Henry R. Towne
Henry Robinson Towne was an American
mechanical engineerand businessman.
Henry R. Towne was the son of John Henry and Maria (Tevis) T. Towne. He attended the
University of Pennsylvaniafrom 1861 to 1862, where he was a member of St. Anthony Hall, [cite book
title=Catalogue of the Members of the Fraternity of Delta Psi
author=Fraternity of Delta Psi
url=http://books.google.com/books?id=gNxBAAAAIAAJ] but did not complete a degree. The university would later award him an honorary master's degree.
Following his year of college, Towne found work as a draftsman at the
Port RichmondIron Works, which was owned by I. P. Morris, Towne & Co.. In 1863, Towne was put in charge of repair work for the union gunboat Massachusetts. During 1864-1866, Towne was placed in charge of erecting engines in monitors for the US Navy. After the war, Towne went to Paris and studied physics at the Sorbonne. When he returned, he found employment with the firm of William Sellers & Co., in Philadelphia.
Yale Lock Manufacturing
In the summer of 1868, Henry R. Towne was introduced to
Linus Yale, Jr.by a mutual friend. Towne was, by this time, looking for a new business opportunityand had become impressed about the possibilities of Yale's new "cylinder" lock. In October of 1868, the two men formed the Yale Lock Manufacturing Co., to be located in Stamford, Connecticut. Towne provided new capital and management of the firm, and Yale the invention. Henry R. Towne, "Locks and builders hardware, a hand book for architects" (New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1904), 68-69. (for abstract, see [http://www.cslib.org/stamford/b_t.htm Stamford Historical Society] )] Yale died later in 1868, and Towne reorganized the company as Yale & Towne Manufacturing Co.Towne stepped down as chairman in 1915.
Towne was one of the first engineers to see management as a new social role for engineers and that the development of management techniques was important for the development of the engineering profession. He laid out his ideas about the management role for the engineer in his "The Engineer as Economist." He was elected President of the ASME in 1888, and his presidential address continued to address how to improve shop and worker efficiency (see "Gain-Sharing").
Towne and Link-Belt president
James Mapes Dodgewere responsible for maneuvering Frederick Winslow Taylorto the Presidency of the ASME in 1906 (Noble, ABD, 269-270).
Henry R. Towne died on October 15, 1924. His wife Cora E. White, whom he had married in 1868, died in 1917. In his will, Towne bequeathed over two million dollars to the establishment of the
Museums of the Peaceful Artsin Manhattan.
*Who's Who on the Web, s.v. "Towne, Henry R." (n.p.:
Marquis Who's Who, 2005).
*Noble, David F. "America by Design: Science, Technology, and the Rise of Corporate Capitalism". New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1977.
*Towne, Henry R. "Engineer as Economist," "Transactions of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers" 7 (1886), 425ff.
*Towne, Henry R. "Gain-Sharing," "Transactions of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers" 10 (1889), 600ff.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Towne — Towne, an archaic spelling of the word town, is a surname, and may refer to:* Benjamin Towne, American newspaper editor * Charles A. Towne (1858 ndash; 1928) U.S. Senator and U.S. Representative from Minnesota * Francis Towne, British landscape… … Wikipedia
Towne — ist der Name folgender Personen: Charles Arnette Towne (1858–1928), amerikanischer Politiker Henry R. Towne († 1924), amerikanischer Maschinenbauer und Unternehmer Katharine Towne (* 1978), amerikanische Schauspielerin Robert Towne (* 1934),… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Henry Town — For the American businessman, see Henry R. Towne. Henry Town, Henry Towne, or Henries Towne was an early English colonial settlement in Virginia, now in Virginia Beach, Virginia, in the United States. Norfolk, Virginia, archaeologist Floyd… … Wikipedia
Towne Shopper — war eine US amerikanische Automobilmarke, die nur 1948 von der International Motor Car Company in San Diego (Kalifornien) gebaut wurde. Der kleine, zweisitzige Runabout hatte eine Aluminiumkarosserie ohne Türen. Vorne war der Kofferraum… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Henry J — in Japan Henry J Modellauto … Deutsch Wikipedia
Henry Mower Rice — (* 29. November 1816 in Waitsfield, Washington County, Vermont; † 15. Januar 1894 in San Antonio, Texas) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker der Demokratischen Partei. Er vertrat das Minnesota Territorium als Delegierter im Re … Deutsch Wikipedia
Henry Teigan — Henry George Teigan (* 7. August 1881 in Forest City, Winnebago County, Iowa; † 12. März 1941 in Minneapolis, Minnesota) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker. Zwischen 1937 und 1939 vertrat er den Bundesstaat Minnesota im US… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Henry Poehler — (* 22. August 1833 in Hiddesen, Lippe; † 18. Juli 1912 in Henderson, Minnesota) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker. Zwischen 1879 und 1881 vertrat er den Bundesstaat Minnesota im US Repräsentantenhaus. Werdegang Der auf dem Gebiet des… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Henry T. Bannon — Henry Towne Bannon (June 5, 1867 September 6, 1950) was a U.S. Representative from Ohio.Born near Portsmouth, Ohio, Bannon attended the public schools of Portsmouth, Ohio State University at Columbus in 1885 and 1886, and was graduated from the… … Wikipedia
Robert Towne — Towne in 2006 Born November 23, 1934 (1934 11 23) (age 77) Los Angeles, California Spouse … Wikipedia