html digital version of one of Eckhart's works] at the university of Strasbourg
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