Pinetop Smith


Pinetop Smith
Pinetop Smith
Birth name Clarence Smith
Also known as "Pine Top" or "Pinetop" Smith
Born June 11, 1904(1904-06-11)
Troy, Alabama, United States
Died March 15, 1929(1929-03-15) (aged 24)
Chicago, Illinois, United States
Genres Boogie-woogie, blues
Occupations Pianist, vocalist, comedian
Instruments Piano
Years active c. 1920–1929
Labels Vocalion
Associated acts Ma Rainey
Albert Ammons
Meade Lux Lewis

Clarence Smith, better known as Pinetop Smith or Pine Top Smith[1] (June 11, 1904 – March 15, 1929) was an American boogie-woogie style blues pianist. His hit tune, "Pine Top's Boogie Woogie," featured rhythmic "breaks" that were an essential ingredient of ragtime music.[2]

He was a posthumous 1991 inductee of the Alabama Jazz Hall of Fame.

Contents

Career

Smith was born in Troy, Alabama and raised in Birmingham, Alabama.[1] He received his nickname as a child from his liking for climbing trees.[3] In 1920 he moved to Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania,[4] where he worked as an entertainer before touring on the T. O. B. A. vaudeville circuit, performing as a singer and comedian as well as a pianist. For a time he worked as accompanist for blues singer Ma Rainey[1] and Butterbeans and Susie.

In the mid 1920s he was recommended by Cow Cow Davenport to J. Mayo Williams at Vocalion Records, and in 1928 he moved, with his wife and young son, to Chicago, Illinois to record.[1] For a time he, Albert Ammons, and Meade Lux Lewis lived in the same rooming house.

On 29 December 1928 he recorded his influential "Pine Top's Boogie Woogie," one of the first "boogie woogie" style recordings to make a hit, and which cemented the name for the style. Pine Top talks over the recording, telling how to dance to the number.[2] He said he originated the number at a house-rent party in St. Louis, Missouri. Smith was the first ever to direct "the girl with the red dress on" to "not move a peg" until told to "shake that thing" and "mess around".

Smith was scheduled to make another recording session for Vocalion in 1929, but died from a gunshot wound in a dance-hall fight in Chicago the day before the session.[1] Sources differ as to whether he was the intended recipient of the bullet. "I saw Pinetop spit blood" was the famous headline in Down Beat magazine.

No photographs of Smith are known to exist.

Influence

Smith was acknowledged by other boogie woogie pianists such as Albert Ammons and Pete Johnson as a key influence, and he gained posthumous fame when "Boogie Woogie" was arranged for big band and recorded by Tommy Dorsey & His Orchestra in 1938.[2] Although not immediately successful, "Boogie Woogie" was so popular during and after World War II that it became Dorsey's best selling record, with over five million copies sold. Bing Crosby also recorded his version of the song.[2]

From the 1950s, Joe Willie Perkins became universally known as "Pinetop Perkins" for his recording of "Pinetop's Boogie Woogie".[5] Perkins later became Muddy Waters' pianist and later, when in his nineties, recorded a song on his 2004 Ladies' Man album, which played on the by-then-common misconception that Perkins had himself written "Pinetop's Boogie Woogie".[6]

Ray Charles adapted "Pine Top's Boogie Woogie" for his song "Mess Around", for which the authorship was credited to "A. Nugetre", Ahmet Ertegun.

In 1975 the Bob Thiele Orchestra recorded a modern jazz album called I Saw Pinetop Spit Blood that included a treatment of "Pinetop's Boogie Woogie" as well as the title song.

Gene Taylor recorded a version of "Pinetop's Boogie Woogie" on his eponymous 2003 album.[7]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Clarence Pinetop Smith". Thebluestrail.com. http://www.thebluestrail.com/artists/mus_cs.htm. Retrieved November 19, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d Du Noyer, Paul (2003). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Music (1st ed.). Fulham, London: Flame Tree Publishing. p. 165. ISBN 1-904041-96-5. 
  3. ^ Peter J. Silvester, A Left Hand Like God : a history of boogie-woogie piano (1989), page 66-73.
  4. ^ James Edwards, Western Pennsylvania History Magazine (Fall 2007), page 6-7.
  5. ^ Joe Willie "Pinetop" Perkins, 2000 NEA National Heritage Fellowships
  6. ^ Pinetop Perkins
  7. ^ Pacific Blues Recording Co CD 2303

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Pinetop Smith — Clarence Pinetop Smith (* 11. Juni 1904 in Troy, Alabama; † 15. März 1929 in Chicago) war ein US amerikanischer Jazz Pianist. Anfangs trat er in Vaudeville Shows u.a. mit Ma Rainey auf. Eine Zeit lang lebte er zusammen in einer Unterkunft mit… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Clarence Pinetop Smith — (* 11. Juni 1904 in Troy, Alabama; † 15. März 1929 in Chicago) war ein US amerikanischer Jazz Pianist. Anfangs trat er in Vaudeville Shows u.a. mit Ma Rainey auf. Eine Zeit lang lebte er zusammen in einer Unterkunft mit Albert Ammons und Meade… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Pine Top Smith — Clarence Pinetop Smith (* 11. Juni 1904 in Troy, Alabama; † 15. März 1929 in Chicago) war ein US amerikanischer Jazz Pianist. Anfangs trat er in Vaudeville Shows u.a. mit Ma Rainey auf. Eine Zeit lang lebte er zusammen in einer Unterkunft mit… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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