- Paul Rabaut
Paul Rabaut (
January 29, 1718– September 25, 1794) was a French pastor of the Huguenot"Church of the Desert".
He was born at
Bédarieux, near Montpellier. In 1738 he was admitted as a preacher by the synodof Languedoc, and in 1740 he went to Lausanneto complete his studies in the seminary founded by Antoine Court. In 1741 Rabaut was placed at the head of the church of Nîmes, and in 1744 he was vice-president of the general synod. During the persecution of 1745-1752, he was forced into hiding. When the marquis of Paulmy d'Argenson was sent to Languedoc to make a military inspection, Rabaut succeeded in interviewing him (1750).
For a time the persecution ceased, but it broke out again in 1753, and a price was put on Rabaut's head.
Louis François de Bourbon, prince de Conti, interested himself in the Protestants in 1755, and in July Rabaut visited him. During the years 1755-1760 periods of persecution and toleration alternated. By 1760, however, the efforts of Antoine Court and Paul Rabaut had been so successful that French Protestantismwas well established and organized. Court de Gébelin, Rabaut himself, and his son Jean-Paul Rabaut Saint-Etiennenow exerted themselves to get it recognized by the law and government. When the people revolted, the minister Turgot in 1775 requested Rabaut to calm them.
His success aroused the jealousy of his colleagues, who tried to undo the good work started by Antoine Court. Rabaut persevered in his efforts to improve the legal position of the Protestants. In 1785, when he was visited by the
Marquis de la Fayette, it was arranged that Rabaut's son, Rabaut Saint-Etienne, should go to Paris on behalf of the Reformed Church.
In November 1787 King Louis XVI's edict of toleration was signed, though it was not registered until
January 29, 1788. Two years later liberty of conscience was proclaimed by the National Assembly, of which Rabaut Saint-Etienne was vice-president, and it was declared that non-Catholics might be admitted to all positions. After the fall of the Girondists, however, in which Rabaut Saint-Etienne was involved, Paul Rabaut, who had refused to renounce his title of pastor, was arrested, dragged to the citadel of Nîmes, and kept in prison seven weeks (1794). He died at Nîmes, soon after his release.
See J Pons do Nîmes, "Notice biographique sur Paul Rabaut" (1808); Charles Dardier, "Paul Rabaut, ses lettres à Antoine Court" (1884) and "Paul Rabaut, ses lettres à divers" (1891).
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Paul Rabaut — Naissance 29 janvier 1718 Bédarieux Décès 25 septembre … Wikipédia en Français
Jean-Paul Rabaut De Saint-Étienne — Naissance 14 novembre 1743 Nîmes Décès … Wikipédia en Français
Jean-Paul Rabaut Saint-Étienne — Jean Paul Rabaut de Saint Étienne Jean Paul Rabaut de Saint Étienne Naissance 14 novembre 1743 Nîmes Décès … Wikipédia en Français
Jean-Paul Rabaut de Saint-Etienne — Jean Paul Rabaut de Saint Étienne Jean Paul Rabaut de Saint Étienne Naissance 14 novembre 1743 Nîmes Décès … Wikipédia en Français
Jean-Paul Rabaut de Saint-Étienne — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Saint Étienne (homonymie). Jean Paul Rabaut Saint Étienne … Wikipédia en Français
Jean-paul rabaut de saint-étienne — Naissance 14 novembre 1743 Nîmes Décès … Wikipédia en Français
Jean-Paul Rabaut Saint-Étienne — (November 14, 1743 December 5, 1793) was a French revolutionary.Infobox biography name = Jean Paul Rabaut de Saint Étienne imagesize = 235 caption = office = Deputy for the Third Estate of the Estates General surname = birth date = date|14… … Wikipedia
Jean-Paul Rabaut Saint-Étienne — (* 1743 in Nîmes; † 5. Dezember 1793) war ein Politiker in der Französischen Revolution. Er war der Sohn Paul Rabauts und nahm den zusätzlichen Nachnamen Saint Étienne von einem kleinen Gut bei Nîmes an. Wie sein Vater wurde er Pastor und… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Rabaut-Saint-Etienne — Jean Paul Rabaut de Saint Étienne Jean Paul Rabaut de Saint Étienne Naissance 14 novembre 1743 Nîmes Décès … Wikipédia en Français
Rabaut-Saint-Étienne — Jean Paul Rabaut de Saint Étienne Jean Paul Rabaut de Saint Étienne Naissance 14 novembre 1743 Nîmes Décès … Wikipédia en Français