Party of Democratic Action

Party of Democratic Action
Party of Democratic Action
Stranka demokratske akcije
Leader Sulejman Tihić
Founder Alija Izetbegović
Founded 26 May 1990
Headquarters Sarajevo
Ideology Bosniak nationalism [1]
Social conservatism [2]
Political position Centre-right
International affiliation International Democrat Union
European affiliation European People's Party (observer)
Official colours Green, Blue, White and Red
Ethnic group Nominally multiethnic, but primarily Bosniak
House of Representatives of Bosnia and Herzegovina
7 / 42
House of Peoples of Bosnia and Herzegovina
3 / 15
House of Representatives of Federation
23 / 98
House of Peoples of Federation
9 / 58
Politics of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Political parties

The Party of Democratic Action (Bosnian: Stranka Demokratske Akcije, SDA) is a Bosniak national political party in Bosnia and Herzegovina.[3]



The Party of Democratic Action was founded in May 1990 by Alija Izetbegović, representing the Bosnian Muslim population (Serbs and Croats were represented by SDS and HDZ, respectively[4]) . The SDA party was the first Bosniak party of national orientation in Yugoslavia since the banning of the multiparty system in 1945 by the Communist Yugoslav Leadership.

The SDA achieved considerable success in elections after the fall of communism in the early 1990s. It founded the newspaper Ljiljan. The party remains the strongest political party among the Bosniak population in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and it has branches in Croatia and Serbia (Sandžak region). Former mayor of Sarajevo, Semiha Borovac, is a member of the SDA.

The party was criticized during the Bosnian war by Serbian and Croatian politicians and some Bosniaks.[5] On the other hand, unlike Serbian Democratic Party's (SDS) and the Croatian Democratic Union's (CDU) militants' treatment of minorities in the areas of their control during the Bosnian War, the SDA party reportedly did not engage in organized persecution of Serbs and Croats in the areas under its control, and the Catholic and the Eastern Orthodox churches in Bihać, Sarajevo, Tuzla and other cities remained intact throughout the war, compared to over 800 destroyed mosques by the Croatian and Serbian nationalists.[6]

In November 2000 the party was defeated by the Social Democratic Party and other parties gathered into the "Alliance for Change", and found itself in the opposition for the first time since its 1990 creation.[7]

The party is an observer member of the European People's Party (EPP).

2006 Elections

At the legislative elections held on 1 October 2006, the party won the following posts:


  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^ James, Ron (2003). Frontiers and ghettos: State Violence in Serbia and Israel.. University of California Press. p. 218. ISBN 0520236572, 9780520236578. Retrieved 2009-06-18. 
  4. ^
  5. ^ Thus, in 1994, Slavko Santić, a commentator for the Sarajevo daily Oslobodenje, was quoted in The New York Times as saying: "The Party of Democratic Action is on its way to becoming a totalitarian party, just like the Communists were. We have no political opposition to speak of here, police are everywhere, and state jobs increasingly require party membership. Modern, democratic Europe has to get rid of President Izetbegovic, because there will be no peace and no elections as long as he is in office." - [1]
  6. ^ Bosnian Heritage Destruction Report
  7. ^ Al-Azmeh, Aziz (2007). Islam in Europe: Diversity, Identity, and Influence. Cambridge University Press. p. 118. ISBN 0521860113, 9780521860116. Retrieved 2009-06-18. 

External links

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