- Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (
given names: "Henri Albert Gabriel Félix Marie Guillaume"; born at Betzdorf Castlein Luxembourg, 16 April 1955) is the head of state of Luxembourg. He is the eldest son of Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourgand Princess Joséphine-Charlotte of Belgium. His maternal grandparents were King Leopold III of Belgium and Astrid of Sweden.
Childhood and education
Grand Duke Henri has four siblings:
Archduchess Marie Astrid of Austria(b. 1954), Prince Jean of Luxembourg(b. 1957), Princess Margaretha of Liechtenstein(b. 1957) and Prince Guillaume of Luxembourg(b. 1963).
Henri was educated in Luxembourg and in France, where he obtained his
baccalaureatein 1974. He then studied political sciences at University of Geneva, graduating in 1980. The Grand Duke also undertook military officer training at the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, England.
Marriage and family
While studying in Geneva, Henri met María Teresa Mestre y Batista, who was also a political sciences student. They married in Luxembourg on 14 February 1981.
The couple have five children:
Prince Guillaume, Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg(b. 11 November 1981)
Prince Félix of Luxembourg(b. 3 June 1984)
Prince Louis of Luxembourg(b. 3 August 1986)
Princess Alexandra of Luxembourg(b. 16 February 1991)
Prince Sébastien of Luxembourg(b. 16 April 1992)
and two grandsons :
12 March 2006) and Noah de Nassau (b. 21 September 2007), the sons of Prince Louis and his wife Tessy de Nassau.
Infobox Monarch styles
royal name = Grand Duke Henri I of Luxembourg
His Royal Highness
offstyle = Your Royal Highness
altstyle = Sir|Prince Henri became heir apparent to the Luxembourg throne on the abdication of his paternal grandmother, Grand Duchess
Charlotte of Luxembourg, on 12 November 1964. From 1980 to 1998, he was a member of the Council of State.
4 March 1998, Prince Henri was appointed as Lieutenant Representativeby his father, Grand Duke Jean, meaning that he assumed most of his father's constitutional powers. On 7 October 2000, immediately following the abdication of his father, Henri acceded as Grand Duke of Luxembourgand took the constitutional oath before the Chamber of Deputieslater that day.
Henri's full name, style and title is: "His Royal Highness Henri, by the Grace of God, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, Duke of Nassau, Count Palatine of the Rhine, Count of Sayn, Königstein, Katzenelnbogen and Diez, Burgrave of Hammerstein, Lord of Mahlberg, Wiesbaden, Idstein, Merenberg, Limburg and Eppstein".
However, on ascending the throne, Grand Duke Henri relinquished the styling "by the Grace of God", and in the laws, decrees, and official documents his name and title is: "Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, Duke of Nassau".
Role and interests
As the head of a constitutional monarchy, Grand Duke Henri's duties are primarily representative. However, he retains the constitutional power to appoint the
Prime Ministerand Government, to dissolve the Chamber of Deputies, to promulgate laws and to accredit ambassadors.
One of the Grand Duke's main functions is to represent Luxembourg in the field of foreign affairs. In May 2001, Grand Duke Henri and Grand Duchess Maria Teresa undertook their first foreign state visit to Spain, at the invitation of
King Juan Carlosand Queen Sofia.
Grand Duke Henri is a member of the
International Olympic Committee, a member of The Mentor Foundation(established by the World Health Organisation) and a Director of the Charles Darwin Trust for the Galapagos Islands.
The Grand Duke lives with his family at
Berg Castlein Luxembourg. He also has a holiday home at Cabassonin the south of France.
Media and publicity
Since the accession of Henri to the Grand Ducal Throne in 2000, the Court's approach to media and publicity has varied markedly. In 2002 Grand Duke Henri expressly identified himself with a press conference called by Grand Duchess María Teresa with a view to discussing with journalists the shortcomings of her personal relations with her mother-in-law, the former Grand Duchess
Joséphine-Charlotte of Belgium.
In contrast, when the Grand Ducal couple's first grandchild was born in 2006, the Court circular pointedly omitted to mention the event.
The Grand Ducal family's approach to media and publicity issues has itself given rise to media comment regarding the quality of communications advice which has been sought and followed.
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1= 1. Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
Joséphine-Charlotte of Belgium
Felix of Bourbon-Parma
Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg
Leopold III of Belgium
Astrid of Sweden
Robert I, Duke of Parma
Infanta Maria Antonia of Portugal
William IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
Infanta Marie Anne of Portugal
Albert I of Belgium
13= 13. Elisabeth of Bavaria
Prince Carl, Duke of Västergötland
Princess Ingeborg of Denmark
Charles III, Duke of Parma
Louise Marie Thérèse of France
Miguel of Portugal
Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
Adolphe, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
21= 21. Adelheid-Marie of Anhalt-Dessau
Miguel of Portugal(= 18)
Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg(= 19)
Prince Philippe, Count of Flanders
Princess Marie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
Duke Karl-Theodor in Bavaria
Maria Josepha of Portugal
Oscar II of Sweden
Sofia of Nassau
Frederick VIII of Denmark
Lovisa of Sweden
Henri's patriline is the line from which he is descended father to son.
Patrilineal descentis the principle behind membership in royal houses, as it can be traced back through the generations - which means that if Duke Henri were to choose an historically accurate house name it would be Robert (or possibly Merovingian), as all his male-line ancestors have been of that house.
Merovech, 415 - 458
Childeric I, 437 - 481
Clovis I, 466 - 511
Chlothar I, 497 - 561
#Charibert of Neustria, 555 - 636
#Chrodobertus I of Neustria, 580 - 630
#Lambert I of Neustria, 605 - 650
#Chrodobertus II of Neustria, 633 - 678
#Lambert II, Count of Neustria, 678 - 741
#Robert I of Worms, d. 764
#Thuringbert of Worms
#Robert II of Worms, 770 - 807
Robert III of Worms, 808 - 834
Robert the Strong, 820 - 866
Robert I of France, 866 - 923
Hugh the Great, 895 - 956
Hugh Capet, 941 - 996
Robert II of France, 972 - 1031
Henry I of France, 1008 - 1060
Philip I of France, 1053 - 1108
Louis VI of France, 1081 - 1137
Louis VII of France, 1120 - 1180
Philip II of France, 1165 - 1223
Louis VIII of France, 1187 - 1226
Louis IX of France, 1215 - 1270
Robert, Count of Clermont, 1256 - 1317
Louis I, Duke of Bourbon, 1279 - 1342
James I, Count of La Marche, 1319 - 1362
John I, Count of La Marche, 1344 - 1393
Louis, Count of Vendôme, 1376 - 1446
Jean VIII, Count of Vendôme, 1428 - 1478
François, Count of Vendôme, 1470 - 1495
Charles de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme, 1489 - 1537
Antoine of Navarre, 1518 - 1562
Henry IV of France, 1553 - 1610
Louis XIII of France, 1601 - 1643
Louis XIV of France, 1638 - 1715
Louis, Dauphin of France (1661-1711), 1661 - 1711
Philip V of Spain, 1683 - 1746
Philip, Duke of Parma, 1720 - 1765
Ferdinand, Duke of Parma, 1751 - 1802
Louis of Etruria, 1773 - 1803
Charles II, Duke of Parma, 1799 - 1883
Charles III, Duke of Parma, 1823 - 1854
Robert I, Duke of Parma, 1848 - 1907
Felix of Bourbon-Parma, 1893 - 1970
Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, 1921 -
Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, 1955 -
The descent before Robert of Worms is taken from [http://fabpedigree.com/s024/f560650.htm] and may be partially fabricated. If not, then Henri's patriline would be the longest of any currently ruling European ruler.
Grand Ducal Family of Luxembourg
* [http://www.geocities.com/luxroyalty/henri1.html Geocities site on Henri of Luxembourg]
* [http://www.mentorfoundation.org/ The Mentor Foundation charity website]
* [http://www.monarchie.lu/fr/index.html The Official Site of the Ducal Family]
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