Cutlassfish

Trichiuridae
silver scabbardfish, Lepidopus caudatus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Trichiuridae
Genera

Aphanopus
Assurger
Benthodesmus
Demissolinea
Eupleurogrammus
Evoxymetopon
Lepidopus
Lepturacanthus
Tentoriceps
Trichiurus
See text for species.

Aphanopus carbo

The cutlassfishes are about 40 species of predatory fish in the family Trichiuridae (order Perciformes) found in seas throughout the world. Fish of this family are long, slender, and generally steely blue or silver in colour, giving rise to their name. They have reduced or absent pelvic and caudal fins, giving them an eel-like appearance, and large fang-like teeth.[1]

Some of the species are known as scabbardfishes or hairtails or Walla Walla; others are called frostfishes because they appear in late autumn and early winter, around the time of the first frosts.

Contents

Classification

This list of species follows FishBase:[2]

  • Genus Aphanopus
    • Aphanopus arigato Parin, 1994
    • Aphanopus beckeri Parin, 1994
    • Aphanopus capricornis Parin, 1994
    • Black scabbardfish, Aphanopus carbo Lowe, 1839
    • Intermediate scabbardfish, Aphanopus intermedius Parin, 1983
    • Smalleye scabbardfish, Aphanopus microphthalmus Norman, 1939
    • Mikhailin's scabbardfish, Aphanopus mikhailini Parin, 1983
  • Genus Assurger
    • Razorback scabbardfish, Assurger anzac Alexander, 1917
  • Genus Benthodesmus
    • Elongate frostfish, Benthodesmus elongatus Clarke, 1879
    • Bigeye frostfish, Benthodesmus macrophthalmus Parin & Becker, 1970
    • Neglected frostfish, Benthodesmus neglectus Parin, 1976
    • Sparse-rayed frostfish, Benthodesmus oligoradiatus Parin & Becker, 1970
    • North-Pacific frostfish, Benthodesmus pacificus Parin & Becker, 1970
    • Papuan frostfish, Benthodesmus papua Parin, 1978
    • Simony's frostfish, Benthodesmus simonyi Steindachner, 1891
      Benthodesmus simonyi
    • Philippine frostfish, Benthodesmus suluensis Parin ,1976
    • Slender frostfish, Benthodesmus tenuis Günther, 1877
    • Tucker's frostfish, Benthodesmus tuckeri Parin & Becker, 1970
    • Vityaz' frostfish, Benthodesmus vityazi Parin & Becker, 1970
  • Genus Demissolinea
    • New Guinean hairtail, Demissolinea novaeguineensis Burhanuddin & Iwatsuki, 2003
  • Genus Eupleurogrammus
    • Longtooth hairtail, Eupleurogrammus glossodon (Bleeker, 1860)
    • Smallhead hairtail, Eupleurogrammus muticus (Gray, 1831)
  • Genus Evoxymetopon
    • Evoxymetopon macrophthalmus Chakraborty, Yoshino & Iwatsuki, 2006.[3]
    • Poey's scabbardfish, Evoxymetopon poeyi Günther, 1887
    • Channel scabbardfish, Evoxymetopon taeniatus Gill, 1863
  • Genus Lepidopus
    • Crested scabbardfish, Lepidopus altifrons Parin & Collette, 1993
    • Hawaiian ridge scabbardfish, Lepidopus calcar Parin & Mikhailin, 1982
    • Silver scabbardfish, Lepidopus caudatus (Euphrasen, 1788)
    • Doubtful scabbardfish, Lepidopus dubius Parin & Mikhailin, 1981
    • Fitch's scabbardfish, Lepidopus fitchi Rosenblatt & Wilson, 1987
    • Ghost scabbardfish, Lepidopus manis Rosenblatt & Wilson, 1987
  • Genus Lepturacanthus
    • Coromandel hairtail, Lepturacanthus pantului (Gupta, 1966)
    • Savalani hairtail, Lepturacanthus savala (Cuvier, 1829)
  • Genus Tentoriceps
    • Crested hairtail, Tentoriceps cristatus (Klunzinger, 1884)
  • Genus Trichiurus
    • Pearly hairtail, Trichiurus auriga Klunzinger, 1884
    • Trichiurus australis Chakraborty, Burhanuddin & Iwatsuki, 2005.[4]
    • Chinese short-tailed hairtail, Trichiurus brevis Wang & You, 1992
    • Ganges hairtail, Trichiurus gangeticus Gupta, 1966
    • Largehead hairtail, Trichiurus lepturus Linnaeus, 1758
    • Trichiurus margarites Li, 1992
    • Trichiurus nanhaiensis Wang & Xu, 1992
    • Australian short tailed hairtail, Trichiurus nickolensis Burhanuddin & Iwatsuki, 2003
    • Short-tailed hairtail, Trichiurus russelli Dutt & Thankam, 1966

Timeline of genera

References

  1. ^ Johnson, G.D. & Gill, A.C. (1998). Paxton, J.R. & Eschmeyer, W.N.. ed. Encyclopedia of Fishes. San Diego: Academic Press. pp. 190. ISBN 0-12-547665-5. 
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2006). "Trichiuridae" in FishBase. January 2006 version.
  3. ^ Chakraborty, Yoshino & Iwatsuki (2006). "A new species of scabbardfish, Evoxymetopon macrophthalmus (Scombroidei: Trichiuridae), from Okinawa, Japan". Ichthyological Research 53 (2): 137ff. doi:10.1007/s10228-005-0319-x. 
  4. ^ Anirban Chakraborty, Andi Iqbal Burhanuddin and Yukio Iwatsuki (2005). "A new species, Trichiurus australis (Perciformes: Trichiuridae), from Australia". Ichthyological Research 52 (2): 165–170. doi:10.1007/s10228-005-0268-4. 

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • cutlassfish — [kut′ləsfish΄] n. pl. cutlassfish or cutlassfishes (see FISH) any of a family (Trichiuridae) of very long, thin percoid fishes with a wide mouth and sharp, pointed teeth, found near the surface in tropical seas: also written cutlass fish …   English World dictionary

  • cutlassfish — cutlass fish cutlass fish, cutlassfish cutlassfish . 1. (Zo[ o]l.) a peculiar, long, thin, marine fish ({Trichiurus lepturus}) of the southern United States and West Indies, having a long whiplike scaleless body and sharp daggerlike teeth; called …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • cutlassfish — /kut leuhs fish /, n., pl. (esp. collectively) cutlassfish, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) cutlassfishes. any compressed, ribbonlike fish of the genus Trichiurus, having daggerlike teeth. Also called frostfish. [1880 85; CUTLASS …   Universalium

  • cutlassfish — noun long bodied marine fishes having a long whiplike scaleless body and sharp teeth; closely related to snake mackerel • Syn: ↑frost fish, ↑hairtail • Hypernyms: ↑percoid fish, ↑percoid, ↑percoidean • Member Holonyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Largehead hairtail — Taxobox | image width = 250px name = Largehead hairtail regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata class = Actinopterygii ordo = Perciformes familia = Trichiuridae genus = Trichiurus species = T. lepturus binomial = Trichiurus lepturus binomial… …   Wikipedia

  • cutlass fish — cutlass fish, cutlassfish cutlassfish . 1. (Zo[ o]l.) a peculiar, long, thin, marine fish ({Trichiurus lepturus}) of the southern United States and West Indies, having a long whiplike scaleless body and sharp daggerlike teeth; called also… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • frostfish — cutlass fish cutlass fish, cutlassfish cutlassfish . 1. (Zo[ o]l.) a peculiar, long, thin, marine fish ({Trichiurus lepturus}) of the southern United States and West Indies, having a long whiplike scaleless body and sharp daggerlike teeth; called …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • saber fish — cutlass fish cutlass fish, cutlassfish cutlassfish . 1. (Zo[ o]l.) a peculiar, long, thin, marine fish ({Trichiurus lepturus}) of the southern United States and West Indies, having a long whiplike scaleless body and sharp daggerlike teeth; called …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • silver eel — cutlass fish cutlass fish, cutlassfish cutlassfish . 1. (Zo[ o]l.) a peculiar, long, thin, marine fish ({Trichiurus lepturus}) of the southern United States and West Indies, having a long whiplike scaleless body and sharp daggerlike teeth; called …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • swordfish — cutlass fish cutlass fish, cutlassfish cutlassfish . 1. (Zo[ o]l.) a peculiar, long, thin, marine fish ({Trichiurus lepturus}) of the southern United States and West Indies, having a long whiplike scaleless body and sharp daggerlike teeth; called …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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