Jack Snipe


Jack Snipe

Taxobox
name = Jack Snipe
status = LC | status_system = IUCN3.1


image_width = 205px
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Aves
ordo = Charadriiformes
familia = Scolopacidae
genus = "Lymnocryptes"
genus_authority = Boie, 1826
species = "L. minimus"
binomial = "Lymnocryptes minimus"
binomial_authority = (Brunnich, 1764)

The Jack Snipe, "Lymnocryptes minimus" is a small stocky wader. It is the smallest snipe, and the only one in the genus "Lymnocryptes" which is quite distinct from other snipes or woodcocks (Thomas "et al.", 2004).

Their breeding habitat is marshes, bogs, tundra and wet meadows with short vegetation in northern Europe and northern Russia. They nest in a well-hidden location on the ground, laying 3-4 eggs.

Jack Snipes are migratory, wintering in Great Britain, Atlantic and Mediterranean coastal Europe, Africa, and India.

These birds forage in soft mud, probing or picking up food by sight. They mainly eat insects and earthworms, also plant material. They are difficult to see, being well camouflaged in their habitat.

Adults are smaller than Common Snipe and have relatively shorter bill. The body is mottled brown on top and pale underneath. They have a dark stripe through the eye. The wings are pointed and narrow, and yellow back stripes are visible in flight. When seen, the distinctive bobbing movement, as if the bird is on springs, has an almost hypnotic quality.

The head pattern of Jack Snipe differs from Common Snipe and other species in the genus "Gallinago", in that there is no central crown-stripe; instead, there are two pale lateral crown-stripes, which are separated from the supercilium by an area of dark plumage.

The male performs an aerial display during courtship, and has a sound like a galloping horse. It is silent in winter.

Jack Snipe can be secretive on their wintering grounds, and as a result are difficult to observe. As a result of this, birdwatchers have developed a specialised technique for finding the species. This involves walking through its marshy habitat until a bird is disturbed and flies up. Jack Snipe will squat down and not flush from cover until the intruder is within a metre of the bird. They then fly a short distance before dropping back into vegetation.

The Jack Snipe is one of the species to which the "Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds" (AEWA) applies.

References

* Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern

* Thomas, Gavin H.; Wills, Matthew A. & Székely, Tamás (2004): A supertree approach to shorebird phylogeny. "BMC Evol. Biol." 4: 28. doi|10.1186/1471-2148-4-28 [http://www.pubmedcentral.org/picrender.fcgi?artid=515296&blobtype=pdf PDF fulltext] [http://www.pubmedcentral.org/articlerender.fcgi?artid=515296#supplementary-material-sec Supplementary Material]

External Links

* [http://www.bsc-eoc.org/avibase/species.jsp?lang=EN&id=0502D40AA69340CB&ts=1220249161630&sec=flickr Avibase]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jack snipe — Snipe Snipe, n. [OE. snipe; akin to D. snep, snip, LG. sneppe, snippe, G. schnepfe, Icel. sn[=i]pa (in comp.), Dan. sneppe, Sw. sn[ a]ppa a sanpiper, and possibly to E. snap. See {Snap}, {Snaffle}.] 1. (Zo[ o]l.) Any one of numerous species of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • jack|snipe — «JAK SNYP», noun. 1. a very small European snipe; half snipe. 2. a snipe such as Wilson s snipe of America. 3. = pectoral sandpiper. (Cf. ↑pectoral sandpiper) ╂[< jack1 + snipe, noun] …   Useful english dictionary

  • Jack snipe — Jack Jack (j[a^]k), n. [F. Jacques James, L. Jacobus, Gr. ?, Heb. Ya aq[=o]b Jacob; prop., seizing by the heel; hence, a supplanter. Cf. {Jacobite}, {Jockey}.] [1913 Webster] 1. A familiar nickname of, or substitute for, John. [1913 Webster] You… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Jack Snipe — oželis nykštukas statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Lymnocryptes minimus angl. Jack Snipe vok. Zwergschnepfe …   Paukščių anatomijos terminai

  • jack snipe — oželiai nykštukai statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Lymnocryptes angl. jack snipe vok. Zwergschnepfe, f rus. гаршнеп, m pranc. bécassine sourde, f ryšiai: platesnis terminas – perkūno oželiai siauresnis terminas – oželis… …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

  • jack snipe — oželis nykštukas statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Lymnocryptes minimus angl. jack snipe vok. Zwergschnepfe, f rus. гаршнеп, m pranc. bécassine sourde, f ryšiai: platesnis terminas – oželiai nykštukai …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

  • jack snipe — /ˈdʒæk snaɪp/ (say jak snuyp) noun 1. a small, relatively short billed snipe, Lymnocryptes minimus, of northern Europe and Asia. 2. any of several related snipes. {jack1 + snipe} …   Australian English dictionary

  • jack-snipe — n. Judcock (Scolopax gallinula) …   New dictionary of synonyms

  • jack snipe — …   Useful english dictionary

  • jack-snipe — …   Useful english dictionary


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