- Pinetop Smith
Pinetop Smith Birth name Clarence Smith Also known as "Pine Top" or "Pinetop" Smith Born June 11, 1904
Troy, Alabama, United States
Died March 15, 1929(aged 24)
Chicago, Illinois, United States
Genres Boogie-woogie, blues Occupations Pianist, vocalist, comedian Instruments Piano Years active c. 1920–1929 Labels Vocalion Associated acts Ma Rainey
Meade Lux Lewis
Clarence Smith, better known as Pinetop Smith or Pine Top Smith (June 11, 1904 – March 15, 1929) was an American boogie-woogie style blues pianist. His hit tune, "Pine Top's Boogie Woogie," featured rhythmic "breaks" that were an essential ingredient of ragtime music.
He was a posthumous 1991 inductee of the Alabama Jazz Hall of Fame.
Smith was born in Troy, Alabama and raised in Birmingham, Alabama. He received his nickname as a child from his liking for climbing trees. In 1920 he moved to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, where he worked as an entertainer before touring on the T. O. B. A. vaudeville circuit, performing as a singer and comedian as well as a pianist. For a time he worked as accompanist for blues singer Ma Rainey and Butterbeans and Susie.
In the mid 1920s he was recommended by Cow Cow Davenport to J. Mayo Williams at Vocalion Records, and in 1928 he moved, with his wife and young son, to Chicago, Illinois to record. For a time he, Albert Ammons, and Meade Lux Lewis lived in the same rooming house.
On 29 December 1928 he recorded his influential "Pine Top's Boogie Woogie," one of the first "boogie woogie" style recordings to make a hit, and which cemented the name for the style. Pine Top talks over the recording, telling how to dance to the number. He said he originated the number at a house-rent party in St. Louis, Missouri. Smith was the first ever to direct "the girl with the red dress on" to "not move a peg" until told to "shake that thing" and "mess around".
Smith was scheduled to make another recording session for Vocalion in 1929, but died from a gunshot wound in a dance-hall fight in Chicago the day before the session. Sources differ as to whether he was the intended recipient of the bullet. "I saw Pinetop spit blood" was the famous headline in Down Beat magazine.
No photographs of Smith are known to exist.
Smith was acknowledged by other boogie woogie pianists such as Albert Ammons and Pete Johnson as a key influence, and he gained posthumous fame when "Boogie Woogie" was arranged for big band and recorded by Tommy Dorsey & His Orchestra in 1938. Although not immediately successful, "Boogie Woogie" was so popular during and after World War II that it became Dorsey's best selling record, with over five million copies sold. Bing Crosby also recorded his version of the song.
From the 1950s, Joe Willie Perkins became universally known as "Pinetop Perkins" for his recording of "Pinetop's Boogie Woogie". Perkins later became Muddy Waters' pianist and later, when in his nineties, recorded a song on his 2004 Ladies' Man album, which played on the by-then-common misconception that Perkins had himself written "Pinetop's Boogie Woogie".
In 1975 the Bob Thiele Orchestra recorded a modern jazz album called I Saw Pinetop Spit Blood that included a treatment of "Pinetop's Boogie Woogie" as well as the title song.
- ^ a b c d e "Clarence Pinetop Smith". Thebluestrail.com. http://www.thebluestrail.com/artists/mus_cs.htm. Retrieved November 19, 2011.
- ^ a b c d Du Noyer, Paul (2003). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Music (1st ed.). Fulham, London: Flame Tree Publishing. p. 165. ISBN 1-904041-96-5.
- ^ Peter J. Silvester, A Left Hand Like God : a history of boogie-woogie piano (1989), page 66-73.
- ^ James Edwards, Western Pennsylvania History Magazine (Fall 2007), page 6-7.
- ^ Joe Willie "Pinetop" Perkins, 2000 NEA National Heritage Fellowships
- ^ Pinetop Perkins
- ^ Pacific Blues Recording Co CD 2303
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Pinetop Smith — Datos generales Nombre real Clarence Smith Nacimiento 11 de junio de 1904 Origen Onio, Alabama, Estado … Wikipedia Español
Pinetop Smith — Clarence Pinetop Smith (* 11. Juni 1904 in Troy, Alabama; † 15. März 1929 in Chicago) war ein US amerikanischer Jazz Pianist. Anfangs trat er in Vaudeville Shows u.a. mit Ma Rainey auf. Eine Zeit lang lebte er zusammen in einer Unterkunft mit… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Clarence Pinetop Smith — (* 11. Juni 1904 in Troy, Alabama; † 15. März 1929 in Chicago) war ein US amerikanischer Jazz Pianist. Anfangs trat er in Vaudeville Shows u.a. mit Ma Rainey auf. Eine Zeit lang lebte er zusammen in einer Unterkunft mit Albert Ammons und Meade… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Pinetop Perkins — (Santa Cruz Blues Festival 2008) Pinetop Perkins (* 7. Juli 1913 in Belzoni, Mississippi; † 21. März 2011 in Austin, Texas; eigentlich Joe Willie Perkins) war ein US ame … Deutsch Wikipedia
Pinetop — ist der Künstler oder Spitzname folgender Personen: Clarence ‚Pinetop‘ Smith (1904–1929), US amerikanischer Jazz Pianist Pinetop Perkins (1913–2011), US amerikanischer Blues Musiker Siehe auch: Pinetop Lakeside, Arizona, Vereinigte Staaten… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Pinetop Perkins — Infobox musical artist Name = Pinetop Perkins Img capt = Img size = 150 Landscape = Background = solo singer Birth name = Joe Willie Perkins Alias = Born = birth date and age|1913|7|7 Belzoni, Mississippi, United States Died = Origin = Instrument … Wikipedia
Pinetop Perkins — al piano. Joseph William Perkins ( 7 de julio de 1913 21 de marzo de 2011 ), más conocido como Pinetop Perkins era un músico de blues estadounidense cu … Wikipedia Español
Pinetop Perkins — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Perkins. Pinetop Perkins. Pinetop Pe … Wikipédia en Français
Back on Top (Pinetop Perkins album) — Infobox Album | Name = Back On Top Type = Studio album Artist = Pinetop Perkins Released = 2000 Recorded = Genre = Blues Length = Label = Producers = Reviews = Last album = This album = Next album = Back On Top is an album by blues pianist… … Wikipedia
Pine Top Smith — Clarence Pinetop Smith (* 11. Juni 1904 in Troy, Alabama; † 15. März 1929 in Chicago) war ein US amerikanischer Jazz Pianist. Anfangs trat er in Vaudeville Shows u.a. mit Ma Rainey auf. Eine Zeit lang lebte er zusammen in einer Unterkunft mit… … Deutsch Wikipedia